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Retirement Security Law Commons

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2015

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Articles 1 - 30 of 39

Full-Text Articles in Retirement Security Law

Marital History And Retirement Security: An Empirical Analysis Of The Work, Family, And Gender Relationship, Lauren A. Martin Palmer Dec 2015

Marital History And Retirement Security: An Empirical Analysis Of The Work, Family, And Gender Relationship, Lauren A. Martin Palmer

Graduate Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation investigates the relationship between marital history and individuals’ retirement resources, namely Social Security, employer-sponsored pensions, and non-housing wealth. Prior research provides a foundation for understanding marriage’s positive relationship to retirement security, and suggests that marriage is financially beneficial and can even lessen some external factors that would otherwise damage a family’s financial situation. Yet changing demographics, with fewer people in first marriages and rising numbers of individuals experiencing divorce and choosing to remain unmarried, suggest our understanding of this relationship for today’s retirees may be limited. The purpose of this research is to identify which ...


Illinois Secure Choice Savings Program Act (Passed Jan. 4, 2015), Emily G. Brown Jd, Ellen Bruce Jd Nov 2015

Illinois Secure Choice Savings Program Act (Passed Jan. 4, 2015), Emily G. Brown Jd, Ellen Bruce Jd

Ellen Bruce

The Illinois Secure Choice Savings Program Act, passed on January 4, 2015, creates an automatic enrollment payroll deduction IRA. The purpose of the program is to promote increased retirement savings participation for employees in the private sector. This fact sheet answers some basic questions about how this new program will affect workers and their employers in Illinois.


Hardship Withdrawals And Loans: Some Words Of Caution, Emily G. Brown Jd, Jeanne Medeiros Jd, Ellen Bruce Jd Nov 2015

Hardship Withdrawals And Loans: Some Words Of Caution, Emily G. Brown Jd, Jeanne Medeiros Jd, Ellen Bruce Jd

Ellen Bruce

As defined benefit pension plans become more and more rare, the responsibility of saving for retirement falls increasingly on individuals. Many studies have been published about the average or median balances in retirement savings accounts and virtually all of them have reached the same conclusion - most Americans aren’t saving enough money to last them through their retirement years. In this fact sheet we will take a look at one of the factors that contributes to this problem, that is, the availability of loans and hardship withdrawals from 401(k) retirement accounts, which can lead to lower account balances overall ...


Illusory Rights Under The Arbitrary And Capricious Standard: Adding Remedial Safeguards To The Judicial Standard Of Review Beyond Erisa Denial Of Benefits Claims, Javier J. Diaz Nov 2015

Illusory Rights Under The Arbitrary And Capricious Standard: Adding Remedial Safeguards To The Judicial Standard Of Review Beyond Erisa Denial Of Benefits Claims, Javier J. Diaz

Seton Hall Circuit Review

No abstract provided.


We Wouldn’T Be Here If It Weren’T For Them: Encouraging Family Caregiving Of Indigent Parents Through Filial Responsibility Laws, Katie Sisaket Sep 2015

We Wouldn’T Be Here If It Weren’T For Them: Encouraging Family Caregiving Of Indigent Parents Through Filial Responsibility Laws, Katie Sisaket

Journal of Public Law and Policy

No abstract provided.


Social Security Reform: Risks, Returns, And Race, Dorothy A. Brown, Karen C. Burke, Grayson M.P. Mccouch Aug 2015

Social Security Reform: Risks, Returns, And Race, Dorothy A. Brown, Karen C. Burke, Grayson M.P. Mccouch

Grayson McCouch

The debate over social security reform has far-reaching implications for the economic well-being of blacks and other minority groups. In this article, we examine how blacks have fared under the existing system, and then consider the likely consequences of moving toward a privatized system. Specifically, we consider the claim, recently advanced by some privatizers, that blacks receive an especially "bad deal" under the existing system and would be better off under a privatized system. We find that, for blacks as a group, this claim tends to overstate both the shortcomings of the existing system and the advantages of privatization. Furthermore ...


Privitizing Social Security: Administration And Implementation, Karen C. Burke, Grayson M.P. Mccouch Aug 2015

Privitizing Social Security: Administration And Implementation, Karen C. Burke, Grayson M.P. Mccouch

Grayson McCouch

This article considers administrative issues that bear on the structure and implementation of any universal, mandatory system of personal accounts within the Social Security system. The central issues involve tradeoffs between relatively standardized, low-cost options with constrained individual choice and limited risk, on the one hand, and more flexible, higher-cost options with enhanced opportunities for individual control and greater risk, on the other hand. A centralized system modeled on the Thrift Savings Plan for federal employees could balance these goals by offering participants a relatively narrow range of investment and withdrawal options, with correspondingly low administrative costs and limited risks ...


Hidden In Plain View: The Pension Shield Against Creditors, Patricia E. Dilley Aug 2015

Hidden In Plain View: The Pension Shield Against Creditors, Patricia E. Dilley

Patricia E Dilley

This Article examines the virtually unquestioned protection of retirement assets from creditors, in both state and federal law, with a view to determining whether tax qualification or even retirement itself is a sufficient rationale for preserving debtor assets in the face of creditors' claims, and if so, what the limits of such protection should be. The problems of current law stem in large part from the use of tax qualified status as a convenient shortcut for determining the appropriate bankruptcy treatment of retirement accounts. The result is a wide disparity in the treatment of debtors epitomized by the cases of ...


Supreme Court’S Decision In Fifth Third Bancorp V. Dudenhoeffer Introduces New Standards For Erisa Fiduciaries, Barry R. Temkin, Kate E. Digeronimo Aug 2015

Supreme Court’S Decision In Fifth Third Bancorp V. Dudenhoeffer Introduces New Standards For Erisa Fiduciaries, Barry R. Temkin, Kate E. Digeronimo

Barry R. Temkin

In its 2014 decision in Fifth Third Bancorp v. Dudenhoeffer et al., the U.S. Supreme Court held that fiduciaries of plans that hold publicly traded company stock are subject to the same duty of prudence that applies to fiduciaries in general under the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (“ERISA”). In doing so, the Supreme Court effectively rejected decades of law applied by nearly all the Courts of Appeals affording fiduciaries of company stock plans a special “presumption of prudence” not available to the fiduciaries of other varieties of ERISA plans. In place of the presumption of prudence ...


After Tackett: Incomplete Contracts For Post-Employment Healthcare, Maria Hylton Aug 2015

After Tackett: Incomplete Contracts For Post-Employment Healthcare, Maria Hylton

Faculty Scholarship

This paper examines the recent U.S. Supreme Court retiree health care decision in Tackett v. M & G Polymers and focuses, in particular, on the ostensibly odd silence with respect to a critical contract term — whether the parties in fact agreed that these benefits were vested. Although the union in Tackett insisted these welfare benefits were clearly intended to vest and the employer now asserts they can be modified at any time, the collective bargaining agreement and supporting documents are ambiguous on this question. This paper examines how and why this “silence” persisted for so many decades and concludes that ...


Anti-Fraud Provisions Of The Securities Act; Erisa; Pension Plans; Section 17(A) Private Right Of Action; Daniel V. International Brotherhood Of Teamsters, Marlene P. Emery, Barbara M. Heinzerling Aug 2015

Anti-Fraud Provisions Of The Securities Act; Erisa; Pension Plans; Section 17(A) Private Right Of Action; Daniel V. International Brotherhood Of Teamsters, Marlene P. Emery, Barbara M. Heinzerling

Akron Law Review

In Daniel v. International Brotherhood of Teamsters the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals held that the federal securities laws apply to disclosure of information regarding employee pension and profit sharing plans. In an era when disclosure of information has become mandatory and commonplace, it is not surprising that relevant information on pension plans should be disclosed to employees. The important aspect of this case is that disclosure was required under the anti-fraud provisions of the federal securities laws, rather than under the provisions of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA). Questions concerning the Securities and Exchange Commission's jurisdiction ...


Securities Laws Implications For Savings Associations Acting As Trustees For Ira's And Keoghs Aug 2015

Securities Laws Implications For Savings Associations Acting As Trustees For Ira's And Keoghs

Akron Law Review

This article will focus on the major problem area which has resulted from the above legislation. That problem is whether or not a savings association must register with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) pursuant to the Securities Act of 1931 or the Investment Company Act of 1940, as a consequence of acting as trustee for an IRA or Keogh plan.


Disqualitifcation Of Employee Retirement Plans: The Wrong Remedy, William J. Rands Jul 2015

Disqualitifcation Of Employee Retirement Plans: The Wrong Remedy, William J. Rands

Akron Law Review

Yet Congress failed to extirpate from the tax laws the sanction of disqualifying an employee retirement plan. Not only has disqualification been described as being "draconian" and "harsh," but it has also been noted that it results in "tragedy," "penalizes the covered employees who have no part in the wrongdoing,"6 and frustrates the legislative purpose of encouraging the establishment and maintenance of employee retirement plans. The imposition of this sanction is nonsensical: the tax consequences devastate the financial security of employees whose future depends on the retirement income they will receive from their employers' plans. This article will discuss ...


Post-Norris Ambiguities: Unanswered Questions For Women And The Pension Industry, T. Timothy Ryan Jr., Paula A. Rock Jul 2015

Post-Norris Ambiguities: Unanswered Questions For Women And The Pension Industry, T. Timothy Ryan Jr., Paula A. Rock

Akron Law Review

On April 25, 1978, the United States Supreme Court decided Los Angeles Department of Water and Power v. Manhart in a way that was bound to have a profound effect on the pension industry. The division of opinion in the Manhart Court was indicative of the difficulty of the question presented. In Part I, this article examines the Court's findings in Manhart, as well as its conclusions in a more recent case, Arizona Governing Committee v. Norris, in which the Supreme Court extended its Manhart holding in a way bound to have an equally significant impact on pension programs ...


Retiree Welfare Benefits: Erisa, Lmra And The Federal Common Law, Frances Figetakis Jul 2015

Retiree Welfare Benefits: Erisa, Lmra And The Federal Common Law, Frances Figetakis

Akron Law Review

Part I of this comment will examine the applicable statutory law in this area. Part II will examine the developing body of federal case law. Part III will address the underlying policy concerns in conjunction with already established precedent to provide insight into what the law in this area should be.


A Tax Lawyer's Observations On Scary Numbers, Politics, And Irresponsibility: A Commentary On Shaviro's Reckless Disregard, Lawrence Lokken Jul 2015

A Tax Lawyer's Observations On Scary Numbers, Politics, And Irresponsibility: A Commentary On Shaviro's Reckless Disregard, Lawrence Lokken

Lawrence Lokken

The fiscal gap is filled by the issuance of government debt, au increasing portion of which is held by foreigners. Although foreigners still seem willing to absorb large amounts of U.S. debt, international organizations express concern over U.S. budgetary deficits. A significant source of the fiscal gap is the Social Security system. Two changes that might resolve Social Security funding issues include raising the minimum age to receive full retirement benefits to seventy years old and raising the taxable wage base. Politically, however, adopting either of these changes soon seems impossible. In addition, current Medicare costs will exceed ...


Finding A Financial Planner, Emily G. Brown Jd Jun 2015

Finding A Financial Planner, Emily G. Brown Jd

Pension Action Center Publications

This fact sheet provides information on how to find the right financial planner to help you meet your retirement planning goals. This fact sheet suggests things to consider prior to picking a financial planner and answers questions like:

  • What do financial planners do?
  • How do you know if you need a financial planner?
  • How do you find the right financial planner?
  • What type of professional title does a financial planner have?


The 11th Annual Employee Benefits Symposium: America's Retirement Crisis: What Can Be Done, 46 J. Marshall L. Rev. Xxiii (2013), Kathryn J. Kennedy Jun 2015

The 11th Annual Employee Benefits Symposium: America's Retirement Crisis: What Can Be Done, 46 J. Marshall L. Rev. Xxiii (2013), Kathryn J. Kennedy

Kathryn J. Kennedy

No abstract provided.


401(K) Plan Expenses, Anne Becker, Jeffrey Arnold Jun 2015

401(K) Plan Expenses, Anne Becker, Jeffrey Arnold

Pension Action Center Publications

Under a 401(k) plan, your benefit is your vested account balance. This account balance reflects the contributions you make to the plan, the contributions your employer makes to the plan on your behalf (if any), and investment gains and losses.

Many 401(k) plan participants are responsible for choosing how to invest their account balances. If you direct the investment of your 401(k) plan account balance, it is important to understand that fees and expenses may substantially reduce the growth of your 401(k) plan account balance over the course of your working life. The Department of Labor ...


The Ephemeral Promise Of Annuitization For A Secure Retirement May 2015

The Ephemeral Promise Of Annuitization For A Secure Retirement

Patricia A. McCoy

No abstract provided.


Your Former Employer’S 401(K) Plan, Jeanne Medeiros Jd May 2015

Your Former Employer’S 401(K) Plan, Jeanne Medeiros Jd

Pension Action Center Publications

When you leave a job where you have participated in a 401(k) plan, you may have a number of different options about what to do with the money in that account. This fact sheet explains those options and offers guidance about the pros and cons of each option.

Here are some frequently asked questions answered in this face sheet:

Q. Can I leave my money in my former employer’s plan?

Q. What are my other options?

Q. If I decide to withdraw the account balance from my former employer’s plan, how do I do that, and how ...


Protect Your Retirement Income: Documents To Keep And Questions To Ask, Pension Action Center, Gerontology Institute, University Of Massachusetts Boston May 2015

Protect Your Retirement Income: Documents To Keep And Questions To Ask, Pension Action Center, Gerontology Institute, University Of Massachusetts Boston

Pension Action Center Publications

No matter what kind of pension or retirement plan your employer offers, you should keep certain documents indefinitely to ensure that you receive the retirement benefits you have earned.

This fact sheet was produced as part of the Pension Action Center’s investor education program, made possible thanks to a grant from the Investor Protection Trust, a nonprofit organization devoted to investor education, and support from the Secretary of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.


Illinois Secure Choice Savings Program Act (Passed Jan. 4, 2015), Emily G. Brown Jd, Ellen Bruce Jd Apr 2015

Illinois Secure Choice Savings Program Act (Passed Jan. 4, 2015), Emily G. Brown Jd, Ellen Bruce Jd

Pension Action Center Publications

The Illinois Secure Choice Savings Program Act, passed on January 4, 2015, creates an automatic enrollment payroll deduction IRA. The purpose of the program is to promote increased retirement savings participation for employees in the private sector. This fact sheet answers some basic questions about how this new program will affect workers and their employers in Illinois.


Pension Action Center: Protecting Your Retirement, Louise Cataldo, Michele Tolson Apr 2015

Pension Action Center: Protecting Your Retirement, Louise Cataldo, Michele Tolson

Office of Community Partnerships Posters

The Pension Action Center (PAC) is a one-of-a-kind organization serving New England and Illinois that touches the lives of thousands of low- moderate income people, who often have nowhere else to turn when they need help understanding and obtaining their retirement benefits.


Retirement Security In The Age Of Devolution, Law & Society Annual Meeting, Natalya Shnitser Mar 2015

Retirement Security In The Age Of Devolution, Law & Society Annual Meeting, Natalya Shnitser

Natalya Shnitser

No abstract provided.


Degrees Of Intermediation Mar 2015

Degrees Of Intermediation

Patricia A. McCoy

No abstract provided.


Hardship Withdrawals And Loans: Some Words Of Caution, Emily G. Brown Jd, Jeanne Medeiros Jd, Ellen Bruce Jd Mar 2015

Hardship Withdrawals And Loans: Some Words Of Caution, Emily G. Brown Jd, Jeanne Medeiros Jd, Ellen Bruce Jd

Pension Action Center Publications

As defined benefit pension plans become more and more rare, the responsibility of saving for retirement falls increasingly on individuals. Many studies have been published about the average or median balances in retirement savings accounts and virtually all of them have reached the same conclusion - most Americans aren’t saving enough money to last them through their retirement years.

In this fact sheet we will take a look at one of the factors that contributes to this problem, that is, the availability of loans and hardship withdrawals from 401(k) retirement accounts, which can lead to lower account balances overall ...


Pension De-Risking, Paul Secunda, Brendan Maher Feb 2015

Pension De-Risking, Paul Secunda, Brendan Maher

Paul M. Secunda

The United States is facing a retirement crisis, in significant part because defined benefit pension plans have been replaced by defined contribution retirement plans that, whatever their theoretical merit, have left significant numbers of workers unprepared for retirement. A troubling example of the continuing movement away from defined benefit plans is a new phenomenon euphemistically called “pension de-risking.”

Recent years have been marked by high-profile companies engaging in various actions designed to reduce the company’s exposure to pension funding risk (hence the term “pension de-risking”). Some de-risking strategies convert a federally-guaranteed pension into a more risky private annuity. Other ...


The Separation Of Intelligence And Control: Retirement Savings And The Limits Of Soft Paternalism, Jacob Hale Russell Feb 2015

The Separation Of Intelligence And Control: Retirement Savings And The Limits Of Soft Paternalism, Jacob Hale Russell

William & Mary Business Law Review

“Soft paternalism” is in vogue among academics and lawmakers, but too much is being asked of it. This Article studies soft paternalist techniques—including nudging and disclosure—which have been used in the employersponsored retirement system. Defined-contribution retirement plans represent an ideal test case for libertarian paternalism: there has been extensive experimentation, and nudge advocates have often held up such plans as successes. In particular, this Article focuses on investment allocation decisions in retirement portfolios, and suggests that we should be skeptical of the ability of soft paternalism to improve those decisions. When a domain is rife with conflicts of ...


Who’S Afraid Of Good Governance? State Fiscal Crises, Public Pension Underfunding, And The Resistance To Governance Reform, Thomas J. Fitzpatrick, Amy B. Monahan Feb 2015

Who’S Afraid Of Good Governance? State Fiscal Crises, Public Pension Underfunding, And The Resistance To Governance Reform, Thomas J. Fitzpatrick, Amy B. Monahan

Florida Law Review

Much attention has been paid to the significant underfunding of many state and local employee pension plans, as well as to efforts by states and cities to alleviate that underfunding by modifying the benefits provided to workers. Yet relatively little attention has been paid to the systemic causes of such financial distress—such as chronic underfunding that shifts financial burdens to future taxpayers, and governance rules that may reduce the likelihood that a plan’s trustees will make optimal investment decisions. This Article presents the results of a qualitative study of the funding and governance provisions of twelve public pension ...