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Articles 1 - 30 of 451

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Cultural Competence: Issues And Benefits In Healthcare Delivery, Tetiana Soloviova, Amina Shahbaz, Fahaneda Hassan, Zoya Vinokur May 2019

Cultural Competence: Issues And Benefits In Healthcare Delivery, Tetiana Soloviova, Amina Shahbaz, Fahaneda Hassan, Zoya Vinokur

Publications and Research

The extreme growth of New York State population causes to bring more challenges and opportunities for healthcare organization to provide culturally competent service to meet the need of diverse population. According to data from the US Census Bureau, minority groups are projected to make up nearly 50% of the population by the year 2050 compared with 30% in 2000. Outside of ethnicity, there are also many cultural and social groups with which people identify that may affect how they view or receive healthcare. It is very difficult to provide quality service for a diverse population due to language barriers, health ...


Long-Lasting Executive Control Deficits In Young Adults With A History Of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury, Mikayla Cimino, Noah C. Yeagley, Lindsay Taranto, Sydney Cope, Jennifer Pastorino Apr 2019

Long-Lasting Executive Control Deficits In Young Adults With A History Of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury, Mikayla Cimino, Noah C. Yeagley, Lindsay Taranto, Sydney Cope, Jennifer Pastorino

Neuroscience Presentations

No abstract provided.


Mapping The Interaction Between The Synaptic Adhesion Protein Slitrk2 And Psd-95, Connor Loomis Apr 2019

Mapping The Interaction Between The Synaptic Adhesion Protein Slitrk2 And Psd-95, Connor Loomis

Biology Presentations

No abstract provided.


Effects Of Neuroinflammation On Microglial Function, Yoonjung Kim, Nyrobi Barnes, Courtney Burns Apr 2019

Effects Of Neuroinflammation On Microglial Function, Yoonjung Kim, Nyrobi Barnes, Courtney Burns

Biology Presentations

No abstract provided.


Interaction Between Mutations Of Wee-1.3 And Pam-1 In C. Elegans, Ethan Kabel Apr 2019

Interaction Between Mutations Of Wee-1.3 And Pam-1 In C. Elegans, Ethan Kabel

Biology Presentations

No abstract provided.


The Function Of Ecdysone And Inhibiting Programmed Cell Death In Death Class Iii Neurons Of Drosophila Melanogaster, Nikolas Richard Likourentzos Apr 2019

The Function Of Ecdysone And Inhibiting Programmed Cell Death In Death Class Iii Neurons Of Drosophila Melanogaster, Nikolas Richard Likourentzos

EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement

The inhibition of programmed cell death is a factor believed to be responsible for the survival of cancer cells. Using Drosophila as models, factors contributing to the process of programmed cell death can be studied. Neurons die throughout Drosophila melanogaster development to allow the addition of new neurons. The groups of neurons programmed to die are Death Class I neurons, Death Class II neurons, and Death Class III neurons. Ecdysone is a hormone responsible for the timing of programmed cell death (PCD) in the Death Class neurons. Elevated levels of ecdysone are associated with the initiation of PCD of Death ...


Hexavalent Chromium: Elucidating Its Carcinogenic Mechanism, And Testing Potential Preventative Treatments, Ryan Himes, Timothy Mayotte Apr 2019

Hexavalent Chromium: Elucidating Its Carcinogenic Mechanism, And Testing Potential Preventative Treatments, Ryan Himes, Timothy Mayotte

Scholar Week 2016 - present

Cr(VI) (hexavalent chromium) has recently been found in the drinking water of over 250 million Americans. It is a powerful oxidizing agent, and is known to cause cancer, although the specific mechanism has yet to be elucidated. There is no known preventative treatment for Cr(VI) exposure, and the US EPA is currently determining what concentration of Cr(VI) in drinking water can be safely tolerated. This study sought to test the hypothesis that Cr(VI) cytotoxicity can be prevented by various antioxidants. We tested this hypothesis by exposing human embryonic kidney and human intestinal epithelial cells to Cr ...


Nitrate Removal And Patterns Of Ph-Induced Flocculation In High-Lipid Producing Algae Ochromonas Danica, Abigail E. Armstrong, Timothy Gsell Dr. Apr 2019

Nitrate Removal And Patterns Of Ph-Induced Flocculation In High-Lipid Producing Algae Ochromonas Danica, Abigail E. Armstrong, Timothy Gsell Dr.

GSU Research Day

Algae have grown in popularity as a source for biofuels as some algae species, like Ochromonas danica, can produce energy-rich lipids for biofuels while simultaneously removing nutrients from wastewater. As such, use of biologic systems to mitigate pollutants are an attractive method of pollution control. Given the unique metabolic properties of O. danica, this organism is a promising candidate organism for this purpose. This study seeks to characterize the basic metabolic parameters of these algae as well as their population behaviors with attention to their growth rates and nitrate removal at varying pH over time. To do this, live cultures ...


Preservation Of Ozark Glades: Soil Inocula And Plant Additions Effect On Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi, Srikavi Premnath Apr 2019

Preservation Of Ozark Glades: Soil Inocula And Plant Additions Effect On Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi, Srikavi Premnath

Show Your Stripes Research and Creative Showcase

Soil microbial communities can play a major role in the structure of natural plant communities, and restoring the soil microbial content can be important in restoring the plant community in prairies. In 2014, an experiment was set up to test whether soil inoculation along with native plant additions (Schizachyrium scoparium and Rudbeckia missouriensis) produce a similar restoration effect among glades, rocky grasslands found in south central Missouri. The following six inoculation treatments were set up in three sites: live inocula soil from well-restored glade sites, sterilized glade soil as a control, inoculated S. scoparium, uninoculated S. scoparium, inoculated R. missouriensis ...


The Relationship Between Diet And Evolution In Primates, Tori Spencer Apr 2019

The Relationship Between Diet And Evolution In Primates, Tori Spencer

Show Your Stripes Research and Creative Showcase

This literature review investigates the evolutionary relationship between diet and primate physiology, using both human and non-human primates as evidence of past and present examples. Special attention is devoted to physiological factors shaped by diet that have and may still cause differences between primate groups. Diet has heritable markers and can predisposition individuals to change both physically and behaviorally. Diet in primates appears to play a role in the teeth placement, brain size, shape and chemistry, taste and olfactory sense, to name a few. This information can be used to identify future human features that may continue to evolve as ...


Selecting Phycoremediators For Consortia, Tori Spencer Apr 2019

Selecting Phycoremediators For Consortia, Tori Spencer

Show Your Stripes Research and Creative Showcase

Bioremediation is the process by which organisms remove and transform toxic compounds in a contaminated source. This is a waste management technique currently used to clean up man-made contamination. Many organisms act as natural remediators; in the case of algae, they are called phycoremediators who perform phycoremediaton. The term algae encompasses a variety of taxonomic groups and their diversity is still being realized; there are over 44,000 named species of the 72,000 species that we have identified. Some estimates calculate that there are over 200,000 diatom species alone. This diversity continues to be difficult to organize, which ...


Neurological Aspects Of Thc As A Treatment For Generalized Anxiety, Khaliah Kelly Apr 2019

Neurological Aspects Of Thc As A Treatment For Generalized Anxiety, Khaliah Kelly

Show Your Stripes Research and Creative Showcase

Currently, 1 in 13 people (264 million people) are diagnosed in the world with anxiety disorder. Anxiety is a disorder that causes random or triggered panic attacks due to an imbalance of neurotransmitters in the limbic system of the brain. Marijuana (Cannabis sativa) contains high levels of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). THC acts as a neurotransmitter and is able to attach to molecules called cannabinoid receptors on neurons, activate them, which results in changes in mental and physical functions. The neural communication network used by THC neurotransmitters is known as the endocannabinoid system. The endocannabinoid system and the limbic system are interconnected ...


Imaging Fluorescent Proteins In Plant Cells: A 12-Week Research-Project Oriented Cell Molecular Biology Laboratory, Michael Grubb, Bridget Mbula Apr 2019

Imaging Fluorescent Proteins In Plant Cells: A 12-Week Research-Project Oriented Cell Molecular Biology Laboratory, Michael Grubb, Bridget Mbula

Show Your Stripes Research and Creative Showcase

When plants are attacked by pathogenic fungi, plants defend themselves by "chewing" the fungal cell wall. Chitin, a main component of the fungal cell wall, is released and recognized by the plant cells to activate the innate immune response in the whole plant. The objective of this study is to investigate the cellular localization of the proteins encoded by two chitin-induced genes, Annexin 1 (ANN1) and SNAP33, from the genetic model Arabidopsis thaliana. The full-length cDNA (excluding stop codon) of ANN1 and SNAP33 were amplified from cDNA template and cloned into a binary vector pMDC83 to form a translational fusion ...


Dominance And Aggression Among Hummingbirds In The Cloud Forests Of The Talamanca Mountains, Costa Rica, Crystal Sauder, Aileen Scarim Apr 2019

Dominance And Aggression Among Hummingbirds In The Cloud Forests Of The Talamanca Mountains, Costa Rica, Crystal Sauder, Aileen Scarim

Scholar Week 2016 - present

Hummingbirds (Trochilidae) are known for being aggressive and territorial. By knowing hummingbirds are not very social, nor appear to enjoy having interactions with others, we wanted to observe how multiple species of Trochilidae interact with one another. The study was completed to observe if males of different Trochilidae would be more aggressive at hummingbird feeders over females. Three different feeder locations were decided on, spread across the Savegre Valley region near the Quetzal Education Research Center (QERC). Symbols were agreed upon in order to shorthand the exact series of events that were happening while we observed the feeders. Species and ...


Food Preferences Of Red-Headed Woodpeckers (Melanerpes Erythrocephalus) And The Relationship With Season Change, Crystal Sauder Apr 2019

Food Preferences Of Red-Headed Woodpeckers (Melanerpes Erythrocephalus) And The Relationship With Season Change, Crystal Sauder

Scholar Week 2016 - present

Red-headed woodpeckers (Melanerpes erythrocephalus) used to be easy to find out in the wild, but as humans encroached on their habitats, their populations started to become impacted. They have a habitat range from Southern Canada down to the Gulf Coast. In several states their numbers are threatened due to loss of habitat. Red-headed woodpeckers prefer to live in open woodlands with dead, or dying, trees to nest in. As humans take away the dead trees from the forests, red-headed woodpeckers are losing their nesting sites. Preservation of red-headed woodpecker habitats are needed to ensure the population starts to grow, and ...


Making Scents: The Relationship Between Insect Visitors And Chemical Fragrance Composition Of Cypripedium Parviflorum Var. Pubescens In Central Virginia., Ruth Elkins Apr 2019

Making Scents: The Relationship Between Insect Visitors And Chemical Fragrance Composition Of Cypripedium Parviflorum Var. Pubescens In Central Virginia., Ruth Elkins

Student Scholar Showcase

Due to its rarity, little is known regarding which insects pollinate Cypripedium parviflorum var. pubescens, large yellow lady slipper orchids, and why they do so when offered no reward. Insect identification and fragrance composition data have been collected from two populations of large yellow lady slippers in Central Virginia for more than a decade. This research analyzed data in order to determine potential relationships between visiting insects and fragrance compositions of the orchid. The results of this research can be used to establish and protect populations of Cypripedium parviflorum var. pubescens.


Abiotic Stress And Anthocyanins Biosynthesis In Arabidopsis Thaliana, Carolanne Bekus Apr 2019

Abiotic Stress And Anthocyanins Biosynthesis In Arabidopsis Thaliana, Carolanne Bekus

Student Scholar Showcase

Crops and farmers today are facing unprecedented challenges due to the changing environment. The plants of the future need to be hardy to survive harsh environmental conditions such as increased temperature, and prolonged droughts. It is imperative to understand the mechanisms plants employ to protect themselves under these types of stresses. Anthocyanins are pigments of the flavonoid subclass produced by plants. They impart red to purple color to flowers, fruits, and seeds. They also have antioxidant properties and they contribute to stress tolerance in plants. They are understood to be produced under abiotic stresses in order to protect the plant ...


Alpha Mangostin As A Chemoprotective Agent Via Activation Of The P53 Pathway For Breast Cancer, Vanessa Van Oost Apr 2019

Alpha Mangostin As A Chemoprotective Agent Via Activation Of The P53 Pathway For Breast Cancer, Vanessa Van Oost

Scholar Week 2016 - present

Breast carcinoma is the most frequently diagnosed cancer among women and causes over 400,000 deaths yearly worldwide. Current treatments such as chemotherapy are not selective for cancerous tissues but are destructive to normal tissues as well. This causes a range of side effects including pain, nausea, hair loss, weakness, and more. Inactivation of p53 is an almost universal mutation within human cancer cells. The ability to activate the p53 pathway which protects cells from tumor formation is lost in 50% of cancers. Due to the prevalence of this mutation, p53 is a uniquely valuable target for applied research. Alpha ...


Lipoarabinomannan From Mycobacterium Smegmatis Stimulates An Inflammatory Response In Raw 264.7 Murine Macrophages, Aysha Zaman Apr 2019

Lipoarabinomannan From Mycobacterium Smegmatis Stimulates An Inflammatory Response In Raw 264.7 Murine Macrophages, Aysha Zaman

Student Scholar Showcase

Macrophages are a key leukocyte in defense against Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. The precise mechanism by which M. tuberculosis evades host macrophage defenses remains unknown, so understanding how macrophages interact with cell wall components of mycobacteria is critical. Lipoarabinomannan (LAM) is a glycolipid Toll-like receptor-2 (TLR-2) ligand found on the cell wall of mycobacteria, and is thought to contribute to the cell wall structural integrity. When LAM binds to TLR on host leukocytes, this activates cellular responses and phagocytosis by host macrophages. Nitric oxide production can be used as a measure of inflammatory response and can be evaluated via nitrite response ...


Co-Occurrence Of Manganese Oxidase Genes Indicates Lateral Transfer Between Classes Of Proteobacteria, Jacob Olichney Apr 2019

Co-Occurrence Of Manganese Oxidase Genes Indicates Lateral Transfer Between Classes Of Proteobacteria, Jacob Olichney

Student Scholar Showcase

Pseudomonas putida GB-1 is a model organism for the study of manganese oxidation in bacteria, however, the frequency of co-localization of multiple known and suspected manganese oxidizing proteins, as well as their occurrence between species, is unknown. Eight different genes isolated from known manganese oxidizing bacteria (MnxG, MopA, McoA, PputGB1_2552, PputGB1_2553, MoxA, MofA, and Bacillus MnxG) were tested individually using BioPython and BLAST (Basic Local Alignment Search Tool) on multiple genomic databases. BLAST searches had an expect value cutoff of 1e-50, limiting gene homologs to those with high sequence similarity. The abundance of homologous genes across classes of proteobacteria point ...


Macrophage Infiltration And Activation In Old And Young Skeletal Muscle Following Lengthening Contractions, Jamie P. Kaluhiokalani, Jacob R. Sorensen, Robert D. Hyldahl Apr 2019

Macrophage Infiltration And Activation In Old And Young Skeletal Muscle Following Lengthening Contractions, Jamie P. Kaluhiokalani, Jacob R. Sorensen, Robert D. Hyldahl

Library/Life Sciences Undergraduate Poster Competition 2019

•Human skeletal muscle is capable of robust regeneration following damage. •Muscle repair following injury is dependent on the timely activity of pro-inflammatory (M1) and anti-inflammatory, pro-regenerative (M2) macrophages. Following acute muscle injury, healthy skeletal muscle experiences a rapid and vigorous inflammatory response. •Macrophages clear necrotic tissue and facilitate satellite cell behavior through the secretion of cytokines and growth factors. •It is known that aged muscle experiences poor regenerative potential following injury, but the cause is not well-understood.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate macrophage behavior in old and young people in the context of muscle damage.

Hypothesis ...


The Role Of Plastic Debris Found In The Loggerhead Sea Turtle's Digestive Tract & How It Effects The Reproduction Survival Rate, Taylor Clements Apr 2019

The Role Of Plastic Debris Found In The Loggerhead Sea Turtle's Digestive Tract & How It Effects The Reproduction Survival Rate, Taylor Clements

Spring Showcase for Research and Creative Inquiry

No abstract provided.


Forgotten Children & Bonds That Heal: The Critical Nature Of Attachment, August Ashbaker Mar 2019

Forgotten Children & Bonds That Heal: The Critical Nature Of Attachment, August Ashbaker

Lesley University Community of Scholars Day

Human attachment is one of the most critical factors in proper neurological and physiological development. Attachment is built through the mutuality of emotional impact, as well as the regular reception of physical touch. Infants and children who have been deprived of these vital necessities through the lacking initiatives of their caregivers—through neglect—display visible signs of its physiological, cognitive, emotional, and behavioral impact. Research has found neglect to be the highest risk factor for permanent damage to brain development in comparison to other forms of complex trauma (i.e. chronic caregiver interpersonal trauma in childhood); it is also the ...


Frontline Experiences From Changing Fisheries Bycatch Paradigms, David Kerstetter Mar 2019

Frontline Experiences From Changing Fisheries Bycatch Paradigms, David Kerstetter

David Kerstetter

No abstract provided.


Pregnancy In Zoo-Managed African Elephants (Loxodonta Africana): Investigating Possible Hormonal And Metabolic Indicators Of Successful And Unsuccessful Pregnancies., Chelsi Marolf Mar 2019

Pregnancy In Zoo-Managed African Elephants (Loxodonta Africana): Investigating Possible Hormonal And Metabolic Indicators Of Successful And Unsuccessful Pregnancies., Chelsi Marolf

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

Female African elephants (Loxodanta africana) in zoos in the United States currently have high rates of ovarian acyclicity and if they do become pregnant, the calf is often lost before or during birth. This issue likely stems from various metabolic and reproductive factors, including obesity, advanced age, and stress. While this is a complicated problem, analyzing certain hormones related to reproduction and nutrition in elephants might reveal biological indicators for successful and unsuccessful pregnancies in African elephants. The goal of this study is to create a range of hormone levels throughout a typical successful pregnancy, and to compare these data ...


Walking Adaptations To An Ankle Foot Orthosis In Individuals With Peripheral Artery Disease, Todd Leutzinger, Iraklis Pipinos, Jason Johanning, Mahdi Hassan, Holly Despiegelaere, Mukul Mukherjee, Sara Myers Mar 2019

Walking Adaptations To An Ankle Foot Orthosis In Individuals With Peripheral Artery Disease, Todd Leutzinger, Iraklis Pipinos, Jason Johanning, Mahdi Hassan, Holly Despiegelaere, Mukul Mukherjee, Sara Myers

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

Single Session Walking Adaptations to an Ankle Foot Orthosis in Patients with Claudication and Peripheral Artery Disease

Todd Leutzinger1, 2, Iraklis Pipinos2, 3, Jason Johanning2, 3, Mukul Mukherjee1, Sara Myers1, 2

1Department of Biomechanics, University of Nebraska at Omaha, Omaha, NE USA

2Nebraska and Western Iowa Veterans Affairs’ Medical Center, Omaha, NE USA

3Department of Surgery, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE USA

Email: tleutzinger@unomaha.edu

Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is an atherosclerotic disease affecting the arteries of the lower extremities [1]. The primary symptom of PAD is intermittent claudication ...


The Effects Of Stiffness Of A Prosthetic Shock-Absorbing Pylon On Mechanical Work During Walking, Jenny Anne Maun Mar 2019

The Effects Of Stiffness Of A Prosthetic Shock-Absorbing Pylon On Mechanical Work During Walking, Jenny Anne Maun

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

Name: Jenny Anne Maun

Title: The effects of stiffness of a prosthetic shock-absorbing pylon on mechanical work during walking

Degree: Masters

Faculty Advisor: Kota Z. Takahashi, PhD

Co-authors: Steven A. Gard, PhD; Matthew J. Major, PhD

A prosthetic shock-absorbing pylon (SAP) is intended to attenuate impact forces, provide comfort, and reduce residual limb pain for prosthesis users. However, the effect of an SAP and its spring stiffness on the mechanical work done by the prosthetic limb during walking remains unclear. The purpose of this study: to investigate the effects of SAP spring stiffness and walking speed on the mechanical work ...


Isolating And Characterizing Novel Bacteriophages From Freshwater Samples, Mackenzie Conrin, Avery Misfeldt Mar 2019

Isolating And Characterizing Novel Bacteriophages From Freshwater Samples, Mackenzie Conrin, Avery Misfeldt

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

Bacteria are responsible for many Healthcare-Associated infections each year and are evolving to become multidrug resistant (MDR). Bacteriophages, also called phages, are naturally occurring bacterial viruses. These phages infect and kill their bacterial hosts. It is estimated that there are 10 different phages, per bacterium. This makes phages the most abundant entity in the biosphere. Isolating and characterizing these naturally occurring bacterial killers offers the potential for strain specific treatment of MDR infections. Such treatments, coined Phage Therapy, can be used in the fight against evolving bacterial infections. Pseudomonads are a classification of bacteria that infect a variety of plants ...


How Prosthetic Ankle Stiffness & Load Carriage Affect Metabolic Energy Expenditure During Walking, Erica A. Hedrick, Philippe Malcolm, Jason M. Wilken, Kota Z. Takahashi Mar 2019

How Prosthetic Ankle Stiffness & Load Carriage Affect Metabolic Energy Expenditure During Walking, Erica A. Hedrick, Philippe Malcolm, Jason M. Wilken, Kota Z. Takahashi

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

The ankle structures play a key role in body support, forward propulsion and leg swing. One important property of the human ankle is its ‘quasi-stiffness’, or resistance to angular motion. The ankle joint stiffness can play a role in aiding the lower leg as its rocks over the foot. Human biological ankle stiffness changes in response to changes in the mechanical demands of walking (e.g. added load or changes in speed), using active muscle contractions. However, the role of ankle stiffness in regulating metabolic energy across walking conditions is unknown. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to determine ...


Meta-Analysis Of Characteristics In Upper Missouri River Fishes: Prediction Of Invasiveness, Steph Purcell Mar 2019

Meta-Analysis Of Characteristics In Upper Missouri River Fishes: Prediction Of Invasiveness, Steph Purcell

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

Invasive species are often considered a global threat due to their association with biodiversity loss and novel diseases. The Missouri-Mississippi River Watershed, including the Missouri River Basin, is particularly vulnerable to invasive species because of low species diversity following historic glaciation events. Management of invasive species is imperative in this watershed but continues to be challenging in that there are over 100 invasive species currently present in this region. The goal of this project is to identify characteristics associated with successful invasions that may assist in developing management strategies to reduce the negative outcomes caused by the establishment of invasive ...