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Articles 1 - 30 of 345

Full-Text Articles in Health Law and Policy

Coverage For Obesity Prevention & Treatment Services: Analysis Of Medicaid & State Employee Health Insurance Programs, Nichole Jannah, Christine Gallagher, William Dietz Apr 2018

Coverage For Obesity Prevention & Treatment Services: Analysis Of Medicaid & State Employee Health Insurance Programs, Nichole Jannah, Christine Gallagher, William Dietz

GW Research Days 2016 - Present

BACKGROUND

Despite the high prevalence of obesity among U.S. adults, coverage for evidence-based obesity treatment modalities is inconsistent across states. The primary objective of this study was to examine changes in coverage for adult obesity prevention and treatment services within Medicaid programs and state employee health plans between 2009 and 2017.

METHODS

Changes in coverage were assessed by comparing data from plan year (PY) 2016/2017 to baseline data collected during PY 2009/2010. Data were obtained through an extensive review of administrative documents, health plan websites, provider manuals, subscriber handbooks, fee schedules, and drug formularies from Medicaid and ...


A Multivariate Analysis Of Nationwide Changes In Opioid Prescriptions From 2012-2016, Drishti Pillai, Leighton Ku Apr 2018

A Multivariate Analysis Of Nationwide Changes In Opioid Prescriptions From 2012-2016, Drishti Pillai, Leighton Ku

GW Research Days 2016 - Present

Background

Between 2012 and 2016, the opioid overdose mortality rate in the U.S. almost doubled from 7.4 to 13.3 per 100,000 population, leading to calls for a national opioid crisis. This crisis has generated interest in Medicaid’s dual role as a health insurance system that provides reimbursement for both prescription opioid analgesics like Oxycodone used to treat chronic pain, which could inadvertently fuel addiction, and prescription opioids used as treatment medication to help people survive and recover from drug abuse, such as Naloxone.

Methods

In this study, we conduct a multi-variate analysis of Medicaid prescription ...


Evaluation Of The Associations Between Unplanned Readmissions And The Lace Index And Other Variables, Cathy Stankiewicz, Dnp, Msn, Rn Apr 2018

Evaluation Of The Associations Between Unplanned Readmissions And The Lace Index And Other Variables, Cathy Stankiewicz, Dnp, Msn, Rn

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Background: Unplanned readmissions, within 30 days following an inpatient hospital admission, are common and costly. Research has identified factors that predict readmissions, and predictive algorithms, such as the LACE index, have been studied and widely adopted by hospitals despite demonstrated variability in predictive ability.

Objectives: To examine the associations between unplanned readmissions and the LACE index, and other variables that reflect patient- and encounter-level factors not currently incorporated in the LACE index.

Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted utilizing data from electronic health records of inpatients discharged from a large quaternary hospital located in the southeastern United States between January ...


Does Liberalizing State Nurse Practitioner Scope Of Practice Laws Affect The Primary Care Provider Composition And Productivity In Community Health Centers?, Jeongyoung Park, Xinxin Han, Ellen T. Kurtzman Aug 2017

Does Liberalizing State Nurse Practitioner Scope Of Practice Laws Affect The Primary Care Provider Composition And Productivity In Community Health Centers?, Jeongyoung Park, Xinxin Han, Ellen T. Kurtzman

Health Workforce Research Center Publications

The state scope of practice (SOP) laws determine the range of services nurse practitioners (NPs) can provide and the extent to which they can practice independently. This has been a hot topic amid concerns about primary care provider shortages in light of health reform coverage expansion. Many states consider liberalizing NP SOP laws in an effort to expand primary care capacity. As the demand for primary care increases, NPs are expected to have an active role in meeting primary care needs. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of expanded nurse practitioner (NP) scope of practice (SOP ...


Projected Financial Losses Experienced By Community Health Centers Under A Scenario Of Major Cuts In Key Sources Of Federal Funding: 2018-2022, Avi Dor, Eric Luo, Ali Moghtaderi, Anne Rossier Markus Apr 2017

Projected Financial Losses Experienced By Community Health Centers Under A Scenario Of Major Cuts In Key Sources Of Federal Funding: 2018-2022, Avi Dor, Eric Luo, Ali Moghtaderi, Anne Rossier Markus

Geiger Gibson/RCHN Community Health Foundation Research Collaborative

Congress is currently considering options to significantly reduce federal funding for the Medicaid expansion and the Marketplace subsidies implemented under the Affordable Care Act (ACA). Separately, the Health Centers Fund, which currently accounts for 70% of all federal health center grant funding, is set to expire in September 2017. These potential changes in federal funding could have a dramatic impact on health centers and the communities they serve. The purpose of this brief is to simulate the potential combined impact of these major changes in federal funding that will directly affect community health centers. Secondarily, this brief also assesses the ...


How Could Repealing Key Provisions Of The Affordable Care Act Affect Community Health Centers And Their Patients?, Sara J. Rosenbaum, Jessica Sharac, Thao-Chi Tran, Anne Rossier Markus, David Reynolds, Peter Shin Mar 2017

How Could Repealing Key Provisions Of The Affordable Care Act Affect Community Health Centers And Their Patients?, Sara J. Rosenbaum, Jessica Sharac, Thao-Chi Tran, Anne Rossier Markus, David Reynolds, Peter Shin

Geiger Gibson/RCHN Community Health Foundation Research Collaborative

Analyses of repeal of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) have tended to focus on coverage. This study, which gauges the potential effects of repealing certain ACA provisions, looks at the question of primary health care access itself, with a focus on medically underserved communities. A survey developed and fielded in early 2017 asked community health centers to estimate the impact of ending the Health Centers Fund established under the ACA as well as ending expanded Medicaid coverage and subsidies designed to make private insurance affordable for lower income patients. Forty-one percent of health centers responded; 69 percent were located in ...


Health Workforce Research Centers (Hwrcs) Key Findings, 2013-2016, Clese Erikson Mar 2017

Health Workforce Research Centers (Hwrcs) Key Findings, 2013-2016, Clese Erikson

Health Workforce Research Center Publications

No abstract provided.


The Economic And Employment Consequences Of Repealing Federal Health Reform: A 50 State Analysis, Leighton Ku, Erika Steinmetz, Erin Brantley, Brian K. Bruen Jan 2017

The Economic And Employment Consequences Of Repealing Federal Health Reform: A 50 State Analysis, Leighton Ku, Erika Steinmetz, Erin Brantley, Brian K. Bruen

Health Policy and Management Issue Briefs

Donald Trump and Congressional leaders have stated their intent to repeal the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA or Obamacare). This report examines the consequences of repealing two key elements: (1) federal premium tax credits that help low and middle income Americans afford insurance policies bought through the Health Insurance Marketplaces (exchanges) and (2) federal payments to states for expansions of Medicaid eligibility for low-income adults. Congress passed similar legislation (H.R. 3762) in late 2015, which President Obama vetoed.

This report analyzes how the repeal of these policies could affect state-level employment, economies and fiscal conditions. If tax ...


Community Health Centers: Recent Growth And The Role Of The Aca, Sara Rosenbaum, Julia Paradise, Anne Rossier Markus, Jessica Sharac, Chi Tran, David Reynolds, Peter Shin Jan 2017

Community Health Centers: Recent Growth And The Role Of The Aca, Sara Rosenbaum, Julia Paradise, Anne Rossier Markus, Jessica Sharac, Chi Tran, David Reynolds, Peter Shin

Geiger Gibson/RCHN Community Health Foundation Research Collaborative

Community health centers are the nation’s largest source of comprehensive primary care for medically underserved communities and populations. Under the Affordable Care Act (ACA), increased patient revenues due to the expansion of Medicaid and private health insurance, along with substantially increased direct federal investment in the program, have led to growth in the number of health centers and their capacity to provide services. This brief draws on 2015 federal data on health centers and our 2016 Survey of Health Centers’ Experiences and Activities under the Affordable Care Act to provide a snapshot of health centers and their patients, analyze ...


Health Reform Repeal Could Cause 3 Million People To Lose Jobs And Trigger Broad Economic Disruption, Leighton Ku, Erika Steinmetz, Erin Brantley, Brian K. Bruen Jan 2017

Health Reform Repeal Could Cause 3 Million People To Lose Jobs And Trigger Broad Economic Disruption, Leighton Ku, Erika Steinmetz, Erin Brantley, Brian K. Bruen

Geiger Gibson/RCHN Community Health Foundation Research Collaborative

Issue: The incoming Trump administration and Republicans in Congress are seeking to repeal the Affordable Care Act (ACA), likely beginning with the law’s insurance premium tax credits and expansion of Medicaid eligibility. Research shows that the loss of these two provisions would lead to a doubling of the number of uninsured, higher uncompensated care costs for providers, and higher taxes for low-income Americans.

Goal: To determine the state-by-state effect of repeal on employment and economic activity.

Methods: A multistate economic forecasting model (PI+ from Regional Economic Models, Inc.) was used to quantify for each state the effects of the ...


Repealing Federal Health Reform: Economic And Employment Consequences For States, Leighton C. Ku, Erika Steinmetz, Erin Brantley, Brian K. Bruen Jan 2017

Repealing Federal Health Reform: Economic And Employment Consequences For States, Leighton C. Ku, Erika Steinmetz, Erin Brantley, Brian K. Bruen

Health Policy and Management Issue Briefs

Issue: The incoming Trump administration and Republicans in Congress are seeking to repeal the Affordable Care Act (ACA), likely beginning with the law’s insurance premium tax credits and expansion of Medicaid eligibility. Research shows that the loss of these two provisions would lead to a doubling of the number of uninsured, higher uncompensated care costs for providers, and higher taxes for low-income Americans.

Goal: To determine the state-by-state effect of repeal on employment and economic activity.

Methods: A multistate economic forecasting model (PI+ from Regional Economic Models, Inc.) was used to quantify for each state the effects of the ...


Evolving Workforce Roles In Medicare Next Generation Acos, Clese E Erikson Jan 2017

Evolving Workforce Roles In Medicare Next Generation Acos, Clese E Erikson

Health Workforce Research Center Publications

The purpose of this study was to explore key workforce strategies in Next Generation Accountable Care Organizations (Next Gen ACOs), the latest evolution in Medicare ACOs. We conducted semi-structured interviews with leaders from seven of the initial 18 Next Gen ACOs to better understand their perceptions regarding how workforce roles are changing to support the Next Gen ACO model. Key Questions:

  1. What new and expanded roles for existing health workforce members are reported by Next Generation ACO leaders?
  2. Has use of the health workforce changed as a result of Next Gen waivers for telehealth, home visits, and use of SNFs ...


Improving Community Health Through Hospital Community Benefit Spending: Charting A Path To Reform, Sara J. Rosenbaum, Maureen Byrnes, Sara Rothenberg, Rachel Gunsalus Dec 2016

Improving Community Health Through Hospital Community Benefit Spending: Charting A Path To Reform, Sara J. Rosenbaum, Maureen Byrnes, Sara Rothenberg, Rachel Gunsalus

Health Policy and Management Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Community Health Centers And Medicaid Payment Reform: Emerging Lessons From Medicaid Expansion States, Peter Shin, Jessica Sharac, Zoe Barber, Sara J. Rosenbaum Oct 2016

Community Health Centers And Medicaid Payment Reform: Emerging Lessons From Medicaid Expansion States, Peter Shin, Jessica Sharac, Zoe Barber, Sara J. Rosenbaum

Geiger Gibson/RCHN Community Health Foundation Research Collaborative

Community health centers represent a major source of primary health care for the nation’s Medicaid beneficiaries. Because the Federally Qualified Health Center (FQHC) payment system is encounter-based, health centers and Medicaid agencies in ACA expansion states are actively pursuing payment reforms that will enable health centers to adopt strategies that can more effectively respond to the considerable and complex health and social needs of people served by health centers, and more efficiently address the surging volume of patient care. In five expansion states whose alternative payment experiments are underway, health centers and Medicaid agencies are testing payment alternatives, such ...


How Are Migrant Health Centers And Their Patients Faring Under The Affordable Care Act?, Jessica Sharac, Rachel Gunsalus, Chi Tran, Peter Shin, Sara Rosenbaum May 2016

How Are Migrant Health Centers And Their Patients Faring Under The Affordable Care Act?, Jessica Sharac, Rachel Gunsalus, Chi Tran, Peter Shin, Sara Rosenbaum

Geiger Gibson/RCHN Community Health Foundation Research Collaborative

Migratory and seasonal agricultural workers (MSAWs) provide essential labor for farming in all its branches in the United States. Between 2.4 and 3 million MSAWs live across the U.S. in every state but are clustered in areas dense with agricultural employment. As a population already susceptible to poor health outcomes because of poverty and work-related health risks, MSAWs depend on community health centers, especially those known as migrant health centers that receive additional migrant funding. Reporting data from a national survey of agricultural workers, as well as findings from analyses of data from the Uniform Data System (UDS ...


Physician Quality Reporting System Program Updates And The Impact On Emergency Medicine Practice., Jennifer L Wiler, Michael Granovsky, Stephen V Cantrill, Richard Newell, Arjun K Venkatesh, Jeremiah D Schuur Mar 2016

Physician Quality Reporting System Program Updates And The Impact On Emergency Medicine Practice., Jennifer L Wiler, Michael Granovsky, Stephen V Cantrill, Richard Newell, Arjun K Venkatesh, Jeremiah D Schuur

Emergency Medicine Faculty Publications

In 2007, the Centers for Medicaid and Medicare Services (CMS) created a novel payment program to create incentives for physician's to focus on quality of care measures and report quality performance for the first time. Initially termed "The Physician Voluntary Reporting Program," various Congressional actions, including the Tax Relief and Health Care Act of 2006 (TRHCA) and Medicare Improvements for Patients and Providers Act of 2008 (MIPPA) further strengthened and ensconced this program, eventually leading to the quality program termed today as the Physician Quality Reporting System (PQRS). As a result of passage of the Affordable Care Act of ...


Hospital Discharge Planning In Medicare: Current Requirements And Proposed Changes, Sally Coberly Feb 2016

Hospital Discharge Planning In Medicare: Current Requirements And Proposed Changes, Sally Coberly

National Health Policy Forum

Medicare's specific minimum health and safety standards for hospitals, known as conditions of participation, include requirements for discharge planning for patients who need such services. Discharge planning is intended to ensure smooth transitions from hospital to home or other health care facility. This publication reviews the current discharge planning requirements for hospitals as well as changes included in a proposed rule published by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services on November 3, 2015. Key proposed changes include an expanded definition of which patients must receive discharge planning services, a requirement that providers responsible for follow-up care receive timely information ...


Medicaid Eligibility And Benefits, Sally Coberly Jan 2016

Medicaid Eligibility And Benefits, Sally Coberly

National Health Policy Forum

This publication provides a brief overview of the Medicaid program. It highlights the range of eligibility and benefits requirements and options and it briefly describes the program's financing structure.


Medicaid Financing, Sally Coberly Jan 2016

Medicaid Financing, Sally Coberly

National Health Policy Forum

This publication provides an overview of how the Medicaid program is financed. It explains how the federal and state shares of funding are determined, briefly describes disproportionate share hospital payments and how those are affected by the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010, and outlines financing mechanisms states have used to maximize federal Medicaid matching funds.


Medicare, Sally Coberly Jan 2016

Medicare, Sally Coberly

National Health Policy Forum

This publication provides an overview of the Medicare program including eligibility, covered services, cost-sharing requirements, and program financing.


The Medicare Drug Benefit (Part D), Sally Coberly Jan 2016

The Medicare Drug Benefit (Part D), Sally Coberly

National Health Policy Forum

The Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act of 2003 (MMA) established a voluntary outpatient prescription drug benefit for Medicare beneficiaries that began January 1, 2006. This publication provides an overview of the drug benefit.


Workforce Planning And Development In Times Of Delivery System Transformation, Patricia Pittman, Ellen Scully-Russ Jan 2016

Workforce Planning And Development In Times Of Delivery System Transformation, Patricia Pittman, Ellen Scully-Russ

Health Policy and Management Faculty Publications

Background

As implementation of the US Affordable Care Act (ACA) advances, many domestic health systems are considering major changes in how the healthcare workforce is organized. The purpose of this study is to explore the dynamic processes and interactions by which workforce planning and development (WFPD) is evolving in this new environment.

Methods

Informed by the theory of loosely coupled systems (LCS), we use a case study design to examine how workforce changes are being managed in Kaiser Permanente and Montefiore Health System. We conducted site visits with in-depth interviews with 8 to 10 stakeholders in each organization.

Results

Both ...


Puerto Rico’S Community Health Centers In A Time Of Crisis, Peter Shin, Jessica Sharac, Marie Nina Luis, Sara J. Rosenbaum Dec 2015

Puerto Rico’S Community Health Centers In A Time Of Crisis, Peter Shin, Jessica Sharac, Marie Nina Luis, Sara J. Rosenbaum

Geiger Gibson/RCHN Community Health Foundation Research Collaborative

In 2014, Puerto Rico’s twenty federally funded community health centers, operating in 71 sites located throughout the Commonwealth, served 330,736 patients, approximately one in ten Commonwealth residents. Compared to other Puerto Rico residents, health center patients are less likely to be insured. Despite considerable growth in Medicaid as a result of the supplemental funding provided under the Affordable Care Act, in 2014, 12.2% of health center patients remained uninsured.

Compared to health centers outside Puerto Rico, Puerto Rico’s health centers show a greater proportion of Medicaid patients served (69% compared to 46% outside Puerto Rico), a ...


Health Center Trends: Recent Experience In Medicaid Expansion And Non-Expansion States., Peter Shin, Jessica Sharac, Julia Zur, Sara J. Rosenbaum, Julia Paradise Dec 2015

Health Center Trends: Recent Experience In Medicaid Expansion And Non-Expansion States., Peter Shin, Jessica Sharac, Julia Zur, Sara J. Rosenbaum, Julia Paradise

Geiger Gibson/RCHN Community Health Foundation Research Collaborative

In thousands of medically underserved communities across the U.S., community health centers enroll lowincome people in health coverage and provide care to millions of patients. Against the backdrop of significant health center expansion over several years and a full year of expanded health coverage under the Affordable Care Act (ACA), this brief examines change between 2013 and 2014 in the volume and health coverage profile of health center patients, and health center enrollment activities and service capacity, comparing states that implemented the ACA Medicaid expansion in 2014 and states that did not expand Medicaid in 2014. The study is ...


Medicare Part B Premiums And Social Security Benefits, Sally Coberly Nov 2015

Medicare Part B Premiums And Social Security Benefits, Sally Coberly

National Health Policy Forum

This paper describes the annual determination of beneficiaries' premiums for voluntary Medicare Part B coverage and a provision known as "hold harmless." The hold-harmless provision prevents a beneficiary's Social Security payments from being reduced as a result of an increase in the Part B premium. Because there was no cost-of-living increase for Social Security benefits for 2016, the hold-harmless provision will be in effect. This paper discusses what happens to premiums in 2016 for beneficiaries who are not held harmless—new beneficiaries, beneficiaries who do not participate in Social Security, those who are dually eligible for Medicare and Medicaid ...


Meaningful Use Of Health Information Technology: Proving Its Worth?, Lisa Sprague Nov 2015

Meaningful Use Of Health Information Technology: Proving Its Worth?, Lisa Sprague

National Health Policy Forum

Health policymakers in recent years have looked to the implementation of health information technology (IT)—electronic health records and the like—as a means to improve quality, reduce costs, and achieve better health outcomes across populations. But implementing health IT in a meaningful way must go beyond purchasing medical records software. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) devised a set of measures and incentives for hospitals and eligible medical professionals within Medicare or Medicaid to mark successive stages of effective IT implementation. This issue brief discusses the history of meaningful use, the measures used to evaluate ...


Medicare's Post-Acute Care Payment: An Updated Review Of The Issues And Policy Proposals, Sally Coberly Oct 2015

Medicare's Post-Acute Care Payment: An Updated Review Of The Issues And Policy Proposals, Sally Coberly

National Health Policy Forum

Medicare spending on post-acute care provided by home health agencies, skilled nursing facilities, inpatient rehabilitation facilities, and long-term care hospitals accounted for about 10 percent of total program outlays in 2013. The Medicare Payment Advisory Commission and others have noted several long-standing problems with the payment systems for post-acute care and have suggested refinements to Medicare's post-acute care payment systems that are intended to encourage the delivery of appropriate care in the right setting for a patient's condition. The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 contained several provisions that affect the Medicare program's post-acute care ...


Challenges Of Forecasting Physician Workforce Needs Amid Delivery System Transformation, Rob Cunningham Sep 2015

Challenges Of Forecasting Physician Workforce Needs Amid Delivery System Transformation, Rob Cunningham

National Health Policy Forum

As population growth and the aging of the overall population increase demand for health care, policymakers and analysts grapple with whether sufficient health care providers, particularly physicians, will be available to meet that demand. Some argue there are too few physicians already; others say our current supply-demand problems lie with efficiency. But suppose both are correct? Perhaps the real challenge is to understand how the provision of health care services is changing in response to market forces such as payment changes, patients' expectations, provider distributions, and technology innovations. This issue brief revisits what is known about evolving practice organizations, professional ...


How Has The Affordable Care Act Benefitted Medically Underserved Communities? : National Findings From The 2014 Community Health Centers Uniform Data System, Jessica Sharac, Peter Shin, Sara J. Rosenbaum Aug 2015

How Has The Affordable Care Act Benefitted Medically Underserved Communities? : National Findings From The 2014 Community Health Centers Uniform Data System, Jessica Sharac, Peter Shin, Sara J. Rosenbaum

Geiger Gibson/RCHN Community Health Foundation Research Collaborative

Community health centers represent the single largest comprehensive primary health care system serving medically underserved communities, operating in more than 9,000 urban and rural locations. Newly-released data for 2014 from the Uniform Data System (UDS; the federal health center reporting system) shed important light on the impact of the Affordable Care Act in its first full year of implementation in medically underserved urban and rural communities across the U.S. These communities experience elevated poverty, heightened health risks, lack of access to primary health care, and a significantly greater likelihood that residents will be uninsured.

The UDS data show ...


How Will Texas’ Affordable Care Act Implementation Decisions Affect The Population? A Closer Look, Sara J. Rosenbaum, Sara Rothenberg, Sara Ely Jun 2015

How Will Texas’ Affordable Care Act Implementation Decisions Affect The Population? A Closer Look, Sara J. Rosenbaum, Sara Rothenberg, Sara Ely

Geiger Gibson/RCHN Community Health Foundation Research Collaborative

The Affordable Care Act (ACA) gives states two key choices: Whether to expand Medicaid to cover poor uninsured adults; and whether to establish a state Exchange. No population stands to gain more from these choices than residents of Texas, who experience the nation’s highest uninsured rate. National estimates show that by not expanding Medicaid, the state has foregone coverage for 1.5 million people. County‐level estimates show that in 249 out of 254 counties, the proportion of uninsured adults exceeds 20 percent of the total adult county population. In 31 counties, the proportion of low income uninsured adults ...