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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Data Collection Curated With An Application Ontology Describes The Methods And Results Upon Performing An Ex-Vivo Voltage-Clamp Assay On Outer Hair Cells Of The Mammalian Cochlea, Brenda Farrell, Jason Bengtson

BCM Research Data

This data collection describes the electrical properties of outer hair cells isolated from the mammalian cochlea of the domestic guinea pig. This data was obtained by performing whole-cell patch clamp voltage clamp assay on cells and monitoring the electrical admittance during a DC voltage ramp. The membrane capacitance was then calculated at each membrane potential from this admittance, and the voltage-independent and voltage-dependent membrane capacitance was determined upon further analysis. In some case the DC conductance was also measured by interrogation of the cell with voltage-step function which was calculated from the change in the mean steady-state current with respect ...

Polygenic Scores For Metabolic Traits And Related Drug Prescriptions In The Michigan Genomics Initiative, Samuel K. Handelman, Xiaomeng Du, Yanhua H. Chen, Elizabeth K. Speliotes Jun 2018

Polygenic Scores For Metabolic Traits And Related Drug Prescriptions In The Michigan Genomics Initiative, Samuel K. Handelman, Xiaomeng Du, Yanhua H. Chen, Elizabeth K. Speliotes

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.

Darwin Core Archive File, Stover-Ebinger Herbarium, Eastern Illinois University Jun 2017

Darwin Core Archive File, Stover-Ebinger Herbarium, Eastern Illinois University

ZIP file contains occurrences.csv, identivications.csv, and images.csv. The meta.xml document describes the content. Fields within the occurrences.csv file are defined by the Darwin Core exchange standard.

Scanning Labyrinthulomycete Genomes For Yeast Transcription Factor Binding Site Motifs, Jackie L. Collier, Joshua Rest Jan 2017

Scanning Labyrinthulomycete Genomes For Yeast Transcription Factor Binding Site Motifs, Jackie L. Collier, Joshua Rest

Interdisciplinary Research Data

To develop broadly useful methods for the genetic manipulation of Labyrinthulomycetes (a diverse group of ubiquitous osmoheterotrophic marine protists), it is essential to understand the similarities and differences in regulation of gene expression among them. Toward this end we have used FIMO from the MEME suite (http://meme-suite.org/doc/fimo.html) to identify potential transcription factor binding sites in each of the three available genome sequences: Aplanochytrium kerguelense PBS07, Schizochytrium aggregatum ATCC 28209, and Aurantiochytrium limacinum ATCC MYA-1381

Movement Path Tortuosity In Free Ambulation: Relationships To Age And Brain Disease, William Kearns, James Fozard, Vilis Nams Jan 2016

Movement Path Tortuosity In Free Ambulation: Relationships To Age And Brain Disease, William Kearns, James Fozard, Vilis Nams

William D. Kearns, PhD

Ambulation is defined by duration, distance traversed, number and size of directional changes and the interval separating successive movement episodes; more complex measures of ambulation can be created by aggregating these features. This review article of published findings defines random changes in direction during movement as “movement path tortuosity”, and relates tortuosity to the understanding of cognitive impairments of persons of all ages. Path tortuosity is quantified by subjecting tracking data to fractal analysis, specifically Fractal Dimension (Fractal D), which ranges from a value of 1 when the movement path is perfectly straight to a value of 2 when the ...

Distinct Cardiac Responses To Heat Stress Between Two Broiler Lines Identified By Transcriptome Analysis, Jibin Zhang, Carl J. Schmidt, Susan J. Lamont Jan 2016

Distinct Cardiac Responses To Heat Stress Between Two Broiler Lines Identified By Transcriptome Analysis, Jibin Zhang, Carl J. Schmidt, Susan J. Lamont

Jibin Zhang

Prolonged exposure to high temperature can significantly increase metabolism, depress appetite, reduce meat production and raise mortality in broilers. Because the cardiovascular system plays an important role to dissipate heat and transport oxygen, strong cardiac function is indispensable for birds to survive under heat stress. However, due to small hearts relative to body weight, modern broilers have high risk of heart failure at high temperature.
In this study, a Ross 708 line (modern broilers) and a Heritage broiler line (relaxed selection since the 1950s) were subjected to heat stress at 35℃  for 7 hours/day from 21 to 42 days ...

Deciphering The Associations Between Gene Expression And Copy Number Alteration Using A Sparse Double Laplacian Shrinkage Approach, Shuangge Ma

Shuangge Ma

Both gene expression levels (GEs) and copy number alterations (CNAs) have important implications in the development of complex diseases. GEs are partly regulated by CNAs, and much effort has been devoted to understanding their relations. The expression of a gene can be regulated by multiple CNAs, and one CNA can regulate the expression of multiple genes. In addition, multiple GEs (CNAs) can be correlated with each other. The existing methods for associating GEs with CNAs have limitations in deciphering the complex data structures. In this study, we develop a sparse double Laplacian shrinkage approach. It jointly models the effects of ...

Dec 2014

A Penalized Robust Semiparametric Approach For Gene-Environment Interactions, Shuangge Ma

Shuangge Ma

In genetic and genomic studies, gene-environment (G*E) interactions have important implications. Some of the existing G$\times$E interaction methods are limited by analyzing a small number of G factors at a time, by assuming linear effects of E factors, by assuming no data contamination, and by adopting ineffective selection techniques. In this study, we propose a new approach for identifying important G*E interactions. It jointly models the effects of all E and G factors and their interactions. A partially linear varying coefficient model (PLVCM) is adopted to accommodate possible nonlinear effects of E factors. A rank-based loss ...

Jibin Zhang's Ppt For Midwest Meeting.Pdf, Jibin Zhang, Yeunsu Suh, Young Min Choi, Michael E. Davis, Kichoon Lee Mar 2014

Jibin Zhang's Ppt For Midwest Meeting.Pdf, Jibin Zhang, Yeunsu Suh, Young Min Choi, Michael E. Davis, Kichoon Lee

Jibin Zhang

Increasing numbers of fat cells in adipose tissue are attributed to proliferation of preadipocytes or immature adipocytes in the early stages as well as adipogenic differentiation in the later stages of adipogenesis. Although both events are involved in the increase in fat cell numbers, they are contrary to each other in that the former requires cell cycle activity whereas the latter requires cell cycle withdrawal. Therefore, appropriate regulation of cell cycle inhibition is critical to adipogenesis.
To explore the important cell cycle inhibitors and study their expression in adipogenesis, a strategy was adopted that combined the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO ...

Time Series Data For 3b Image Processing, George Mcnamara Jan 2014

Time Series Data For 3b Image Processing, George Mcnamara

George McNamara

Time series data for 3B image processing

Four time series data sets of Stellaris single molecules RNA FISH (fluorescence in situ hybridization). All four datasets are 301 imaqe planes. FISH probes are to TOP1 mRNA (Topoisomerase I)in Saos osterosarcoma cells.

One dataset is 10 millisecond exposures (very dim), acquired in Streaming acquisition mode (no hardware overhead).

The other three datasets are a three consecutive planes of the same XY field of view.

I have included image processing results for:

PiMP - a fast method developed by Sebastian Munck et al 2012, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=22357945 ...

Software To Accompany "A Kernel Machine Approach For Differential Expression Analysis Of Mass Spectrometry-Based Metabolomics Data", Debashis Ghosh

Debashis Ghosh

No abstract provided.

Helix Turn Helix Domain, David J. Hall Jan 2013

Helix Turn Helix Domain, David J. Hall

Protein Domains

Helix turn helix domain #3V1A. The helix-turn helix is a DNA-binding domain. The two alpha helices are the reading or recognition helices, which bind in a groove in the DNA and recognize specific gene regulatory sequences in the DNA.

Ig Domain, David J. Hall Jan 2013

Ig Domain, David J. Hall

Protein Domains

Ig domain #2CKN. This particular domain is named for the first protein in which it was found, the immunoglobulin. An immunoglobulin is a antibody. Antibodies are generated by our immune system to recognize the specific size, shape and charge of pathogens. This domain is also found on the extracellular portion of many receptors including the interleukin-1 family of receptors.

Sh3 Domain, David J. Hall Jan 2013

Sh3 Domain, David J. Hall

Protein Domains

SH3 domain #1NEB. Src-homology 3 (SH3) domains bind to Pro-rich peptides that form a left-handed poly-Pro type II helix, with the minimal consensus Pro-X-X-Pro. Each Pro is usually preceeded by an aliphatic residue. Each in the aliphatic-Pro pair binds to a hydrophobic pocket on the SH3 domain.

Sh2 Domain, David J. Hall Jan 2013

Sh2 Domain, David J. Hall

Protein Domains

SH2 domain #1BFJ. Src-homology 2 (SH2) domains are modules of ~100 amino acids that bind to specific phospho tyrosine (pY) containing peptide motifs. Conventional SH2 domains have a conserved pocket that recognizes pY, and a more variable pocket that binds 3-6 residues C-terminal to the pY and confers specificity.

Ring Domain, David J. Hall Jan 2013

Ring Domain, David J. Hall

Protein Domains

Ring domain #1CHC. The RING finger is a specialized type of Zn finger consisting of 40–60 residues that binds two atoms of zinc, and is involved in mediating protein—protein interactions. Many zinc fingers bind nucleic acids. The presence of a RING finger domain is a characteristic of RING-class E3 ubiquitin protein ligases capable of transferring ubiquitin from an E2 enzyme to a substrate protein.

Beta Barrel, David J. Hall Jan 2013

Beta Barrel, David J. Hall

Protein Domains

Beta barrel (cyan fluorescent protein) #4AR7. This fluorescent protein is a variation of green fluorescent protein from a jellyfish and is the only domain that is a complete protein. The protein is routinely used to visualize a variety of biological processes. The beta barrel domain is a beta sheet wrapped around the fluorescent active site to provide structure.