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Articles 1 - 30 of 311

Full-Text Articles in Health Law and Policy

3d Printing And Healthcare: Will Laws, Lawyers, And Companies Stand In The Way Of Patient Care?, Evan R. Youngstrom Apr 2016

3d Printing And Healthcare: Will Laws, Lawyers, And Companies Stand In The Way Of Patient Care?, Evan R. Youngstrom

Evan R. Youngstrom

Today, our society is on a precipice of significant advancement in healthcare because 3D printing will usher in the next generation of medicine. The next generation will be driven by customization, which will allow doctors to replace limbs and individualize drugs. However, the next generation will be without large pharmaceutical companies and their justifications for strong intellectual property rights. However, the current patent system (which is underpinned by a social tradeoff made from property incentives) is not flexible enough to cope with 3D printing’s rapid development. Very soon, the social tradeoff will no longer benefit society, so it must ...


What Should Law Enforcement Role Be In Addressing Quality Of Life Issues Associated With Section 8 Housing?, D'Andre D. Lampkin Mar 2016

What Should Law Enforcement Role Be In Addressing Quality Of Life Issues Associated With Section 8 Housing?, D'Andre D. Lampkin

D'Andre Devon Lampkin

The purpose of this research project is to discuss the challenges law enforcement face when attempting to address quality of life issues for residents residing in and around Section 8 federal housing. The paper introduces readers to the purpose of Section 8 housing, the process in which residents choose subsidized housing, and the legal challenges presented when law enforcement agencies are assisting city government to address quality of life issues. For purposes of this research project, studies were sampled to illustrate where law enforcement participation worked and where law enforcement participation leads to unintended legal ramifications.


Bridging The Gap Between Intent And Status: A New Framework For Modern Parentage, Yehezkel Margalit Jan 2016

Bridging The Gap Between Intent And Status: A New Framework For Modern Parentage, Yehezkel Margalit

Hezi Margalit

The last few decades have witnessed dramatic changes in the conceptualization and methodologies of determining legal parentage in the U.S. and other countries in the western world. Through various sociological shifts, growing social openness and bio-medical innovations, the traditional definitions of family and parenthood have been dramatically transformed. This transformation has led to an acute and urgent need for legal and social frameworks to regulate the process of determining legal parentage. Moreover, instead of progressing in a piecemeal, ad-hoc manner, the framework for determining legal parentage should be comprehensive. Only a comprehensive solution will address the differing needs of ...


From Baby M To Baby M(Anji): Regulating International Surrogacy Agreements, Yehezkel Margalit Jan 2016

From Baby M To Baby M(Anji): Regulating International Surrogacy Agreements, Yehezkel Margalit

Hezi Margalit

In 1985, when Kim Cotton became Britain’s first commercial surrogate mother, Europe was exposed to the issue of surrogacy for the first time on a large scale. Three years later, in 1988, the famous case of Baby M drew the attention of the American public to surrogacy as well. These two cases implicated fundamental ethical and legal issues regarding domestic surrogacy and triggered a fierce debate about motherhood, child-bearing, and the relationship between procreation, science and commerce. These two cases exemplified the debate regarding domestic surrogacy - a debate that has now been raging for decades. Contrary to the well-known ...


The Medicine Shoppe V. Loretta Lynch: Pharmacists’ Corresponding Responsibility With Physicians Under Dea Interpretation Of The “Legitimate Medical Purpose” Standard, Jeffrey C. Grass Jd, Ms, Aclm Oct 2015

The Medicine Shoppe V. Loretta Lynch: Pharmacists’ Corresponding Responsibility With Physicians Under Dea Interpretation Of The “Legitimate Medical Purpose” Standard, Jeffrey C. Grass Jd, Ms, Aclm

Jeffrey C. Grass JD, MS, ACLM

The Medicine Shoppe v. Loretta Lynch et al. 14-1223 will assist pharmacists and pharmacy owners in understanding their duties “corresponding responsibility to assure that its prescriptions for controlled substances are issued for a legitimate medical purpose” and “in the practitioner's usual course of professional practice.” In the meantime, pharmacists need to know that they are not immune from administrative, regulatory or criminal prosecution under the CSA solely due to their status. Rather, they are expected to dispense drugs for the bona fide treatment of a patient's disease. Under this regime, he or she must exercise sound professional judgment ...


Guidelines For Physician-Assisted Suicide, Raphael Cohen-Almagor Oct 2015

Guidelines For Physician-Assisted Suicide, Raphael Cohen-Almagor

raphael cohen-almagor

This paper proposes a set of guidelines for physician-assisted suicide (PAS). This set of guidelines integrates pertinent guidelines that were adopted in Oregon, where physician-assisted suicide is legal, in the Netherlands and Belgium where euthanasia is legal, in Switzerland where assisted suicide is practiced, and in the Northern Territory of Australia, where physician-assisted suicide was legal for a short period of time.


The Hidden Ball Trick: Major League Baseball’S Collective Bargaining Agreement Attempts To Hide Tobacco Use By Players, Lee N. Gilgan Sep 2015

The Hidden Ball Trick: Major League Baseball’S Collective Bargaining Agreement Attempts To Hide Tobacco Use By Players, Lee N. Gilgan

Lee N Gilgan

No sport has failed to protect its players, fans and the public from tobacco to the degree of Major League Baseball. The statistics of tobacco are shocking, especially within the sport. While some stadiums have made steps toward a remedy, the Collective Bargaining Agreement and State Law need to become the primary source of regulation.


Health Care And The Balance Billing Problem: The Solution Is The Common Law Of Contracts And Strengthening The Free Market For Health Care., George A. Nation Iii Aug 2015

Health Care And The Balance Billing Problem: The Solution Is The Common Law Of Contracts And Strengthening The Free Market For Health Care., George A. Nation Iii

George A Nation III

A large and growing group of insured patients is being unfairly burdened by hospitals’ exorbitant chargemaster prices. The burden is brought to bear on these patients through a process known as balance billing. For a variety of reasons hospital networks are becoming narrower as hospital systems contract with fewer insurers, and as a result, more and more patients are receiving balance bills. The practice of balance billing puts upward pressure on health care prices in general. That is, this practice leads to higher prices across the board for the uninsured, the out-of-network insured and even the in-network insured. This article ...


The Treatment For Malpractice – Physician, Enhance Thyself: The Impact Of Neuroenhancements For Medical Malpractice, Harvey L. Fiser Aug 2015

The Treatment For Malpractice – Physician, Enhance Thyself: The Impact Of Neuroenhancements For Medical Malpractice, Harvey L. Fiser

Harvey L. Fiser

Coming to a hospital near you, the medically enhanced doctor - a doctor who thinks faster, is better with short and long term memory, is calmer during surgery, can work double shifts with little cognitive fatigue, and one day may have the memories of years of experience without actually having had them. With the expanded use of cognitive enhancing pharmaceuticals such as Adderall, Provigil, and more on the way, we are already seeing changes in education and the corporate world. From reaching a “normal” status for a person with an ADHD diagnosis to creating the “supernormal” employee with cognitive enhancers, neurointerventions ...


The Treatment For Malpractice – Physician, Enhance Thyself: The Impact Of Neuroenhancements For Medical Malpractice, Harvey L. Fiser Aug 2015

The Treatment For Malpractice – Physician, Enhance Thyself: The Impact Of Neuroenhancements For Medical Malpractice, Harvey L. Fiser

Harvey L. Fiser

No abstract provided.


How Did You Know That? Protecting Privacy Interests Of Research Participants Via Certificates Of Confidentiality, Jonathan S. Miller Aug 2015

How Did You Know That? Protecting Privacy Interests Of Research Participants Via Certificates Of Confidentiality, Jonathan S. Miller

Jonathan S Miller

Answering novel medical hypotheses requires investigators to have robust and demographically diverse biospecimens and genetic data to facilitate their research. Doing so however also requires adequate participation by human subjects willing to consent to the donation and use of their biospecimens and genetic data for future unforeseen research. Although advances in scientific methodologies and technologies to understand the etiology of diseases and facilitate the development of improved therapeutics are critical to enhancing the common good; these advances pose informational risks associated with the re-identification of individuals. The conundrum exists about how to mitigate the privacy concerns associated with potential re-identification ...


King V. Burwell And The Chevron Doctrine: Did The Court Invite Judicial Activism?, Matthew A. Melone Jul 2015

King V. Burwell And The Chevron Doctrine: Did The Court Invite Judicial Activism?, Matthew A. Melone

Matthew A. Melone

No abstract provided.


Closing The Door To Lost Earnings Under The National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act Of 1986, Aaron M. Levin Jun 2015

Closing The Door To Lost Earnings Under The National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act Of 1986, Aaron M. Levin

Aaron M Levin

After a wave of lawsuits against vaccine manufacturers hindered the profitability and production of life-saving vaccines, Congress enacted The National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act of 1986. The Act offers an incentive for individuals to get vaccinated in order to mitigate the population’s exposure to disease, while encouraging the continued production of these serums by pharmaceutical companies. Although imperfect, the Vaccine Act fosters promise in filtering out frivolous claims and provides a central route for due process to the individuals who suffer from a vaccine-related injury. By removing a potential state tort issue to the Federal Circuit, Congress created a ...


Resolution 07-11-2015, To Require Lifeguard Supervision For K-12 Swim Physical Education Classes, Catherine L. Rucker Apr 2015

Resolution 07-11-2015, To Require Lifeguard Supervision For K-12 Swim Physical Education Classes, Catherine L. Rucker

Catherine L Rucker

To Amend California Education Code section 51222 to require that K-12 school districts that offer aquatics physical education shall provide certified lifeguards.


Hospital Quality Improvement: Are Peer Review Immunity, Privilege, And Confidentiality In The Public Interest?, Michael D. Benson Md, Jordan B. Benson Cpa, Jd, Mark S. Stein Jd, Phd Apr 2015

Hospital Quality Improvement: Are Peer Review Immunity, Privilege, And Confidentiality In The Public Interest?, Michael D. Benson Md, Jordan B. Benson Cpa, Jd, Mark S. Stein Jd, Phd

Michael D Benson MD

Participants in the hospital peer-review process enjoy enormous protections under federal and state law. We contend that these protections – immunity, evidentiary privilege, and confidentiality – retard quality improvement in health care. As a result of these protections, the current peer-review system produces both improper severity and improper leniency. We propose to reform the system by eliminating all federal and state statutory protections for the peer-review process. A public process that is open to review and open to challenge by all interested parties will better promote health-care quality.


Human Dignity As A Normative Standard Or As A Value In Global Health Care Decisionmaking?, George P. Smith Mar 2015

Human Dignity As A Normative Standard Or As A Value In Global Health Care Decisionmaking?, George P. Smith

George P Smith

Abstract

Dignity is seen commonly as an ethical obligation owed to human persons. The dimensions of this obligation, in today’s post secular society, are—however—subject to wide discussion and debate; for, the term, human dignity, and its preservation, defies universal agreement. Yet its preservation, together with the prevention of indignity, is a guiding principle or at least a vector of force in a wide range of issues ranging from embryo research and assisted reproduction to biomedical enhancement, and the care of the disable and to the dying. In clinical medicine, safeguarding the dignity of the patient is a ...


Shared Responsibility Regulation Model For Cross-Border Reproductive Transactions, Sharon Bassan Mar 2015

Shared Responsibility Regulation Model For Cross-Border Reproductive Transactions, Sharon Bassan

Sharon Bassan

The term “cross-border reproductive transactions” refers to the phenomenon of tens of thousands of people who travel from one country to another to purchase reproductive services, in order to have a child. The foci of this paper are the lion share of cross-border reproductive transactions, specifically between consumers, i.e., intended parents from affluent countries, and suppliers of reproductive services, egg sellers and surrogate mothers, the majority of whom are from lower middle-income countries. Strong concerns regarding the morality of consumers’ states’ policy arise when a country nationally restricts or bans commercial surrogacy, while accepting the results of cross-border reproductive ...


Solving The Problem Of Organ Donation Shortage, Samuel Hodge, Nicole Saitta-Gill Mar 2015

Solving The Problem Of Organ Donation Shortage, Samuel Hodge, Nicole Saitta-Gill

Samuel D. Hodge Jr.

Organ donation, a medically perfected procedure, affords a second chance at life for many people. Unfortunately, organ transplantation demonstrates the stark reality of supply and demand. Thousands of individuals are added to the transplant list each day but many more die during the same time frame waiting for new organs. The solution to this dilemma seems simple: increase the supply. This article will discuss several ways to achieve this goal. First, through the HIV Organ Policy Equity Act, which allows for HIV-positive-to-HIV-positive transplants, more transplantable organs will hopefully be available in the future. Second, the supply of organs may increase ...


The "Uberization" Of Healthcare: The Forthcoming Legal Storm Over Mobile Health Technology's Impact On The Medical Profession, Fazal Khan Mar 2015

The "Uberization" Of Healthcare: The Forthcoming Legal Storm Over Mobile Health Technology's Impact On The Medical Profession, Fazal Khan

Fazal Khan

The nascent field of mobile health technology is still very small but is predicted to grow exponentially as major technology companies such as Apple, Google, Samsung, and even Facebook have announced mobile health initiatives alongside influential healthcare provider networks. Given the highly regulated nature of healthcare, significant legal barriers stand in the way of mobile health’s potential ascension. I contend that the most difficult legal challenges facing this industry will be restrictive professional licensing and scope of practice laws. The primary reason is that mobile health threatens to disrupt historical power dynamics within the healthcare profession that have legally ...


Broad Shareholder Value And The Inevitable Role Of Conscience, Paul D. Weitzel, Zachariah J. Rodgers Mar 2015

Broad Shareholder Value And The Inevitable Role Of Conscience, Paul D. Weitzel, Zachariah J. Rodgers

Paul D. Weitzel

This article proposes an integrative solution to the modern debate on corporate purpose, the question of whether directors and officers must solely maximize profits or whether they may consider the effects on employees, the environment or the community. Many find pure profit maximization unseemly and suggest alternative theories, typically arguing that corporations owe a duty to a broader range of stakeholders. This position is inconsistent with the case law and unnecessary to allow conscience in the board room. We resolve the issue more simply by acknowledging that the purpose of a corporation is to promote the shareholders’ interests, which includes ...


Trazos Y Reflexiones En Torno A La Marca Farmacéutica, Javier André Murillo Chávez Mar 2015

Trazos Y Reflexiones En Torno A La Marca Farmacéutica, Javier André Murillo Chávez

Javier André Murillo Chávez

No abstract provided.


Internazionale Medico Scientifica, S.R.L, Mohamad Ali Ali Yousefkhani Mr Feb 2015

Internazionale Medico Scientifica, S.R.L, Mohamad Ali Ali Yousefkhani Mr

Mohamad Ali Ali Yousefkhani

No abstract provided.


Advancing Health Care The Old-Fashioned Way, Craig B. Garner Feb 2015

Advancing Health Care The Old-Fashioned Way, Craig B. Garner

Craig B. Garner

Though cutting-edge technology serves as the foundation for modern American healthcare, an accurate measure of progress must consider the occasional conflict between society and science. Even as yesterday’s medical miracles give way to what are now considered “state of the art” practices, it is the duty of health care providers to remain mindful of both sides of the equation, balancing the capabilities of today’s technologies with the needs of today’s patient. If society and science are not in sync, patient care will suffer, and sometimes we can only advance healthcare through old-fashioned methods.


The Cost Of Confusion: The Paradox Of Trademarked Pharmaceuticals, Hannah W. Brennan Feb 2015

The Cost Of Confusion: The Paradox Of Trademarked Pharmaceuticals, Hannah W. Brennan

Hannah W Brennan

The United States spends nearly $1,000 per person annually on drugs—40 percent more than the next highest spender, Canada, and more than twice the amount France and Germany spend. Although myriad factors contribute to high drug spending in the United States, the crucial role that intellectual property laws play in inhibiting access to cheaper, generic medications is among one of the best documented. Yet, for the most part, the discussion of the relationship between intellectual property law and drug spending has centered on patent protection. Recently, however, a few researchers have turned their attention to a different exclusivity ...


Buying Voice: Financial Rewards For Whistleblowing Lawyers, Nancy J. Moore, Kathleen Clark Feb 2015

Buying Voice: Financial Rewards For Whistleblowing Lawyers, Nancy J. Moore, Kathleen Clark

Nancy J Moore

“Buying Voice: Financial Incentives for Whistleblowing Lawyers”

Kathleen Clark and Nancy J. Moore

Abstract

The federal government relies increasingly on whistleblowers to ferret out fraud, and has awarded whistleblowers over $4 billion under the False Claims Act and the Dodd-Frank Wall Street reform and Consumer Protection Act. May lawyers ethically seek whistleblower rewards under these federal statutes? A handful of lawyers have tried to do so as FCA qui tam relators. They have not yet succeeded, but several court decisions suggest that they might be able to do so under confidentiality exceptions to state ethics law, which several courts have ...


A Brave New Medicare, Craig B. Garner Feb 2015

A Brave New Medicare, Craig B. Garner

Craig B. Garner

Next month the Affordable Care Act turns five, and by all accounts the influence of this historic legislation will forever change the landscape of health care in the United States, regardless of its ultimate fate. As each passing year introduces thousands of new regulatory pages to an already expansive body of federal and state law, praise for what has come to be known as health care reform is only rivaled by the relentless partisan calls for its repeal.


A Traumatic Brain Injury Is A Headache In Both Medical And Legal Circles, Samuel D. Hodge Jr. Feb 2015

A Traumatic Brain Injury Is A Headache In Both Medical And Legal Circles, Samuel D. Hodge Jr.

Samuel D. Hodge Jr.

A traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the most feared consequence of head trauma. The reason is simple - the brain is who we are, our essence, including our memories of past times, how we respond to the environment with its stresses and challenges, and how we dream and plan for the future. A TBI has become one of the hottest and most controversial areas in personal injury litigation. More and more suits are being filed asserting claims for such problems and it is the signature injury of the Afghanistan and Iraq wars. Much publicity has also been generated about the side ...


Hospital Chargemaster Insanity: Heeling The Healers, George A. Nation Iii Feb 2015

Hospital Chargemaster Insanity: Heeling The Healers, George A. Nation Iii

George A Nation III

Hospital list prices, contained in something called a chargemaster are insanely high, often running 10 times the amount that hospitals routinely accept as full payment from insurers. Moreover, the relative level of a particular hospital’s chargemaster prices bears no relationship to either the quality of the services the hospital provides or, to the cost of the services provided. The purpose of these fictitious list prices is to serve as a starting point or anchoring point, for negotiations with third-party payers regarding the amount that they will actually pay the hospital for it’s goods and services.

Ironically, there is ...


For Goodness’ Sake: A Two-Part Proposal For Remedying The U.S. Charity/Justice Imbalance, Fran Quigley Jan 2015

For Goodness’ Sake: A Two-Part Proposal For Remedying The U.S. Charity/Justice Imbalance, Fran Quigley

Fran Quigley

The U.S. approach to addressing economic and social needs strongly favors individual and corporate charity over the establishment and enforcement of economic and social rights. This charity/justice imbalance has a severely negative impact on the nation’s poor, who despite the overall U.S. wealth struggle with inadequate access to healthcare, housing, and nutrition. This article suggests a two-part approach for remedying the charity/justice imbalance in the U.S.: First, the U.S. should eliminate the charitable tax deduction, a policy creation that does not effectively address economic and social needs, forces an inequitable poverty relief and ...


Eliminating Undue Burdens To Women's Health: Reproductive Justice Under A “Contexual Intent” Standard, Katie L. Filous Jan 2015

Eliminating Undue Burdens To Women's Health: Reproductive Justice Under A “Contexual Intent” Standard, Katie L. Filous

Katie L. Filous

By examining Jackson Women’s Health Organization, et. al. v. Mary Currier, et. al., this article will advocate for the position that the Supreme Court should utilize a “contextual intent” standard in reproductive justice cases in which “undue burdens” and “substantial obstacles” are being evaluated. Part I of the article will discuss the shift from reproductive “rights” to reproductive “justice” by discussing various state legislatures’ attempts at restricting abortion in conjunction with Ian Haney Lopez’s “contextual intent” theory. Part II will discuss the historical roots of varying analyses of reproductive justice cases, from public health and safety to fetal ...