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2015

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Articles 1 - 29 of 29

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

First Report Of Invasive Crane Fly, Tipula Oleracea, In Utah, A Van Dyke, R A. Ramirez, B A. Mcgraw Dec 2015

First Report Of Invasive Crane Fly, Tipula Oleracea, In Utah, A Van Dyke, R A. Ramirez, B A. Mcgraw

Biology Faculty Publications

The known range of the common crane fly (Tipula oleracea L.) is expanding in the western US, as adults were captured (by me) in Utah while emerging and flying over golf course rough. Adults were collected at The Ridge Golf Course in West Valley City on 15 September, 2014, and identified by Dr. Benjamin McGraw at the Pennsylvania State University Turfgrass Entomology Lab in University Park, PA. Crane fly larvae (known as leather jackets for their tough skin) were previously found (again, by me) with the help of golf course superintendent Brian Roth on 4 August, 2012 damaging putting greens ...


Challenging The Discourse Of Untreatability For Borderline Personality Disorder: A Call For Comparative Research, Sandra H. Sulzer Dec 2015

Challenging The Discourse Of Untreatability For Borderline Personality Disorder: A Call For Comparative Research, Sandra H. Sulzer

Kinesiology and Health Science Faculty Publications

A diagnosis of Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) often signals the quintessential “difficult patient” status to clinicians, with at least one scholar arguing the condition itself was created to name and group difficult patients. While patients who are deemed difficult are often dispreferred for care, does this have an impact on their overall status as medicalized patients who have successfully achieved a sick role? This study relies on (n = 22) in-depth interviews with mental health clinicians in the United States from 2012 to evaluate how they describe patients with BPD, how the diagnosis of BPD affects the treatment clinicians are willing ...


Filtering With A Drill Pump: An Efficient And Cost Effective Method To Collect Suspended Sediment And Filtrate, Julia E. Kelso, Michelle A. Baker Nov 2015

Filtering With A Drill Pump: An Efficient And Cost Effective Method To Collect Suspended Sediment And Filtrate, Julia E. Kelso, Michelle A. Baker

Biology Faculty Publications

Water quality monitoring programs across multiple disciplines use total suspended solids (TSS), and volatile suspended solids (VSS), to assess potential impairments of surface water and groundwater. While previous methods for instream filtering have been developed, the need for rapid, cost-effective, high volume sampling has increased with the need to verify and supplement data produced by sondes and instantaneous data loggers. We present an efficient method to filter water instream with a portable drill pump that results in reduced sample processing time, and potentially reduced error associated with sample transportation, preservation, contamination, and homogenization. This technical note outlines the advantages of ...


Consequences Of Hunter Harvest, Winter Weather, And Increasing Population Size On Survival Of Non-Migratory Canada Geese In Connecticut, Michael R. Conover, Jonathan B. Dinkins, Rebekah E. Ruzicka Nov 2015

Consequences Of Hunter Harvest, Winter Weather, And Increasing Population Size On Survival Of Non-Migratory Canada Geese In Connecticut, Michael R. Conover, Jonathan B. Dinkins, Rebekah E. Ruzicka

Wildland Resources Faculty Publications

Conover, M. R., J. B. Dinkins, and R. E. Ruzicka. 2015. Consequences of hunter harvest, winter weather, and increasing population size on survival of non-migratory Canada geese in Connecticut. Journal of Wildlife Management 79: 1239-1245.


Metabolism, Gas Exchange, And Carbon Spiraling In Rivers, Robert O. Hall Jr, Jennifer L. Tank, Michelle A. Baker, Emma J. Rosi-Marshall, Erin R. Hotchkiss Sep 2015

Metabolism, Gas Exchange, And Carbon Spiraling In Rivers, Robert O. Hall Jr, Jennifer L. Tank, Michelle A. Baker, Emma J. Rosi-Marshall, Erin R. Hotchkiss

Biology Faculty Publications

Ecosystem metabolism, that is, gross primary productivity (GPP) and ecosystem respiration (ER), controls organic carbon (OC) cycling in stream and river networks and is expected to vary predictably with network position. However, estimates of metabolism in small streams outnumber those from rivers such that there are limited empirical data comparing metabolism across a range of stream and river sizes. We measured metabolism in 14 rivers (discharge range 14–84 m3 s−1) in the Western and Midwestern United States (US). We estimated GPP, ER, and gas exchange rates using a Lagrangian, 2-station oxygen model solved in a Bayesian framework. GPP ...


Translational Training For Tomorrow’S Environmental Scientists, Mark W. Brunson, Michelle A. Baker Sep 2015

Translational Training For Tomorrow’S Environmental Scientists, Mark W. Brunson, Michelle A. Baker

Biology Faculty Publications

Environmental science exists to seek solutions to problems related to human-nature interactions. Unfortunately, in many cases, environmental research findings are not effectively used because scientists are not able to convey their knowledge effectively to policy makers and the public, and/or because the questions they address are not directly linked to the answers stakeholders need. To address this issue, Schlesinger (2010) called for development of a “translational ecology” that would be understandable and usable by decision-makers, interest groups, and citizens. A barrier to usable science is that researchers are not usually trained to be translational. We convened a multi-disciplinary group ...


Improving Patient-Centered Communication Of The Borderline Personality Disorder Diagnosis, Sandra H. Sulzer, Elizabeth Muenchow, Annabelle Potvin, Jessica Harris, Grant Gigot Sep 2015

Improving Patient-Centered Communication Of The Borderline Personality Disorder Diagnosis, Sandra H. Sulzer, Elizabeth Muenchow, Annabelle Potvin, Jessica Harris, Grant Gigot

Kinesiology and Health Science Faculty Publications

Background: Borderline personality disorder (BPD) has historically been difficult to diagnose, and laden with stigma, leading to a variety of clinical responses to patients who present with symptoms. Aims: (1) To understand how clinicians communicate the diagnosis of BPD with patients. (2) To compare these practices with patient communication preferences. (3) To use patient preferences to evaluate clinician practices. Methods: Semi-structured interviews with mental health care providers and experts (n = 32) were compared with patients (n = 10) and primary patient-written accounts (n = 22). Grounded theory was used to explore causal pathways between clinical practice and patient responses. Results: The majority ...


Evaluation Of Harvest Indices For Monitoring Cougar Survival And Abundance, Michael L. Wolfe, Eric Gese, Patricia Terletzky, David C. Stoner, Lise M. Aubry Sep 2015

Evaluation Of Harvest Indices For Monitoring Cougar Survival And Abundance, Michael L. Wolfe, Eric Gese, Patricia Terletzky, David C. Stoner, Lise M. Aubry

Wildland Resources Faculty Publications

Harvest indices are used by state wildlife management agencies to monitor population trends and set harvest quotas for furbearer species. Although harvest indices may be readily collected from hunters, the reliability of harvest indices for monitoring demography and abundance of the harvested species is rarely examined, particularly amongst large carnivores. The overall objective of this study was to assess whether cougar (Puma concolor) harvest statistics collected by wildlife managers were correlated with changes in cougar demography, mainly survival rates and abundance. We estimated key demographic parameters for 2 cougar populations in Utah over 17 years during which we monitored 235 ...


Influence Of Shelterbelts On Success And Density Of Waterfowl Nests Within The Prairie Pothole Region Of North America, Jennifer S. Borgo, Michael R. Conover Aug 2015

Influence Of Shelterbelts On Success And Density Of Waterfowl Nests Within The Prairie Pothole Region Of North America, Jennifer S. Borgo, Michael R. Conover

Wildland Resources Faculty Publications

Shelterbelts are long rows of trees planted in the Great Plains of North America to reduce wind erosion of soil. Shelterbelts alter airflow, creating updrafts on the windward side (updraft zone), slow winds immediately on the leeward side (calm zone), and increased turbulence farther downwind of the shelterbelt (turbulent zone). They also provide hunting perches for avian predators and serve as corridors for mammalian predators. By determining the fate of 247 duck nests located in 27 Waterfowl Production Areas during 2006 and 2007, this study tested the hypothesis that duck nests located close to shelterbelts are more likely to be ...


Children As A Reserve Labor Force, David F. Lancy Aug 2015

Children As A Reserve Labor Force, David F. Lancy

David Lancy


Human life history is unique in the great length of the juvenile or immature period. The lengthened period is often attributed to the time required for youth to master the culture, particularly subsistence and survival skills. But an increasing number of studies show that children become skilled well before they gain complete independence and the status of adults. It seems, as they learn through play and participation in the domestic economy, children are acquiring a “reserve capacity” of skills and knowledge, which they may not fully employ for many years.  The theory offered here to resolve this paradox poses that ...


Cautions About The Reliability Of Pairwise Gene Correlations Based On Expression Data, Scott Powers, Matt Dejongh, Aaron A. Best, Nathan L. Tintle Jun 2015

Cautions About The Reliability Of Pairwise Gene Correlations Based On Expression Data, Scott Powers, Matt Dejongh, Aaron A. Best, Nathan L. Tintle

Faculty Publications

Background: Rapid growth in the availability of genome-wide transcript abundance levels through gene expression microarrays and RNAseq promises to provide deep biological insights into the complex, genome-wide transcriptional behavior of single-celled organisms. However, this promise has not yet been fully realized. Results: We find that computation of pairwise gene associations (correlation mutual information) across a set of 2782 total genome-wide expression samples from six diverse bacteria produces unexpectedly large variation in estimates of pairwise gene association regardless of the metric used, the organism under study, or the number and source of the samples. We pinpoint the cause to sampling bias ...


Gpu Deconvolution Wow Result On 2048x2048x32 Plane Z-Series, George Mcnamara Jun 2015

Gpu Deconvolution Wow Result On 2048x2048x32 Plane Z-Series, George Mcnamara

George McNamara

GPU Deconvolution WOW result on 2048x2048x32 plane Z-series ... formerly bad academic code ("you get what you pay for") now impressive

Alternative title: "instant gratification quantitative deconvolution fluorescence microscopy".

http://0-works.bepress.com.library.simmons.edu/gmcnamara/55/

Please see "74"

http://0-works.bepress.com.library.simmons.edu/gmcnamara/74/

for 32-bit images from this project (bepress file size limitation prevented me from including them in this ZIP archive).

//

Summary: Deconvolution microscopy has historically been painfully slow. The early vendors were:

- Scanalytics (Carrington and Fay), commercialized to try to sell expensive, specialized array processors made by CSPI (the CSPI box likely had less computing power than a ...


32-Bit Deconvolution Files Accompanying 55 Page, George Mcnamara Jun 2015

32-Bit Deconvolution Files Accompanying 55 Page, George Mcnamara

George McNamara

ZIP file with 32-bit images accompanying

http://0-works.bepress.com.library.simmons.edu/gmcnamara/55

Bepress apparently has an ~1 Gigabyte file upload limit so I have placed the 32-bit images of greatest interest here.

See Word document inside for details.


Mcnamara 2010 Metamatters Newletter Series - Rogers Pmn The Chase And Temporal Area Maps, George Mcnamara Jun 2015

Mcnamara 2010 Metamatters Newletter Series - Rogers Pmn The Chase And Temporal Area Maps, George Mcnamara

George McNamara

My four 2010 MetaMorph MetaMatters newsletter articles on "The Chase" (video available for download here on my bepress site) and history / use of temporal area maps.


The Varying Role Of Water Column Nutrient Removal Along River Continua In Contrasting Landscapes, Alexander J. Reisinger, Jennifer L. Tank, Emma J. Rosi-Marshall, Robert O. Hall Jr, Michelle A. Baker Jun 2015

The Varying Role Of Water Column Nutrient Removal Along River Continua In Contrasting Landscapes, Alexander J. Reisinger, Jennifer L. Tank, Emma J. Rosi-Marshall, Robert O. Hall Jr, Michelle A. Baker

Biology Faculty Publications

Nutrient transformation processes such as assimilation, dissimilatory transformation, and sorption to sediments are prevalent in benthic zones of headwater streams, but may also occur in the water column. The river continuum concept (RCC) predicts that water column processes become increasingly important with increasing stream size. We predicted that water column nutrient uptake increases with stream size, mirroring carbon/energy dynamics predicted by the RCC. We measured water column uptake of ammonium ( NH+4NH4+ ), nitrate ( NO−3NO3− ), and soluble reactive phosphorus (SRP) in 1st through 5th order stream and river reaches (discharge: 50–68,000 L s−1) in three watersheds ...


Cultural Views Of Life Phases, M. Annette Grove, David F. Lancy May 2015

Cultural Views Of Life Phases, M. Annette Grove, David F. Lancy

David Lancy


The knowledge base in the study of human development is built primarily from work with children from the modern, global, post-industrial population. This population is unrepresentative in many respects, not least in that childhood and adolescence is dominated by the experience of formal schooling—an experience missing from the lives of most of the world’s children until very recently. This entry will examine child development from the perspective of pre-modern societies as described in the ethnographic, archaeological and historic records. Specifically, we will review material indicative of cultural or indigenous models of development, phases and phase transitions, in particular.


Light Microscopy Reflection Focusing Cells And Coverglass, George Mcnamara May 2015

Light Microscopy Reflection Focusing Cells And Coverglass, George Mcnamara

George McNamara

Light Microscopy Reflection Focusing Cells and Coverglass 20150520Wed

Many light microscopes have the capability of using camera based brightfield, phase contrast, or fluorescence to find the most contrasty specimen focus. When I worked for UIC (1992-1997) we offered this with a combination of Ludl MAC2000 controller, Z-drive, video card thingy, and video camera (most customers at the time used analog video cameras).

Many automated light microscopes now have clever -- and pricey -- autofocus systems based on an NIR LED structured illumination reflecting light off the bottom of the coverglass.

I encourage a simpler approach - my hardware details are in the text ...


O-Glcnacylation And Modifications To The Class Ii Transactivator, Ronald Shanderson Apr 2015

O-Glcnacylation And Modifications To The Class Ii Transactivator, Ronald Shanderson

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Focus On Microscopy Fom 2006-2015 Abstracts, George Mcnamara Apr 2015

Focus On Microscopy Fom 2006-2015 Abstracts, George Mcnamara

George McNamara

Focus On Microscopy FOM 2006-2015 abstracts

FOM's are cutting edge microscopy meetings. Their abstracts are posted online soon after the meeting. FOM2015's abstracts are at http://www.focusonmicroscopy.org/2015/program.html

I have been downloading the single PDF abstracts, and making a single large PDF. every year. I figure the "annual organized" PDF may be useful to others, so am posting a ZIP file here containing: FOM 2006 FOM 2007 FOM 2008 FOM 2009 FOM 2010 FOM 2011 FOM 2012 FOM 2013 FOM 2014 FOM 2015 I note the abstracts do not contain copyright notices, but anyone ...


Fotowoltaika, Panelesloneczne Kamil Mar 2015

Fotowoltaika, Panelesloneczne Kamil

panelesloneczne Kamil

No abstract provided.


Spatio-Temporal Patterns In The Depredation Of Waterfowl Nests In The Prairie Potholes Region, Usa, Jennifer S. Borgo, Michael R. Conover Mar 2015

Spatio-Temporal Patterns In The Depredation Of Waterfowl Nests In The Prairie Potholes Region, Usa, Jennifer S. Borgo, Michael R. Conover

Wildland Resources Faculty Publications

Nest depredation is the leading cause of waterfowl nest failures in much of the Prairie Pothole Region, USA. In 2006 and 2007, spatial and temporal patterns of nest depredation were evaluated on 248 waterfowl nests and 88 simulated waterfowl nests in North Dakota, USA. The hypothesis that predators are able to locate adjacent nests using an area-restricted search once they find the first nest and that ducks will space their nests apart to reduce this from happening was tested. However, no evidence was found to support either part of this hypothesis or that density-dependent depredation was occurring. This lack of ...


Data For Sandler Et Al. 2015, Amanda Sandler, Libby Megna, James Hayward, Shandelle Henson, Cynthia Tkachuck, Richard Tkachuck Jan 2015

Data For Sandler Et Al. 2015, Amanda Sandler, Libby Megna, James Hayward, Shandelle Henson, Cynthia Tkachuck, Richard Tkachuck

Faculty Publications

These data are archived for the paper "Every-other-day clutch-initiation synchrony in ring-billed gulls (Larus delawarensis)" by Sandler et al., submitted


Data From: A Stochastic Burst Follows The Periodic Morning Peak In Individual Drosophila Locomotion, Stanislav Lazopulo, Juan A. Lopez, Paul Levy, Sheyum Syed Jan 2015

Data From: A Stochastic Burst Follows The Periodic Morning Peak In Individual Drosophila Locomotion, Stanislav Lazopulo, Juan A. Lopez, Paul Levy, Sheyum Syed

Physics Data Sets

The data is associated to the article A Stochastic Burst Follows the Periodic Morning Peak in Individual Drosophila Locomotion published in PLoS ONE. The full text article can be found at https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0140481


Calciumsignalextract: A Matlab Gui To Automatically Extract The Activity Of Multiple Cells From Calcium Imaging Data, Stephan Meyer Zum Alten Borgloh Jan 2015

Calciumsignalextract: A Matlab Gui To Automatically Extract The Activity Of Multiple Cells From Calcium Imaging Data, Stephan Meyer Zum Alten Borgloh

Gilbert Laboratory

A Matlab GUI that automatically segments fluorescence image stacks into ROIs based on differential morphology and fluorescence activity of the individual cells. The time course data of each ROI gets extracted and plotted. External data from behavioral experiments and sensory stimuli can be integrated to compare for task and stimulus dependent neuronal events


Pathology In Practice - Fascioliasis In A Dahl Sheep, David J. Wilson, T. J. Baldwin, Kerry A. Rood Jan 2015

Pathology In Practice - Fascioliasis In A Dahl Sheep, David J. Wilson, T. J. Baldwin, Kerry A. Rood

Animal, Dairy, and Veterinary Science Faculty Publications

In early fall 2012, a 48-kg (106-lb) sexually intact male Dahl ram in fair body condition was found dead; the owner observed no clinical signs prior to death. The ram was part of a flock of 50 game animals used for high-fence hunting that was moved among pastures in Idaho, Utah, and Montana. The ram was housed primarily on flood-irrigated pasture in common with approximately 170 captive Rocky Mountain elk (Cervus canadensis). The owner reported that 12 other sheep had died over the past year without observed clinical signs, but none were submitted for postmortem examination. Both sheep and elk ...


Learning To Love Leftovers: Using By-Catch To Expand Our Knowledge In Entomology, L Spears, R A. Ramirez Jan 2015

Learning To Love Leftovers: Using By-Catch To Expand Our Knowledge In Entomology, L Spears, R A. Ramirez

Biology Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Biosynthesis Of Long-Chain Fatty Acid Amides, Kristen A. Jeffries Jan 2015

Biosynthesis Of Long-Chain Fatty Acid Amides, Kristen A. Jeffries

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The vast variety of long-chain fatty acid amides identified in biological systems is intriguing. The general structure of a fatty acid amide is R-CO-NH-X, where R is an alkyl group and X is derived from an immense variety of biogenic amines. Although structurally simple, the bioactivities of these molecules as signaling lipids are very diverse and have just recently begun to emerge in the literature. Interest in the long-chain fatty acid amides dramatically increased following the identification and characterization of one specific N-acylethanolamine, N-arachidonoylethanolamine (anandamide), as the endogenous ligand for the cannabinoid receptors in the mammalian brain. Since ...


Deciphering The Associations Between Gene Expression And Copy Number Alteration Using A Sparse Double Laplacian Shrinkage Approach, Shuangge Ma Dec 2014

Deciphering The Associations Between Gene Expression And Copy Number Alteration Using A Sparse Double Laplacian Shrinkage Approach, Shuangge Ma

Shuangge Ma

Both gene expression levels (GEs) and copy number alterations (CNAs) have important implications in the development of complex diseases. GEs are partly regulated by CNAs, and much effort has been devoted to understanding their relations. The expression of a gene can be regulated by multiple CNAs, and one CNA can regulate the expression of multiple genes. In addition, multiple GEs (CNAs) can be correlated with each other. The existing methods for associating GEs with CNAs have limitations in deciphering the complex data structures. In this study, we develop a sparse double Laplacian shrinkage approach. It jointly models the effects of ...


A Penalized Robust Semiparametric Approach For Gene-Environment Interactions, Shuangge Ma Dec 2014

A Penalized Robust Semiparametric Approach For Gene-Environment Interactions, Shuangge Ma

Shuangge Ma

In genetic and genomic studies, gene-environment (G*E) interactions have important implications. Some of the existing G$\times$E interaction methods are limited by analyzing a small number of G factors at a time, by assuming linear effects of E factors, by assuming no data contamination, and by adopting ineffective selection techniques. In this study, we propose a new approach for identifying important G*E interactions. It jointly models the effects of all E and G factors and their interactions. A partially linear varying coefficient model (PLVCM) is adopted to accommodate possible nonlinear effects of E factors. A rank-based loss ...