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Selected Works

2016

Articles 1 - 8 of 8

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

The Consciousness In Mosquitoes, Richa ., D. K. Chaturvedi, Soam Prakash Dec 2016

The Consciousness In Mosquitoes, Richa ., D. K. Chaturvedi, Soam Prakash

Soam Prakash

Mosquitoes are significant insect responsible for variety of fatal diseases spreading worldwide. Every strategy to control mosquito population resulted trivial as mosquito borne diseases are still causing several million deaths annually. The present study is an attempt to investigate endogenous electric and magnetic energy emission of mosquito larvae with an aim to understand the role of energy field in evolution of their fundamental biology. It will enable us to understand how electric and magnetic energy involved in their development and survival over the years. These experiments include larval population of Culex quinquefasciatus, Anopheles stephensi, and Aedes aegypti. We have studied ...


A Population-Based Study To Investigate Host Genetic Factors Associated With Hepatitis B Infection And Pathogenesis In The Chinese Population, Zheng Zheng, Li Guan, Ping An, Shan Sun, Stephen J. O'Brien, Cheryl Winkler Oct 2016

A Population-Based Study To Investigate Host Genetic Factors Associated With Hepatitis B Infection And Pathogenesis In The Chinese Population, Zheng Zheng, Li Guan, Ping An, Shan Sun, Stephen J. O'Brien, Cheryl Winkler

Stephen O'Brien

Background Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a significant public health problem that may lead to chronic liver disease, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Approximately 30% of the world's population has been infected with HBV and approximately 350 million (5–6%) are persistent carriers. More than 120 million Chinese are infected with HBV. The role of host genetic factors and their interactions with environmental factors leading to chronic HBV infection and its complications are not well understood. We believe that a better understanding of these factors and interactions will lead to more effective diagnostic and therapeutic options. Methods/Design ...


Rna-Seq Analysis Reveals Distinct Splenic Response Of Two Chickens Lines To Newcastle Disease Virus, Jibin Zhang, Michael G. Kaiser, Melissa S. Herrmann, Rodrigo A. Gallardo, David A. Bunn, Huaijun Zhou, Susan J. Lamont May 2016

Rna-Seq Analysis Reveals Distinct Splenic Response Of Two Chickens Lines To Newcastle Disease Virus, Jibin Zhang, Michael G. Kaiser, Melissa S. Herrmann, Rodrigo A. Gallardo, David A. Bunn, Huaijun Zhou, Susan J. Lamont

Jibin Zhang

Newcastle disease virus (NDV) is an infectious virus in domestic chickens and is endemic in many countries. It has caused huge economic losses worldwide, especially in developing countries where the chickens and eggs are a primary source of economic income and family nutrition for the rural poor. Due to continuous evolution of NDV and unreliable vaccine production and distribution in developing countries, vaccine cannot prevent recurrent outbreaks of Newcastle disease. Therefore, breeding for NDV resistant chickens is a sustainable approach for alleviating rural poverty and food insecurity.
To identify critical genes regulating NDV resistance, an RNA-seq approach was undertaken with ...


Mild Heat Stress Enhances Differentiation And Proliferation Of Japanese Quail Myoblasts And Enhances Slow Muscle Fiber Characteristics, Jibin Zhang, Paula Chen, Kichoon Lee, Seongsoo Hwang, Young Min Choi Apr 2016

Mild Heat Stress Enhances Differentiation And Proliferation Of Japanese Quail Myoblasts And Enhances Slow Muscle Fiber Characteristics, Jibin Zhang, Paula Chen, Kichoon Lee, Seongsoo Hwang, Young Min Choi

Jibin Zhang

The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of mild heat stress on muscle fiber hyperplastic and hypertrophic growth in quail primary myogenic cells to better understand the mechanisms leading to increased skeletal muscle development in avian embryos incubated at a higher temperature. Compared to control cultures maintained at 37°C, incubation at 39°C enhanced myotube length (P < 0.01) and diameter (P < 0.001) at 3 days after differentiation (D3). This enlargement of the myotubes incubated at 39°C can be explained by differences in the fusion index (56.7 vs. 46.2%, P < 0.05 ...


Movement Path Tortuosity In Free Ambulation: Relationships To Age And Brain Disease, William Kearns, James Fozard, Vilis Nams Jan 2016

Movement Path Tortuosity In Free Ambulation: Relationships To Age And Brain Disease, William Kearns, James Fozard, Vilis Nams

William D. Kearns, PhD

Ambulation is defined by duration, distance traversed, number and size of directional changes and the interval separating successive movement episodes; more complex measures of ambulation can be created by aggregating these features. This review article of published findings defines random changes in direction during movement as “movement path tortuosity”, and relates tortuosity to the understanding of cognitive impairments of persons of all ages. Path tortuosity is quantified by subjecting tracking data to fractal analysis, specifically Fractal Dimension (Fractal D), which ranges from a value of 1 when the movement path is perfectly straight to a value of 2 when the ...


Distinct Cardiac Responses To Heat Stress Between Two Broiler Lines Identified By Transcriptome Analysis, Jibin Zhang, Carl J. Schmidt, Susan J. Lamont Jan 2016

Distinct Cardiac Responses To Heat Stress Between Two Broiler Lines Identified By Transcriptome Analysis, Jibin Zhang, Carl J. Schmidt, Susan J. Lamont

Jibin Zhang

Prolonged exposure to high temperature can significantly increase metabolism, depress appetite, reduce meat production and raise mortality in broilers. Because the cardiovascular system plays an important role to dissipate heat and transport oxygen, strong cardiac function is indispensable for birds to survive under heat stress. However, due to small hearts relative to body weight, modern broilers have high risk of heart failure at high temperature.
In this study, a Ross 708 line (modern broilers) and a Heritage broiler line (relaxed selection since the 1950s) were subjected to heat stress at 35℃  for 7 hours/day from 21 to 42 days ...


Ckat Software, Debashis Ghosh, Xiang Zhan Dec 2015

Ckat Software, Debashis Ghosh, Xiang Zhan

Debashis Ghosh

This is the software to accompany "A novel copy number variants kernel association test with application to autism spectrum disorders studies" by Zhan et al.


Astragalus: A Review Of Its Medicinal Uses And Health Effects. Dec 2015

Astragalus: A Review Of Its Medicinal Uses And Health Effects.

Olga Kopp

Astragalus: A review of its medicinal uses and health effects.
Toma Todorov, Ranae Zauner and Olga R. Kopp.
Astragalus is considered the largest genus of the Fabaceae family, comprising approximately 3,000 species distributed throughout the world. In Asia alone about 2,500 species of Astragalus have been described. In North America there are approximately 400 species, and additional species have been described in Africa and South America. In Traditional Chinese Medicine, Astragalus is considered one of the most important herbs for the treatment of nephritis, diabetes, uterine cancer, and leukemia. In addition, it is frequently used as a dietary ...