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Cellular and Molecular Physiology

2019

Diabetes

Articles 1 - 2 of 2

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

High-Fat Diet In A Mouse Insulin-Resistant Model Induces Widespread Rewiring Of The Phosphotyrosine Signaling Network, Antje Dittmann, Norman J. Kennedy, Nina L. Soltero, Nader Morshed, Miyeko D. Mana, Omer H. Yilmaz, Roger J. Davis, Forest M. White Aug 2019

High-Fat Diet In A Mouse Insulin-Resistant Model Induces Widespread Rewiring Of The Phosphotyrosine Signaling Network, Antje Dittmann, Norman J. Kennedy, Nina L. Soltero, Nader Morshed, Miyeko D. Mana, Omer H. Yilmaz, Roger J. Davis, Forest M. White

Open Access Articles

Obesity-associated type 2 diabetes and accompanying diseases have developed into a leading human health risk across industrialized and developing countries. The complex molecular underpinnings of how lipid overload and lipid metabolites lead to the deregulation of metabolic processes are incompletely understood. We assessed hepatic post-translational alterations in response to treatment of cells with saturated and unsaturated free fatty acids and the consumption of a high-fat diet by mice. These data revealed widespread tyrosine phosphorylation changes affecting a large number of enzymes involved in metabolic processes as well as canonical receptor-mediated signal transduction networks. Targeting two of the most prominently affected ...


Multi-Dimensional Transcriptional Remodeling By Physiological Insulin In Vivo, Thiago M. Batista, Ruben Garcia-Martin, Weikang Cai, Masahiro Konishi, Brian T. O'Neill, Masaji Sakaguchi, Jong Hun Kim, Dae Young Jung, Jason K. Kim, C. Ronald Kahn Mar 2019

Multi-Dimensional Transcriptional Remodeling By Physiological Insulin In Vivo, Thiago M. Batista, Ruben Garcia-Martin, Weikang Cai, Masahiro Konishi, Brian T. O'Neill, Masaji Sakaguchi, Jong Hun Kim, Dae Young Jung, Jason K. Kim, C. Ronald Kahn

Open Access Articles

Regulation of gene expression is an important aspect of insulin action but in vivo is intertwined with changing levels of glucose and counter-regulatory hormones. Here we demonstrate that under euglycemic clamp conditions, physiological levels of insulin regulate interrelated networks of more than 1,000 transcripts in muscle and liver. These include expected pathways related to glucose and lipid utilization, mitochondrial function, and autophagy, as well as unexpected pathways, such as chromatin remodeling, mRNA splicing, and Notch signaling. These acutely regulated pathways extend beyond those dysregulated in mice with chronic insulin deficiency or insulin resistance and involve a broad network of ...