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Zoology

2015

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

Articles 1 - 13 of 13

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Crepidostomum Cornutum (Digenea: Allocreadiidae) From Midget Crayfish, Orconectes (Procericambarus) Nana (Decapoda: Cambaridae), From Northwestern Arkansas, C. T. Mcallister, W. F. Font, H. W. Robison Jan 2015

Crepidostomum Cornutum (Digenea: Allocreadiidae) From Midget Crayfish, Orconectes (Procericambarus) Nana (Decapoda: Cambaridae), From Northwestern Arkansas, C. T. Mcallister, W. F. Font, H. W. Robison

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

No abstract provided.


Atypical Head Markings Of The Ouachita Map Turtle (Graptemys Ouachitensis) In The Upper Ouachita River Of Arkansas, R. Tumlison, A. Surf Jan 2015

Atypical Head Markings Of The Ouachita Map Turtle (Graptemys Ouachitensis) In The Upper Ouachita River Of Arkansas, R. Tumlison, A. Surf

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

No abstract provided.


Acanthocephalan Parasites Of Select Fishes (Catostomidae, Centrarchidae, Cyprinidae, Ictaluridae), From The Arkansas And White River Drainages, Arkansas, C. T. Mcallister, M. A. Barger, T. J. Fayton, M. B. Connior, D. A. Neely, H. W. Robison Jan 2015

Acanthocephalan Parasites Of Select Fishes (Catostomidae, Centrarchidae, Cyprinidae, Ictaluridae), From The Arkansas And White River Drainages, Arkansas, C. T. Mcallister, M. A. Barger, T. J. Fayton, M. B. Connior, D. A. Neely, H. W. Robison

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

No abstract provided.


Case Of Frugivory In A Green Treefrog (Hyla Cinerea) From Northeastern Arkansas, C. S. Thigpen, S. E. Trauth, T. D. Marsico Jan 2015

Case Of Frugivory In A Green Treefrog (Hyla Cinerea) From Northeastern Arkansas, C. S. Thigpen, S. E. Trauth, T. D. Marsico

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

An adult green treefrog (Hyla cinerea) was collected in mid-September 2014 from Jonesboro, Craighead County, Arkansas. Contents included the remains of a beetle and two fruits. The contents were photographed, measured, and identified to the lowest achievable taxonomic level. The beetle was identified as a spotted cucumber beetle (Diabrotica undecimpuncta howardi Barber [Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae]). The fruits were identified as Persicaria sp. (likely P.punctata (Elliot) Small; Polygonaceae) and Oryza sativa L. (Poaceae). Fruits in the stomachs of frogs are rarely reported in the literature, but could represent possible mechanisms for seed dispersal in plants. It is unknown if frogs select ...


Testicular Histology And Sperm Morphometrics Of The Bird-Voiced Treefrog, Hyla Avivoca (Anura: Hylidae), From Arkansas, S. E. Trauth, C. S. Thigpen, M. B. Connior Jan 2015

Testicular Histology And Sperm Morphometrics Of The Bird-Voiced Treefrog, Hyla Avivoca (Anura: Hylidae), From Arkansas, S. E. Trauth, C. S. Thigpen, M. B. Connior

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

We examined the testicular histology and spermatozoal dimensions of the bird-voiced treefrog, Hyla avivoca (Anura: Hylidae), from samples collected in May, June, and July from localities in three counties (Calhoun, Conway, and Little River) in Arkansas. Calling frogs were necropsied in the lab, and testes were prepared for light and scanning electron microscopy. Spermatocysts within seminiferous tubules of all males contained large aggregates of spermatozoa. Primary spermatogonia, the largest of all germ cells, ranged from 13.3 – 17.8 μm in diameter (= 15.37 ± 1.22; n = 20). Measurements of sperm dimensions yielded the following length parameters (range, mean ± standard ...


Vertebrate Natural History Notes From Arkansas, 2015, C. Renn Tumlison, M. B. Connior, H. W. Robison, C. T. Mcallister, L. A. Durden, D. Blake Sasse, D. A. Saugey Jan 2015

Vertebrate Natural History Notes From Arkansas, 2015, C. Renn Tumlison, M. B. Connior, H. W. Robison, C. T. Mcallister, L. A. Durden, D. Blake Sasse, D. A. Saugey

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

Many important details of vertebrate biology are unknown to the scientific community because the observations are not part of a larger theoretical study. Yet, knowledge of such details not only fills gaps in understanding but also creates a framework for hypothesis building. We have collected observations of importance that can add to the growth of knowledge. Compiled here are important recent observations representing all vertebrate classes in Arkansas.


Helminth Parasites Of The Blackspotted Topminnow, Fundulus Olivaceus (Cyprinodontiformes: Fundulidae), From The Interior Highlands Of Arkansas, C. T. Mcallister, C. R. Bursey, T. J. Fayton, W. F. Font, H. W. Robison, M. B. Connior, D. G. Cloutman Jan 2015

Helminth Parasites Of The Blackspotted Topminnow, Fundulus Olivaceus (Cyprinodontiformes: Fundulidae), From The Interior Highlands Of Arkansas, C. T. Mcallister, C. R. Bursey, T. J. Fayton, W. F. Font, H. W. Robison, M. B. Connior, D. G. Cloutman

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

No abstract provided.


Coccidia (Apicomplexa: Eimeriidae) Of Three-Toed Box Turtles, Terrapene Carolina Triunguis (Reptilia: Testudines), From Arkansas And Oklahoma, C. T. Mcallister, D. Motriuk-Smith, R. S. Seville, C. Hudson, M. B. Connior, H. W. Robison Jan 2015

Coccidia (Apicomplexa: Eimeriidae) Of Three-Toed Box Turtles, Terrapene Carolina Triunguis (Reptilia: Testudines), From Arkansas And Oklahoma, C. T. Mcallister, D. Motriuk-Smith, R. S. Seville, C. Hudson, M. B. Connior, H. W. Robison

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

We collected 50 three-toed box turtles (Terrapene carolina triunguis) from 9 counties of Arkansas and 4 counties of Oklahoma, and examined their feces for coccidial parasites. Nine of 24 (38%) turtles from Arkansas and 8 of 26 (31%) from Oklahoma were found to be passing oocysts of Eimeria ornata. This represents two new geographic distributional records for this coccidian. Measurements of individual isolates of E. ornate as well as morphological characteristics are provided with comparison to its original description and to another Terrapene coccidian, Eimeria carri. In addition, we noted an adelid pseudoparasite being passed by a single T. c ...


New Host And County Records Of The Fish Leech Cystobranchus Klemmi (Hirudinida: Piscicolidae) In Arkansas, C. S. Thigpen, S. E. Trauth, L. I. Bagwell, J. D. Konvalina, S. A. Schratz, C. T. Mcallister, D. E. Moser, D. J. Richardson, H. W. Robison Jan 2015

New Host And County Records Of The Fish Leech Cystobranchus Klemmi (Hirudinida: Piscicolidae) In Arkansas, C. S. Thigpen, S. E. Trauth, L. I. Bagwell, J. D. Konvalina, S. A. Schratz, C. T. Mcallister, D. E. Moser, D. J. Richardson, H. W. Robison

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

No abstract provided.


Recent History Of Mountain Lion (Puma Concolor) Observations In Arkansas, With Notes On The Individual Killed In Bradley County, Arkansas In 2014, R. Tumlison, M. Barbee Jan 2015

Recent History Of Mountain Lion (Puma Concolor) Observations In Arkansas, With Notes On The Individual Killed In Bradley County, Arkansas In 2014, R. Tumlison, M. Barbee

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

No abstract provided.


New Records And Life History Observations Of The American Badger (Taxidea Taxus) In Arkansas, R. Tumlison, D. B. Sasse Jan 2015

New Records And Life History Observations Of The American Badger (Taxidea Taxus) In Arkansas, R. Tumlison, D. B. Sasse

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

No abstract provided.


Introduction Of Florida Bass Alleles Into Largemouth Bass Inhabiting Northeastarkansas Stream Systems, W. J. Brockway, Ronald L. Johnson Jan 2015

Introduction Of Florida Bass Alleles Into Largemouth Bass Inhabiting Northeastarkansas Stream Systems, W. J. Brockway, Ronald L. Johnson

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

Florida bass (Micropterus floridanus) have been introduced throughout much of the southern U.S. over the past 50 years. This species readily hybridizes with the extant largemouth bass (M. salmoides). Within Arkansas, the Florida bass is currently stocked in the southern half of the state. Previous studies of a northern Arkansas hatchery and a reservoir revealed the existence of Florida bass alleles in each. Other studies in Oklahoma and Texas have revealed the presence of Florida bass alleles in stream systems proximal to lakes stocked. Our goal was to investigate, using microsatellite analysis of 7 diagnostic loci, the presence of ...


Shorebird Foraging Habitat In Southeast Arkansas, J. E. Aycock, C. G. Sims Jan 2015

Shorebird Foraging Habitat In Southeast Arkansas, J. E. Aycock, C. G. Sims

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

Approximately 500,000 shorebirds travel through the Mississippi Alluvial Valley (MAV) each spring and fall. During migration, the average 45g shorebird needs to eat approximately 8g of invertebrates per day. While shorebird stopover habitat guidelines for the MAV are based on an expert estimate of 2g of invertebrates/m2, this estimate has not been quantified in Arkansas. Invertebrate biomass available for shorebird foraging was examined on five properties in southeastern Arkansas during spring and fall migration (fall 2010, spring and fall 2011, and spring 2012). Macroinvertebrate biomass was less than the estimated 2 g/m2 in three of the four ...