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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Keeping And Using Flock Performance Records, Debra K. Aaron Dec 2014

Keeping And Using Flock Performance Records, Debra K. Aaron

Agriculture and Natural Resources Publications

Performance records serve as the cornerstone of any good livestock management program. Unfortunately, the task of collecting, maintaining and using performance records is the one area of livestock production in general that gets the least attention. This fact sheet provides ten reasons why all sheep producers need to keep performance records on their flocks. Then, some ways of maintaining and using those records are discussed.


Conesus Lake Fish Stock Assessments 2001-2009, Matthew J. Sanderson Oct 2014

Conesus Lake Fish Stock Assessments 2001-2009, Matthew J. Sanderson

Government Documents

Warm water fisheries assessments using standard gangs of gill nets were conducted in Conesus Lake in September of 2001, 2004, and 2009. The purpose of the surveys was to assess the fish community; the contribution of stocked fingerlings to the walleye (Sander vitreus) population; estimate population characteristics of walleye, smallmouth bass (Micropterus dolomieui), and northern pike (Esox lucius); compare fish community structure to previous surveys; and guide the development of appropriate management recommendations. From the 1990’s to the 2000’s, species dominance shifted from walleye to sunfish (Lepomis, sp.), and yellow perch (Perca flavescens) went from being a major ...


Understanding Soilless Media Test Results And Their Implications On Nursery And Greenhouse Crop Management, Dewayne L. Ingram Jul 2014

Understanding Soilless Media Test Results And Their Implications On Nursery And Greenhouse Crop Management, Dewayne L. Ingram

Agriculture and Natural Resources Publications

Soilless media, sometimes called growth media or substrates, are one of the most important components of crop production in containers or raised beds with restricted volume. The word media is the plural of medium. The physical and chemical properties of media greatly influence optimal management protocols. Primary components of these media may be peat, pine bark, perlite, vermiculite, compost and/or perhaps coarse sand. Understanding the chemical and physical properties of optimal media, or the chosen medium for a production system, allows more effective system management. Although choosing or formulating media with optimum physical properties (such as pore air space ...


Sex, Light, And Sound: Location And Combination Of Multiple Attractants Affect Probability Of Cane Toad (Rhinella Marina) Capture, Alyse Yeager, John A. Commito, Andrew M. Wilson, Deborah Bower, Lin Schwarzkopf Jun 2014

Sex, Light, And Sound: Location And Combination Of Multiple Attractants Affect Probability Of Cane Toad (Rhinella Marina) Capture, Alyse Yeager, John A. Commito, Andrew M. Wilson, Deborah Bower, Lin Schwarzkopf

Student Publications

Invasive species management is a critical issue worldwide, but mitigation strategies are slow to develop, and invader populations often expand too rapidly for eradication to be feasible. Thus, reduction in numbers of individuals is the most heavily used management strategy for invasive pests. While long-term biocontrol agents may take years or decades to develop, simple trap modifications can increase capture of targeted demographic groups, such as ovigerous females. The present study identifies the effectiveness of trap modification and use of multiple attractants to capture the invasive cane toad (Rhinella marina). Cane toad traps typically use lights to attract insect prey ...


Increasing Dry Cow And Bred Heifer Performance With Environmental Management, Stephen F. Higgins, Kylie Schmidt Apr 2014

Increasing Dry Cow And Bred Heifer Performance With Environmental Management, Stephen F. Higgins, Kylie Schmidt

Agriculture and Natural Resources Publications

Producing high-quality milk is a primary concern of dairy farmers, which is why the production herd often receives more attention than the dry cows and bred heifers. However, it is important that dairy producers not lose sight of the great value that their dry cows and bred heifers hold: the future of the milking herd. Environmental management practices such as rotational grazing, heavy-use area pads for feeding and watering, and shelter can be used to increase close-up cows’ future performance by preventing mastitis and other health disorders such as lameness.


Soybean Nutrient Management In Kentucky, Edwin L. Ritchey, Chad Lee, Carrie Ann Knott, John H. Grove Apr 2014

Soybean Nutrient Management In Kentucky, Edwin L. Ritchey, Chad Lee, Carrie Ann Knott, John H. Grove

Agriculture and Natural Resources Publications

Soybean grows best on fertile soils. For decades, the University of Kentucky has conducted field studies to establish the relationship between soil nutrient supplies and soybean yield. Adequate soil fertility must be present so that yields are not limited. Soybean removes a large amount of nutrients in the seed relative to other annual crops. For each bushel of soybean produced, 3 lb N, 0.7 lb P2O5, and 1.1 lb K2O will be removed in the seed, but considerably more is required to supply the leaves, stems and pods that are not removed during ...


Kentucky Nutrient Management Planning Guidelines (Kynmp), Stephen F. Higgins, Kylie Schmidt, Amanda A. Gumbert Feb 2014

Kentucky Nutrient Management Planning Guidelines (Kynmp), Stephen F. Higgins, Kylie Schmidt, Amanda A. Gumbert

Agriculture and Natural Resources Publications

Nutrients are constantly cycling through farms. Nutrients come onto a farm in the form of feed, commercial fertilizers, manure, or compost, and they leave the farm with harvested crops, sold livestock, and off-site disposal of manure and other waste. Sometimes nutrients are even lost to the air, soil, or water. Nutrient management allows farmers to use nutrients (specifically nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium) wisely for optimal economic benefit with minimal impact on the environment.

Approximately 80 percent of nutrients fed to an animal passes through the gut and into its manure. If managed correctly, the nutrients and organic matter in this ...


Understanding Irrigation Water Test Results And Their Implications On Nursery And Greenhouse Crop Management, Dewayne L. Ingram Feb 2014

Understanding Irrigation Water Test Results And Their Implications On Nursery And Greenhouse Crop Management, Dewayne L. Ingram

Agriculture and Natural Resources Publications

Water quality can have a huge impact on plant growth, especially in soilless plant production systems. Water is certainly one of the most critical inputs in nursery and greenhouse crop production. Such production systems are extremely diverse but are most commonly characterized as container production, raised-bed production or hydroponics. Soilless systems require intensive management of water and nutrients for optimal plant growth and production. Irrigation water quality impacts nutrient levels and availability as well as other chemical characteristics of the soilless growth substrate; therefore it is critical to characterize the irrigation water source before starting a crop and possibly even ...


Using Posts To An Online Social Network To Assess Fishing Effort, Dustin R. Martin, Christopher J. Chizinski, Kent M. Eskridge, Kevin L. Pope Jan 2014

Using Posts To An Online Social Network To Assess Fishing Effort, Dustin R. Martin, Christopher J. Chizinski, Kent M. Eskridge, Kevin L. Pope

Nebraska Cooperative Fish & Wildlife Research Unit -- Staff Publications

Fisheries management has evolved from reservoir to watershed management, creating a need to simultaneously gather information within and across interacting reservoirs. However, costs to gather information on the fishing effort on multiple reservoirs using traditional creel methodology are often prohibitive. Angler posts about reservoirs online provide a unique medium to test hypotheses on the distribution of fishing pressure. We show that the activity on an online fishing social network is related to fishing effort and can be used to facilitate management goals. We searched the Nebraska Fish and Game Association Fishing Forum for all references from April 2009 to December ...


Assessing And Managing Freshwater Ecosystems Vulnerable To Environmental Change, David G. Angeler, Craig R. Allen, Hannah E. Birgé, Stina Drakare, Brendan G. Mckie, Richard K. Johnson Jan 2014

Assessing And Managing Freshwater Ecosystems Vulnerable To Environmental Change, David G. Angeler, Craig R. Allen, Hannah E. Birgé, Stina Drakare, Brendan G. Mckie, Richard K. Johnson

Nebraska Cooperative Fish & Wildlife Research Unit -- Staff Publications

Freshwater ecosystems are important for global biodiversity and provide essential ecosystem services. There is consensus in the scientific literature that freshwater ecosystems are vulnerable to the impacts of environmental change, which may trigger irreversible regime shifts upon which biodiversity and ecosystem services may be lost. There are profound uncertainties regarding the management and assessment of the vulnerability of freshwater ecosystems to environmental change. Quantitative approaches are needed to reduce this uncertainty. We describe available statistical and modeling approaches along with case studies that demonstrate how resilience theory can be applied to aid decision-making in natural resources management. We highlight especially ...