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2012

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Articles 1 - 30 of 600

Full-Text Articles in Health Law and Policy

Unique Proposals For Limiting Legal Liability And Encouraging Adherence To Ventilator Allocation Guidelines In An Influenza Pandemic, Valerie Gutmann Koch Dec 2012

Unique Proposals For Limiting Legal Liability And Encouraging Adherence To Ventilator Allocation Guidelines In An Influenza Pandemic, Valerie Gutmann Koch

All Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


An Elegy For Greg Ham: Copyright Law, The Kookaburra Case, And Remix Culture, Matthew Rimmer Dec 2012

An Elegy For Greg Ham: Copyright Law, The Kookaburra Case, And Remix Culture, Matthew Rimmer

Matthew Rimmer

The ‘Kookaburra’ case was a tragic and controversial copyright dispute, highlighting the need for copyright law reform by the Australian Parliament. In the Kookaburra case, a copyright action was brought by Larrikin Records against Men at Work’s song ‘Down Under’, alleging copyright infringement of the ‘Kookaburra’ song composed by Marion Sinclair. The dispute raised a host of doctrinal matters. There was disquiet over the length of the copyright term. There were fierce contests as to the copyright ownership of the ‘Kookaburra’ song. The litigation raised questions about copyright infringement and substantiality – particularly in relation to musical works. The ‘Kookaburra ...


23andme Inc.: Patent Law And Lifestyle Genetics, Matthew Rimmer Dec 2012

23andme Inc.: Patent Law And Lifestyle Genetics, Matthew Rimmer

Matthew Rimmer

The venture, 23andMe Inc., raises a host of issues in respect of patent law, policy, and practice in respect of lifestyle genetics and personalised medicine. The company observes: ‘We recognize that the availability of personal genetic information raises important issues at the nexus of ethics, law, and public policy’. 23andMe Inc. has tested the boundaries of patent law, with its patent applications, which cut across information technology, medicine, and biotechnology. The company’s research raises fundamental issues about patentability, especially in light of the litigation in Bilski v. Kappos, Mayo Collaborative Services v. Prometheus Laboratories Inc. and Association for Molecular ...


An Assessment Of The Effects Of Desertification In Yobe State, Nigeria, Jibril Musa Phd Dec 2012

An Assessment Of The Effects Of Desertification In Yobe State, Nigeria, Jibril Musa Phd

Confluence Journal Environmental Studies (CJES), Kogi State University, Nigeria

Desertification is one of the most serious environmental and socio-economic problems of our time. Desertification describes circumstances of land degradation in arid, semi-arid and dry sub-humid regions resulting from the climatic variation and human activities. The fundamental goal of this thesis was to assess the effects of desertification in Yobe State, Nigeria. The present threat of desertification in the sahel has reached an alarming stage where crops cultivation and animal rearing/grazing are no more productive, soil has lost its nutrient/fertility, various infrastructure had given way because of windstorm from the neighbouring Niger Republic and sand dunes had taken ...


Using Remote Sensing Data To Improve Rice Production In Kutigi, Niger State, Nigeria, Jibril Musa Phd, M B. Yunusa Dec 2012

Using Remote Sensing Data To Improve Rice Production In Kutigi, Niger State, Nigeria, Jibril Musa Phd, M B. Yunusa

Confluence Journal Environmental Studies (CJES), Kogi State University, Nigeria

This research work looked in the used of Remote Sensing to improve Agricultural production in Kutigi, Niger State. The aim of the study is to use remote sensing to improve rice farming activities in Kutigi, Niger State. It is very important to identify such methods to improve Agricultural production because experts are always interested in new researches and findings to better the standard of living in any environment. In view of this, Remotely-sensed data could be used or employed to elevate most of these agricultural problems in Kutigi through the following objectives: Using Landsat imagery to assess the present landuse ...


Changes In Latitudes, Changes In Attitudes: Fqhcs And Community Clinics In A Reformed Health Care Market, Jessamyn Taylor Dec 2012

Changes In Latitudes, Changes In Attitudes: Fqhcs And Community Clinics In A Reformed Health Care Market, Jessamyn Taylor

National Health Policy Forum

The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 and the Supreme Court’s related decision have significantly shifted the health care landscape for safety net providers. Federally qualified health centers (FQHCs) are a mainstay of primary care for the uninsured and those with limited access to care. This paper focuses on the impact of health reform on FQHCs given the significant federal investment in them through grants, Medicaid, and Medicare reimbursement. Where noteworthy, the effect on non-FQHC community clinics is also discussed. The implications of Medicaid coverage expansions (or lack thereof in states that choose not to expand), Medicaid ...


Challenges In Teaching Legal Analysis: When Courts & Facts Collide: Scotus, Obamacare’S Individual Mandate, & “Facts”, Mary Ann Chirba Dec 2012

Challenges In Teaching Legal Analysis: When Courts & Facts Collide: Scotus, Obamacare’S Individual Mandate, & “Facts”, Mary Ann Chirba

Mary Ann Chirba

No abstract provided.


Appellate Division, Fourth Department - In Re Heckl, Michael Prisco Dec 2012

Appellate Division, Fourth Department - In Re Heckl, Michael Prisco

Touro Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Regulatory Challenges Of International Transplant Medicine: Developments In Singapore, Tracey E. Chan Dec 2012

The Regulatory Challenges Of International Transplant Medicine: Developments In Singapore, Tracey E. Chan

Tracey E Chan

Transplant tourism is spurred by the global shortage of organs and the potential for regulatory arbitrage in purchasing an organ in jurisdictions that do not prohibit sale or lack effective regulatory mechanisms to enforce prohibition. Various nations once identified as transplant tourism hotspots have since enacted legislation prohibiting organ sales and emplaced regulatory oversight. However, concerns persist that the legitimisation of altruistic unrelated living donor transplants conceals underlying commercialism and unethical practices. These concerns are heightened when transplant candidates travel across borders in search of international transplant medicine. This article examines the regulatory challenges associated with differentiating international transplant medicine ...


Moving Towards Autonomy And Equality: An Analysis Of The New Mental Health Care Bill 2012, Dharmendra Chatur, Jayna Kothari Dec 2012

Moving Towards Autonomy And Equality: An Analysis Of The New Mental Health Care Bill 2012, Dharmendra Chatur, Jayna Kothari

Dharmendra Chatur

The new Mental Health Care Bill 2012 marks a complete shift from the existing Mental Health Act 1987 from viewing persons with mental disabilities as persons requiring institutionalisation, to persons with autonomy, equal recognition of their rights and full legal capacity. This shift has been in view of India’s ratification of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2006 (“UNCRPD”). In this paper, we analyse the provisions of the Bill specifically in the context of the changes in mental health care law that it proposes, keeping in mind the rights to autonomy and equality of persons ...


Funding Health-Related Vr Services: The Potential Impact Of The Affordable Care Act On The Use Of Private Health Insurance And Medicaid To Pay For Health-Related Vr Services, Robert Silverstein Dec 2012

Funding Health-Related Vr Services: The Potential Impact Of The Affordable Care Act On The Use Of Private Health Insurance And Medicaid To Pay For Health-Related Vr Services, Robert Silverstein

All Institute for Community Inclusion Publications

One of the myriad of issues affecting the administration of the vocational rehabilitation (VR) program by State VR agencies under Title I of the Rehabilitation Act is how to maximize access to and use of all available funding sources to pay for VR services and supports for VR applicants and clients. In March 2010, Congress passed and the President signed into law the "Affordable Care Act" (ACA). 1 On June 28, 2012, the United States Supreme Court upheld all of the provisions of the ACA, with the exception of provisions mandating Medicaid expansion. The Supreme Court held that if a ...


Hope Or Hype?: Why The Affordable Care Act's New External Review Rules For Denied Erisa Healthcare Claims Need More Reform, Katherine T. Vukadin Dec 2012

Hope Or Hype?: Why The Affordable Care Act's New External Review Rules For Denied Erisa Healthcare Claims Need More Reform, Katherine T. Vukadin

Buffalo Law Review

No abstract provided.


Massachusetts Implements Municipal Health Insurance Reform, Karen Breda Dec 2012

Massachusetts Implements Municipal Health Insurance Reform, Karen Breda

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

In July, 2011, Massachusetts enacted a municipal health insurance reform law. In Massachusetts each city and town negotiates and contracts for health benefits separately, while state employees are insured through the state Group Insurance Commission. Facing exorbitant health care costs and decreased revenues, some municipalities had resorted to laying off employees and diverting funds earmarked for public services in order to pay for health benefits. The purpose of the legislation is to provide municipalities with the tools to effectively manage escalating health care costs.


The Right To Refuse Life Sustaining Medical Treatment And The Noncompetent Nonterminally Ill Patient: An Analysis Of Abridgment And Anarchy, Elizabeth Helene Adamson Nov 2012

The Right To Refuse Life Sustaining Medical Treatment And The Noncompetent Nonterminally Ill Patient: An Analysis Of Abridgment And Anarchy, Elizabeth Helene Adamson

Pepperdine Law Review

No abstract provided.


Panelist, Adult Adipose Stem Cell Therapies: Advances And Challenges, Mary Ann Chirba Nov 2012

Panelist, Adult Adipose Stem Cell Therapies: Advances And Challenges, Mary Ann Chirba

Mary Ann Chirba

No abstract provided.


Beyond Abortion: Human Genetics And The New Eugenics, John R. Harding Jr. Nov 2012

Beyond Abortion: Human Genetics And The New Eugenics, John R. Harding Jr.

Pepperdine Law Review

No abstract provided.


Medical Evidence In Cases Of Intrauterine Drug And Alcohol Exposure , Judith Larsen, Robert M. Horowitz, Ira J. Chasnoff Nov 2012

Medical Evidence In Cases Of Intrauterine Drug And Alcohol Exposure , Judith Larsen, Robert M. Horowitz, Ira J. Chasnoff

Pepperdine Law Review

No abstract provided.


Commonhealth: Mass. A National Leader In Overdose Prevention, Leo Beletsky, Alexander Walley Nov 2012

Commonhealth: Mass. A National Leader In Overdose Prevention, Leo Beletsky, Alexander Walley

Leo Beletsky

In this interview on Radio Boston, Leo Beletsky and Alexander Walley discuss their viewpoint piece, “Prevention of Fatal Opioid Overdose,” which appeared in the Nov. 14, 2012 issue of the Journal of the Medical American Association.


Suturing A Torn System: How To Reduce Discrimination Against Hiv-Positive Medical Care Workers, Scott M. Engstrom Nov 2012

Suturing A Torn System: How To Reduce Discrimination Against Hiv-Positive Medical Care Workers, Scott M. Engstrom

Scott M Engstrom

Although HIV has qualified as a disability under the Americans with Disabilities Act (“ADA”) ever since the Supreme Court’s 1998 decision in Bragdon v. Abbott, the ADA’s “direct threat” defense has been broadly used and interpreted expansively. Although many sub-categories of individuals with HIV have meritorious legal issues that demand analysis, the complexities of the medical profession coupled with HIV’s stigma have rendered confidentiality and disclosure issues ripe in that field. For the purpose of this note I have grouped together all individuals who provide medical services into a class which I call “Medical Care Workers” or ...


Missing After Mensing: A Remedy For Generic Drug Consumers, Allison Stoddart Nov 2012

Missing After Mensing: A Remedy For Generic Drug Consumers, Allison Stoddart

Boston College Law Review

The U.S. Supreme Court’s 2011 decision in PLIVA v. Mensing left consumers of generic drugs without a remedy for failure-to-warn claims. The Court held that FDA regulations made it impossible for a generic drug manufacturer unilaterally to enhance its warning label. Because of this impossibility, the Court held that the FDA regulations preempt state failure-to-warn claims. The FDA regulations do not, however, preempt brand name drug consumers’ claims against brand name drug manufacturers. Accordingly, consumers stand in starkly different positions depending on whether they consumed a brand name or a generic drug. This Note argues that the FDA ...


Ergonomic Practices Within Patient Care Units Are Associated With Musculoskeletal Pain And Limitations, Jack Denerlein, Karen Hopcia, Christopher Kenwood, Anne Stoddard, T. Tveito, Dean Hashimoto, Glorian Sorenson Nov 2012

Ergonomic Practices Within Patient Care Units Are Associated With Musculoskeletal Pain And Limitations, Jack Denerlein, Karen Hopcia, Christopher Kenwood, Anne Stoddard, T. Tveito, Dean Hashimoto, Glorian Sorenson

Dean M. Hashimoto

Background

With the high prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) for patient care unit workers, prevention efforts through ergonomic practices within units may be related to symptoms associated with typical work-related MSDs.

Methods

We completed a cross-sectional survey of patient care workers (n = 1,572) in two large academic hospitals in order to evaluate relationships between self-reported musculoskeletal pain, work interference due to this pain, and limitations during activities of daily living (functional limitations) and with ergonomic practices and other organizational policy and practices metrics within the unit. Bivariate and multiple logistic regression analyses tested the significance of these associations.

Results ...


The Power To Block The Affordable Care Act: What Are The Limits?, John D. Kraemer, Lawrence O. Gostin Nov 2012

The Power To Block The Affordable Care Act: What Are The Limits?, John D. Kraemer, Lawrence O. Gostin

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

Though Supreme Court upheld most parts of the Affordable Care Act (ACA), Congress’ goals in enacting it could still be frustrated by non-implementation. During his campaign for president, Governor Romney promised “to issue Obamacare waivers to all fifty states.” While such blanket waivers would likely violate the Constitution’s Take Care Clause, the ACA does permit other waivers. To be lawful, however, they must meet certain requirements designed to enhance access and lower cost. A president who opposes the ACA might be able to limit its implementation by refusing to issue premium subsidies in federally operated insurance exchanges, and this ...


Reining In Abuses Of Executive Power Through Substantive Due Process, Rosalie Berger Nov 2012

Reining In Abuses Of Executive Power Through Substantive Due Process, Rosalie Berger

Florida Law Review

Although substantive due process is one of the most confusing and controversial areas of constitutional law, it is well established that the Due Process Clause includes a substantive component that “bars certain arbitrary wrongful government actions ‘regardless of the fairness of the procedures used to implement them.’” The Court has recognized substantive due process limitations on law-enforcement personnel, publicschool officials, government employers, and those who render decisions that affect our property rights. Government officials who act with intent to harm or with deliberate indifference to our rights have been found to engage in conduct that “shocks the judicial conscience” contrary ...


Panelist, Stop The Pipeline To Prison: Create Educational Opportunities, Jobs And Wealth, Francine Sherman Nov 2012

Panelist, Stop The Pipeline To Prison: Create Educational Opportunities, Jobs And Wealth, Francine Sherman

Francine T. Sherman

No abstract provided.


The Evolving Relationships Between Hospital, Physician And Patient In Modern American Healthcare, Craig B. Garner, David Mccabe Nov 2012

The Evolving Relationships Between Hospital, Physician And Patient In Modern American Healthcare, Craig B. Garner, David Mccabe

Craig B. Garner

This article investigates the ways in which the relationships between patient, provider and hospital have evolved in the past fifty years, while paying special attention to the influence of modern health care reform on all parties involved. Using Medicare as the primary standard, the nation’s health care system is examined both historically and in light of recent changes that seek to transition its structure from one that is cost based to an approach that emphasizes performance. It is only through understanding the roots of our health care program that we can make informed decisions designed to improve its future ...


Emergency Preparedness And Public Health: The Lessons Of Hurricane Sandy, Tia Powell, Dan Hanfling, Lawrence O. Gostin Nov 2012

Emergency Preparedness And Public Health: The Lessons Of Hurricane Sandy, Tia Powell, Dan Hanfling, Lawrence O. Gostin

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

When Hurricane Sandy hit downtown Manhattan, three neighboring hospitals each made different decisions about when to evacuate. Across the metro region, more than five hospitals and over 20 nursing and assisted living facilities were evacuated, making this the central public health challenge of this calamitous event. It is a familiar story—a super storm comes ashore, infrastructure is overwhelmed, and healthcare facilities evacuate patients, with major delays in returning to normal functioning. Afterwards, policy makers evaluate lessons learned for the next disaster, but similar missteps are often repeated.

Although not identical, it is instructive to compare Hurricane Katrina with the ...


Remissvar: Psykiatrin Och Lagen – Tvångsvård, Straffansvar Och Samhällsskydd (Sou 2012:17), Titti Mattsson, Ulrika Andersson, Sverker Jönsson, Anna Nilsson Nov 2012

Remissvar: Psykiatrin Och Lagen – Tvångsvård, Straffansvar Och Samhällsskydd (Sou 2012:17), Titti Mattsson, Ulrika Andersson, Sverker Jönsson, Anna Nilsson

Anna Nilsson

Psykiatrilagsutredningens betänkande behandlar grundläggande frågor om vård, tvång, och straffrättslig ansvarsförmåga. Det handlar bl.a. om vem som kan samtycka till vård och behandling, när samhället kan tillgripa tvång för att förhindra någon från att skada sig själv eller annan. Det handlar också om vem som ska anses har förmåga att bära straffrättsligt ansvar för sina handlingar och de rättsliga följderna av (o)tillräknelighet. Samtliga är angelägna frågeställningar. En negativ konsekvens av att centrala straffrättsliga frågor behandlas i relation till personer med psykiska funktionsnedsättningar är emellertid att perspektivet blir alltför snävt i ett socialrättsligt perspektiv. Det saknas principiella överväganden om ...


Prevention Of Fatal Opioid Overdose, Leo Beletsky Nov 2012

Prevention Of Fatal Opioid Overdose, Leo Beletsky

Leo Beletsky

Opioid overdose is a burgeoning public health crisis, accounting for at least 16,000 deaths annually in the United States. Opioid overdose occurs across sex, ethnic, age, and geographic strata and involves both medical and nonmedical opioid use. To date, federal government response has focused primarily on monitoring and securing the drug supply. This Viewpoint suggests various steps necessary to support a more comprehensive approach.


The Policy Against Federal Funding For Abortions Extends Into The Realm Of Free Speech After Rust V. Sullivan, Loye M. Barton Nov 2012

The Policy Against Federal Funding For Abortions Extends Into The Realm Of Free Speech After Rust V. Sullivan, Loye M. Barton

Pepperdine Law Review

No abstract provided.


Vaccines And The Law, Michael Sanzo Ph.D. Nov 2012

Vaccines And The Law, Michael Sanzo Ph.D.

Pepperdine Law Review

The last twenty years have seen a sea-change in the area of proving causation in the toxic tort setting, with courts demanding stronger, scientifically tested evidence. At the same time, a closely related debate has been raging about separating cause from coincidence under the National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act compensation program for injuries that might have been the result of vaccinations. The Vaccine Act created a no-fault compensation fund financed by a tax on childhood vaccines to address harms resulting from those vaccines. Unfortunately, Congress gave little direction with regard to the level of causal certainty that would be required ...