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Pharmacokinetics Of Repeated Oral Administration Of Tramadol Hydrochloride In Hispaniolan Amazon Parrots (Amazona Ventralis), Marcy Souza, Lillian Gerhardt, Sherry Cox Aug 2013

Pharmacokinetics Of Repeated Oral Administration Of Tramadol Hydrochloride In Hispaniolan Amazon Parrots (Amazona Ventralis), Marcy Souza, Lillian Gerhardt, Sherry Cox

Sherry Cox

Objective-To determine the pharmacokinetics of tramadol hydrochloride (30 mg/kg) following twice-daily oral administration in Hispaniolan Amazon parrots (Amazona ventralis). Animals-9 healthy adult Hispaniolan Amazon parrots. Procedures-Tramadol hydrochloride was administered to each parrot at a dosage of 30 mg/kg, PO, every 12 hours for 5 days. Blood samples were collected just prior to dose 2 on the first day of administration (day 1) and 5 minutes before and 10, 20, 30, 60, 90, 180, 360, and 720 minutes after the morning dose was given on day 5. Plasma was harvested from blood samples and analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography ...


Pharmacokinetics Of Repeated Oral Administration Of Tramadol Hydrochloride In Hispaniolan Amazon Parrots (Amazona Ventralis), Marcy Souza, Lillian Gerhardt, Sherry Cox Jun 2013

Pharmacokinetics Of Repeated Oral Administration Of Tramadol Hydrochloride In Hispaniolan Amazon Parrots (Amazona Ventralis), Marcy Souza, Lillian Gerhardt, Sherry Cox

Marcy J Souza

Objective-To determine the pharmacokinetics of tramadol hydrochloride (30 mg/kg) following twice-daily oral administration in Hispaniolan Amazon parrots (Amazona ventralis). Animals-9 healthy adult Hispaniolan Amazon parrots. Procedures-Tramadol hydrochloride was administered to each parrot at a dosage of 30 mg/kg, PO, every 12 hours for 5 days. Blood samples were collected just prior to dose 2 on the first day of administration (day 1) and 5 minutes before and 10, 20, 30, 60, 90, 180, 360, and 720 minutes after the morning dose was given on day 5. Plasma was harvested from blood samples and analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography ...


Frequent Cross-Species Transmission Of Parvoviruses Among Diverse Carnivore Hosts, Andrew Allison, Dennis Kohler, Karen Fox, Justin Brown, Richard Gerhold, Valerie Shearn-Bochsler, Edward Dubovi, Colin Parrish, Edward Holmes Jan 2013

Frequent Cross-Species Transmission Of Parvoviruses Among Diverse Carnivore Hosts, Andrew Allison, Dennis Kohler, Karen Fox, Justin Brown, Richard Gerhold, Valerie Shearn-Bochsler, Edward Dubovi, Colin Parrish, Edward Holmes

Richard W. Gerhold Jr., DVM, MS, PhD

Although parvoviruses are commonly described in domestic carnivores, little is known about their biodiversity in nondomestic species. A phylogenetic analysis of VP2 gene sequences from puma, coyote, gray wolf, bobcat, raccoon, and striped skunk revealed two major groups related to either feline panleukopenia virus ("FPV-like") or canine parvovirus ("CPV-like"). Cross-species transmission was commonplace, with multiple introductions into each host species but, with the exception of raccoons, relatively little evidence for onward transmission in nondomestic species.


Geographic Variation In Nonmetric Dental Traits Of The Deciduous Molars Of Pan And Gorilla, Anna Hardin, Scott Legge Dec 2012

Geographic Variation In Nonmetric Dental Traits Of The Deciduous Molars Of Pan And Gorilla, Anna Hardin, Scott Legge

Scott Legge

Physical anthropologists often use nonmetric dental traits to trace the movement of human populations, but similar analysis of the teeth of nonhuman primates or the deciduous teeth is rare. Because nonmetric dental characteristics are manifestations of genetic differences among groups, they vary among geographically distant members of the same species and subspecies. We use 28 nonmetric dental traits in the deciduous molars to compare genetically and geographically distinct groups of extant African apes (Gorilla and Pan). Previous researchers have studied these traits in the adult or juvenile teeth of great apes and humans, and we score our observations according to ...