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Health Law and Policy Commons

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Washington and Lee University School of Law

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Articles 1 - 30 of 112

Full-Text Articles in Health Law and Policy

The Future Of Physicians’ First Amendment Freedom: Professional Speech In An Era Of Radically Expanded Prenatal Genetic Testing, Wynter K. Miller, Benjamin E. Berkman Jun 2019

The Future Of Physicians’ First Amendment Freedom: Professional Speech In An Era Of Radically Expanded Prenatal Genetic Testing, Wynter K. Miller, Benjamin E. Berkman

Washington and Lee Law Review

This Article explores the First Amendment questions prenatal whole genome sequencing (PWGS) is likely to raise. It argues that most of the foreseeable options for state intervention in conversations between physicians and prospective parents about genetic sequencing should trigger at least heightened scrutiny. Part I provides an overview of the most recent advances in genetic testing. It assesses the ongoing impact of non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) for providers and patients and charts the course from NIPT to PWGS. Part II establishes a foundational background for evaluating First Amendment claims. Part II.A describes the development of First Amendment jurisprudence, focusing ...


Healthtech: How Blockchain Can Simplify Healthcare Compliance, Kathryn M. Bennett Mar 2019

Healthtech: How Blockchain Can Simplify Healthcare Compliance, Kathryn M. Bennett

Washington and Lee Journal of Civil Rights and Social Justice

This Note broadly explores solutions to modern-day accessibility and security problems latent in electronic health records. Specifically, this Note discusses HIPAA and HITECH, the current law in place, and how blockchain technology can be used to fix the accessibility and security problems of current electronic health records. This Note proposes that blockchain technology can help a healthcare industry struggling to adhere to the current rule of law in an era of Big Data. Further, Blockchain technology can help individual consumers, particularly those with significant health issues, obtain the best possible medical care while simultaneously keeping their private and sensitive information ...


The Burden Of A Good Idea: Examining The Impact Of Unfunded Federal Regulatory Mandates On Medicare Participating Hospitals, Rachel J. Suddarth Apr 2018

The Burden Of A Good Idea: Examining The Impact Of Unfunded Federal Regulatory Mandates On Medicare Participating Hospitals, Rachel J. Suddarth

Washington and Lee Journal of Civil Rights and Social Justice

No abstract provided.


Contraception Matters: Rights, Class, And Context, Naomi Cahn Apr 2018

Contraception Matters: Rights, Class, And Context, Naomi Cahn

Washington and Lee Journal of Civil Rights and Social Justice

No abstract provided.


Zika, Feminism, And The Failures Of Health Policy, Johanna Bond Jun 2017

Zika, Feminism, And The Failures Of Health Policy, Johanna Bond

Washington and Lee Law Review Online

The Zika epidemic caused serious concerns about fetal health throughout Latin America and some southern states in the United States. The prevailing governmental response throughout the region continues to emphasize two disease control factors: pregnancy delay and mosquito abatement. This essay argues that the current health policy approach of the World Health Organization, the Centers for Disease Control, and various national governments fails in three primary ways. First, the approach does not adequately consider the intersection of gender and poverty; thus, the current policy fails to respond to the needs of women living in poverty. Second, the health policy response ...


On Health, Law, And Religion, Stacey A. Tovino Jun 2017

On Health, Law, And Religion, Stacey A. Tovino

Washington and Lee Law Review

The Supreme Court recently decided a number of cases involving health, law, and religion, including Whole Woman’s Health v. Hellerstedt, Zubik v. Burwell, and Burwell v. Hobby Lobby Stores, Inc. These cases were important for understanding constitutional undue burden limitations and the boundaries of religious exercise during the Obama Administration. Unfortunately, the Supreme Court’s recent opinions addressing health, law, and religion have little value for many health law professors and most practicing health care attorneys. These individuals, tasked with teaching and applying the thousands of federal and state statutes, regulations, and government guidance documents that address a wide ...


Classification Standards For Health Information: Ethical And Practical Approaches, Craig Konnoth Mar 2016

Classification Standards For Health Information: Ethical And Practical Approaches, Craig Konnoth

Washington and Lee Law Review Online

Secondary health information research requires vast quantities of data in order to make clinical and health delivery breakthroughs. Restrictive policies that limit the use of such information threaten to stymie this research. While the Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) for the new Common Rule permits patients to provide broad consent for the use of their information for research, that policy offers insufficient flexibility. This Article suggests a flexible consenting system that allows patients to consent to a range of privacy risks. The details of the system will be fleshed out in future work.


Selected Issues Concerning The Ethical Use Of Big Data Health Analytics, Lieke Jetten, Stephen Sharon Mar 2016

Selected Issues Concerning The Ethical Use Of Big Data Health Analytics, Lieke Jetten, Stephen Sharon

Washington and Lee Law Review Online

No abstract provided.


A Failure To Rehabilitate: Leaving Disability Insurance Out Of The Mental Health Parity Debate, Christopher R. Wilson Mar 2015

A Failure To Rehabilitate: Leaving Disability Insurance Out Of The Mental Health Parity Debate, Christopher R. Wilson

Washington and Lee Journal of Civil Rights and Social Justice

No abstract provided.


Taking Pedophilia Seriously, Margo Kaplan Jan 2015

Taking Pedophilia Seriously, Margo Kaplan

Washington and Lee Law Review

This Article pushes lawmakers, courts, and scholars to reexamine the concept of pedophilia in favor of a more thoughtful and coherent approach. Legal scholarship lacks a thorough and reasoned analysis of pedophilia. Its failure to carefully consider how the law should conceptualize sexual attraction to children undermines efforts to address the myriad of criminal, public health, and other legal concerns pedophilia raises. The result is an inconsistent mix of laws and policies based on dubious presumptions. These laws also increase risk of sexual abuse by isolating people living with pedophilia from treatment.

The Article makes two central arguments: (1) although ...


Corporate Law After Hobby Lobby, Lyman P. Q. Johnson, David K. Millon Jan 2015

Corporate Law After Hobby Lobby, Lyman P. Q. Johnson, David K. Millon

Scholarly Articles

We evaluate the U.S. Supreme Court’s controversial decision in the Hobby Lobby case from the perspective of state corporate law. We argue that the Court is correct in holding that corporate law does not mandate that business corporations limit themselves to pursuit of profit. Rather, state law allows incorporation for any lawful purpose. We elaborate on this important point and also explain what it means for a corporation to “exercise religion.” In addition, we address the larger implications of the Court’s analysis for an accurate understanding both of state law’s essentially agnostic stance on the question ...


Comment On The Proposed Definition Of “Eligible Organization” For Purposes Of Coverage Of Certain Preventative Services Under The Affordable Care Act, Lyman P. Q. Johnson, David K. Millon, Stephen M. Bainbridge, Ronald J. Colombo, Brett Mcdonnell, Alan J. Meese, Nathan B. Oman Oct 2014

Comment On The Proposed Definition Of “Eligible Organization” For Purposes Of Coverage Of Certain Preventative Services Under The Affordable Care Act, Lyman P. Q. Johnson, David K. Millon, Stephen M. Bainbridge, Ronald J. Colombo, Brett Mcdonnell, Alan J. Meese, Nathan B. Oman

Scholarly Articles

In late August 2014, after suffering a defeat in the Supreme Court Hobby Lobby decision when the Court held that business corporations are “persons” that can “exercise religion,” the Department of Health and Human Services (“HHS”) proposed new rules defining “eligible organizations.” Purportedly designed to accommodate the Hobby Lobby ruling, the proposed rules do not comport with the reasoning of that important decision and they unjustifiably seek to permit only a small group of business corporations to be exempt from providing contraceptive coverage on religious grounds. This comment letter to the HHS about its proposed rules makes several theoretical and ...


I Need A Doctor: A Critique Of Medicare Financing Of Graduate Medical Education, Stacey A. Tovino Sep 2014

I Need A Doctor: A Critique Of Medicare Financing Of Graduate Medical Education, Stacey A. Tovino

Washington and Lee Law Review

In its broadest sense, this Article examines the complex relationship between population booms, doctor shortages, and United States government financing of graduate medical education (GME). More specifically, this Article argues that current rules governing the calculation of Medicare payments to teaching hospitals for the costs of GME are based on cost, population, and other data that are no longer relevant. As applied, these formulas discriminate in favor of the nation’s oldest teaching hospitals, located in New England and the Middle Atlantic, and against current and future teaching hospitals located in growing population centers, especially regions in the South and ...


The Medical Assumption At The Foundation Of Roe V. Wade And Its Implications For Women's Health, Clarke Forsythe Mar 2014

The Medical Assumption At The Foundation Of Roe V. Wade And Its Implications For Women's Health, Clarke Forsythe

Washington and Lee Law Review

No abstract provided.


Emergency Contraceptives Or "Abortion-Inducing" Drugs? Empowering Women To Make Informed Decisions, Ryan M. Hrobak, Robin Fretwell Wilson Mar 2014

Emergency Contraceptives Or "Abortion-Inducing" Drugs? Empowering Women To Make Informed Decisions, Ryan M. Hrobak, Robin Fretwell Wilson

Washington and Lee Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Consequences Of Abortion Restrictions For Women's Healthcare, Maya Manian Mar 2014

The Consequences Of Abortion Restrictions For Women's Healthcare, Maya Manian

Washington and Lee Law Review

No abstract provided.


Beyond Repeal--A Republican Proposal For Healthcare Reform, Timothy Stoltzfus Jost Mar 2014

Beyond Repeal--A Republican Proposal For Healthcare Reform, Timothy Stoltzfus Jost

Scholarly Articles

Not available.


Self-Insurance For Small Employers Under The Affordable Care Act: Federal And State Regulatory Options, Timothy Stoltzfus Jost, Mark A. Hall Jan 2013

Self-Insurance For Small Employers Under The Affordable Care Act: Federal And State Regulatory Options, Timothy Stoltzfus Jost, Mark A. Hall

Scholarly Articles

As implementation of the Affordable Care Act reshapes the US health insurance market, state and federal policy makers should be prepared to revisit regulation of stop-loss coverage — a form of reinsurance — for small businesses. Aspects of the reform law could motivate small businesses to self-insure, rather than participate in state-regulated markets either inside or outside the new health insurance exchanges. If younger or healthier groups self-insure, premiums for insured plans will rise, perhaps to an extent that could seriously impair the regulated market. State or federal lawmakers can influence small businesses to participate in the regulated market by making it ...


The Calculus Of Accommodation: Contraception, Abortion, Same-Sex Marriage, And Other Clashes Between Religion And The State, Robin F. Wilson Oct 2012

The Calculus Of Accommodation: Contraception, Abortion, Same-Sex Marriage, And Other Clashes Between Religion And The State, Robin F. Wilson

Scholarly Articles

This Article considers a burning issue in society today— whether, and under what circumstances, religious groups and individuals should be exempted from the dictates of civil law. The “political maelstrom” over the Obama administration’s sterilization and contraceptive coverage mandate is just one of many clashes between religion and the state. Religious groups and individuals have also sought religious exemptions to the duty to assist with abortions or facilitate samesex marriages. In all these contexts, religious objectors claim a special right of entitlement to follow their religious tenets, in the face of equally compelling claims that religious accommodations threaten access ...


The Supreme Court And The Future Of Medicaid, Timothy Stoltzfus Jost Sep 2012

The Supreme Court And The Future Of Medicaid, Timothy Stoltzfus Jost

Scholarly Articles

Not available.


The Need For Change: Evaluating The Medical Necessity Of Gender Reassignment Through International Standards, Chad Ayers Mar 2012

The Need For Change: Evaluating The Medical Necessity Of Gender Reassignment Through International Standards, Chad Ayers

Washington and Lee Journal of Civil Rights and Social Justice

No abstract provided.


Native American Health Care: Is The Indian Health Care Reauthorization And Improvement Act Of 2009 Enough To Address Persistent Health Problems Within The Native American Community?, Koral E. Fusselman Mar 2012

Native American Health Care: Is The Indian Health Care Reauthorization And Improvement Act Of 2009 Enough To Address Persistent Health Problems Within The Native American Community?, Koral E. Fusselman

Washington and Lee Journal of Civil Rights and Social Justice

No abstract provided.


The Guatemala Std Inoculation Study As The Incentive To Change Modern Informed Consent Standards, Marie Constance Scheperle Mar 2012

The Guatemala Std Inoculation Study As The Incentive To Change Modern Informed Consent Standards, Marie Constance Scheperle

Washington and Lee Journal of Civil Rights and Social Justice

No abstract provided.


Rethinking The New Public Health, Lindsay F. Wiley Jan 2012

Rethinking The New Public Health, Lindsay F. Wiley

Washington and Lee Law Review

This Article contributes to an emerging theoretical debate over the legitimate scope of public health law by linking it to a particular doctrinal debate in public nuisance law. State and local governments have been largely stymied in their efforts to use public nuisance litigation against harmful industries to vindicate collectively-held, common law rights to non-interference with public health and safety. The ways in which this litigation has failed are instructive for a broader movement in public health that is only just beginning to take shape. In response to evolving scientific understanding about the determinants of health, public health advocates are ...


The Real Constitutional Problem With The Affordable Care Act, Timothy Stoltzfus Jost Jan 2011

The Real Constitutional Problem With The Affordable Care Act, Timothy Stoltzfus Jost

Scholarly Articles

Not available.


Loopholes In The Affordable Care Act: Regulatory Gaps And Border Crossing Techniques And How To Address Them, Timothy Stoltzfus Jost Jan 2011

Loopholes In The Affordable Care Act: Regulatory Gaps And Border Crossing Techniques And How To Address Them, Timothy Stoltzfus Jost

Scholarly Articles

Not available.


The Virginia Gardasil Law: A Constitutional Analysis Of Mandated Protection For Schoolchildren Against The Human Papillomavirus, Christina O. Hud Sep 2010

The Virginia Gardasil Law: A Constitutional Analysis Of Mandated Protection For Schoolchildren Against The Human Papillomavirus, Christina O. Hud

Washington and Lee Journal of Civil Rights and Social Justice

No abstract provided.


What Are We-Laborers, Factories, Or Spare Parts? The Tax Treatment Of Transfers Of Human Body Materials, Lisa Milot Jun 2010

What Are We-Laborers, Factories, Or Spare Parts? The Tax Treatment Of Transfers Of Human Body Materials, Lisa Milot

Washington and Lee Law Review

Transfers of human body materials are ubiquitous. From surrogacy arrangements, to sales of eggs, sperm and plasma to clinics, to black markets for kidneys, to pleas for donations of body materials, these transfers are covered and debated daily in popular and academic discourse. The associated philosophical and legal issues have been explored by a wide range of commentators. The appropriate tax treatment of these transactions, however, is mostly unexamined. Current Law is unclear about what the tax consequences of these transfers are. There are no statutory provisions directly on point, Internal Revenue Service guidance is outdated and conflicting, and the ...


Conceiving Plan B: A Proposal To Resolve The Conflict Between Women And Conscientiously Objecting Pharmacists Over Access To Emergency Contraceptives, Joshua T. Shaw Mar 2010

Conceiving Plan B: A Proposal To Resolve The Conflict Between Women And Conscientiously Objecting Pharmacists Over Access To Emergency Contraceptives, Joshua T. Shaw

Washington and Lee Journal of Civil Rights and Social Justice

No abstract provided.


Trimming The Fat: A Study Of Mandatory Nutritional Disclosure Laws And Excessive Judicial Deference, Charles R. Yates, Iii Mar 2010

Trimming The Fat: A Study Of Mandatory Nutritional Disclosure Laws And Excessive Judicial Deference, Charles R. Yates, Iii

Washington and Lee Law Review

No abstract provided.