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Informed consent

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Full-Text Articles in Health Law and Policy

Informed Consent Pediatrics, Nationwide Children's Hospital Aug 2019

Informed Consent Pediatrics, Nationwide Children's Hospital

Training Materials

Learning about the components of the Informed Consent process in the Pediatric Clinical Trial setting


Speech As Speech: “Professional Speech” And Missouri’S Informed Consent For Abortion Statute, Michael J. Essma Jun 2019

Speech As Speech: “Professional Speech” And Missouri’S Informed Consent For Abortion Statute, Michael J. Essma

Missouri Law Review

Does life begin at conception? Do women need to see a sonogram to make an informed decision about whether they want an abortion? Some state legislatures believe so. Laws mandating politically driven doctor-patient dialogue affect one of the hallmarks of the physician-patient relationship: a patient’s trust in the physician’s expertise. The common law and statutory requirement that a patient provide informed consent for a medical procedure facilitates the development of trust between patient and physician by allowing the patient to understand the procedure and discuss her options with her physician. However, provisions of abortion-specific informed consent statutes that ...


... Because "Yes" Actually Means "No": A Personalized Prescriptive To Reactualize Informed Consent In Dispute Resolution Sep 2018

... Because "Yes" Actually Means "No": A Personalized Prescriptive To Reactualize Informed Consent In Dispute Resolution

Marquette Law Review

None.


Informing Consent: Medical Malpractice And The Criminalization Of Pregnancy, Laura Beth Cohen May 2018

Informing Consent: Medical Malpractice And The Criminalization Of Pregnancy, Laura Beth Cohen

Michigan Law Review

Since the early 1990s, jurisdictions around the country have been using civil child abuse laws to penalize women for using illicit drugs during their pregnancies. Using civil child abuse laws in this way infringes on pregnant women’s civil rights and deters them from seeking prenatal care. Child Protective Services agencies are key players in this system. Women often become entangled with the Child Protective Services system through their health care providers. Providers will drug test pregnant women without first alerting them to the potential negative consequences stemming from a positive drug test. Doing so is a breach of these ...


Can They Do That?: The Limits Of Governmental Power Over Medical Treatment, Paul Jerome Mclaughlin Jr. Feb 2018

Can They Do That?: The Limits Of Governmental Power Over Medical Treatment, Paul Jerome Mclaughlin Jr.

Library Faculty Publications

The government’s power over health care is strongest when health care treatments and precautions to protect the public welfare, such as quarantines and vaccinations, are at issue. Governmental power over health care decisions weakens when an individual’s health care decisions are in question. When health care decisions would only affect the individual making them, the government’s power is even less. This article argues that government agents must be cautious in making health care determinations for others and that they should aim to protect an individual’s right to self-determination so long as those choices do not pose ...


Healer, Witness, Or Double Agent? Reexamining The Ethics Of Forensic Psychiatry, Matthew U. Scherer Dec 2016

Healer, Witness, Or Double Agent? Reexamining The Ethics Of Forensic Psychiatry, Matthew U. Scherer

Journal of Law and Health

In recent years, psychiatrists have become ever more prevalent in American courtrooms. Consequently, the issue of when the usual rules of medical ethics should apply to forensic psychiatric encounters has taken on increased importance and is a continuing topic of discussion among both legal and medical scholars. A number of approaches to the problem of forensic psychiatric ethics have been proposed, but none adequately addresses the issues that arise when a forensic encounter develops therapeutic characteristics. This article looks to the rules governing the lawyer-client relationship as a model for a new approach to forensic psychiatric ethics. This new model ...


Neuroethics: Neurolaw, Stephen J. Morse Sep 2016

Neuroethics: Neurolaw, Stephen J. Morse

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

This is a pre-copyedited version of a chapter in the Oxford Handbooks Online (Philosophy) edited by Sandy Goldberg. In altered form, it was published online in February, 2017 and can be found at the Oxford Handbooks Online website. The entry discusses whether the findings of the new neuroscience based largely on functional brain imaging raise new normative questions and entail normative conclusions for ethical and legal theory and practice. After reviewing the source of optimism about neuroscientific contributions and the current scientific status of neuroscience, it addresses a radical challenge neuroscience allegedly presents: whether neuroscience proves persons do not have ...


Toward An International Constitution Of Patient Rights, Alison Poklaski Jul 2016

Toward An International Constitution Of Patient Rights, Alison Poklaski

Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies

In the past decade, medical tourism-the travel of patients across borders to receive medical treatment-has undergone unprecedented growth, fueled by the globalization of health care and related industries. While medical tourism can benefit patients through increased access to treatment and cost-savings, medical travel also raises concerns about ensuring quality of care and legal redress in medical malpractice. Moreover, existing regulations fail to address these unprecedented issues. The multilateral adoption of an International Constitution of Patient Rights (ICPR) is necessary in order to more effectively preserve medical tourism's benefits and guard against its risks.


Informed Consent As Compelled Professional Speech: Fictions, Facts, And Open Questions, Nadia N. Sawicki Jan 2016

Informed Consent As Compelled Professional Speech: Fictions, Facts, And Open Questions, Nadia N. Sawicki

Washington University Journal of Law & Policy

This article explores the relationship between a physician’s First Amendment right to free speech and state informed consent mandates. Sawicki details the convoluted jurisprudence surrounding consent mandates, focusing on one-sided and controversial subject matter that many states require physicians to disclose. Sawicki then offers a legal framework for how a physician-challenged consent mandate may pass through the court system based on existing Supreme Court jurisprudence.


Can Shared Decision-Making Reduce Medical Malpractice Litigation? A Systematic Review, Marie-Anne Durand, Benjamin Moulton, Elizabeth Cockle, Mala Mann, Glyn Elwyn Apr 2015

Can Shared Decision-Making Reduce Medical Malpractice Litigation? A Systematic Review, Marie-Anne Durand, Benjamin Moulton, Elizabeth Cockle, Mala Mann, Glyn Elwyn

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

Background: To explore the likely influence and impact of shared decision-making on medical malpractice litigation and patients’ intentions to initiate litigation.

Methods: We included all observational, interventional and qualitative studies published in all languages, which assessed the effect or likely influence of shared decision-making or shared decision-making interventions on medical malpractice litigation or on patients ’ intentions to litigate. The following databases were searched from inception until January 2014: CINAHL, Cochrane Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Da tabase of Systematic Reviews, EMBASE, HMIC, Lexis library, MEDLINE, NHS Economic Evaluation Database, Open SIGLE, PsycINFO and Web of Knowledge. We also hand searched ...


The Scramble To Promote Egg Donation Through A More Protective Regulatory Regime, Jacob Radecki Apr 2015

The Scramble To Promote Egg Donation Through A More Protective Regulatory Regime, Jacob Radecki

Chicago-Kent Law Review

Egg “donation” is a burgeoning industry in the United States. Fertility clinics capitalize on financially needy college students by advertising substantial financial benefits; particularly gifted women may receive thousands of dollars for selling their eggs. Rosy advertisements portray a well-paying procedure that also helps bring a child to a loving parent. Yet these descriptions mask significant potential harms. With respect to known problems, hormone regimens may cause ovarian hyper-stimulation syndrome, which in the most severe cases can lead to infertility. In terms of unknown risks, anecdotal evidence suggests that the long-term side effects of egg extraction may include cancer. The ...


Regulating The Placebo Effect In Clinical Practice, Tracey Chan Sep 2014

Regulating The Placebo Effect In Clinical Practice, Tracey Chan

Tracey E Chan

Recent research and ethical analysis have forced a clinical and ethical reappraisal of the utility of placebos in medical practice. The main concern of ethics and law is that using placebos in health care involves deception, which is antithetical to patient autonomy and trust in the physician-patient relationship. This paper reviews the various, more nuanced scientific conceptions of the placebo effect, and evaluates the ethical and legal objections to deploying placebos in clinical practice. It argues that the placebo effect may be legitimately accommodated on the basis that it does not engage the requirement for material or quasi-fiduciary disclosures of ...


Informed Consent, Psychotropic Medications, And A Prescribing Physician's Duty To Disclose Safer Alternative Treatments, Rita F. Barnett May 2014

Informed Consent, Psychotropic Medications, And A Prescribing Physician's Duty To Disclose Safer Alternative Treatments, Rita F. Barnett

Rita Barnett-Rose

The use of psychotropic medication to treat any presumed mental health disorder always involves serious risks of harm. Accordingly, before prescribing psychotropic medication to control the behaviors associated with a presumed mental health disorder, prescribing physicians are required, under various medical ethical guidelines and informed consent laws, to first disclose information regarding available alternative treatment options, and the risks and benefits of such alternative treatment options. Indeed, because psychotropic medications are themselves experimental treatments due to the concededly unknown etiology of most mental health disorders, disclosing safer alternative treatments would seem to be a particularly critical aspect of a prescribing ...


Bring Ulysses To Florida: Proposed Legislative Relief For Mental Health Patients Jan 2014

Bring Ulysses To Florida: Proposed Legislative Relief For Mental Health Patients

Marquette Elder's Advisor

None


A Restatement Of Health Care Law, David Orentlicher Jan 2014

A Restatement Of Health Care Law, David Orentlicher

Scholarly Works

No abstract provided.


Misinformed Consent: Upholding The Constitutionality Of South Dakota's Suicide Advisory In Planned Parenthood Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota V. Rounds, Cailin Harris Mar 2013

Misinformed Consent: Upholding The Constitutionality Of South Dakota's Suicide Advisory In Planned Parenthood Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota V. Rounds, Cailin Harris

Boston College Journal of Law & Social Justice

On July 24, 2012, in Planned Parenthood Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota v. Rounds, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit, sitting en banc, considered the constitutionality of a suicide advisory portion of a South Dakota statute that required informed consent for abortions. The Eight Circuit found the advisory was constitutional because the information disclosures required by the statute were truthful, nonmisleading, and relevant to the patient’s decision to have an abortion. The court relied in part on the Supreme Court’s 2007 decision Gonzales v. Carhart, which held that Congress has the authority to legislate ...


Truman V. Thomas: The Rise Of Informed Refusal, Thomas M. O'Neil Feb 2013

Truman V. Thomas: The Rise Of Informed Refusal, Thomas M. O'Neil

Pepperdine Law Review

Truman v. Thomas addresses the issue of whether or not a physician must inform a patient of the possible consequences of her refusal to submit to a diagnostic test. The California Supreme Court has determined that a physician has such a duty, and the author provides an examination of this decision and a view of previous case law in the area of informed consent. Although increasing the physician's burden of disclosure, the decision can be seen as a continuation of the trend of cases allowing patients more control over the care of their own bodies.


Health Care Decision Making In The Veterans Health Administration: The Legal Significance For Informed Consent And Advance Directives, Liliana Kalogjera Barry Jan 2013

Health Care Decision Making In The Veterans Health Administration: The Legal Significance For Informed Consent And Advance Directives, Liliana Kalogjera Barry

Marquette Elder's Advisor

No abstract provided.


An Uncertain Risk And An Uncertain Future: Assessing The Legal Implications Of Mercury Amalgram Fillings., Mary Ann Chirba-Martin, Carolyn M. Welshhans Apr 2012

An Uncertain Risk And An Uncertain Future: Assessing The Legal Implications Of Mercury Amalgram Fillings., Mary Ann Chirba-Martin, Carolyn M. Welshhans

Mary Ann Chirba

Trying to buy a mercury thermometer at the local pharmacy these days will result in a deluge of information regarding the risks of mercury and the proper disposal protocol for mercury thermometers as hazardous waste. Yet, inquiring about the risks of placing mercury in one’s mouth, in the form of a dental filling, is likely to meet with resounding assurances of safety from the dental profession. While such comforting disclaimers are meant to ease patient concerns, many continue to worry about the safety of dental mercury. This article will begin by describing the many safety concerns that surround the ...


Mixed Messages: The Intersection Of Prenatal Genetic Testing And Abortion, Rachel Rebouché, Karen H. Rothenberg Jan 2012

Mixed Messages: The Intersection Of Prenatal Genetic Testing And Abortion, Rachel Rebouché, Karen H. Rothenberg

Faculty Scholarship

This article, prepared for the 2011 Wiley A. Branton Symposium at Howard Law School, provides a snapshot of how current law and practice generate mixed messages about prenatal genetic testing and abortion. The ability to screen and to test for genetic conditions prenatally is expanding, not only because of technological innovations but also because of increased legal and financial incentives. At the same time that prenatal genetic testing is expanding, abortion – one option pregnant women have after testing – is contracting. Federal and state legislation restricts abortion services, for example, by reducing or prohibiting funding; banning the types or limiting the ...


Adolescent Decision Making: Legal Issues With Respect To Treatment For Substance Misuse And Mental Illness, Richard C. Boldt Jan 2012

Adolescent Decision Making: Legal Issues With Respect To Treatment For Substance Misuse And Mental Illness, Richard C. Boldt

Journal of Health Care Law and Policy

No abstract provided.


Abortion And Informed Consent: How Biased Counseling Laws Mandate Violations Of Medical Ethics, Ian Vandewalker Jan 2012

Abortion And Informed Consent: How Biased Counseling Laws Mandate Violations Of Medical Ethics, Ian Vandewalker

Michigan Journal of Gender & Law

If we slightly change the facts of the story about the discouraging doctor, it becomes a story that happens every day. Abortion patients face attempts to discourage them from terminating their pregnancies like those the imaginary doctor used, as well as others-and state laws mandate these attempts. While the law of every state requires health care professionals to secure the informed consent of the patient before any medical intervention, over half of the states place additional requirements on legally effective informed consent for abortion. These laws sometimes include features that have ethical problems, such as giving patients deceptive information. Unique ...


Revitalizing Informed Consent And Protecting Patient Autonomy: An Appeal To Abandon Objective Causation, Evelyn Tenenbaum Jan 2012

Revitalizing Informed Consent And Protecting Patient Autonomy: An Appeal To Abandon Objective Causation, Evelyn Tenenbaum

Oklahoma Law Review

No abstract provided.


Balancing Privacy, Autonomy, And Scientific Needs In Electronic Health Records Research, Sharona Hoffman, Andy Podgurski Jan 2012

Balancing Privacy, Autonomy, And Scientific Needs In Electronic Health Records Research, Sharona Hoffman, Andy Podgurski

Faculty Publications

The ongoing transition from paper medical files to electronic health records will provide unprecedented amounts of data for biomedical research, with the potential to catalyze significant advances in medical knowledge. But this potential can be fully realized only if the data available to researchers is representative of the patient population as a whole. Thus, allowing individual patients to exclude their health information, in keeping with traditional notions of informed consent, may compromise the research enterprise and the medical benefits it produces.

This Article analyzes the tension between realizing societal benefits from medical research and granting individual preferences for privacy. It ...


New Therapies, Old Problems, Or, A Plea For Neuromodesty, Stephen J. Morse Jan 2012

New Therapies, Old Problems, Or, A Plea For Neuromodesty, Stephen J. Morse

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

This article suggests that investigational deep brain stimulation (DBS) for mental disorders raises few new bioethical issues. Although the scientific basis of the procedure may be both complex and largely unknown, addressing informed consent in such situations is a familiar problem. After reviewing the legal and moral background for investigating DBS and the scientific difficulties DBS faces as a potential treatment for mental disorders, the article focuses on informed consent and makes two primary suggestions. The study of DBS may proceed, but "hyper-disclosure" of the complexities should be required for competent subjects or proper surrogates if the candidate is not ...


Medical Decision Making By And On Behalf Of Adolescents: Reconsidering First Principles, B. Jessie Hill Jan 2012

Medical Decision Making By And On Behalf Of Adolescents: Reconsidering First Principles, B. Jessie Hill

Faculty Publications

The school nurse cannot give your teenage daughter an aspirin for her headache without your permission, but that same daughter can get an abortion without even informing you. Or can she? The obligations on medical personnel providing care to adolescents are famously indeterminate.

Two common-law presumptions have long lurked in the background, but, far from elucidating matters, those presumptions have contributed to the state of confusion. The first presumption is that, absent any special rule, children lack the legal authority to consent to medical treatment on their own. A parallel and corresponding presumption is that parents have a legal entitlement ...


Adolescent Decision Making: Legal Issues With Respect To Treatment For Substance Misuse And Mental Illness, Richard Boldt Dec 2011

Adolescent Decision Making: Legal Issues With Respect To Treatment For Substance Misuse And Mental Illness, Richard Boldt

Richard C. Boldt

No abstract provided.


Medical Malpractice: The Italian Experience, Claudia Dimarzo Dec 2011

Medical Malpractice: The Italian Experience, Claudia Dimarzo

Chicago-Kent Law Review

Beginning with an investigation into the problematic nature of medical liability, the Article overviews the most significant approaches taken by courts and scholars in order to establish whether the physician's position before the patient is comparable with that of either a tortfeasor or a contractor.

Having explained that the most recent approaches in this regard tend toward the recognition of the contractual nature of medical liability, the Author discusses the implications of such a solution, making specific reference to the following issues: 1) the assignment of the burden of proof (along with the distinction between obligations of means and ...


Medical Malpractice In Austria, Bernhard A. Koch Jun 2011

Medical Malpractice In Austria, Bernhard A. Koch

Chicago-Kent Law Review

This article presents the Austrian law governing compensation for medical malpractice in an overview. After a glimpse at the healthcare and social insurance system, the regulatory framework is outlined, with an obvious particular focus on tort and contract law. Apart from the special case where informed consent is lacking, the various elements of a claim that patients may have mirror the general requirements of tort and contract liability in Austria, which is why the brief sketch may also serve to give at least some basic insight into that part of the legal system in general. Furthermore, peculiar approaches in handling ...


Biobanking Newborn Bloodspots For Genetic Research Without Consent, Sandra J. Carnahan Jan 2011

Biobanking Newborn Bloodspots For Genetic Research Without Consent, Sandra J. Carnahan

Journal of Health Care Law and Policy

No abstract provided.