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Full-Text Articles in Health Law and Policy

Humanizing Work Requirements For Safety Net Programs, Mary Leto Pareja Sep 2019

Humanizing Work Requirements For Safety Net Programs, Mary Leto Pareja

Pace Law Review

This Article explores the political and policy appeal of work requirements for public benefit programs and concludes that inclusion of such requirements can be a reasonable design choice, but not in their current form. This Article’s proposals attempt to humanize these highly controversial work requirements while acknowledging the equity concerns they are designed to address. Drawing on expansive definitions of “work” found in guidance published by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid (“CMS”) and in various state waiver applications, this Article proposes that work requirements be approved for Medicaid (as well as other benefit programs) only if they encompass ...


Best Practices For Member Outreach And Engagement: How Effective Acos Build Understanding And Respect, Jessica Carpenter, Jocelyn Gordon Jun 2019

Best Practices For Member Outreach And Engagement: How Effective Acos Build Understanding And Respect, Jessica Carpenter, Jocelyn Gordon

Commonwealth Medicine Publications

Targeted strategies and sustained efforts at member outreach and engagement are helping Accountable Care Organizations (ACOs) and their Community Partners (CPs) achieve their shared goals for delivering patient-centered care. The most successful organizations focus on activities designed to create a stronger connection with their members, building trust and a better understanding of individuals’ characteristics and care needs. Positive results of these efforts include successful person-centered care planning, improved compliance with care plans and prescriptions, and implementation of recommended lifestyle changes — changes that help support independent living, reduce medical costs and complications, and drive improvements in member satisfaction.


What A Long Strange Trip It’S Been For The 3.8% Net Investment Income Tax, Ausher M.B. Kofsky, Bryan P. Schmutz May 2019

What A Long Strange Trip It’S Been For The 3.8% Net Investment Income Tax, Ausher M.B. Kofsky, Bryan P. Schmutz

Maryland Law Review Online

No abstract provided.


Biting The Hands That Feed “The Alligators”: A Case Study In Morbid Obesity Extremes, End-Of-Life Care, And Prohibitions On Harming And Accelerating The End Of Life, Michael J. Malinowski Mar 2019

Biting The Hands That Feed “The Alligators”: A Case Study In Morbid Obesity Extremes, End-Of-Life Care, And Prohibitions On Harming And Accelerating The End Of Life, Michael J. Malinowski

Michael J. Malinowski

Obesity, recognized as a disease in the U.S. and at times as a terminal illness due to associated medical complications, is an American epidemic according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (“CDC”), American Heart Association (“AHA”), and other authorities. More than one third of Americans (39.8% of adults and 18.5% of children) are medically obese. This article focuses on cases of “extreme morbid obesity” (“EMO”)—situations in which death is imminent without aggressive medical interventions, and bariatric surgery is the only treatment option with a realistic possibility of success. Bariatric surgeries themselves are very high ...


Better Negotiations Between Payers And Manufacturers In An Effort To Reduce Drug Prices, Mckenzie Taylor Nov 2018

Better Negotiations Between Payers And Manufacturers In An Effort To Reduce Drug Prices, Mckenzie Taylor

Commonwealth Medicine Publications

Mckenzie Taylor continues our monthly conversation on the strategies presented in The Trump Administration Blueprint to Low Drug Prices and Reduce Out-of-Pocket Costs, discussing the ways new negotiations between payers and manufacturers are helping to reduce drug prices.


Limiting State Flexibility In Drug Pricing, Nicholas Bagley, Rachel E. Sachs Sep 2018

Limiting State Flexibility In Drug Pricing, Nicholas Bagley, Rachel E. Sachs

Articles

Throughout the United States, escalating drug prices are putting immense pressure on state budgets. Several states are looking for ways to push back. Last year, Massachusetts asked the Trump administration for a waiver that would, among other things, allow its Medicaid program to decline to cover costly drugs for which there is limited or inadequate evidence of clinical efficacy. By credibly threatening to exclude such drugs from coverage, Massachusetts hoped to extract price concessions and constrain the fastest-growing part of its Medicaid budget.


Bringing Data Into Focus To Optimize Benefits And Savings For Medicare-Medicaid Members, Jenifer Hartman Aug 2018

Bringing Data Into Focus To Optimize Benefits And Savings For Medicare-Medicaid Members, Jenifer Hartman

Commonwealth Medicine Publications

Dual eligible recipients represent a critical population for state Medicaid programs. To get a better understanding of this unique demographic, MassHealth partnered with UMass Medical School to design data analytics programs around the objective of protecting Medicaid as the payer of last resort.

Over the last three years, these programs achieved over $68 million in new savings by optimizing benefits for dual eligible members. The program also identified and recovered over $21 million in Medicare premium overpayments for Medicaid members with discrepancies in Medicare entitlement and premium charges.

Jenifer Hartman of the Center for Healthcare Financing presented UMass Medical School ...


Sne-Ptn Attends Cms Transforming Clinical Practice Initiative National Expert Panel 2018, Jay Flanagan Aug 2018

Sne-Ptn Attends Cms Transforming Clinical Practice Initiative National Expert Panel 2018, Jay Flanagan

Commonwealth Medicine Publications

Practice transformation networks from across the country are going public with their successful results on patients and clinical practices. UMass Medical School’s Southern New England Practice Transformation Network (SNE-PTN) was one of the networks sharing its positive outcomes.


Reform At Risk — Mandating Participation In Alternative Payment Plans, Scott Levy, Nicholas Bagley, Rahul Rajkumar May 2018

Reform At Risk — Mandating Participation In Alternative Payment Plans, Scott Levy, Nicholas Bagley, Rahul Rajkumar

Articles

In an ambitious effort to slow the growth of health care costs, the Affordable Care Act created the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Innovation (CMMI) and armed it with broad authority to test new approaches to reimbursement for health care (payment models) and delivery-system reforms. CMMI was meant to be the government’s innovation laboratory for health care: an entity with the independence to break with past practices and the power to experiment with bold new approaches. Over the past year, however, the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) has quietly hobbled CMMI, imperiling its ability to generate meaningful ...


The Burden Of A Good Idea: Examining The Impact Of Unfunded Federal Regulatory Mandates On Medicare Participating Hospitals, Rachel J. Suddarth Apr 2018

The Burden Of A Good Idea: Examining The Impact Of Unfunded Federal Regulatory Mandates On Medicare Participating Hospitals, Rachel J. Suddarth

Washington and Lee Journal of Civil Rights and Social Justice

No abstract provided.


Skilled Nursing Facilities: Too Many Beds, Rebecca Laes-Kushner Mar 2018

Skilled Nursing Facilities: Too Many Beds, Rebecca Laes-Kushner

Commonwealth Medicine Publications

More than 15,500 skilled nursing facilities (SNFs) provide care to more than 1.35 million people in the United States who need assistance with their Activities of Daily Living (ADLs), including going to the toilet, getting out of bed, getting dressed, feeding themselves, and showering, or who have cognitive difficulties, such as from dementia. Nationally, SNF use has declined as people live longer and choose home and community-based services (HCBS) over institutional care. From 2004 to 2014, the percentage of people age 65 and older in nursing homes dropped from 3.6% to 2.5%, a decrease of 24 ...


Countering Pay-For-Performance's Unintended Consequences By Rethinking The Physician's Duty To Disclose, Mariah Dick Jan 2018

Countering Pay-For-Performance's Unintended Consequences By Rethinking The Physician's Duty To Disclose, Mariah Dick

Health Matrix: The Journal of Law-Medicine

The article highlights the features of the U.S. Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act of 2015 (MACRA) and identify those attributes that make it vulnerable to the same types of unintended behaviors that have plagued pay-for-performance models in other industries. Topics discussed include unintended consequences associated with pay-for-performance in non-health care industries; physician disclosure standards; and need of laws for patient-centered care and patient autonomy.


No Pay For Sexist Performance: How Gender Disparities In Healthcare Hurt Hospitals’ Pay For Performance Reimbursements, Emily C. Bartlett Jan 2018

No Pay For Sexist Performance: How Gender Disparities In Healthcare Hurt Hospitals’ Pay For Performance Reimbursements, Emily C. Bartlett

Washington University Law Review

Gender disparities and discrimination in healthcare treatment are vast. Women in pain are deemed hysterical, heart attacks in women are caught less frequently than in men due to symptom presentation differences, and women are screened less often than men for some cancers. Meanwhile, in order to be fully reimbursed for healthcare services, legislative reforms increasingly evaluate hospitals and physicians based on their performance as it relates to quality measurements, otherwise known as pay for performance. This particular method of reimbursement expanded after the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) enacted pay for performance standards, particularly for hospitals and physicians ...


Macra And Medicare’S Elusive Quest For Fairness And Value With Physician Payment Policy: Speeding Up The Transition To “Big Med”, Rick Mayes, Soleil Shah Jan 2018

Macra And Medicare’S Elusive Quest For Fairness And Value With Physician Payment Policy: Speeding Up The Transition To “Big Med”, Rick Mayes, Soleil Shah

Saint Louis University Journal of Health Law & Policy

This article traces the evolution of Medicare physician payment policy from the program’s beginning to the passage of the 2015 Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act (MACRA). Based on interviews, primary data sources, and an extensive review of the secondary literature, the authors provide an analysis of: (1) some of the most significant events, trends and factors that led to the Act’s passage, (2) MACRA’s basic design and the primary options it gives to physicians, and (3) the major concerns many physician representatives and health policy experts have about MACRA. As the majority of physicians will likely ...


Step Therapy: Legal And Ethical Implications Of A Cost-Cutting Measure, Sharona Hoffman Jan 2018

Step Therapy: Legal And Ethical Implications Of A Cost-Cutting Measure, Sharona Hoffman

Faculty Publications

The very high and ever-increasing costs of medical care in the United States are well-recognized and much discussed. Health insurers have employed a variety of strategies in an effort to control their expenditures, including one that is common but has received relatively little attention: step therapy. Step therapy programs require patients to try less expensive treatments and find them to be ineffective or otherwise problematic before the insurer will approve a more high-priced option. This Article is the first law journal piece dedicated to analyzing this important cost control measure.

The Article explores the strengths and weaknesses of step therapy ...


Biting The Hands That Feed “The Alligators”: A Case Study In Morbid Obesity Extremes, End-Of-Life Care, And Prohibitions On Harming And Accelerating The End Of Life, Michael J. Malinowski Jan 2018

Biting The Hands That Feed “The Alligators”: A Case Study In Morbid Obesity Extremes, End-Of-Life Care, And Prohibitions On Harming And Accelerating The End Of Life, Michael J. Malinowski

Journal Articles

Obesity, recognized as a disease in the U.S. and at times as a terminal illness due to associated medical complications, is an American epidemic according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (“CDC”), American Heart Association (“AHA”), and other authorities. More than one third of Americans (39.8% of adults and 18.5% of children) are medically obese. This article focuses on cases of “extreme morbid obesity” (“EMO”)—situations in which death is imminent without aggressive medical interventions, and bariatric surgery is the only treatment option with a realistic possibility of success. Bariatric surgeries themselves are very high ...


A Right To Care, Stacey A. Tovino Jan 2018

A Right To Care, Stacey A. Tovino

Scholarly Works

In this Article, Professor Stacey Tovino examines the right to care through a personal and historical lens, then attempts to fill a scholarly gap in legal literature surrounding the right to skilled care and rehabilitation for patients with group or commercial insurance. Professor Tovino first recounts the history of Medicare coverage for skilled care and rehabilitation, then she examines the limitations of group and commercial insurance, finally concluding by asserting a right to care.


The Burden Of A Good Idea: Examining The Impact Of Unfunded Federal Regulatory Mandates On Medicare Participating Hospitals, Rachel Juhas Suddarth Jan 2018

The Burden Of A Good Idea: Examining The Impact Of Unfunded Federal Regulatory Mandates On Medicare Participating Hospitals, Rachel Juhas Suddarth

Law Faculty Publications

Health care costs are on the rise. In 1960, the United States spent $9 billion on hospital care. Since then, hospital related spending has grown exponentially. In 2015, the United States spent over $1 trillion on hospital care, with $359.9 billion of those payments coming from the federal Medicare program for the aged and disabled. Researchers have long tried to understand the exact causes of rising health care costs. While many have closely examined the costs associated with population demographics, medical innovation, prescription drug costs, overutilization of services, and fraud or abuse, there is one driving force that does ...


The Medicare Appeals Crisis: Why Mediation Is The Medicine, Michelle Ellis Sep 2017

The Medicare Appeals Crisis: Why Mediation Is The Medicine, Michelle Ellis

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

This article will explore how unmeritorious RAC-reversals recently polluted the Medicare appeals process, and how this has led to a crisis for both providers and the United States Department of Health & Human Services (HHS). Furthermore, this article will consider the lack of available remedies and narrow measures taken by HHS, and will instead advocate for mediation as the best means of easing the backlog. While the delays also directly affect Medicare beneficiaries, this article will limit its discussion to the backlog in relation to providers and suppliers.


Integrating Third Party Liability (Tpl) Across Medicaid Operations And Enterprise Systems In Massachusetts, Jenifer Hartman Aug 2017

Integrating Third Party Liability (Tpl) Across Medicaid Operations And Enterprise Systems In Massachusetts, Jenifer Hartman

Commonwealth Medicine Publications

This poster highlights the results of a UMass Medical School partnership with MassHealth, the Massachusetts Medicaid program, to integrate third party liability (TPL) activities across all aspects of the Medicaid program. By embedding TPL at all stages of Medicaid operations and interfacing with all Medicaid systems, the partners optimized identification of and access to TPL sources for all Medicaid members.

The TPL activities include eligibility coordination, coverage coordination, payment coordination and recovery coordination. The partnership has achieved over $40 million in cost avoidance through the identification of missed Medicare benefits, over $64 million in cost avoidance over enhanced coordination of ...


Covering The Care: Health Insurance Coverage In New Hampshire, Jo Porter, Lucy Hodder Jun 2017

Covering The Care: Health Insurance Coverage In New Hampshire, Jo Porter, Lucy Hodder

Law Faculty Scholarship

the first in a series of data and policy briefs that seek to inform the current conversations about health reform happening across the state. The first brief uses data from the American Community Survey to provide information about the health insurance coverage landscape in NH.


Healthism, Intersectionality, And Health Insurance: The Compounded Problems Of Healthist Discrimination Mar 2017

Healthism, Intersectionality, And Health Insurance: The Compounded Problems Of Healthist Discrimination

Marquette Benefits and Social Welfare Law Review

Healthism can identify situations where a person is subject to a particular form of bigotry based on their individual health status. In health insurance, some forms of healthism are unavoidable due to the very nature of health insurance structures. However, when analyzing health insurance programs, particularly those that are funded through government, it is possible to utilize a healthism framework to, first, recognize and minimize and potentially ameliorate the worst effects of healthism combined with intersectionality. This Essay analyzes these issues as they relate to health insurance, Medicare, and the potential role of the Independent Payment Advisory Board.


Wrongly “Identified”: Why An Actual Knowledge Standard Should Govern Health Care Providers’ False Claims Act Obligations To Report And Return Medicare And Medicaid Overpayments, Nicholas J. Goldin Jan 2017

Wrongly “Identified”: Why An Actual Knowledge Standard Should Govern Health Care Providers’ False Claims Act Obligations To Report And Return Medicare And Medicaid Overpayments, Nicholas J. Goldin

Washington University Law Review

In 2015, Medicare spent $632 billion on health care for America’s elderly (and other covered groups). Medicaid spent another $554 billion to provide health care to America’s needy. The government estimates that improper payments account for as much as 10% of Medicare and Medicaid spending. Given the vast amount of money at stake, and the fact that there is bipartisan support for recovering taxpayer dollars, it is no surprise the federal government has made it a priority to recoup the money lost to health care fraud each year. The results are noticeable: annual recoveries for health care fraud ...


When Is Competition Not Competition: The Curious Case Of Medicare Advantage, Robert A. Berenson Jan 2017

When Is Competition Not Competition: The Curious Case Of Medicare Advantage, Robert A. Berenson

Saint Louis University Journal of Health Law & Policy

Policymakers routinely assume that Medicare Advantage plans and the traditional Medicare program compete for beneficiaries. Yet the District of Columbia federal district court blocked the proposed Aetna and Humana merger, finding that for purposes of antitrust analysis Medicare Advantage plans and traditional Medicare are effectively in different product markets. That is, they do not compete. This article reviews the basis for the court decision, which relied to a large extent on information that Medicare beneficiaries select their insurance coverage based on durable preferences either for the Medicare Advantage or the traditional Medicare option.

The article explores whether the apparently durable ...


Health Information Equity, Craig Konnoth Jan 2017

Health Information Equity, Craig Konnoth

Articles

In the last few years, numerous Americans’ health information has been collected and used for follow-on, secondary research. This research studies correlations between medical conditions, genetic or behavioral profiles, and treatments, to customize medical care to specific individuals. Recent federal legislation and regulations make it easier to collect and use the data of the low-income, unwell, and elderly for this purpose. This would impose disproportionate security and autonomy burdens on these individuals. Those who are well-off and pay out of pocket could effectively exempt their data from the publicly available information pot. This presents a problem which modern research ethics ...


Disparities In Private Health Insurance Coverage Of Skilled Care, Stacey A. Tovino Jan 2017

Disparities In Private Health Insurance Coverage Of Skilled Care, Stacey A. Tovino

Scholarly Works

This article compares and contrasts public and private health insurance coverage of skilled medical rehabilitation, including cognitive rehabilitation, physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech-language pathology, and skilled nursing services (collectively, skilled care). As background, prior scholars writing in this area have focused on Medicare coverage of skilled care and have challenged coverage determinations limiting Medicare coverage to beneficiaries who are able to demonstrate improvement in their conditions within a specific period of time (the Improvement Standard). By and large, these scholars have applauded the settlement agreement approved on 24 January 2013, by the U.S. District Court for the District of ...


Macra And Stark: Strange Bedfellows At The Heart Of Health Care Reform, Rebecca Olavarria Jan 2017

Macra And Stark: Strange Bedfellows At The Heart Of Health Care Reform, Rebecca Olavarria

Journal Publications

The enactment of the Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act of 2015 (MACRA) was well-received by all as it repealed Medicare’s Sustainable Growth Rate and, in its place, mandates the implementation of a new system for health care delivery and payment. Under MACRA, health care providers are expected to work together and coordinate their efforts with the goal of improving patient outcomes and controlling costs. For the first time ever, federal reimbursements will be tied to quality of care and improved cost efficiencies. However, as a new law, MACRA’s potential for success needs to be measured in terms ...


Southern New England Practice Transformation Network: Thinking Outside The Box Solved Our Enrollment Challenges, David Polakoff Dec 2016

Southern New England Practice Transformation Network: Thinking Outside The Box Solved Our Enrollment Challenges, David Polakoff

Commonwealth Medicine Publications

The strategies used by the Southern New England Practice Transformation Network (SNE-PTN), a collaborative led by UMass Medical School and UConn Health, to enroll more than 5,000 clinicians from a variety of specialties by the end of October 2016. The strategies led SNE-PTN to achieve 186 percent of the year one enrollment target.

SNE-PTN is one of 29 practice transformation networks across the country chosen by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services to be part of its Transforming Clinical Practices Initiative. This practice transformation program aims to bring together specialty and primary care clinicians to work individually and ...


Paving The Way For Practice Success Under Value-Based Payments, Judith Steinberg, Anita Morris, Valerie Konar, Frederick (Rick) Perro, Pam Senesac, David Polakoff Jun 2016

Paving The Way For Practice Success Under Value-Based Payments, Judith Steinberg, Anita Morris, Valerie Konar, Frederick (Rick) Perro, Pam Senesac, David Polakoff

Commonwealth Medicine Publications

A comprehensive look at The Southern New England Practice Transformation Network (SNE-PTN), which supports implementation of person-centered, high quality, efficient, and coordinated care. SNE-PTN is funded under the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services’ Transforming Clinical Practices Initiative.

SNE-PTN is a complex, large-scale care transformation effort that requires a multi-faceted approach and alignment with state and national health care reform efforts. It is important to articulate the value proposition for clinicians.


Should Medicare Be Allowed To Negotiate Drug Prices?, Michael H. Davis May 2016

Should Medicare Be Allowed To Negotiate Drug Prices?, Michael H. Davis

Law Faculty Articles and Essays

No abstract provided.