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Articles 1 - 30 of 169

Full-Text Articles in Health Law and Policy

The Burden Of A Good Idea: Examining The Impact Of Unfunded Federal Regulatory Mandates On Medicare Participating Hospitals, Rachel Juhas Suddarth Jan 2018

The Burden Of A Good Idea: Examining The Impact Of Unfunded Federal Regulatory Mandates On Medicare Participating Hospitals, Rachel Juhas Suddarth

Law Faculty Publications

Health care costs are on the rise. In 1960, the United States spent $9 billion on hospital care. Since then, hospital related spending has grown exponentially. In 2015, the United States spent over $1 trillion on hospital care, with $359.9 billion of those payments coming from the federal Medicare program for the aged and disabled. Researchers have long tried to understand the exact causes of rising health care costs. While many have closely examined the costs associated with population demographics, medical innovation, prescription drug costs, overutilization of services, and fraud or abuse, there is one driving force that does ...


Private Right Of Action Jurisprudence In Healthcare Discrimination Cases, Allison M. Tinsey Jan 2017

Private Right Of Action Jurisprudence In Healthcare Discrimination Cases, Allison M. Tinsey

Law Student Publications

Section 1557 of the Affordable Care Act provides that entities covered by the Act which receive federal funds are prohibited from discriminating on the basis of race, color, national origin, sex, age or disability. But since the provision’s enactment and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ promulgation of a regulation creating a private right of action for alleged discrimination under the Act, courts have disagreed on whether a private right of action exists to enforce Section 1557. This Comment summarizes the courts’ confusion in applying the holding of Alexander v. Sandoval and Chevron deference to the ...


“Pay To Prescribe”: A Case For Strengthened Enforced Of The Fcpa In The Global Pharmaceutical Industry In 2017 And Beyond, John T. Jessee Jr. Jan 2017

“Pay To Prescribe”: A Case For Strengthened Enforced Of The Fcpa In The Global Pharmaceutical Industry In 2017 And Beyond, John T. Jessee Jr.

Law Student Publications

This paper will use recent Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) enforcement actions to argue that a revamped and increased enforcement of the FCPA’s anti-bribery provisions in the pharmaceutical industry will be an absolutely critical task in 2017 and beyond, as there is much work to be done in cleaning up the industry. The paper will begin by outlining a brief history of the FCPA and examining its basic enforcement provisions. It will then examine the nature of the pharmaceutical industry’s bribery through a detailed analysis of several recent high profile enforcement cases within the industry. Lastly, the paper ...


The Limits Of Reading Law In The Affordable Care Act Cases, Kevin C. Walsh Jan 2017

The Limits Of Reading Law In The Affordable Care Act Cases, Kevin C. Walsh

Law Faculty Publications

One of the most highly lauded legacies of Justice Scalia's decades-long tenure on the Supreme Court was his leadership of a movement to tether statutory interpretation more closely to statutory text. His dissents in the Affordable Care Act cases- National Federation of Independent Business v. Sebelius and King v. Burwell- demonstrate both the nature and the limits of his success in that effort.

These were two legal challenges, one constitutional and the other statutory, that threatened to bring down President Obama's signature legislative achievement, the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. Both times the Court swerved away from ...


Regulating Healthcare Robots: Maximizing Opportunities While Minimizing Risks, Drew Simshaw, Nicolas Terry, Kris Hauser, M.L. Cummings Jan 2016

Regulating Healthcare Robots: Maximizing Opportunities While Minimizing Risks, Drew Simshaw, Nicolas Terry, Kris Hauser, M.L. Cummings

Richmond Journal of Law & Technology

Some of the most dynamic areas of robotics research and development today are healthcare applications. Robot-assisted surgery, robotic nurses, in-home rehabilitation, and eldercare robots' are all demonstrating rapidly iterating innovation. Rising healthcare labor costs and an aging population will increase demand for these human surrogates and enhancements. However, like many emerging technologies, robots are difficult to place within existing regulatory frameworks. For example, the federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FD&C Act) seeks to ensure that medical devices (few of which are consumer devices) are safe, the HIPAA Privacy and Security Rules apply to data collected by health care ...


Purpose And Power Of The Group Tax Exemption In Health Care, Marie Yascko-Rosado Jan 2016

Purpose And Power Of The Group Tax Exemption In Health Care, Marie Yascko-Rosado

Richmond Journal of Global Law & Business

This article argues that the group tax exemption and consolidated group returns provide immense assistance to nonprofit healthcare organizations, because of simplicity, financial benefits and efficiency benefits. Part III will discuss what it means to be a tax-exempt entity and the legal basis for its existence, the historical basis of the exemption and its various rationales including relief of government burden, subsidy and income measurement theories. Part IV will explain the tax-exempt status in health care, the effects of the Affordable Care Act on the uninsured population, and key differences between for-profit entities and non-profit entities. Part V will both ...


A Physician's Apology: An Argument Against Statutory Protection, Nancy L. Zisk Jan 2015

A Physician's Apology: An Argument Against Statutory Protection, Nancy L. Zisk

Richmond Public Interest Law Review

After a review of a physician's ethical duty to disclose and the empirical evidence of how open and honest communication between patient and physician actually benefits both the patient and the treating physician, the paper questions whether apologies by health care providers need the protection afforded by these laws. Section II reviews the history of the medical profession's tendency toward silence and the reasons for that silence. Section III examines the state statutes passed to encourage the breaking of this silence. Section IV reviews the state rules of evidence that have traditionally been applied to determine whether or ...


A Physician's Apology: An Argument Against Statutory Protection, Nancy L. Zisk Jan 2015

A Physician's Apology: An Argument Against Statutory Protection, Nancy L. Zisk

Richmond Journal of Law and the Public Interest

After a review of a physician's ethical duty to disclose and the empirical evidence of how open and honest communication between patient and physician actually benefits both the patient and the treating physician, the paper questions whether apologies by health care providers need the protection afforded by these laws. Section II reviews the history of the medical profession's tendency toward silence and the reasons for that silence. Section III examines the state statutes passed to encourage the breaking of this silence. Section IV reviews the state rules of evidence that have traditionally been applied to determine whether or ...


Can I Call You Back? A Sustained Interaction With Biospecimen Donors To Facilitate Advances In Research, Jonathan S. Miller Jan 2015

Can I Call You Back? A Sustained Interaction With Biospecimen Donors To Facilitate Advances In Research, Jonathan S. Miller

Richmond Journal of Law & Technology

"For the cure." This statement resonates throughout society and offers a simple reasoning for the conduct of biomedical research. It provides a strong impetus for advocates of biomedical research to pursue appropriations to support research hypotheses, advanced medical technologies, and targeted therapeutic strategies. Answering sophisticated medical questions, however, requires researchers and clinicians to have an adequate supply of materials necessary to facilitate their research endeavors. These materials-commonly referred to as biospecimens- may include frozen human embryos, tissue specimens, blood samples, buccal swabs, or exhaled breath condensate, all of which may be collected and stored in biobanks.


Working With Cancer: How The Law Can Help Survivors Maintain Employment, Ann C. Hodges Jan 2015

Working With Cancer: How The Law Can Help Survivors Maintain Employment, Ann C. Hodges

Law Faculty Publications

Advances in cancer treatment are saving lives, but along with the benefits come challenges. Millions of cancer survivors of working age need to support themselves and their families. This Article looks at the impact of cancer on employment starting with the empirical evidence gathered by researchers affiliated with medical centers. This empirical research provides a base, not previously explored in the legal literature, for assessing the existing laws dealing with cancer and employment (or unemployment). Viewing the law through this lens, which reveals the complex relationship between cancer and employment, exposes both the promise and the weakness of existing laws ...


Health Care Law, Sean P. Byrne, Garrett Hooe Nov 2014

Health Care Law, Sean P. Byrne, Garrett Hooe

University of Richmond Law Review

No abstract provided.


Abortion And The Constitutional Right (Not) To Procreate, Mary Ziegler May 2014

Abortion And The Constitutional Right (Not) To Procreate, Mary Ziegler

University of Richmond Law Review

No abstract provided.


Silence Is Golden...Except In Health Care Philanthropy, Stacey A. Tovino May 2014

Silence Is Golden...Except In Health Care Philanthropy, Stacey A. Tovino

University of Richmond Law Review

No abstract provided.


Literacy, Poverty, And Brain Development: Toward A New, Place-Based Educational Intervention, Michael R. Hilton Jan 2014

Literacy, Poverty, And Brain Development: Toward A New, Place-Based Educational Intervention, Michael R. Hilton

Richmond Journal of Law and the Public Interest

This paper provides an overview of emerging research focused on how living in an area of concentrated poverty can impact brain development and explores some possible applications of this research to education policy. One of the key findings is that state and federal policy-makers may need to adopt programs that integrate educational policy with housing and planning policy in order to protect and fulfill each child's educational rights. In order to impress upon readers the scale of the nation's current educational failures and the need for a significant change in policy, this paper first addresses adult illiteracy in ...


An Analysis Of The Political And Legal Debates Concerning Medicaid Expansion In Virginia, Rick Mayes Ph.D, Benjamin Paul Jan 2014

An Analysis Of The Political And Legal Debates Concerning Medicaid Expansion In Virginia, Rick Mayes Ph.D, Benjamin Paul

Richmond Public Interest Law Review

The Supreme Court's historic June 2012 ruling regarding the Affordable Care Act (ACA) in National Federation of Independent Business v. Sebelius set the stage for a massive federalism battle over Medicaid expansion in the United States. The original language of the Act was intended to nationalize Medicaid by having every state expand their program's eligibility to all individuals up to 138% of the federal poverty level. This would have significantly reshaped Medicaid, a joint federal-state health insurance program, into a universal entitlement for all low-income citizens. Currently, Medicaid eligibility varies dramatically from state to state. The Court held ...


Literacy, Poverty, And Brain Development: Toward A New, Place-Based Educational Intervention, Michael R. Hilton Jan 2014

Literacy, Poverty, And Brain Development: Toward A New, Place-Based Educational Intervention, Michael R. Hilton

Richmond Public Interest Law Review

This paper provides an overview of emerging research focused on how living in an area of concentrated poverty can impact brain development and explores some possible applications of this research to education policy. One of the key findings is that state and federal policy-makers may need to adopt programs that integrate educational policy with housing and planning policy in order to protect and fulfill each child's educational rights. In order to impress upon readers the scale of the nation's current educational failures and the need for a significant change in policy, this paper first addresses adult illiteracy in ...


Veterans Treatment Court: A Hand Up Rather Than Lock Up, Tabatha Renz Jan 2014

Veterans Treatment Court: A Hand Up Rather Than Lock Up, Tabatha Renz

Richmond Journal of Law and the Public Interest

There has been a gradual national shift toward rehabilitation within the justice system. This has been especially important for veterans who make up only 8% of the total population, but account for 10% of those with criminal records. Recognizing that the traditional justice system is not equipped to handle cases of individuals whose underlying cause of offense is combat trauma, there has been a call to expand the Veterans Treatment Court ("VTC") program as an alternative for offenders who are veterans of the armed forces. This issue has been compounded by over a decade of war in Iraq and Afghanistan ...


An Analysis Of The Political And Legal Debates Concerning Medicaid Expansion In Virginia, Rick Mayes Ph.D, Benjamin Paul Jan 2014

An Analysis Of The Political And Legal Debates Concerning Medicaid Expansion In Virginia, Rick Mayes Ph.D, Benjamin Paul

Richmond Journal of Law and the Public Interest

The Supreme Court's historic June 2012 ruling regarding the Affordable Care Act (ACA) in National Federation of Independent Business v. Sebelius set the stage for a massive federalism battle over Medicaid expansion in the United States. The original language of the Act was intended to nationalize Medicaid by having every state expand their program's eligibility to all individuals up to 138% of the federal poverty level. This would have significantly reshaped Medicaid, a joint federal-state health insurance program, into a universal entitlement for all low-income citizens. Currently, Medicaid eligibility varies dramatically from state to state. The Court held ...


Renewed Commitment: The Latest Chapter In Reforming Virginia's Mental Health System, The Honorable Jennifer L. Mcclellan Jan 2014

Renewed Commitment: The Latest Chapter In Reforming Virginia's Mental Health System, The Honorable Jennifer L. Mcclellan

Richmond Journal of Law and the Public Interest

In the wake of the highly publicized Virginia Tech tragedy, the 2008 General Assembly Session adopted mental health reforms that focused on the provision of emergency services during the detention and commitment process, and an increase in funding to implement these reforms and strengthen emergency services. Despite the reforms, the issue of inadequate capacity to meet the increasing demand for mental health services remains in a number of key areas, including emergency services and a decline in in-patient psychiatric bed capacity while population growth continues.


Veterans Treatment Court: A Hand Up Rather Than Lock Up, Tabatha Renz Jan 2014

Veterans Treatment Court: A Hand Up Rather Than Lock Up, Tabatha Renz

Richmond Public Interest Law Review

There has been a gradual national shift toward rehabilitation within the justice system. This has been especially important for veterans who make up only 8% of the total population, but account for 10% of those with criminal records. Recognizing that the traditional justice system is not equipped to handle cases of individuals whose underlying cause of offense is combat trauma, there has been a call to expand the Veterans Treatment Court ("VTC") program as an alternative for offenders who are veterans of the armed forces. This issue has been compounded by over a decade of war in Iraq and Afghanistan ...


Renewed Commitment: The Latest Chapter In Reforming Virginia's Mental Health System, The Honorable Jennifer L. Mcclellan Jan 2014

Renewed Commitment: The Latest Chapter In Reforming Virginia's Mental Health System, The Honorable Jennifer L. Mcclellan

Richmond Public Interest Law Review

In the wake of the highly publicized Virginia Tech tragedy, the 2008 General Assembly Session adopted mental health reforms that focused on the provision of emergency services during the detention and commitment process, and an increase in funding to implement these reforms and strengthen emergency services. Despite the reforms, the issue of inadequate capacity to meet the increasing demand for mental health services remains in a number of key areas, including emergency services and a decline in in-patient psychiatric bed capacity while population growth continues.


The Compliance Case For Information Governance, Peter Sloan Jan 2014

The Compliance Case For Information Governance, Peter Sloan

Richmond Journal of Law & Technology

In an increasingly convoluted information environment, organizations strive to manage information-related risks and exposures, minimize information-related costs, and maximize information value. The inadequacy of traditional strategies for addressing information compliance, risk, and value is becoming clear, and so too is the need for a better, more holistic approach to governing the organization’s information.


Nonprofit Organizations, For-Profit Corporations, And The Hhs Mandate: Why The Mandate Does Not Satisfy Rfra's Requirements, Jonathan T. Tan May 2013

Nonprofit Organizations, For-Profit Corporations, And The Hhs Mandate: Why The Mandate Does Not Satisfy Rfra's Requirements, Jonathan T. Tan

Law Student Publications

In 2012, the federal government spawned an enormously divisive issue when it promulgated a regulation that requires certain employers to provide contraception coverage to their employees without cost-sharing. The mandate's supporters see it as an important step in expanding access to vital healthcare for women, whereas its detractors see it as an attempt by the government to force them into violating their deeply held religious beliefs. In a clash between values, the mandate favors access to contraception over the concerns of religious groups....Section II provides background information on the mandate and the convoluted process by which the Departments ...


Is Circumcision Legal?, Peter W, Adler Jan 2013

Is Circumcision Legal?, Peter W, Adler

Richmond Journal of Law and the Public Interest

An important, divisive, and unanswered question of American law - and indeed of international law - is whether it is legal to circumcise healthy boys. American medical association and experts assert that circumcision is a common, safe, and relatively painlesss procedure with many medical benefits that exceed the risks. They argue that insurance should pay for it. Some religious organizations argue that circumcision is a sacred religious ritual. In any event, proponents claim that parents have a general and religious right to make the circumcision decision. They can point to the fact that no physician has ever been held liable by an ...


International Health Emergencies In Failed And Failing States, Chiara Giorgetti Jan 2013

International Health Emergencies In Failed And Failing States, Chiara Giorgetti

Law Faculty Publications

Global health emergencies, particularly those occurring in Jailed and Jailing States, can become threats to the stability of the international community. This Article assesses the international mechanisms available to respond to such emergencies. After defining global health emergencies, it discusses the implications of global outbreaks in Jailed and Jailing States. It then examines the role played by the World Health Organization in controlling global health emergencies, with particular reference to the newly amended 2005 International Health Regulations and the Global Outbreak Alert and Response Network. Finally, it explores the role of other international organizations, including the United Nations Children's ...


Is Circumcision Legal?, Peter W, Adler Jan 2013

Is Circumcision Legal?, Peter W, Adler

Richmond Public Interest Law Review

An important, divisive, and unanswered question of American law - and indeed of international law - is whether it is legal to circumcise healthy boys. American medical association and experts assert that circumcision is a common, safe, and relatively painlesss procedure with many medical benefits that exceed the risks. They argue that insurance should pay for it. Some religious organizations argue that circumcision is a sacred religious ritual. In any event, proponents claim that parents have a general and religious right to make the circumcision decision. They can point to the fact that no physician has ever been held liable by an ...


Virginia's "War On Women": How Forcing Women To Have An Ultrasound Before Abortion Is Unconstitutional, Alison B. Linas Oct 2012

Virginia's "War On Women": How Forcing Women To Have An Ultrasound Before Abortion Is Unconstitutional, Alison B. Linas

Law Student Publications

This comment will discuss how the ultrasound bill, like similar ones in other states, is unconstitutional for two reasons....Part II of this comment will focus on the Supreme Court's role in shaping abortion policy....Part III will describe Virginia’s new ultrasound requirement and how the above-mentioned Supreme Court decisions affect the new bill’s legality. Part III(A) will lay out the relevant portions of the bill and discuss its legislative history. Part III(B) will analyze the bill through Casey’s undue burden lens....Part III(C) will argue that requiring a woman to have a ...


Dispatch From The Culture War: Virginia's Failed Hpv Vaccination Mandate, Rachel Reynolds Oct 2012

Dispatch From The Culture War: Virginia's Failed Hpv Vaccination Mandate, Rachel Reynolds

Law Student Publications

This paper will inquire into what makes Gardasil different from other vaccines, and how that impacts its administration. Part I will describe the specifics of the HPV vaccine: how it works and how Virginia decided to promote its usage. Part II will examine the ways in which jurisdictions have traditionally understood vaccination policy, and contrast it with the ways in which they have handled the HPV vaccine. Part III will examine the disadvantages of continuing the mandate’s ineffective political war of attrition, and suggest a coalition-building strategy to effect policy that honors communal values and meaningfully increases access to ...


Why Virginia's Challenges To The Patient Protection And Affordable Care Act Did Not Invoke Nullification, Robert S. Claiborne Jr. Mar 2012

Why Virginia's Challenges To The Patient Protection And Affordable Care Act Did Not Invoke Nullification, Robert S. Claiborne Jr.

Law Student Publications

This comment's focus is to convincingly demonstrate that neither the General Assembly's Health Care Freedom Act nor the Commonwealth's constitutional challenge to the minimum essential coverage provision were exercises of nullification. Part II of this comment relates a brief history of the ACA's passage alongside the Virginia Health Care Freedom Act's enactment and the Attorney General of Virginia Ken Cuccinelli's suit against Secretary of Health and Human Services Kathleen Sebelius. Part III defines nullification and further explains it through the historical instances when Virginia has considered the doctrine. Part IV demonstrates that-far from nullifying ...


Why Virginia's Challenges To The Patient Protection And Affordable Care Act Did Not Invoke Nullification, Robert S. Claiborne Jr. Mar 2012

Why Virginia's Challenges To The Patient Protection And Affordable Care Act Did Not Invoke Nullification, Robert S. Claiborne Jr.

University of Richmond Law Review

No abstract provided.