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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Effects Of Stormwater Ponds On Calling Amphibian Communities In Monroe County, Ny, John Arthur Bateman Sep 2014

Effects Of Stormwater Ponds On Calling Amphibian Communities In Monroe County, Ny, John Arthur Bateman

Environmental Science and Ecology Theses

Many studies have investigated how urbanization affects calling amphibians and how stormwater retention ponds are utilized by anurans. Few studies, however, have investigated the combined effects of land use and within-pond conditions on these species. Thus, I studied calling amphibian communities at 38 stormwater ponds in Monroe County, NY to determine which factors at the local and landscape scale affected anuran presence, community composition, and breeding. I used aural surveys following Marsh Monitoring Program protocol to record presence and relative abundance and visual encounter surveys for signs of breeding. I used GIS to determine land use and also measured water ...


A New Species Of Chiasmocleis (Microhylidae, Gastrophryninae) From The Atlantic Forest Of Espírito Santo State, Brazil, João Filipe Tonini, Maruicio Forlani, Rafael O. De Sá Jul 2014

A New Species Of Chiasmocleis (Microhylidae, Gastrophryninae) From The Atlantic Forest Of Espírito Santo State, Brazil, João Filipe Tonini, Maruicio Forlani, Rafael O. De Sá

Biology Faculty Publications

Among Neotropical microhylids, the genus Chiasmocleis is exceptionally diverse. Most species ofChiasmocleis were described in recent years based on external morphology, but recent studies using molecular data did not support the monophyly of the species groups clustered based on feet webbing. Furthermore, a phylogeographic study of C. lacrimae estimated high genetic divergence and low gene flow among populations across small geographic ranges. Increasing the molecular and geographic sampling, and incorporating morphological data, we identified new cryptic species. Herein, we used novel genetic and morphological data to describe a new species of Chiasmocleis.