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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Characterization Of The Extracellular Proteome Of A Natural Microbial Community With An Integrated Mass Spectrometric / Bioinformatic Approach, Brian Keith Erickson Dec 2010

Characterization Of The Extracellular Proteome Of A Natural Microbial Community With An Integrated Mass Spectrometric / Bioinformatic Approach, Brian Keith Erickson

Doctoral Dissertations

Proteomics comprises the identification and characterization of the complete suite of expressed proteins in a given cell, organism or community. The coupling of high performance liquid chromatography (LC) with high throughput mass spectrometry (MS) has provided the foundation for current proteomic progression. The transition from proteomic analysis of a single cultivated microbe to that of natural microbial assemblages has required significant advancement in technology and has provided greater biological understanding of microbial community diversity and function.

To enhance the capabilities of a mass spectrometric based proteomic analysis, an integrated approach combining bioinformatics with analytical preparations and experimental data collection was ...


Technology In Genomics And Bioinformatics, Timothy Hall Oct 2010

Technology In Genomics And Bioinformatics, Timothy Hall

Technology Essay Contest Winners

The advantages that new technological advancements in genomics and bioinformatics provide are numerous and varied. The advent of new technologies provides faster sequencing throughput, making the opportunity available to allow for the sequencing of an entire genome to be completed in twenty-four hours. The input of sequencing data and information into large databases distributes it across the world and provides the ability for comparisons between genes, gene products, mutations, and comparisons between species. The fact that these databases can be accessed instantly will help further catalyze not only developments in genomics but also in the medical field.


Genomic Methods For Studying The Post-Translational Regulation Of Transcription Factors, Logan J. Everett Aug 2010

Genomic Methods For Studying The Post-Translational Regulation Of Transcription Factors, Logan J. Everett

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

The spatiotemporal coordination of gene expression is a fundamental process in cellular biology. Gene expression is regulated, in large part, by sequence-specific transcription factors that bind to DNA regions in the proximity of each target gene. Transcription factor activity and specificity are, in turn, regulated post-translationally by protein-modifying enzymes. High-throughput methods exist to probe specific steps of this process, such as protein-protein and protein-DNA interactions, but few computational tools exist to integrate this information in a principled, model-oriented manner. In this work, I develop several computational tools for studying the functional implications of transcription factor modification. I establish the first ...


Incorporating Genomics And Bioinformatics Across The Life Sciences Curriculum, Jayna L. Ditty, Christopher A. Kvaal, Brad Goodner, Sharyn K. Freyermuth, Cheryl Bailey, Robert A. Britton, Stuart G. Gordon, Sabine Heinhorst, Kelyenne Reed, Zhaohui Xu, Erin R. Sanders-Lorenz, Seth Axen, Edwin Kim, Mitrick Johns, Kathleen Scott, Cheryl A. Kerfeld Aug 2010

Incorporating Genomics And Bioinformatics Across The Life Sciences Curriculum, Jayna L. Ditty, Christopher A. Kvaal, Brad Goodner, Sharyn K. Freyermuth, Cheryl Bailey, Robert A. Britton, Stuart G. Gordon, Sabine Heinhorst, Kelyenne Reed, Zhaohui Xu, Erin R. Sanders-Lorenz, Seth Axen, Edwin Kim, Mitrick Johns, Kathleen Scott, Cheryl A. Kerfeld

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


The Maximum Clique Problem: Algorithms, Applications, And Implementations, John David Eblen Aug 2010

The Maximum Clique Problem: Algorithms, Applications, And Implementations, John David Eblen

Doctoral Dissertations

Computationally hard problems are routinely encountered during the course of solving practical problems. This is commonly dealt with by settling for less than optimal solutions, through the use of heuristics or approximation algorithms. This dissertation examines the alternate possibility of solving such problems exactly, through a detailed study of one particular problem, the maximum clique problem. It discusses algorithms, implementations, and the application of maximum clique results to real-world problems. First, the theoretical roots of the algorithmic method employed are discussed. Then a practical approach is described, which separates out important algorithmic decisions so that the algorithm can be easily ...


Reconstructability Analysis As A Tool For Identifying Gene-Gene Interactions In Studies Of Human Diseases, Stephen Shervais, Patricia L. Kramer, Shawn K. Westaway, Nancy J. Cox, Martin Zwick Mar 2010

Reconstructability Analysis As A Tool For Identifying Gene-Gene Interactions In Studies Of Human Diseases, Stephen Shervais, Patricia L. Kramer, Shawn K. Westaway, Nancy J. Cox, Martin Zwick

Systems Science Faculty Publications and Presentations

There are a number of common human diseases for which the genetic component may include an epistatic interaction of multiple genes. Detecting these interactions with standard statistical tools is difficult because there may be an interaction effect, but minimal or no main effect. Reconstructability analysis (RA) uses Shannon’s information theory to detect relationships between variables in categorical datasets. We applied RA to simulated data for five different models of gene-gene interaction, and find that even with heritability levels as low as 0.008, and with the inclusion of 50 non-associated genes in the dataset, we can identify the interacting ...


Bayesmotif: De Novo Protein Sorting Motif Discovery From Impure Datasets, Jianjun Hu, F. Zhang Jan 2010

Bayesmotif: De Novo Protein Sorting Motif Discovery From Impure Datasets, Jianjun Hu, F. Zhang

Faculty Publications

Background

Protein sorting is the process that newly synthesized proteins are transported to their target locations within or outside of the cell. This process is precisely regulated by protein sorting signals in different forms. A major category of sorting signals are amino acid sub-sequences usually located at the N-terminals or C-terminals of protein sequences. Genome-wide experimental identification of protein sorting signals is extremely time-consuming and costly. Effective computational algorithms for de novo discovery of protein sorting signals is needed to improve the understanding of protein sorting mechanisms.

Methods

We formulated the protein sorting motif discovery problem as a classification problem ...