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Articles 1 - 30 of 93

Full-Text Articles in Health Law and Policy

Services And Resources For People Living With Hiv/Aids In The Southcoast Of Massachusetts: “Can’T Get There From Here!”, Jason Potter Burda, Margaret B. Drew, Caitlin M. Stover Jan 2017

Services And Resources For People Living With Hiv/Aids In The Southcoast Of Massachusetts: “Can’T Get There From Here!”, Jason Potter Burda, Margaret B. Drew, Caitlin M. Stover

Faculty Publications

Fall River and New Bedford, two diverse and economically challenged cities in the Southcoast region of Massachusetts, are areas of substantial concern in the effort to reduce HIV incidence and to provide effective services for people living with HIV/AIDS in the Commonwealth. In these two communities, HIV disparately impacts marginalized populations, with particularly high infection and prevalence rates among men who have sex with men and injection drug users in comparison to other Massachusetts localities. This project used community engaged research principles to conduct a community assessment guided by the social determinants of health. The primary goal of this ...


Whose Responsibility Is It To Prep For Safe Sex? Archaic Hiv Criminalization And Modern Medicine, Brigid Bone Jan 2017

Whose Responsibility Is It To Prep For Safe Sex? Archaic Hiv Criminalization And Modern Medicine, Brigid Bone

Washington University Journal of Law & Policy

This Note traces the history of HIV and its impact on the homosexual community, with a focus on criminal statutes that attempted to regulate the actions of individuals with HIV, and how those statutes can be evaluated considering modern advancements against the virus. Bone addresses the state of HIV criminalization bearing in mind medical treatments, such as Highly Effected Antiretroviral Treatment (HAART) and Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP), as well as conviction rates among those who engage in sexual activity while HIV positive. Bone proposes amending current criminalization statutes in a way that would de-stigmatize the conversation that surrounds the virus while ...


International Intellectual Property, Access To Health Care, And Human Rights: South Africa V. United States, Winston Nagan Aug 2015

International Intellectual Property, Access To Health Care, And Human Rights: South Africa V. United States, Winston Nagan

Winston P Nagan

This Article examines the question of access to patented medicines in international law. It analyzes the extent to which international agreements may lawfully limit affordable versions of these medicines that may be available through parallel imports or compulsory licensing procedures. It considers the concept of intellectual property rights from a national and international perspective to determine how these rights must be sensitive to matters of national sovereignty when extraordinary, life-threatening diseases afflict societies in catastrophic ways. This Article suggests that viewing property (including intellectual property) as a human right requires that its scope be delimited and understood in the context ...


Aids: A Legal Epidemic?, Robert S. Burns Jul 2015

Aids: A Legal Epidemic?, Robert S. Burns

Akron Law Review

The purpose of this comment is to provide the legal community with a comprehensive consideration of some of the major legal implications of AIDS. While the knowledge about AIDS at present is limited, it is nonetheless hoped that this comment will serve as a catalyst for other legal writers to consider the myriad legal problems involved with this serious new disease.

This comment will be divided into two major sections. First, the history, effects, and potential causes of AIDS will be explored in an effort to provide a framework for future analysis. Second, the legal implications of AIDS will be ...


The Hybrid Horseman Of The Apocalypse: The Global Aids Pandemic & The North-South Fracas, J.M. Spectar Oct 2014

The Hybrid Horseman Of The Apocalypse: The Global Aids Pandemic & The North-South Fracas, J.M. Spectar

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


African Aids Crisis: Implications From The Rise Of Managed Care In South Africa, J. Christopher Driver Oct 2014

African Aids Crisis: Implications From The Rise Of Managed Care In South Africa, J. Christopher Driver

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Empowering Patients And Strengthening Communities For Real Health Workforce And Funding Targets, Brook Baker Apr 2014

Empowering Patients And Strengthening Communities For Real Health Workforce And Funding Targets, Brook Baker

Brook K. Baker

Setting ambitious targets for expanding the global health workforce and improving the quality, efficiency and equity of service delivery is long overdue. Past density-need estimates suffer from a lack of contextual sensitivity and low ambition. Proposed frameworks for setting new targets have neglected some of the most important lessons that have emerged from the AIDS movement and treatment expansion: that health services must be deployed at the local community level and that patients can and must be empowered to prevent ill health and manage their own care – in short to be partners in their own well-being. Empowered patients and communities ...


Aids, Employment And The Law, American Bar Association; Aids Coordinating Committee Apr 2013

Aids, Employment And The Law, American Bar Association; Aids Coordinating Committee

Journal of the National Association of Administrative Law Judiciary

No abstract provided.


Hiv Reporting In California: By Name Or By Number?, Nicole Kamm Apr 2013

Hiv Reporting In California: By Name Or By Number?, Nicole Kamm

Journal of the National Association of Administrative Law Judiciary

No abstract provided.


Special Populations: Mobilization For Change Apr 2013

Special Populations: Mobilization For Change

Touro Law Review

This Article is based on a transcript of a break-out discussion which took place at An Obvious Truth: Creating an Action Blueprint for a Civil Right to Counsel in New York State, held at Touro Law Center, Central Islip, New York, in March 2008. The discussion was moderated by Karen L. Nicolson, Michael Williams, and Toby Golick.

This Article assesses the needs of various special populations and the possible strategies and solutions to create change through enacting a civil right to counsel. The Article is intended to capture information and viewpoints of the people who participated in the break-out discussion ...


Magic And Hope: Relaxing Trips-Plus Provisions To Promote Access To Affordable Pharmaceuticals, Sean Baird Feb 2013

Magic And Hope: Relaxing Trips-Plus Provisions To Promote Access To Affordable Pharmaceuticals, Sean Baird

Boston College Journal of Law & Social Justice

Competing interests and values collide at the intersection of public health, international trade, and intellectual property. Although highly successful in securing rigid patent protection provisions in the Agreement on Trade Related Aspects on Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS), the United States was dissatisfied with features of the agreement. In response, the United States began to negotiate bilateral free trade agreements which, while compliant with the TRIPS Agreement, include unflinchingly rigid intellectual property provisions. This Note argues that invidious “TRIPS-Plus” provisions in U.S. Free Trade Agreements, which require greater patent protections than the TRIPS Agreement, obstruct access to affordable pharmaceuticals desperately ...


Effectuating Change In The Regulation Of Hiv Vaccines, Scott M. Engstrom Jan 2013

Effectuating Change In The Regulation Of Hiv Vaccines, Scott M. Engstrom

Scott M Engstrom

HIV has been at the forefront in politics, medicine, and law since its discovery in 1981. Over thirty years have passed since the virus began a wave of fear made worse by a sensationalist media. Though much of the uproar has dulled, the lasting effects on the American Psyche have remained as the AIDS death toll has risen. Although the medical community has made significant progress in managing the infection through complex drug cocktails, prevention remains the most effective tool in the fight against AIDS. However, the old aphorism “an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure” has ...


Supreme Court Nixes Requirement For Anti-Prostitution Pledge, Arthur S. Leonard Jan 2013

Supreme Court Nixes Requirement For Anti-Prostitution Pledge, Arthur S. Leonard

Other Publications

No abstract provided.


Suturing A Torn System: How To Reduce Discrimination Against Hiv-Positive Medical Care Workers, Scott M. Engstrom Nov 2012

Suturing A Torn System: How To Reduce Discrimination Against Hiv-Positive Medical Care Workers, Scott M. Engstrom

Scott M Engstrom

Although HIV has qualified as a disability under the Americans with Disabilities Act (“ADA”) ever since the Supreme Court’s 1998 decision in Bragdon v. Abbott, the ADA’s “direct threat” defense has been broadly used and interpreted expansively. Although many sub-categories of individuals with HIV have meritorious legal issues that demand analysis, the complexities of the medical profession coupled with HIV’s stigma have rendered confidentiality and disclosure issues ripe in that field. For the purpose of this note I have grouped together all individuals who provide medical services into a class which I call “Medical Care Workers” or ...


Aids And Quarantine: The Revival Of An Archaic Doctrine, Wendy E. Parmet May 2012

Aids And Quarantine: The Revival Of An Archaic Doctrine, Wendy E. Parmet

Wendy E. Parmet

This Article, written in the early years of the AIDS epidemic, explored the historical evolution of the law of quarantine in an attempt to uncover its development through prior understandings of disease, science, and the relationship between the individual and the state. The Article then took initial steps toward placing the law of quarantine in the context of the then-current legal doctrine and analyzing its applicability to the early stages of the AIDS epidemic.


Aids And Quarantine: The Revival Of An Archaic Doctrine, Wendy E. Parmet May 2012

Aids And Quarantine: The Revival Of An Archaic Doctrine, Wendy E. Parmet

Wendy E. Parmet

This Article, written in the early years of the AIDS epidemic, explored the historical evolution of the law of quarantine in an attempt to uncover its development through prior understandings of disease, science, and the relationship between the individual and the state. The Article then took initial steps toward placing the law of quarantine in the context of the then-current legal doctrine and analyzing its applicability to the early stages of the AIDS epidemic.


Acta - Risks Of Third-Party Enforcement For Access To Medicines, Brook Baker Jan 2012

Acta - Risks Of Third-Party Enforcement For Access To Medicines, Brook Baker

Brook K. Baker

In its current near-final draft form, the Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement [ACTA] being negotiated plurilaterally—and largely secretly—by a self-selected group of countries proposes to allow preliminary and final injunctive relief against third parties (third-party enforcement) to prevent infringement of intellectual property rights and/or to prevent infringing goods from entering into the channels of commerce. There is lingering uncertainty whether the relevant civil enforcement section will apply to the entire range of intellectual property rights or whether patents will be excluded. If patents are excluded, the dangers in ACTA would be reduced but not eliminated—new globalized forms of ...


Manipulating Fate: Medical Innovations, Ethical Implications, Theatrical Illuminations, Karen H. Rothenberg, Lynn W. Bush Jan 2012

Manipulating Fate: Medical Innovations, Ethical Implications, Theatrical Illuminations, Karen H. Rothenberg, Lynn W. Bush

Faculty Scholarship

Transformative innovations in medicine and their ethical complexities create frequent confusion and misinterpretation that color the imagination. Placed in historical context, theatre provides a framework to reflect upon how the ethical, legal, and social implications of emerging technologies evolve over time and how attempts to control fate through medical science have shaped -- and been shaped by -- personal and professional relationships. The drama of these human interactions is powerful and has the potential to generate fear, create hope, transform identity, and inspire empathy -- a vivid source to observe the complex implications of translating research into clinical practice through the lens of ...


Good Intentions, Bad Consequences: How Congress’S Efforts To Eradicate Hiv/Aids Stifle The Speech Of Humanitarian Organizations, Garima Malhotra Jan 2012

Good Intentions, Bad Consequences: How Congress’S Efforts To Eradicate Hiv/Aids Stifle The Speech Of Humanitarian Organizations, Garima Malhotra

Catholic University Law Review

No abstract provided.


Litigating Against An Epidemic: Hiv/Aids And The Promise Of Socioeconomic Rights In South Africa, Nathaniel Bruhn Sep 2011

Litigating Against An Epidemic: Hiv/Aids And The Promise Of Socioeconomic Rights In South Africa, Nathaniel Bruhn

Michigan Journal of Race and Law

With one of the highest incidence rates in the world, the HIV/AIDS epidemic has taken a large toll on South Africa. Despite medical advances that have made the disease more manageable, many South Africans still do not have access to the medicines needed to control the disease. At the same time, the Constitution of South Africa grants individuals far-reaching socioeconomic rights, including the right to access health care. This Comment explores the intersection of the socioeconomic rights and the HIV/AIDS crisis. Although the Constitutional Court has developed a deferential approach to enforcing socioeconomic rights, substantial room remains to ...


Keeping Prevention In The Crosshairs: A Better Hiv Exposure Law For Maryland, Sara Klemm Jan 2010

Keeping Prevention In The Crosshairs: A Better Hiv Exposure Law For Maryland, Sara Klemm

Journal of Health Care Law and Policy

No abstract provided.


Hiv Testing In State Correctional Systems, James Lee Pope Jan 2009

Hiv Testing In State Correctional Systems, James Lee Pope

Journal of Law and Health

In recent years, reports have surfaced that the prevalance of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) within U.S. prison systems is three to five times higher than that of the general population. These reports, combined with the release of new HIV testing guidelines by the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) in 2006, have caused many states to change their laws and policies regarding HIV testing in state correctional facilities. This report briefly discusses some of the issues related to HIV testing within state correctional facilities. This report also discusses the methods of HIV testing currently used ...


President’S Emergency Plan For Aids Relief: Health Development At The Crossroads, Lawrence O. Gostin Dec 2008

President’S Emergency Plan For Aids Relief: Health Development At The Crossroads, Lawrence O. Gostin

O'Neill Institute Papers

The President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) was the largest commitment by any nation to combat a single disease in human history, authorizing up to $15 billion over 5 years. On July 30, 2008, President Bush signed into law the historic reauthorization of PEPFAR, dramatically increasing the financial commitment by authorizing up to $48 billion over 5 years, including $5 billion for Malaria and $4 billion for Tuberculosis. PEPFAR’s global targets are inspiring: treat 3 million people; prevent 12 million new HIV infections, and care for 12 million people, including 5 million orphans and vulnerable children. But ...


Aids And Government: A Plan Of Action, Taunya L. Banks Jun 2008

Aids And Government: A Plan Of Action, Taunya L. Banks

Taunya Lovell Banks

No abstract provided.


The Right To Medical Treatment, Taunya Lovell Banks Jun 2008

The Right To Medical Treatment, Taunya Lovell Banks

Taunya Lovell Banks

No abstract provided.


The Right To Medical Treatment, Taunya Lovell Banks Jun 2008

The Right To Medical Treatment, Taunya Lovell Banks

Taunya Lovell Banks

No abstract provided.


Women And Aids - Racism, Sexism, And Classism, Taunya L. Banks Jun 2008

Women And Aids - Racism, Sexism, And Classism, Taunya L. Banks

Taunya Lovell Banks

No abstract provided.


Aids And Government: A Plan Of Action, Taunya L. Banks Jun 2008

Aids And Government: A Plan Of Action, Taunya L. Banks

Taunya Lovell Banks

No abstract provided.


Abbott, Aids, And The Ada: Why A Per Se Disability Rule For Hiv/Aids Is Both Just And A Must, Scott Thompson Jan 2008

Abbott, Aids, And The Ada: Why A Per Se Disability Rule For Hiv/Aids Is Both Just And A Must, Scott Thompson

Articles

HIV/AIDS should be classified as a per se disability under the Americans with Disablities Act. Such a ruling is justified by the plain language of the act itself, legislative history, administrative regulations, and court precedent. Absent such a ruling, individuals with HIV must demonstrate that they have (1) an mental or physical impairment, (2) that substantially limits (3) a major life activity. While most courts to address the applicability of the ADA to individuals with HIV/AIDS have found that such individuals are disabled because HIV impairs the major life activity of reproduction, such an interpretation leaves open the ...


Global Pharmaceutical Patent Law In Developing Countries- Amending Trips To Promote Access For All, Angela J. Anderson Mar 2006

Global Pharmaceutical Patent Law In Developing Countries- Amending Trips To Promote Access For All, Angela J. Anderson

ExpressO

This comment will analyze the need to amend and revise the current global pharmaceutical patent system under TRIPS to take into account the needs of developing countries and overall public health. This comment will emphasize that the current international trade rules, which although administered by the WTO, are dictated by developed country governments and powerful pharmaceutical companies, and therefore, without reform will further diminish the access of poor people in developing countries to vital medicines. Part II of this comment will provide a general overview of the international trade law governing patents on pharmaceuticals focusing specifically on the development of ...