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Revision Of The Central Asian Scorpion Genus Anomalobuthus Kraepelin, 1900, With Descriptions Of Three New Species And A Generic Synonymy (Scorpiones: Buthidae), Rolando Teruel, František Kovařík, Victor Fet Dec 2018

Revision Of The Central Asian Scorpion Genus Anomalobuthus Kraepelin, 1900, With Descriptions Of Three New Species And A Generic Synonymy (Scorpiones: Buthidae), Rolando Teruel, František Kovařík, Victor Fet

Euscorpius

We revise the Central Asian endemic genus Anomalobuthus Kraepelin, 1900, which was considered monotypic for more than 100 years until the recent addition of a second species from Iran (Teruel et al., 2014). We redefine the generic diagnosis of Anomalobuthus and reveal that it is composed of no less than six species, three of which are described as new: A. krivochatskyi, sp. n. (central Uzbekistan and extreme southern Kazakhstan), A. lowei, sp. n. (southeastern Kazakhstan), and A. pavlovskyi, sp. n. (south-central Kazakhstan and extreme northern Turkmenistan). The monotypic genus Psammobuthus Birula, 1911 (described from the Ferghana Valley at the border ...


Notes On The Genera Buthacus, Compsobuthus, And Lanzatus With Several Synonymies And Corrections Of Published Characters (Scorpiones: Buthidae), František Kovařík Oct 2018

Notes On The Genera Buthacus, Compsobuthus, And Lanzatus With Several Synonymies And Corrections Of Published Characters (Scorpiones: Buthidae), František Kovařík

Euscorpius

The taxonomic position of Buthacus armasi Lourenço, 2013, B. clevai Lourenço, 2001, B. huberi Lourenço, 2001, B. maliensis Lourenço & Qi, 2007, B. nigerianus Lourenço & Qi, 2006, Compsobuthus andresi Lourenço, 2004, C. simoni Lourenço, 1999, C. tassili Lourenço, 2010, C. tofti Lourenço, 2001, C. williamsi Lourenço, 1999, and Sabinebuthus elegans Lourenço, 2001 is revised and fictitious characters in their original descriptions are discussed and corrected. Buthacus armasi Lourenço, 2013 is synonymized with Buthacus leptochelys (Ehrenberg, 1829) syn. n., B. huberi Lourenço, 2001 is confirmed to be a synonym of Buthacus occidentalis Vachon, 1953, B. maliensis Lourenço & Qi, 2007 is synonymized with ...


Three New Chaerilus From Malaysia (Tioman Island) And Thailand (Scorpiones: Chaerilidae), With A Review Of C. Cimrmani, C. Sejnai, And C. Tichyi, František Kovařík, Graeme Lowe, František Šťáhlavský Sep 2018

Three New Chaerilus From Malaysia (Tioman Island) And Thailand (Scorpiones: Chaerilidae), With A Review Of C. Cimrmani, C. Sejnai, And C. Tichyi, František Kovařík, Graeme Lowe, František Šťáhlavský

Euscorpius

Chaerilus majkusi sp. n. from Malaysia (Tioman Island), C. neradorum sp. n. and C. stockmannorum sp. n. from Thailand are described and fully illustrated with color photographs of live and preserved specimens, as well as of their habitat. They are compared to the species C. cimrmani Kovařík, 2012, C. sejnai Kovařík, 2005, and C. tichyi Kovařík, 2000, which we also illustrate with color photographs of live unpublished specimens. Hemispermatophores of C. cimrmani, C. majkusi sp .n., C. stockmannorum sp. n., and C. tichyi are illustrated and compared, and we also describe the karyotypes of C. cimrmani, C. majkusi sp. n ...


Scorpions Of The Horn Of Africa (Arachnida: Scorpiones). Part Xv. Review Of The Genus Gint Kovařík Et Al., 2013, With Description Of Three New Species From Somaliland (Scorpiones, Buthidae), František Kovařík, Graeme Lowe, Pavel Just, Ahmed Ibrahim Awale, Hassan Sh Abdirahman Elmi, František Šťáhlavský Apr 2018

Scorpions Of The Horn Of Africa (Arachnida: Scorpiones). Part Xv. Review Of The Genus Gint Kovařík Et Al., 2013, With Description Of Three New Species From Somaliland (Scorpiones, Buthidae), František Kovařík, Graeme Lowe, Pavel Just, Ahmed Ibrahim Awale, Hassan Sh Abdirahman Elmi, František Šťáhlavský

Euscorpius

We describe herein three new species of Buthidae: Gint amoudensis sp. n., G. gubanensis sp. n., and G. maidensis sp. n. from Somaliland. Additional information is provided on the taxonomy and distribution of other species of the genus Gint, fully complemented with color photos of live and preserved specimens, as well as of their habitat. The hemispermatophores of most Gint species are illustrated and described for the first time. In addition to the analyses of external morphology and hemispermatophores, we also describe the karyotype of four Gint species. The number of chromosomes is different for every one of the analysed ...


Serrula In Retrospect: A Historical Look At Scorpion Literature (Scorpiones: Orthosterni), Matthew R. Graham, Victor Fet Dec 2016

Serrula In Retrospect: A Historical Look At Scorpion Literature (Scorpiones: Orthosterni), Matthew R. Graham, Victor Fet

Victor Fet

Serrula, a small comb-like structure on the ventral aspect of cheliceral movable finger in scorpions, has often been overlooked or ignored. Scorpion genera that are currently known to possess serrula belong to six families: Chactidae, Euscorpiidae, Iuridae, Pseudochactidae, Superstitioniidae, and Vaejovidae. All relevant literature on scorpion serrula is reviewed, and serrula of representative scorpion taxa is illustrated by SEM images. We suggest that the inconsistency in reporting serrula is based on several factors (or combination thereof): (a) serrula tines can quite often be broken off partially or completely, especially in adults; (b) serrula can be vestigial and hardly visible under ...


Taxonomic Position Of The Genus Sassanidotus Farzanpay, 1987 (Scorpiones: Buthidae), František Kovařík, Victor Fet Dec 2016

Taxonomic Position Of The Genus Sassanidotus Farzanpay, 1987 (Scorpiones: Buthidae), František Kovařík, Victor Fet

Victor Fet

Sassanidotus Farzanpay, 1987 is a valid genus closely related to Compsobuthus Vachon, 1949, with which it shares most characters including the shape of carinae on the carapace and mesosoma. The main difference is that Sassanidotus has only three granules located proximally to the terminal granule on the movable finger of pedipalp, whereas Compsobuthus and also Mesobuthus Vachon, 1950 have four such granules. Sassanidotus Farzanpay, 1987 includes two species, Sassanidotus zarudnyi (Birula, 1900) (type species) from Iran and Sassanidotus gracilis thus zarudnyi sarghadensis Birula, 1903, syn. n.) from Afghanistan, Iran, and Pakistan. The neotype is designated for S. zarudnyi.


Scorpions Of Iran (Arachnida, Scorpiones). Part V. Chahar Mahal & Bakhtiyari Province, Khodadad Pirali-Kheirabadi, Shahrokh Navidpour, Victor Fet, František Kovařík, Michael E. Soleglad Dec 2016

Scorpions Of Iran (Arachnida, Scorpiones). Part V. Chahar Mahal & Bakhtiyari Province, Khodadad Pirali-Kheirabadi, Shahrokh Navidpour, Victor Fet, František Kovařík, Michael E. Soleglad

Victor Fet

Ten species of scorpions belonging to three families are reported from the montane Chahar Mahal & Bakhtiyari Province of Iran. Of these, only Razianus zarudnyi (Birula, 1903) was formerly reported for this province, while nine species are reported for the first time: Androctonus crassicauda (Olivier, 1807), Compsobuthus matthiesseni (Birula, 1905), Hottentotta saulcyi (Simon, 1880), Hottentotta zagrosensis Kovařík, 1997, Mesobuthus eupeus phillipsii (Pocock, 1889), Odontobuthus doriae (Thorell, 1876), Orthochirus zagrosensis Kovařík, 2004, Hemi- scorpius lepturus Peters, 1861, and Scorpio maurus townsendi (Pocock, 1900). Also presented is a key to all species of scorpions found in the Chahar Mahal & Bakhtiyari Province.


Scorpions Of Iran (Arachnida, Scorpiones). Part Iv. Kohgilouyeh & Boyer Ahmad Province, Shahrokh Navidpour, František Kovařík, Michael E. Soleglad, Victor Fet Dec 2016

Scorpions Of Iran (Arachnida, Scorpiones). Part Iv. Kohgilouyeh & Boyer Ahmad Province, Shahrokh Navidpour, František Kovařík, Michael E. Soleglad, Victor Fet

Victor Fet

According to previous surveys, only Mesobuthus eupeus phillipsii (Pocock, 1889), Orthochirus zagrosensis Kovařík, 2004, and Hemiscorpius lepturus Peters, 1861 have been recorded from Kohgilouyeh & Boyer Ahmad Province. Collections made by a team under Shahrokh Navidpour (Razi Reference Laboratory of Scorpion Research, Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, Ahvaz, Khoozestan, Iran) reveal eight other species belonging to two families recorded from the province for the first time: Androctonus crassicauda (Olivier, 1807); Compsobuthus matthiesseni (Birula, 1905); Hottentotta saulcyi (Simon, 1880); Hottentotta zagrosensis Kovařík, 1997; Odontobuthus bidentatus Lourenço et Pézier, 2002; Orthochirus iranus Kovařík, 2004; Razianus zarudnyi (Birula, 1903); and Scorpio maurus townsendi (Pocock, 1900). Also presented is a key to all species of scorpions found in the province.


Scorpions Of Iran (Arachnida, Scorpiones). Part Iii. Ilam Province, Shahrokh Navidpour, Victor Fet, František Kovařík, Michael E. Soleglad Dec 2016

Scorpions Of Iran (Arachnida, Scorpiones). Part Iii. Ilam Province, Shahrokh Navidpour, Victor Fet, František Kovařík, Michael E. Soleglad

Victor Fet

Seven species of scorpions belonging to three families have been previously recorded from the Ilam Province of Iran: Androctonus crassicauda (Olivier, 1807), Compsobuthus matthiesseni (Birula, 1905), Hottentotta saulcyi (Simon, 1880), Mesobuthus eupeus phillipsii (Pocock, 1889), Razianus zarudnyi (Birula, 1903), Scorpio maurus townsendi (Pocock, 1900), and Hemiscorpius lepturus Peters, 1861. Collections made by a team organized by Shahrokh Navidpour (Razi Reference Laboratory of Scorpion Research, Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, Ahvaz, Khoozestan, Iran) reveal seven other species recorded from the province for the first time: Apistobuthus susanae Lourenço, 1998, Buthacus macrocentrus (Ehrenberg, 1828), Compsobuthus jakesi Kovařík, 2003, Odontobuthus bidentatus Lourenço ...


Scorpions Of Iran (Arachnida, Scorpiones). Part I. Khoozestan Province, Shahrokh Navidpour, František Kovařík, Michael E. Soleglad, Victor Fet Dec 2016

Scorpions Of Iran (Arachnida, Scorpiones). Part I. Khoozestan Province, Shahrokh Navidpour, František Kovařík, Michael E. Soleglad, Victor Fet

Victor Fet

Collections made by a team of Shahrokh Navidpour (Razi Reference Laboratory of Scorpion Research, Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, Ahvaz, Khoozestan, Iran) include 17 of the 19 species known to inhabit Khoozestan Province, and form the basis of this paper. Among them are two new species (Hottentotta khoozestanus sp. n. and Vachoniolus iranus sp. n.), Compsobuthus jakesi Kovařík, 2003 previously known only from Iraq, and five species representing first records for the province: Buthacus macrocentrus (Ehrenberg, 1828); Odontobuthus bidentatus Lourenço & Pézier, 2002; Orthochirus farzanpayi (Vachon et Farzanpay, 1987); Orthochirus stockwelli (Lourenço et Vachon, 1995) comb. n.; and Scorpio maurus townsendi (Pocock ...


Scorpions Of Iran (Arachnida, Scorpiones). Part Ii. Bushehr Province, Shahrokh Navidpour, Michael E. Soleglad, Victor Fet, František Kovařík Dec 2016

Scorpions Of Iran (Arachnida, Scorpiones). Part Ii. Bushehr Province, Shahrokh Navidpour, Michael E. Soleglad, Victor Fet, František Kovařík

Victor Fet

The Bushehr Province of Iran contains the type localities of three scorpion taxa, Mesobuthus eupeus phillipsii (Pocock, 1889), Orthochirus iranus Kovařík, 2004, and Scorpio maurus townsendi (Pocock, 1900). Apart from them, Androctonus crassicauda (Olivier, 1807), Compsobuthus matthiesseni (Birula, 1905), Hottentotta saulcyi (Simon, 1880), Odontobuthus bidentatus Lourenço & Pézier, 2002, Razianus zarudnyi (Birula, 1903), and Hemiscorpius lepturus Peters, 1862 have also been known to occur in the province. Collections made by a team under Shahrokh Navidpour (Razi Reference Laboratory of Scorpion Research, Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, Ahvaz, Khoozestan, Iran) reveal four additional species recorded from the province for the first ...


High-Level Systematics And Phylogeny Of The Extant Scorpions (Scorpiones: Orthosterni), Michael E. Soleglad, Victor Fet Dec 2016

High-Level Systematics And Phylogeny Of The Extant Scorpions (Scorpiones: Orthosterni), Michael E. Soleglad, Victor Fet

Victor Fet

A number of authors (e. g. Birula, 1917a, 1917b; Mello-Leitão, 1945; Stockwell, 1989) addressed above-level systematics of extant scorpions, and accepted the grouping of scorpion families in several superfamilies. At the same time, Kjellesvig-Waering (1986) classified all extant scorpions under the same superfamily, Scorpionoidea. Sissom (1990) and Fet et al. (2000) did not list any superfamilies, considering the systematic situation above family (and often at the family level as well) unresolved. Most recently, Lourenço (2000a) listed six superfamilies, largely following the unpublished but important study of Stockwell (1989). The goal of this paper is to address scorpion systematics and phylogeny ...


Etudes On Iurids, I. The Orthobothriotaxic Pattern Of Iuridae, With Observations On Neobothriotaxy In Genus Iurus (Scorpiones: Iuroidea), Michael E. Soleglad, František Kovařík, Victor Fet Dec 2016

Etudes On Iurids, I. The Orthobothriotaxic Pattern Of Iuridae, With Observations On Neobothriotaxy In Genus Iurus (Scorpiones: Iuroidea), Michael E. Soleglad, František Kovařík, Victor Fet

Victor Fet

A unique orthobothriotaxic pattern of family Iuridae is examined and illustrated. Significant positional differences in this pattern between two monotypic iurid genera, Calchas and Iurus, are presented. With the analysis of over 100 specimens of genus Iurus, representing many localities in Greece and Turkey, several unique occurrences of neobothriotaxy involving both the chela and patella are discussed and illustrated, representing the first report of neobothriotaxy in family Iuridae.


Dna Markers Confirm Presence Of Euscorpius Avcii Tropea Et Al., 2012 (Scorpiones: Euscorpiidae) On Samos Island, Greece, Aristeidis Parmakelis, Panayiota Kotsakiozi, Gioele Tropea, Ersen Aydın Yağmur, Iasmi Stathi, Victor Fet, Michael E. Soleglad Dec 2016

Dna Markers Confirm Presence Of Euscorpius Avcii Tropea Et Al., 2012 (Scorpiones: Euscorpiidae) On Samos Island, Greece, Aristeidis Parmakelis, Panayiota Kotsakiozi, Gioele Tropea, Ersen Aydın Yağmur, Iasmi Stathi, Victor Fet, Michael E. Soleglad

Victor Fet

Euscorpius avcii Tropea et al., 2012 has been recently described from Dilek Peninsula in western Anatolia (Turkey, Aydın Province). The population from Samos Island in eastern part of the Aegean Sea is found to match closely the Anatolian E. avcii, making it a new, rare species for the Greek fauna, confirmed by two DNA markers as well as morphology. Samos also shares with western Anatolia two other local recently described scorpion species, Iurus kinzelbachi and Neocalchas gruberi (family Iuridae).


Contributions To Scorpion Systematics. Iii. Subfamilies Smeringurinae And Syntropinae (Scorpiones: Vaejovidae), Michael E. Soleglad, Victor Fet Dec 2016

Contributions To Scorpion Systematics. Iii. Subfamilies Smeringurinae And Syntropinae (Scorpiones: Vaejovidae), Michael E. Soleglad, Victor Fet

Victor Fet

Stockwell (1989), in an unpublished revision, suggested splitting the family Vaejovidae in two subfamilies, introducing also four tribes and four new genera. These results have not been reevaluated for 20 years. Here, we establish a new subfamily Smeringurinae, subfam. nov., with two tribes, four genera, and 40 species and subspecies. The subfamily Smeringurinae includes two tribes: Smeringurini, trib. nov. and Paravaejovini, trib. nov. The tribe Smeringurini includes three genera: Paruroctonus Werner, 1934; Smeringurus Haradon, 1983; and Vejovoidus Stahnke, 1974. The tribe Paravaejovini includes the genus Paravaejovis Williams, 1980. We restore from synonymy the subfamily Syntropinae Kraepelin, 1905, and significantly expand ...


A New Species Of The Genus Thaicharmus Kovařík, 1995 (Scorpiones: Buthidae) From Northeast India, Zeeshan A. Mirza, Rajesh V. Sanap, Krushnamegh Kunte Jan 2016

A New Species Of The Genus Thaicharmus Kovařík, 1995 (Scorpiones: Buthidae) From Northeast India, Zeeshan A. Mirza, Rajesh V. Sanap, Krushnamegh Kunte

Euscorpius

A new species Thaicharmus guptai sp. nov. is described from the northeast Indian state of Tripura. The new species differs from the known members of the genus in the following set of morphological characters: large size (total length 45.6 mm); trichobothrium d2 is distal to i1 on femur; trichobothria est, em and et on the external surface of the patella do not form a straight line. Subaculear tubercle is absent. The movable finger of pedipalp chela has 12 cutting rows of denticles. The movable finger is much longer than the pedipalp patella. Number of pectinal teeth 20 ...


Pseudouroctonus Peccatum Tate Et Al., 2013, Rediscovered, Richard F. Ayrey Jan 2016

Pseudouroctonus Peccatum Tate Et Al., 2013, Rediscovered, Richard F. Ayrey

Euscorpius

Shortly after the discovery of Pseudouroctonus peccatum Tate, Riddle, Soleglad et Graham, 2013 (Scorpiones: Vaejovidae) there was a large wildfire in the Spring Mountains of Nevada. At the time the species description was published, it was noted that the only known population of this species may have been extirpated by the fire and subsequent flooding of the type locality habitat (Tate et al. 2013). Today it is certain that the species has survived after the collection of 12 new specimens. Additional data on males are also presented.


Dna Markers Confirm Presence Of Euscorpius Avcii Tropea Et Al., 2012 (Scorpiones: Euscorpiidae) On Samos Island, Greece, Aristeidis Parmakelis, Panayiota Kotsakiozi, Gioele Tropea, Ersen Aydın Yağmur, Iasmi Stathi, Victor Fet, Michael E. Soleglad Jan 2016

Dna Markers Confirm Presence Of Euscorpius Avcii Tropea Et Al., 2012 (Scorpiones: Euscorpiidae) On Samos Island, Greece, Aristeidis Parmakelis, Panayiota Kotsakiozi, Gioele Tropea, Ersen Aydın Yağmur, Iasmi Stathi, Victor Fet, Michael E. Soleglad

Euscorpius

Euscorpius avcii Tropea et al., 2012 has been recently described from Dilek Peninsula in western Anatolia (Turkey, Aydın Province). The population from Samos Island in eastern part of the Aegean Sea is found to match closely the Anatolian E. avcii, making it a new, rare species for the Greek fauna, confirmed by two DNA markers as well as morphology. Samos also shares with western Anatolia two other local recently described scorpion species, Iurus kinzelbachi and Neocalchas gruberi (family Iuridae).


Courtship And Mating In Heterometrus Petersii (Thorell, 1876) (Scorpiones: Scorpionidae), Guo-Bin Jiao, Ming-Sheng Zhu Jan 2016

Courtship And Mating In Heterometrus Petersii (Thorell, 1876) (Scorpiones: Scorpionidae), Guo-Bin Jiao, Ming-Sheng Zhu

Euscorpius

Courtship and mating in Heterometrus petersii (Thorell, 1876) (Scorpiones: Scorpionidae) was observed in the laboratory. In this paper the behavior components displayed in courtship and mating are identified, analyzed and discussed.


A New Species Of Tityus C. L. Koch, 1836 (Subgenus Brazilotityus Lourenço, 2006) From The Dominican Amber (Scorpiones: Buthidae), Wilson R. Lourenço Jan 2016

A New Species Of Tityus C. L. Koch, 1836 (Subgenus Brazilotityus Lourenço, 2006) From The Dominican Amber (Scorpiones: Buthidae), Wilson R. Lourenço

Euscorpius

Tityus (Brazilotiyus) hartkorni sp. n., a new species of fossil scorpion belonging to the genus Tityus C. L. Koch and to the subgenus Brazilotityus Lourenço, is described from a specimen in amber from the Dominican Republic. The new species is clearly associated with the extant fauna of the Neotropical region. This discovery attests to a considerable degree of diversity in the Dominican amber-producing forests.


Etudes On Iurids, I. The Orthobothriotaxic Pattern Of Iuridae, With Observations On Neobothriotaxy In Genus Iurus (Scorpiones: Iuroidea), Michael E. Soleglad, František Kovařík, Victor Fet Jan 2016

Etudes On Iurids, I. The Orthobothriotaxic Pattern Of Iuridae, With Observations On Neobothriotaxy In Genus Iurus (Scorpiones: Iuroidea), Michael E. Soleglad, František Kovařík, Victor Fet

Euscorpius

A unique orthobothriotaxic pattern of family Iuridae is examined and illustrated. Significant positional differences in this pattern between two monotypic iurid genera, Calchas and Iurus, are presented. With the analysis of over 100 specimens of genus Iurus, representing many localities in Greece and Turkey, several unique occurrences of neobothriotaxy involving both the chela and patella are discussed and illustrated, representing the first report of neobothriotaxy in family Iuridae.


Scorpions Of Iran (Arachnida, Scorpiones). Part V. Chahar Mahal & Bakhtiyari Province, Khodadad Pirali-Kheirabadi, Shahrokh Navidpour, Victor Fet, František Kovařík, Michael E. Soleglad Jan 2016

Scorpions Of Iran (Arachnida, Scorpiones). Part V. Chahar Mahal & Bakhtiyari Province, Khodadad Pirali-Kheirabadi, Shahrokh Navidpour, Victor Fet, František Kovařík, Michael E. Soleglad

Euscorpius

Ten species of scorpions belonging to three families are reported from the montane Chahar Mahal & Bakhtiyari Province of Iran. Of these, only Razianus zarudnyi (Birula, 1903) was formerly reported for this province, while nine species are reported for the first time: Androctonus crassicauda (Olivier, 1807), Compsobuthus matthiesseni (Birula, 1905), Hottentotta saulcyi (Simon, 1880), Hottentotta zagrosensis Kovařík, 1997, Mesobuthus eupeus phillipsii (Pocock, 1889), Odontobuthus doriae (Thorell, 1876), Orthochirus zagrosensis Kovařík, 2004, Hemi- scorpius lepturus Peters, 1861, and Scorpio maurus townsendi (Pocock, 1900). Also presented is a key to all species of scorpions found in the Chahar Mahal & Bakhtiyari Province.


Tityus Ythieri Lourenço, 2007 Is A Synonym Of Tityus Magnimanus Pocock, 1897 (Scorpiones: Buthidae): A Combined Approach Using Morphology, Hybridization Experiments, Chromosomes, And Mitochondrial Dna, František Kovařík, František Šťáhlavský, Tereza Kořínková, Jiří Král, Tom Van Der Ende Jan 2016

Tityus Ythieri Lourenço, 2007 Is A Synonym Of Tityus Magnimanus Pocock, 1897 (Scorpiones: Buthidae): A Combined Approach Using Morphology, Hybridization Experiments, Chromosomes, And Mitochondrial Dna, František Kovařík, František Šťáhlavský, Tereza Kořínková, Jiří Král, Tom Van Der Ende

Euscorpius

Diagnostic morphological differences to distinguish between two scorpion species, Tityus ythieri Lourenço, 2007 and T. magnimanus Pocock, 1897 do not exist; moreover, the two easily hybridize to produce fertile offspring. Therefore, we suggest that T. ythieri is a synonym of T. magnimanus. This conclusion is further supported by (1) very similar distribution of relative sizes of chromosome bivalents in both species, (2) regular pairing of homologous chromosomes in meiosis of their hybrids, and (3) identical sequences of mitochondrial DNA (COI) markers.


Distribution Of Hottentotta Saulcyi (Simon, 1880) (Scorpiones: Buthidae) In Turkey, Ersen Aydın Yağmur, Halil Koç, Mehmet Yalçın Jan 2016

Distribution Of Hottentotta Saulcyi (Simon, 1880) (Scorpiones: Buthidae) In Turkey, Ersen Aydın Yağmur, Halil Koç, Mehmet Yalçın

Euscorpius

Distribution of Hottentotta saulcyi (Simon, 1880) (Scorpiones: Buthidae) in Turkey is investigated, and new distributional records are given. Formerly, this species was known only from Mardin Province; here, it is recorded for the first time from Batman, Şırnak, and Hakkâri Provinces.


The True Identity Of Scorpio (Atreus) Obscurus Gervais, 1843 (Scorpiones, Buthidae), Wilson R. Lourenço, Elise-Anne Leguin Jan 2016

The True Identity Of Scorpio (Atreus) Obscurus Gervais, 1843 (Scorpiones, Buthidae), Wilson R. Lourenço, Elise-Anne Leguin

Euscorpius

The true identity of the scorpion Scorpio (Atreus) obscurus Gervais, 1843 is discussed based on new data. The original type material was recently discovered in the collections of the Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle in Paris, which confirms that this old species, originally described by Gervais based on two female specimens from French Guiana, does indeed belong to the genus Tityus C. L. Koch, 1836. Furthermore, an analysis of all morphological characteristics of Tityus (Atreus) obscurus verifies its position as a senior synonym of both Tityus paraensis Kraepelin, 1896 and Tityus cambridgei Pocock, 1897. In this paper, we designate the ...


Scorpions Of Iran (Arachnida, Scorpiones). Part Iv. Kohgilouyeh & Boyer Ahmad Province, Shahrokh Navidpour, František Kovařík, Michael E. Soleglad, Victor Fet Jan 2016

Scorpions Of Iran (Arachnida, Scorpiones). Part Iv. Kohgilouyeh & Boyer Ahmad Province, Shahrokh Navidpour, František Kovařík, Michael E. Soleglad, Victor Fet

Euscorpius

According to previous surveys, only Mesobuthus eupeus phillipsii (Pocock, 1889), Orthochirus zagrosensis Kovařík, 2004, and Hemiscorpius lepturus Peters, 1861 have been recorded from Kohgilouyeh & Boyer Ahmad Province. Collections made by a team under Shahrokh Navidpour (Razi Reference Laboratory of Scorpion Research, Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, Ahvaz, Khoozestan, Iran) reveal eight other species belonging to two families recorded from the province for the first time: Androctonus crassicauda (Olivier, 1807); Compsobuthus matthiesseni (Birula, 1905); Hottentotta saulcyi (Simon, 1880); Hottentotta zagrosensis Kovařík, 1997; Odontobuthus bidentatus Lourenço et Pézier, 2002; Orthochirus iranus Kovařík, 2004; Razianus zarudnyi (Birula, 1903); and Scorpio maurus townsendi (Pocock, 1900). Also presented is a key to all species of scorpions found in the province.


The Geographic Pattern Of Distribution Of The Genus Rhopalurus Thorell, 1876 In The Guayana-Amazon Region (Scorpiones: Buthidae), Wilson R. Lourenço Jan 2016

The Geographic Pattern Of Distribution Of The Genus Rhopalurus Thorell, 1876 In The Guayana-Amazon Region (Scorpiones: Buthidae), Wilson R. Lourenço

Euscorpius

A new discussion is proposed on the geographic patterns of distribution presented by the species of the genus Rhopalurus Thorell, inhabiting the savannah formations of the northern South America. Two lineages of Rhopalurus species are defined for this region, each one containing forms with very weak morphological differences, a consequence of only a minor process of differentiation. The observed pattern of distribution and differentiation is suggested to be directly associated with more or less recent palaeoclimatic vicissitudes, which took place in tropical South America during Pleistocene. Two new subspecies are also described, representing new records of Rhopalurus for Brazil and ...


A New Species Of Ananteris Thorell, 1891 (Scorpiones: Buthidae) From The Caribbean Region Of Colombia, Rolando Teruel, César A. Roncallo Jan 2016

A New Species Of Ananteris Thorell, 1891 (Scorpiones: Buthidae) From The Caribbean Region Of Colombia, Rolando Teruel, César A. Roncallo

Euscorpius

A new species of Ananteris Thorell, 1891 is herein described from a single locality in the Caribbean lowlands of Colombia, in northern Bolívar Department. This new taxon shares several unusual features with Ananteris tolimana Teruel et García, 2007, from the Andean region of Tolima Department. With this addition, the number of Colombian species of Ananteris is raised to seven.


Contributions To Scorpion Systematics. Iii. Subfamilies Smeringurinae And Syntropinae (Scorpiones: Vaejovidae), Michael E. Soleglad, Victor Fet Jan 2016

Contributions To Scorpion Systematics. Iii. Subfamilies Smeringurinae And Syntropinae (Scorpiones: Vaejovidae), Michael E. Soleglad, Victor Fet

Euscorpius

Stockwell (1989), in an unpublished revision, suggested splitting the family Vaejovidae in two subfamilies, introducing also four tribes and four new genera. These results have not been reevaluated for 20 years. Here, we establish a new subfamily Smeringurinae, subfam. nov., with two tribes, four genera, and 40 species and subspecies. The subfamily Smeringurinae includes two tribes: Smeringurini, trib. nov. and Paravaejovini, trib. nov. The tribe Smeringurini includes three genera: Paruroctonus Werner, 1934; Smeringurus Haradon, 1983; and Vejovoidus Stahnke, 1974. The tribe Paravaejovini includes the genus Paravaejovis Williams, 1980. We restore from synonymy the subfamily Syntropinae Kraepelin, 1905, and significantly expand ...


Scorpions Of Iran (Arachnida, Scorpiones). Part Iii. Ilam Province, Shahrokh Navidpour, Victor Fet, František Kovařík, Michael E. Soleglad Jan 2016

Scorpions Of Iran (Arachnida, Scorpiones). Part Iii. Ilam Province, Shahrokh Navidpour, Victor Fet, František Kovařík, Michael E. Soleglad

Euscorpius

Seven species of scorpions belonging to three families have been previously recorded from the Ilam Province of Iran: Androctonus crassicauda (Olivier, 1807), Compsobuthus matthiesseni (Birula, 1905), Hottentotta saulcyi (Simon, 1880), Mesobuthus eupeus phillipsii (Pocock, 1889), Razianus zarudnyi (Birula, 1903), Scorpio maurus townsendi (Pocock, 1900), and Hemiscorpius lepturus Peters, 1861. Collections made by a team organized by Shahrokh Navidpour (Razi Reference Laboratory of Scorpion Research, Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, Ahvaz, Khoozestan, Iran) reveal seven other species recorded from the province for the first time: Apistobuthus susanae Lourenço, 1998, Buthacus macrocentrus (Ehrenberg, 1828), Compsobuthus jakesi Kovařík, 2003, Odontobuthus bidentatus Lourenço ...