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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Asymmetrical Pedaling Patterns In Parkinson's Disease Patients., Amanda L. Penko, Joshua R. Hirsch, Claudia Voelcker-Rehage, Philip E. Martin, Gordon Blackburn, Jay L. Alberts Dec 2014

Asymmetrical Pedaling Patterns In Parkinson's Disease Patients., Amanda L. Penko, Joshua R. Hirsch, Claudia Voelcker-Rehage, Philip E. Martin, Gordon Blackburn, Jay L. Alberts

Kinesiology Publications

Approximately 1.5 million Americans are affected by Parkinson's disease (Deponti et al., 2013) which includes the symptoms of postural instability and gait dysfunction. Currently, clinical evaluations of postural instability and gait dysfunction consist of a subjective rater assessment of gait patterns using items from the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale, and assessments can be insensitive to the effectiveness of medical interventions. Current research suggests the importance of cycling for Parkinson's disease patients, and while Parkinson's gait has been evaluated in previous studies, little is known about lower extremity control during cycling. The purpose of this ...


Complexity-Based Measures Inform Tai Chi's Impact On Standing Postural Control In Older Adults With Peripheral Neuropathy, Brad Manor, Lewis A. Lipsitz, Peter M. Wayne, C-K Peng, Li Li Oct 2014

Complexity-Based Measures Inform Tai Chi's Impact On Standing Postural Control In Older Adults With Peripheral Neuropathy, Brad Manor, Lewis A. Lipsitz, Peter M. Wayne, C-K Peng, Li Li

Li Li

Background: Tai Chi training enhances physical function and may reduce falls in older adults with and without balance disorders, yet its effect on postural control as quantified by the magnitude or speed of center-of-pressure (COP) excursions beneath the feet is less clear. We hypothesized that COP metrics derived from complex systems theory may better capture the multi-component stimulus that Tai Chi has on the postural control system, as compared with traditional COP measures. Methods: We performed a secondary analysis of a pilot, non-controlled intervention study that examined the effects of Tai Chi on standing COP dynamics, plantar sensation, and physical ...


Balance And Power In Older Adults With And Without A History Of Falls, Stephanie Michelle Gray Aug 2014

Balance And Power In Older Adults With And Without A History Of Falls, Stephanie Michelle Gray

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to observe the differences between power and balance in older adults over the age of 65 with and without falls. A total of 62 community dwelling older adults between the ages of 65 and 92 participated in the study. Two groups consisted of 25 fallers and 37 non-fallers. No statistical differences were found between groups on age, height, weight, or BMI. Testing included the Berg Balance Scale (BBS) to test balance, the Tendo Weightlifting Analyzer (TWA) during a sit-to-stand to test lower body power, and the Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly (PASE) to ...


Improving Balance And Mobility In People With Multiple Sclerosis, Richard Van Emmerik May 2014

Improving Balance And Mobility In People With Multiple Sclerosis, Richard Van Emmerik

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Impaired balance and gait function are highly prevalent and associated with reduced quality of life in those with Multiple Sclerosis (MS). Recent evidence implicates the somatosensory system as a major contributor to balance dysfunction in this population. As part of the mini-symposium entitled "Advanced Computational and Technological Approaches to Mitigating Mobility Dysfunction in People with Multiple Sclerosis," this presentation will review current intervention and rehabilitation methods aimed at improving balance and mobility in people with MS. Particular focus will be on the effects of Tai Chi training, which integrates coordination, strength and flexibility in enhancing adaptive postural control and physical ...


Correlational Analysis Of Bmi And Balance In Adults 50 And Over, Rachel D. Latimer, Casi Helbig Feb 2014

Correlational Analysis Of Bmi And Balance In Adults 50 And Over, Rachel D. Latimer, Casi Helbig

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

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Benefits Of Resistance Training For Balance In Elderly Populations, Trevor J. Fields, Malinda A. Riggins, Jeffrey B. Casebolt Feb 2014

Benefits Of Resistance Training For Balance In Elderly Populations, Trevor J. Fields, Malinda A. Riggins, Jeffrey B. Casebolt

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

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Evaluation Of Static And Dynamic Postural Control In Athletes With Concussions During Recovery, Nicholas Murray Jan 2014

Evaluation Of Static And Dynamic Postural Control In Athletes With Concussions During Recovery, Nicholas Murray

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

Approximately seventy-six percent of individuals with a sport-related concussion present with reduced balance. Current Return-to-Play (RTP) protocols rely heavily on measures of static balance that are not environmentally relevant. However, due to the variable nature of symptom presentation, research has not clearly defined a requisite time for balance recovery following a sport-related concussion. The use of novel procedures such as monitoring postural control during an environmentally relevant dynamic balance tasks could refine the timeline for recovery of postural control and aid in mitigating the potential severe consequences of Second Impact Syndrome. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate ...