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Maurer School of Law: Indiana University

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Articles 31 - 60 of 187

Full-Text Articles in Health Law and Policy

Health Policy And The Syrian Chemical Weapons Crisis, David P. Fidler Jan 2014

Health Policy And The Syrian Chemical Weapons Crisis, David P. Fidler

Articles by Maurer Faculty

For health policy, armed conflicts constitute one of the most severe emergency contexts in which health, well-being, and determinants of health are threatened. The Syrian civil war has proved no different, as health experts re­peatedly lament the humanitarian debacle the Syrian conflict has become. The main distinguishing feature of the Syrian civil war has been the large-scale use of chemical weapons in August 2013. This essay analyzes the chemical weapons crisis and its diplomatic resolution from a health policy perspective, with particular attention on whether the handling of this crisis created positive health policy “spillover” opportunities for more effectively ...


Why The Affordable Care Act Authorizes Tax Credits On The Federal Exchanges, David Gamage, Darien Shanske Jan 2014

Why The Affordable Care Act Authorizes Tax Credits On The Federal Exchanges, David Gamage, Darien Shanske

Articles by Maurer Faculty

This Essay refutes Adler’s and Cannon’s argument that the Affordable Care Act (“Obamacare”) does not authorize premium tax credits for insurance policies purchased from the federal healthcare Exchanges. Adler’s and Cannon’s argument is the basis of challenges in a number of ongoing lawsuits, including Oklahoma ex rel. Pruitt v. Sebelius and Halbig v. Sebelius. This Essay conducts a textual analysis of the Affordable Care Act and concludes that the text clearly authorizes premium tax credits for insurance policies purchased from the federal healthcare Exchanges.

On November 7th, 2014, the U.S. Supreme Court agreed to hear ...


How Parents Are Made: A Response To Discrimination In Baby Making: The Unconstitutional Treatment Of Prospective Parents Through Surrogacy, Kimberly M. Mutcherson Oct 2013

How Parents Are Made: A Response To Discrimination In Baby Making: The Unconstitutional Treatment Of Prospective Parents Through Surrogacy, Kimberly M. Mutcherson

Indiana Law Journal

Roundtable on Regulating Assisted Reproductive Technology 2012


Hierarchies Of Discrimination In Baby Making: A Response To Professor Carroll, Radhika Rao Oct 2013

Hierarchies Of Discrimination In Baby Making: A Response To Professor Carroll, Radhika Rao

Indiana Law Journal

Roundtable on Regulating Assisted Reproductive Technology 2012


Reproducing Hierarchy In Commercial Intimacy, Michele Goodwin Oct 2013

Reproducing Hierarchy In Commercial Intimacy, Michele Goodwin

Indiana Law Journal

Roundtable on Regulating Assisted Reproductive Technology 2012


Selling Art Or Selling Out?: A Response To Selling Art: An Empirical Assessment Of Advertising On Fertility Clinics' Websites, Jody L. Madeira Oct 2013

Selling Art Or Selling Out?: A Response To Selling Art: An Empirical Assessment Of Advertising On Fertility Clinics' Websites, Jody L. Madeira

Indiana Law Journal

Roundtable on Regulating Assisted Reproductive Technology 2012


Selling Art: An Empirical Assessment Of Advertising On Fertility Clinics' Websites, Jim Hawkins Oct 2013

Selling Art: An Empirical Assessment Of Advertising On Fertility Clinics' Websites, Jim Hawkins

Indiana Law Journal

Scholarship on assisted reproductive technologies (ART) has emphasized the commercial nature of the interaction between fertility patients and their physicians, but little attention has been paid to precisely how clinics persuade patients to choose their clinics over their competitors’. This Article offers evidence about how clinics sell ART based on clinics’ advertising on their websites. To assess clinics’ marketing efforts, I coded advertising information on 372 fertility clinics’ websites. The results from the study confirm some suspicions of prior ART scholarship while contradicting others. For instance, in line with scholars who are concerned that racial minorities face barriers to accessing ...


Discrimination In Baby Making: The Unconstitutional Treatment Of Prospective Parents Through Surrogacy, Andrea B. Carroll Oct 2013

Discrimination In Baby Making: The Unconstitutional Treatment Of Prospective Parents Through Surrogacy, Andrea B. Carroll

Indiana Law Journal

Roundtable on Regulating Assisted Reproductive Technology 2012


Defining Fetal Life: An Establishment Clause Analysis Of Religiously Motivated Informed Consent Provisions, Justin R. Olson Jul 2013

Defining Fetal Life: An Establishment Clause Analysis Of Religiously Motivated Informed Consent Provisions, Justin R. Olson

Indiana Law Journal

No abstract provided.


The Affordable Care Act And International Recruitment And Migration Of Nursing Professionals, Helen D. Arnold Jul 2013

The Affordable Care Act And International Recruitment And Migration Of Nursing Professionals, Helen D. Arnold

Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies

Through its various provisions, the Affordable Care Act will insure more than thirty million Americans by January 1, 2014. This dramatic increase in coverage will have significant effects on both the U.S. economy and its healthcare system. Nursing professionals make up a large portion of the U.S. healthcare system and with a dramatic nursing shortage already in place, employers increasingly look abroad to fill nursing vacancies. Due to the increasing effects of globalization, foreign nurses have become an integral part of the U.S. healthcare system. This note argues that the increased coverage created by the Affordable Care ...


If A Right To Health Care Is Argued In The Supreme Court, Does Anybody Hear It?, W. David Koeninger Jun 2013

If A Right To Health Care Is Argued In The Supreme Court, Does Anybody Hear It?, W. David Koeninger

Indiana Journal of Law and Social Equality

No abstract provided.


Rethinking Hiv-Exposure Crimes, Margo Kaplan Oct 2012

Rethinking Hiv-Exposure Crimes, Margo Kaplan

Indiana Law Journal

This Article challenges the current legislative and scholarly approaches to HIV-exposure crimes and proposes an alternative framework to address their flaws. Twenty-four states criminalize consensual sexual activities of people with HIV. Current statutes and the scholarship that supports them focus on HIV-positive status, sexual activity, and knowledge of HIV-positive status as proxies for risk, mental state, and consent to risk. As a result, they are dramatically over- and underinclusive and stigmatize individuals living with HIV. Criminalization should be limited to circumstances in which a defendant exposed her partner to a substantial degree of unassumed risk and did so with a ...


Application Of Default Rules To Address Financial Conflicts Of Interest In Academic Medical Centers, Joanna K. Sax Jan 2012

Application Of Default Rules To Address Financial Conflicts Of Interest In Academic Medical Centers, Joanna K. Sax

Indiana Law Journal

This Essay proposes that the rules governing financial conflicts of interest for scientists within the National Institutes of Health apply to scientists at Academic Medical Centers because scientists at both places receive federal funding. The rules governing financial conflicts of interest within the National Institutes of Health are stricter than the rules at Academic Medical Centers. The cornerstone of financial conflicts of interest rules at Academic Medical Centers is disclosure, which is inadequate. This Essay builds on previous work calling for significant changes to rules addressing financial conflicts of interest, and it promotes changes by calling for the application of ...


A Thousand Tiny Pieces: The Federal Circuit’S Fractured Myriad Ruling, Lessons To Be Learned, And The Way Forward, Jonathan R. K. Stroud Jan 2012

A Thousand Tiny Pieces: The Federal Circuit’S Fractured Myriad Ruling, Lessons To Be Learned, And The Way Forward, Jonathan R. K. Stroud

IP Theory

No abstract provided.


Perverse Incentives Arising From The Tax Provisions Of Healthcare Reform: Why Further Reforms Are Needed To Prevent Avoidable Costs To Low- And Moderate-Income Workers, David Gamage Jan 2012

Perverse Incentives Arising From The Tax Provisions Of Healthcare Reform: Why Further Reforms Are Needed To Prevent Avoidable Costs To Low- And Moderate-Income Workers, David Gamage

Articles by Maurer Faculty

Called “Obamacare” by some, the Affordable Care Act (or “ACA”) is the most extensive reform to the American healthcare system since the creation of Medicare and Medicaid in 1965. The ACA promises many improvements to American health care. While recognizing the importance of these improvements, this Article focuses on how the ACA’s tax provisions will create avoidable costs for low- and moderate-income workers.

This Article argues that – once key tax-related provisions of the ACA come into effect in 2014 – the ACA will create perverse incentives with respect to a number of important decisions affecting low- and moderate-income Americans, including ...


Woman Scorned?: Resurrecting Infertile Women's Decision-Making Autonomy, Jody L. Madeira Jan 2012

Woman Scorned?: Resurrecting Infertile Women's Decision-Making Autonomy, Jody L. Madeira

Articles by Maurer Faculty

Legal scholarship portrays women as reproductive decision makers in conflicting ways. The distinctions between depictions of infertile women and women considering abortion are particularly striking. A woman seeking infertility treatment, even one who faces no legal obstacles, is often portrayed as so emotionally distraught and desperate that her ability to give informed consent is potentially compromised. Yet, the legal academy has roundly rejected similar stereotypes of pregnant women considering abortion, depicting them as confident and competent decision makers. This Article argues that legal scholars' use of a "desperate woman" stereotype denies women's ability to critically assess the health risks ...


Navigating The Global Health Terrain: Mapping Global Health Diplomacy, David Fidler Jan 2011

Navigating The Global Health Terrain: Mapping Global Health Diplomacy, David Fidler

Articles by Maurer Faculty

This article engages in mapping thinking and practice on global health diplomacy. Increased interest in “global health diplomacy” and “health diplomacy” heightens the need for more rigorous descriptive, conceptual, analytical, and practical approaches to these phenomena. This article discusses why more rigor is needed with respect to global health diplomacy, provides a way to describe global health diplomacy that provides a foundation for further analysis, explores conceptual underpinnings of global health diplomacy to deepen the mapping exercise, and offers a simple but flexible analytical template for use in mapping different aspects of global health diplomacy. The article concludes with thoughts ...


Military Forces, Global Health, And The International Health Regulations (2005), David P. Fidler Jan 2011

Military Forces, Global Health, And The International Health Regulations (2005), David P. Fidler

Articles by Maurer Faculty

Security, economic, development, and humanitarian threats created by infectious diseases have heightened the importance of military forces to national and global public health responses. This article explores the increasing need for military involvement in public and global health surveillance and response to infectious disease threats, and focuses on how military forces can more effectively support implementation of the World Health Organization’s International Health Regulations (2005) (IHR (2005)). The article explains the major changes made in negotiations that produced the IHR (2005) and the importance of these changes to military-to-military activities and civilian-military cooperation. It identifies five areas in which ...


Who's Responsible For This? The Globalization Of Healthcare In Developing Countries, Joshua P. Reading Jul 2010

Who's Responsible For This? The Globalization Of Healthcare In Developing Countries, Joshua P. Reading

Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies

One aspect of globalization in the developed world is the privatization of services once provided by government. This trend is also arising in developing countries, albeit for different reasons, and an area where this privatization is occurring is healthcare. Despite this privatization, the standard of healthcare in many developing countries is unacceptably low. This Note provides an analysis of this phenomenon in one country-Pakistan, a developing country that has increasingly come to rely on private providers, nongovernmental organizations, and international relief groups for the provision of healthcare-in order to draw conclusions that can be applied elsewhere. While this privatization does ...


Crossroads And Signposts: The Ada Amendments Act Of 2008, Jeannette Cox Jan 2010

Crossroads And Signposts: The Ada Amendments Act Of 2008, Jeannette Cox

Indiana Law Journal

Although the apparent purpose of the 2008 amendments to the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) is solely to broaden the ADA 's protected class, the manner in which the amendments achieve this purpose erodes the statute's explicit textual support for understanding persons with disabilities as a politically subordinated minority. The amendments also strengthen the statutory link between the biological severity of a person's disability and that person's right to sue for ADA accommodations. Accordingly, for some courts, the amendments will reinforce the perception that the ADA differs from traditional civil rights law.

Federal courts' understanding of the ...


Discrimination Out Of Dismissiveness: The Example Of Infertility, David Orentlicher Jan 2010

Discrimination Out Of Dismissiveness: The Example Of Infertility, David Orentlicher

Indiana Law Journal

In recent years, antidiscrimination theory and doctrine have rested heavily on the "anticaste" principle first invoked in Strauder v. West Virginia According to this principle, equal protection law and antidiscrimination statutes should eradicate public-and private-policies that subject some persons to ongoing stigma and subordination and therefore to second-class status in society. This Article argues that while a focus on stigma and subordination is important, it misses a key source of discrimination-the discriminationt hat arises from dismissiveness. Antidiscrimination law has recognized the need to overcome the discrimination that results from invidious bias, unfair stereotyping, irrational fear accumulated myths, or simple neglect ...


Last Stand? The Criminal Responsibility Of War Veterans Returning From Iraq And Afghanistan With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Thomas L. Hafemeister, Nicole A. Stockey Jan 2010

Last Stand? The Criminal Responsibility Of War Veterans Returning From Iraq And Afghanistan With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Thomas L. Hafemeister, Nicole A. Stockey

Indiana Law Journal

As more psychologically scarred troops return from combat in Iraq and Afghanistan, society's focus on and concern for these troops and their psychological disorders has increased With this increase and with associated studies confirming the validity of the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) diagnosis and the genuine impact of PTSD on the behavior of war veterans, greater weight may be given to the premise that PTSD is a mental disorder that provides grounds for a "mental status defense, " such as insanity, a lack of mens rea, or self-defense. Although considerable impediments remain, given the current political climate, Iraq and Afghanistan ...


Pursuing Health As Foreign Policy: The Case Of China, Yanzhong Huang Jan 2010

Pursuing Health As Foreign Policy: The Case Of China, Yanzhong Huang

Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies

Eastphalia Emerging?: Asia, International Law, and Global Governance, Symposium. Indiana University Maurer School of Law, Bloomington, Indiana, 2009


What Parents Don't Know: Informed Consent, Marriage, And Genital-Normalizing Surgery On Intersex Children, Samantha S. Uslan Jan 2010

What Parents Don't Know: Informed Consent, Marriage, And Genital-Normalizing Surgery On Intersex Children, Samantha S. Uslan

Indiana Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Conceivable Changes: Effectuating Infertile Couples' Emotional Ties To Frozen Embryos Through New Disposition Options, Jody L. Madeira Jan 2010

Conceivable Changes: Effectuating Infertile Couples' Emotional Ties To Frozen Embryos Through New Disposition Options, Jody L. Madeira

Articles by Maurer Faculty

No abstract provided.


Negotiating Equitable Access To Influenza Vaccines: Global Health Diplomacy And The Controversies Surrounding Avian Influenza H5n1 And Pandemic Influenza H1n1, David P. Fidler Jan 2010

Negotiating Equitable Access To Influenza Vaccines: Global Health Diplomacy And The Controversies Surrounding Avian Influenza H5n1 And Pandemic Influenza H1n1, David P. Fidler

Articles by Maurer Faculty

No abstract provided.


Protecting Privacy In Health Research: The Limits Of Individual Choice, Fred H. Cate Jan 2010

Protecting Privacy In Health Research: The Limits Of Individual Choice, Fred H. Cate

Articles by Maurer Faculty

No abstract provided.


Putting The Community Back In Community Benefit: Proposed State Tax Exemption Standard For Nonprofit Hospitals, Michele R. Goodman Apr 2009

Putting The Community Back In Community Benefit: Proposed State Tax Exemption Standard For Nonprofit Hospitals, Michele R. Goodman

Indiana Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Bottom-Up Or Top-Down? Removing The Privacy Law Obstacles To Healthcare Reform In The National Healthcare Crisis, John W. Hill, Arlen W. Langvardt, Jonathan E. Rinehart Jan 2009

Bottom-Up Or Top-Down? Removing The Privacy Law Obstacles To Healthcare Reform In The National Healthcare Crisis, John W. Hill, Arlen W. Langvardt, Jonathan E. Rinehart

Indiana Law Journal

Issues of healthcare availability and quality are among the most profound facing our nation. If a high-quality, accessible healthcare system of a truly national nature is to be devised, electronic connectivity—including increased use of electronic medical records and similar technological advances—must be a key feature. Yet such connectivity may give rise to patients’ concerns regarding the privacy of their medical information. Because such concerns demand respect, a challenge lies in balancing patients’ privacy interests against the important information-sharing interests underlying a national healthcare network. The Health Insurance Portability & Accountability Act (HIPPAA) is a key federal law that addresses ...


Establishing Public Health Security In A Postwar Iraq: Constitutional Obstacles And Lessons For Other Federalizing States, David P. Fidler, Kumanan Wilson, Christopher W. Mcdougall, Harvey Lazar Jan 2009

Establishing Public Health Security In A Postwar Iraq: Constitutional Obstacles And Lessons For Other Federalizing States, David P. Fidler, Kumanan Wilson, Christopher W. Mcdougall, Harvey Lazar

Articles by Maurer Faculty

The public health consequences of the conflict in Iraq will likely continue after the violence has subsided. Reestablishing public health security will require large investments in infrastructure and the creation of effective systems of governance. On the question of governance, the allocation of powers in the new constitution of Iraq is critical. Given the ease with which public health threats cross borders, the constitution needs to grant to the federal government the legal authority to manage such threats and simultaneously meet international requirements. Unfortunately, the draft constitution does not accomplish this objective. If politically possible, the constitution should be amended ...