Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Life Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

PDF

Animal Sciences

1962

Institution
Keyword
Publication
Publication Type

Articles 91 - 120 of 130

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Check Your Milking Machine, T Pavy Jan 1962

Check Your Milking Machine, T Pavy

Journal of the Department of Agriculture, Western Australia, Series 4

MILKING machine efficiency testing carried out by officers of the Department of Agriculture's Dairying Division have shown that many machines are not up to standard.

One reason for this is that farmers do not check their machines regularly.


Mycotic Dermatitis (Lumpy Wool) And Fleece Rot Of Sheep, J Shilkin Jan 1962

Mycotic Dermatitis (Lumpy Wool) And Fleece Rot Of Sheep, J Shilkin

Journal of the Department of Agriculture, Western Australia, Series 4

Matted and sometimes discoloured specimens of wool are often received at the Department of Agriculture during seasons of heavy rainfall.

Two similar but quite distinct diseases are recognised as having caused this condition.

They are mycotic dermatitis (lumpy wool) and fleece rot. Both conditions damage the fleece and render affected sheep susceptible to blowfly strike.


Lambing Trials At Abydos Research Station, H Suijdendorp Jan 1962

Lambing Trials At Abydos Research Station, H Suijdendorp

Journal of the Department of Agriculture, Western Australia, Series 4

ABYDOS Research Station is halfway between Port Hedland and Wittenoom Gorge. I t is in country of granitic origin that is largely covered with spinifex (mainly Triodia pungens) and associated species.

The results of a recent lambing trial at Abydos are discussed below:


List Of Registered Stock Foods And Stock Licks : 1962-63, H G. Cariss Jan 1962

List Of Registered Stock Foods And Stock Licks : 1962-63, H G. Cariss

Journal of the Department of Agriculture, Western Australia, Series 4

All foods for stock sold in Western Australia are required by the Feeding Stuffs Act, 1928-1955, to be registered annually with the Department of Agriculture.

For the purposes of the Act, "Food for Stock" includes stock licks, which in turn embrace all preparations claimed to supply or primarily intended to supply mineral matter to stock.


Field Day : Poultry Research : A Progress Report : Poultry Research Station, Wembley, Department Of Agriculture, Western Australia Jan 1962

Field Day : Poultry Research : A Progress Report : Poultry Research Station, Wembley, Department Of Agriculture, Western Australia

Journal of the Department of Agriculture, Western Australia, Series 4

AT the fourth field day held at the Department of Agriculture's Poultry Research Station at Wembley recently, about 150 visitors, most of them commercial poultry farmers, inspected the station and saw the progress of the comprehensive research programme being carried out by officers of the Department's Poultry Branch.


Some Factors Affecting The Composition Of Milk, K Needham Jan 1962

Some Factors Affecting The Composition Of Milk, K Needham

Journal of the Department of Agriculture, Western Australia, Series 4

FOR many years it has been known all over the world that the composition of milk varies. This variation in quality is considered as a serious problem wherever the dairy industry is established.


A Simple Feeding Guide : Balanced Rations For Dairy Cows, K Needham Jan 1962

A Simple Feeding Guide : Balanced Rations For Dairy Cows, K Needham

Journal of the Department of Agriculture, Western Australia, Series 4

MANY technical articles have been written on the nutrition of dairy cattle and the methods employed in compounding a balanced ration have often been explained.

This article aims to present the principles of compounding a balanced ration in a simplified form, and suggests rations which should be easily adopted on any dairy farm.


Don't Neglect Those Dry Cows, Department Of Agriculture, Western Australia Jan 1962

Don't Neglect Those Dry Cows, Department Of Agriculture, Western Australia

Journal of the Department of Agriculture, Western Australia, Series 4

WHEN a dairy cow becomes pregnant she is normally milking and has some months to go before being dried off.

It is usual at this stage for dairy farmers to provide the best feed available.


Minerals For Livestock : Shotgun Licks : A Waste Of Money, Laurence C. Snook Jan 1962

Minerals For Livestock : Shotgun Licks : A Waste Of Money, Laurence C. Snook

Journal of the Department of Agriculture, Western Australia, Series 4

Think carefully before buying proprietary "shotgun" licks, warns Animal Nutrition Officer Dr. L C. Snook in this article.

Many of these licks contain a variety of minerals not needed by stock in Western Australia, and misleading claims are sometimes made as to their value.

Dr. Snook concludes that only three minerals are needed in this State, and gives a recipe for a cheap all-purpose lick containing them.


Stinkwort : A Troublesome Summer Weed, G R W Meadly Jan 1962

Stinkwort : A Troublesome Summer Weed, G R W Meadly

Journal of the Department of Agriculture, Western Australia, Series 4

ONE of the commonest weeds in Western Australia is stinkwort, a vigorous plant which can be a nuisance in many parts of the State during late summer.


Weaner Feeding Practices Need Review, W L. Mcgarry, R. J. Lightfoot Jan 1962

Weaner Feeding Practices Need Review, W L. Mcgarry, R. J. Lightfoot

Journal of the Department of Agriculture, Western Australia, Series 4

Many fanners feed large amounts of grain to their weaners over summer and autumn, in the belief that this is necessary for high lifetime production.

The economics of this are open to doubt; in fact, the results of a recent experiment at Wongan Hills Research Station suggested that weaner feeding practices need review.


Pigs On The Dairy Farm : Cutting Costs To Meet Low Prices, R A. Bettenay Jan 1962

Pigs On The Dairy Farm : Cutting Costs To Meet Low Prices, R A. Bettenay

Journal of the Department of Agriculture, Western Australia, Series 4

As all dairy farmers know, the market prices of pigs tends to fluctuate, depending on supply and demand, in a manner which is very hard to predict.

At a time when prices are low there are several things which the dairy farmer can do to continue operating, although at a reduced margin.


Select On Fleece Weight And Cull The Low Producers, W L. Mcgarry Jan 1962

Select On Fleece Weight And Cull The Low Producers, W L. Mcgarry

Journal of the Department of Agriculture, Western Australia, Series 4

EFFICIENT calling of maiden ewes before they join the breeding flock is an essential part of any policy of flock improvement.

Removal of the low wool producers should be one of the first considerations when culling the flock.


Skim Milk : The Cheapest Pig Feed, P C. Beck Jan 1962

Skim Milk : The Cheapest Pig Feed, P C. Beck

Journal of the Department of Agriculture, Western Australia, Series 4

BUTTERFAT production has started on most South-West dairy farms, and although pig prices are not high at present, many dairy farmers have either purchased young stock or bred pigs to utilise their surplus skim milk.

Skim milk is the best feed for pigs on the dairy farm. Properly used in conjunction with other feeds it produces high quality carcasses at minimum cost.


Ovine Vibriosis : A New Cause Of Sheep Infertility, M R. Gardiner, M. E. Nairn, I. J. Miller Jan 1962

Ovine Vibriosis : A New Cause Of Sheep Infertility, M R. Gardiner, M. E. Nairn, I. J. Miller

Journal of the Department of Agriculture, Western Australia, Series 4

Vibrionic abortion of sheep has caused heavy losses in a number of wheatbelt flocks. In several flocks up to 50 per cent, of the ewes aborted as a result of this newly reported disease.

This article gives the history of the disease in this State, and describes the symptoms for the benefit of other farmers whose flocks may be affected. Ewes become immune after the first attack.


Hints On Chicken Rearing, P Smetana Jan 1962

Hints On Chicken Rearing, P Smetana

Journal of the Department of Agriculture, Western Australia, Series 4

For the next few months poultry farmers will once again be concerned with rearing chickens.

A good brooder, ample space, good sanitation, plenty of water and a balanced feed are still the essentials of successful chicken raising, says P. Smetana, B.Sc. (Agric), Acting Officer-in-Charge of the Poultry Branch.


Bird Problems And Control In Western Australia, John L. Long Jan 1962

Bird Problems And Control In Western Australia, John L. Long

Journal of the Department of Agriculture, Western Australia, Series 4

ALTHOUGH wild birds are mostly beneficial in Western Australia, there are certain species which are damaging to agriculture and the home gardener.


A Modified Copper Hot Water System, F J. Fielder Jan 1962

A Modified Copper Hot Water System, F J. Fielder

Journal of the Department of Agriculture, Western Australia, Series 4

A good supply of hot and boiling water for cleansing and sterilising utensils is essential for hygienic milk production.

Dairy Instructor F. Fielder, M.D.D., describes an efficient and economical modification of a copper hot water system for this purpose.

SINGLE copper units of 14 or 16 gallon capacity to supply hot and boiling water for the dairy are no longer good enough for most dairy farms.


Rearing Orphan Lambs, Laurence C. Snook Jan 1962

Rearing Orphan Lambs, Laurence C. Snook

Journal of the Department of Agriculture, Western Australia, Series 4

Orphan lambs are easy to rear if a few basic principles are understood.


Rearing Healthy Calves, Department Of Agriculture, Western Australia Jan 1962

Rearing Healthy Calves, Department Of Agriculture, Western Australia

Journal of the Department of Agriculture, Western Australia, Series 4

NOW is the time to consider some form of grazing management and supplementary feeding for early born calves, especially in the butterfat zone.

The calves are now two to three months old and beginning to forage for themselves, This can be a critical period in their development.


Mineral Supplements, Laurence C. Snook Jan 1962

Mineral Supplements, Laurence C. Snook

Journal of the Department of Agriculture, Western Australia, Series 4

TJRODUCTIVE dairy cows have a high mineral requirement. A deficiency can cause lowered milk production and poor health may result if it is not corrected.


Soft Water For Dairy Cleaning, Department Of Agriculture, Western Australia Jan 1962

Soft Water For Dairy Cleaning, Department Of Agriculture, Western Australia

Journal of the Department of Agriculture, Western Australia, Series 4

CLEAN utensils are essential for the production of high quality dairy products.

Cleanliness of dairy equipment depends a lot on how efficiently the detergent can do its job.


A Seasonal Reminder For Flock Owners : Care Needed In Lamb Marking, Department Of Agriculture, Western Australia Jan 1962

A Seasonal Reminder For Flock Owners : Care Needed In Lamb Marking, Department Of Agriculture, Western Australia

Journal of the Department of Agriculture, Western Australia, Series 4

WITH winter and spring lambing becoming increasingly popular there are still plenty of lambs to be marked this year.

A word of warning now may save unnecessary mortalities due to lamb marking diseases in the next few months.


Lambs Need Drenching At Weaning, Department Of Agriculture, Western Australia Jan 1962

Lambs Need Drenching At Weaning, Department Of Agriculture, Western Australia

Journal of the Department of Agriculture, Western Australia, Series 4

RECENT losses among young lambs due to heavy infestations of black scour worm (Trichostrongylus species) have indicated that this year the problem of worms in weaners may be more troublesome than usual.


Water For Agriculture. 1. Water For Agricultural Purposes In Western Australia, Department Of Agriculture, Western Australia Jan 1962

Water For Agriculture. 1. Water For Agricultural Purposes In Western Australia, Department Of Agriculture, Western Australia

Journal of the Department of Agriculture, Western Australia, Series 4

THE total soluble salts content of a water is the most important characteristic in determining the suitability of Western Australian waters for stock, irrigation or general use.

Other quality characteristics are of secondary importance.


Chronic Respiratory Disease Of Poultry In Western Australia, M R. Gardiner, R. V. Vagg Jan 1962

Chronic Respiratory Disease Of Poultry In Western Australia, M R. Gardiner, R. V. Vagg

Journal of the Department of Agriculture, Western Australia, Series 4

Widespread chronic respiratory disease was revealed in a survey of respiratory infections in Perth metropolitan area poultry flocks.

Most occur in early or midsummer and cause a serious fall in egg production. Return to full lay after the infection is usually slow.

While these infections can cause production losses in flocks which are under heavy stress, none of the more serious forms of chronic respiratory disease was found.

This gives encouragement for future control of the disease in Western Australia.


Chick Management, D F. Hessels Jan 1962

Chick Management, D F. Hessels

Journal of the Department of Agriculture, Western Australia, Series 4

A UGUST is the month when most poultry farmers get their chickens. Special attention will be needed in the coming weeks, with nutrition and disease prevention the main considerations.


Management Of Laying Flock, Department Of Agriculture, Western Australia Jan 1962

Management Of Laying Flock, Department Of Agriculture, Western Australia

Journal of the Department of Agriculture, Western Australia, Series 4

EGG production usually declines in birds which have been under lights during autumn and winter. Egg prices are lower and flocks should therefore be culled more severely.


Stress Factors In Pig Raising, P C. Beck Jan 1962

Stress Factors In Pig Raising, P C. Beck

Journal of the Department of Agriculture, Western Australia, Series 4

THE pig raiser who wishes to attain the best possible growth performance from his pigs must recognise factors other than the basic ones of good nutrition and bredin capacity.

These are "stress factors"—minor factors of husbandry which can greatly damage health and limit the growth rate.


Getting Ready For Summer, Department Of Agriculture, Western Australia Jan 1962

Getting Ready For Summer, Department Of Agriculture, Western Australia

Journal of the Department of Agriculture, Western Australia, Series 4

THE spring period is one of completion and preparation for poultry farmers.