Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Health Law and Policy Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2005

Discipline
Institution
Keyword
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 278

Full-Text Articles in Health Law and Policy

Fédéralisme Et Dialogue Sur L'Égalité: Une Comparaison Des Droits Des Etats-Unis Et De L'Union Européenne, Charles Baron, Sophie Robin-Olivier Aug 2013

Fédéralisme Et Dialogue Sur L'Égalité: Une Comparaison Des Droits Des Etats-Unis Et De L'Union Européenne, Charles Baron, Sophie Robin-Olivier

Charles H. Baron

No abstract provided.


Qalys And Policy Evaluation: A New Perspective, Matthew D. Adler Dec 2005

Qalys And Policy Evaluation: A New Perspective, Matthew D. Adler

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

“QALYs” (Quality-Adjusted Life Years) are a metric for health and longevity very widely employed by health researchers. Surveys are used to assign health states a quality ranking on zero-one scale, with zero representing a health state no better than death and one perfect health. The total QALY value of a health profile is calculated as the time spent in its component health states, each weighted by its quality. Until a few years ago, despite the huge academic literature on QALY measurement, this approach was seldom used by policymakers in the U.S. But there have been recent signs of governmental ...


Dimensions Of Equality In Regulating Assisted Reproductive Technologies, Mary Crossley Dec 2005

Dimensions Of Equality In Regulating Assisted Reproductive Technologies, Mary Crossley

University of Pittsburgh School of Law Working Paper Series

Although concerns about individual liberty and the nature and extent of reproductive freedom have tended to dominate discussions regarding the proliferation of and access to reproductive technologies, questions about the implications of assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs) for equality have also arisen. Despite the high number of invocations of equality in the literature regarding ARTs, to date little effort has been made to comprehensively examine the implications of ARTs for equality. This short Article seeks to highlight the variety of equality issues that ARTs present and to develop a framework for classifying different types of equality issues. Specifically, I suggest that ...


Discrimination Against The Unhealthy In Health Insurance, Mary Crossley Dec 2005

Discrimination Against The Unhealthy In Health Insurance, Mary Crossley

University of Pittsburgh School of Law Working Paper Series

As employers seek to contain their health care costs and politicians create coverage mechanisms to promote individual empowerment, people with health problems increasingly are forced to shoulder the load of their own medical costs. The trend towards consumerism in health coverage shifts not simply costs, but also insurance risk, to individual insureds, and the results may be particularly dire for people in poor health. This Article describes a growing body of research showing that unhealthy people can be expected disproportionately to pay the price for consumerism, not only in dollars, but in preventable disease and disability as well. In short ...


Attack Of The Clones: Legislative Approaches To Human Cloning In The United States, Adrienne N. Cash Dec 2005

Attack Of The Clones: Legislative Approaches To Human Cloning In The United States, Adrienne N. Cash

Duke Law & Technology Review

The legal concerns involving the application of cloning technology to humans should be of utmost concern, as the area is extremely complex. Cloning could potentially have great benefits or disastrous effects. Lawmakers have been careful to make certain that the legislation passed is comprehensive and useful for regulation of the ever-changing field of cloning. From debates on whether reproductive or therapeutic cloning should be permitted or banned, to concerns as to who has jurisdiction over cloning, the battle to develop cloning legislation has been difficult. However, this iBrief argues that the currently-proposed federal legislation is constitutional.


Redesigning Practice To Improve Care Delivery (Boston), Laura A. Dummit, Lisa Sprague Dec 2005

Redesigning Practice To Improve Care Delivery (Boston), Laura A. Dummit, Lisa Sprague

National Health Policy Forum

This site visit focused on how the practice of medicine is changing or can be changed to improve care delivery across the spectrum of patient populations. Regarded as a “medical Mecca,” Boston is home to the academic health centers and teaching hospitals where many of the nation’s physicians are trained. As a center of innovation, Boston prides itself on its high bar with respect to standards of care. Panels addressed the used of clinical information technology (IT) in the physician’s office, in the hospital, and community-wide. Participants observed how IT is being used to further the mission of ...


Reinvigorating First Year Criminal Law: Integrating Mental Disability Issues Into The Criminal Law Course, Linda C. Fentiman Dec 2005

Reinvigorating First Year Criminal Law: Integrating Mental Disability Issues Into The Criminal Law Course, Linda C. Fentiman

ExpressO

This article explores how mental disability issues can be incorporated into a traditional criminal law class, in order to enrich student understanding of both mental disability law and criminal law doctrine. The intersection of mental disability with the doctrinal aspects of criminal law can be broken into five major categories: 1) the justifications for punishment; 2) the definition of crime in general, e.g., the requirements of a voluntary act, mens rea, and causation; 3) the definition of particular crimes, such as murder, manslaughter, rape, and burglary; 4) defenses to crime, including mistake of law and of fact, as well ...


Tobacco Regulation Review, V. 4, No. 2, Dec. 2005 Dec 2005

Tobacco Regulation Review, V. 4, No. 2, Dec. 2005

Tobacco Regulation Review

No abstract provided.


Familiar Battles For Bioethics: Facing Off Over Transplantation, Paul A. Lombardo Dec 2005

Familiar Battles For Bioethics: Facing Off Over Transplantation, Paul A. Lombardo

Faculty Publications By Year

No abstract provided.


Public Health And The Law: Responding To Terrorism And Other Public Health Emergencies In New York, Mark R. Shulman Nov 2005

Public Health And The Law: Responding To Terrorism And Other Public Health Emergencies In New York, Mark R. Shulman

Pace Law Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Medicare Advantage Snps: A New Opportunity For Integrated Care?, Christie Provost Peters Nov 2005

Medicare Advantage Snps: A New Opportunity For Integrated Care?, Christie Provost Peters

National Health Policy Forum

Medicare Advantage special needs plans (SNPs) are a new type of coordinated care plan established by the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement and Modernization Act. SNPs were created to encourage greater access to Medicare managed care for certain special needs populations: the institutionalized, persons dually eligible for Medicare and Medicaid, and the chronically ill. Some view SNPs as a new opportunity to integrate acute and long-term care services as well as Medicare and Medicaid financing. Others, however, question the degree to which full integration will become a widespread reality. This issue brief examines the SNP option and the promises and challenges ...


Taking The Stand: The Lessons Of The Three Men Who Took The Japanese American Internment To Court, Lorraine K. Bannai Nov 2005

Taking The Stand: The Lessons Of The Three Men Who Took The Japanese American Internment To Court, Lorraine K. Bannai

Seattle Journal for Social Justice

No abstract provided.


Health Courts: Panacea Or Palliative?, Carl W. Tobias Nov 2005

Health Courts: Panacea Or Palliative?, Carl W. Tobias

University of Richmond Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Epidemiology Of U.S. Immunization Law: Translating Cdc Immunization Guidelines Into Practice: State Laws Related To The Use Of Standing Orders Covering Immunization Practice, Alexandra M. Stewart, Marisa A. Cox, Sara J. Rosenbaum Nov 2005

The Epidemiology Of U.S. Immunization Law: Translating Cdc Immunization Guidelines Into Practice: State Laws Related To The Use Of Standing Orders Covering Immunization Practice, Alexandra M. Stewart, Marisa A. Cox, Sara J. Rosenbaum

Health Policy and Management Faculty Publications

This pilot study examines how five states -- Georgia, Massachusetts, New York, Oregon, and Texas – approach the legal question of delegation of medical practice powers in an immunization practice context.


The Custody Battle Over Cryogenically Preserved Embryos After Divorce: Advocating For Infertile Women’S Rights, Cori S. Annapolen Oct 2005

The Custody Battle Over Cryogenically Preserved Embryos After Divorce: Advocating For Infertile Women’S Rights, Cori S. Annapolen

ExpressO

This paper focuses on the struggles that infertile women face to achieve motherhood because their rights are underrepresented in the American court system. It specifically centers on how the process of in vitro fertilization (IVF) helps infertile women conceive children, but then details the problems that increasing technology now causes for these women after they freeze embryos and then divorce. Because the courts of only four states have determined who gets custody of these embryos after a divorce, and because the divorce rate and the number of couples utilizing IVF are increasing, future states will likely be forced to answer ...


When The Public Does Not Have A Right To Know: How The California Public Records Act Is Deterring Bioscience Research And Development, Nader Mousavi, Matthew J. Kleiman Oct 2005

When The Public Does Not Have A Right To Know: How The California Public Records Act Is Deterring Bioscience Research And Development, Nader Mousavi, Matthew J. Kleiman

Duke Law & Technology Review

Many bioscience firms collaborate with public research universities to conduct innovative research through sponsored research agreements. Companies sponsoring this research usually require strict confidentiality from their academic partners in order to protect sensitive information that, if revealed, could put them at a competitive disadvantage and threaten their ability to obtain future patents. Yet, ambiguous disclosure requirements in the California Public Records Act preclude California's public research universities from guaranteeing that proprietary information provided in connection with sponsored research agreements will remain confidential. Entering into such agreements with public universities in California is therefore a risky proposition for the sponsors ...


The Role Of The Federal Government In Response To Catastrophic Health Emergencies: Lessons Learned From Hurricane Katrina, Michael Greenberger Oct 2005

The Role Of The Federal Government In Response To Catastrophic Health Emergencies: Lessons Learned From Hurricane Katrina, Michael Greenberger

Faculty Scholarship

In much of the recent thought devoted to the role of states in responding to catastrophic public health emergencies, as most clearly evidenced by the commentary surrounding the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention- sponsored Model State Emergency Health Powers Act (Model Act), there is a focus on state governments being viewed as the exclusive controlling governmental agent supervising the governmental response. Much of that thinking is premised on a view of limitations placed on Congress’ power to act in public health emergencies emanating from Commerce Clause restrictions in the Supreme Court decisions of U.S. v. Lopez, 514 U ...


When Should Judges Admit Or Compel Genetic Tests?, Diane E. Hoffmann, Karen H. Rothenberg Oct 2005

When Should Judges Admit Or Compel Genetic Tests?, Diane E. Hoffmann, Karen H. Rothenberg

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Deadly Discounts: How Reimportation Jeopardizes The Safety Of The U.S. Pharmaceutical Drug Supply Under The Federal Trade Commission Amendment, Nicole C. Bates Oct 2005

Deadly Discounts: How Reimportation Jeopardizes The Safety Of The U.S. Pharmaceutical Drug Supply Under The Federal Trade Commission Amendment, Nicole C. Bates

ExpressO

The amendment to a Federal Trade Commission (FTC) reauthorization bill, previously introduced as Senate Bill 334 (S.334) Pharmaceutical Market Access and Drug Safety Act of 2005 allows for the reimportation of prescription drugs into the United States from approximately 25 countries, including Canada via Internet pharmacies. There are no guarantees that the internet websites advertising as Canadian pharmacies are legitimate. The shipping of pharmaceutical drugs occurs through importation, which refers to drugs produced abroad then later shipped to the U.S., or re-importation, a term applied when drugs are produced in the U.S. and exported for sale to ...


The Residency Match: Competitive Restraints In An Imperfect World, Kristin Madison Oct 2005

The Residency Match: Competitive Restraints In An Imperfect World, Kristin Madison

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

Several years ago physicians filed a lawsuit alleging that “the match,” the more than fifty-year-old system by which medical students and other applicants are assigned to medical residency programs, violates Section 1 of the Sherman Act. Last year, without hearings or substantive debate on the issue, Congress found that the match was “highly efficient” and “pro-competitive” and granted a retroactive antitrust exemption for its operation. These seemingly incompatible views invite further analysis of the merits of the residency match from the perspective of public policy. This article considers the arguments of match advocates and critics, evaluating both theoretical models and ...


Drugs, Aids And Reproductive Choice: Maternal-State Conflict Continues Into The Millennium, Cheryl E. Amana Oct 2005

Drugs, Aids And Reproductive Choice: Maternal-State Conflict Continues Into The Millennium, Cheryl E. Amana

North Carolina Central Law Review

No abstract provided.


Mid-Atlantic Ethics Committee Newsletter, Fall 2005-Winter 2006 Oct 2005

Mid-Atlantic Ethics Committee Newsletter, Fall 2005-Winter 2006

Mid-Atlantic Ethics Committee Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Pediatric Use Of Complementary Therapies: Ethical And Policy Choices, Dean M. Hashimoto, Michael H. Cohen, Kathi J. Kemper, Laura Stevens, Joan Gilmour Oct 2005

Pediatric Use Of Complementary Therapies: Ethical And Policy Choices, Dean M. Hashimoto, Michael H. Cohen, Kathi J. Kemper, Laura Stevens, Joan Gilmour

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

Objective: Many pediatricians and parents are beginning to integrate use of complementary and alternative medical (CAM) therapies with conventional care. This article addresses ethical and policy issues involving parental choices of CAM therapies for their children.

Methods: We conducted a literature search to assess existing law involving parental choice of CAM therapies for their children. We also selected a convenience sample of 18 states of varying sizes and geographic locations. In each state, we inquired within the Department of Health and Human Services whether staff were aware of (1) any internal policies concerning these issues or (2) any cases in ...


Pediatric Use Of Complementary Therapies: Ethical And Policy Choices, Dean M. Hashimoto, Michael H. Cohen, Kathi J. Kemper, Laura Stevens, Joan Gilmour Sep 2005

Pediatric Use Of Complementary Therapies: Ethical And Policy Choices, Dean M. Hashimoto, Michael H. Cohen, Kathi J. Kemper, Laura Stevens, Joan Gilmour

Dean M. Hashimoto

Objective: Many pediatricians and parents are beginning to integrate use of complementary and alternative medical (CAM) therapies with conventional care. This article addresses ethical and policy issues involving parental choices of CAM therapies for their children.

Methods: We conducted a literature search to assess existing law involving parental choice of CAM therapies for their children. We also selected a convenience sample of 18 states of varying sizes and geographic locations. In each state, we inquired within the Department of Health and Human Services whether staff were aware of (1) any internal policies concerning these issues or (2) any cases in ...


Blame Canada (And The Rest Of The World): The Twenty-Year War On Imported Prescription Drugs, Daniel L. Pollock Sep 2005

Blame Canada (And The Rest Of The World): The Twenty-Year War On Imported Prescription Drugs, Daniel L. Pollock

ExpressO

Rising budget deficits and sticker shock over the new Medicare drug benefit have put the issue of prescription drug costs back into the spotlight. The growth in the cost of prescription drugs continues to represent a staggering burden for taxpayer-funded health care programs, even while costs of non-drug health care services have slowed or even decreased. Among the many proposals for cutting prescription drug costs, drug importation is unique. Although bipartisan support for drug importation has existed in Congress for over five years, the federal government continues to maintain that a system of safe and effective drug importation is impossible ...


A Report From The Forum Session “Implementing The Medicare Prescription Drug Benefit: Continuing Challenges For States”, Lee Partridge Sep 2005

A Report From The Forum Session “Implementing The Medicare Prescription Drug Benefit: Continuing Challenges For States”, Lee Partridge

National Health Policy Forum

This National Health Policy Forum Meeting Report provides an overview and discussion of a technical session that took place on July 12, 2005. The meeting was designed to re-visit issues discussed at a similar meeting in July 2004, which was intended to offer a state perspective on the implementation of the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act (MMA) of 2003 and the new Medicare prescription drug benefit. This report provides an update on the implementation issues identified in 2004—including outreach, education and enrollment; coordination of care for individuals who are “dually eligible” for Medicare and Medicaid; and the ...


Review Of The Federal Department Of Justice Investigation Of California State Mental Hospitals, Senate Select Committee On Developmental Disabilities And Mental Health Sep 2005

Review Of The Federal Department Of Justice Investigation Of California State Mental Hospitals, Senate Select Committee On Developmental Disabilities And Mental Health

California Senate

Today we are going to be talking about the investigations in our state hospital system by the United States Department of Justice. In both their reviews of the children's and adult programs at Metropolitan State Hospital in Southern Califomia, as well as the more recent review in Napa State Hospital, the Department of Justice found significant and substantial deficiencies in virtually every aspect of patient care. Sadly, this is not the first time such concerns have been raised. And sadly and alarmingly, since the issuance of these reports, problems have continued, including suicides and homicide.

Additionally, as noted in ...


How It Works: Sobriety Sentencing, The Constitution And Alcoholics Anonymous. A Perspective From Aa's Founding Community, Max E. Dehn Sep 2005

How It Works: Sobriety Sentencing, The Constitution And Alcoholics Anonymous. A Perspective From Aa's Founding Community, Max E. Dehn

ExpressO

This paper analyzes the public health as well as constitutional issues that arise when persons are required by courts to participate in 12-step recovery programs.


An Economic Assessment Of Damage Caps In Medical Malpracitce Litigation Imposed By State Laws And The Implications For Federal Policy And Law, Paul Wazzan Sep 2005

An Economic Assessment Of Damage Caps In Medical Malpracitce Litigation Imposed By State Laws And The Implications For Federal Policy And Law, Paul Wazzan

ExpressO

Many states have implemented laws which limit non-economic (e.g., pain and suffering) damages as a result of medical malpractice. These laws are seen by proponents as reducing medical malpractice insurance costs and preserving access to health care – especially for lower income individuals. Opponents believe that individuals are harmed through being prevented from seeking a full measure of redress for medical malpractice incidents, by reducing access to the court system, and that these laws simply enrich insurance companies and doctors.

Federal lawmakers are currently studying the potential effect of uniform medical malpractice damage limits at the national level. It is ...


Project Bioshield, More Than Meets The Eye: A Critique Of The U.S.’S Proposed Silver Bullet For Responding To Bio-Terrorism, Jodi A. Phillipo Sep 2005

Project Bioshield, More Than Meets The Eye: A Critique Of The U.S.’S Proposed Silver Bullet For Responding To Bio-Terrorism, Jodi A. Phillipo

ExpressO

No abstract provided.