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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Responses Of Pre-Fasted Growing Turkeys To Acute Heat Exposure, Hongwei Xin, James A. Deshazer, Mary M. Beck Jan 1992

Responses Of Pre-Fasted Growing Turkeys To Acute Heat Exposure, Hongwei Xin, James A. Deshazer, Mary M. Beck

Hongwei Xin

Nicholas turkeys at the age of 15 to 16 weeks were fasted for 24 hours in a moderate environment and then subjected to acute heat exposures of various dry-bulb and wet-bulb temperatures (T^u, and T^jj). Total feed intake was not influenced by T^^ of 32*' C, 36"* C or 40° C (P > 0.10), although differences existed in dynamic feeding profiles. Total heat production rate (THP) varied quadratically with T^^, and respiratory quotient (RQ) decreased linearly with T^u,. The lower RQ values at the higher T^i^ levels may have resulted from reduced feed assimilation. No differences ...


Feeding Patterns Of Growing Pigs At Warm Constant And Cyclic Temperatures, Hongwei Xin, James A. Deshazer Jan 1992

Feeding Patterns Of Growing Pigs At Warm Constant And Cyclic Temperatures, Hongwei Xin, James A. Deshazer

Hongwei Xin

Feeding behavior of ad libitum-fed^ 39-kg, crossbred gilts was investigated under mean ambient temperatures of 30.8° C with 0, 7, and 16.6° C cycles. Average meal size, 160 to 170 g/pig; meal duration, 13.3 to 14.3 min; and ingestion rate, 12.2 g/min-pig did not appear to be influenced by the temperature conditions. However, meal frequency, 9 to 11 per day, tended to be reduced by elevated hours of exposure to high temperatures. Consequently daily feed intake of the pigs was signiflcantly less in the 16.6° C cycle treatment than in the 0 ...


Micro And Macromorphology Of Recycled Fiber And Wood, Douglas D. Stokke Jan 1992

Micro And Macromorphology Of Recycled Fiber And Wood, Douglas D. Stokke

Douglas D. Stokke

Wood is a major industrial raw material, with U.S. consumption approaching that of aluminum, plastics, cement, and steel combined. Partially as a result of the magnitude of wood and wood products in use, these products constitute a substantial portion of the solid waste stream. In order to reduce the amount of wood and wood fiber disposed in landfills, efforts to recycle these materials into useful products such as structural composites are needed. The success of such conversion depends in part on knowledge of the morphological characteristics of various sources of secondary wood and wood fibers, and the influence of ...