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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

A Systematic Review Of Context Bias In Invasion Biology, Robert Warren Jan 2017

A Systematic Review Of Context Bias In Invasion Biology, Robert Warren

Biology Faculty Datasets

The language that scientists use to frame biological invasions may reveal inherent bias - including how data are interpreted. A frequent critique of invasion biology is the use of value-laden language that may indicate context bias. Here we use a systematic study of language and interpretation in papers drawn from invasion biology to evaluate whether there is a link between the framing of papers and the interpretation of results. We also examine any trends in context bias in biological invasion research. We examined 651 peer-reviewed invasive species competition studies and implemented a rigorous systematic review to examine bias in the presentation ...


Nest-Mediated Seed Dispersal, Robert Warren Jan 2017

Nest-Mediated Seed Dispersal, Robert Warren

Biology Faculty Datasets

Many plant seeds travel on the wind and through animal ingestion or adhesion; however, an overlooked dispersal mode may lurk within those dispersal modes. Viable seeds may remain attached or embedded within materials birds gather for nest building. Our objective was to determine if birds inadvertently transport seeds when they forage for plant materials to build, insulate and line nests. We also hypothesized that nest-mediated dispersal might be particularly useful for plants that use mating systems with self-fertilized seeds embedded in their stems. We gathered bird nests in temperate forests and fields in eastern North America and germinated the plant ...