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Articles 1 - 30 of 1461

Full-Text Articles in Health Law and Policy

Preserving A Precious Resource: Rationalizing The Use Of Antibiotics, Eric Kades Sep 2019

Preserving A Precious Resource: Rationalizing The Use Of Antibiotics, Eric Kades

Eric A. Kades

No abstract provided.


Liberty Without Capacity: Why States Should Ban Adolescent Driving, Vivian E. Hamilton Sep 2019

Liberty Without Capacity: Why States Should Ban Adolescent Driving, Vivian E. Hamilton

Vivian E. Hamilton

No abstract provided.


Using And Misusing Legal Decisions: Why Anti-Vaccine Claims About Nvicp Cases Are Wrong, Dorit Rubinstein Reiss, Rachel Heap Aug 2019

Using And Misusing Legal Decisions: Why Anti-Vaccine Claims About Nvicp Cases Are Wrong, Dorit Rubinstein Reiss, Rachel Heap

Minnesota Journal of Law, Science & Technology

No abstract provided.


Helsinn Healthcare S.A. V. Teva Pharmaceuticals Usa, Inc.: “Sale” Keeps Its Old Meaning Under The Leahy–Smith America Invents Act, Sherrie Holdman Aug 2019

Helsinn Healthcare S.A. V. Teva Pharmaceuticals Usa, Inc.: “Sale” Keeps Its Old Meaning Under The Leahy–Smith America Invents Act, Sherrie Holdman

Minnesota Journal of Law, Science & Technology

No abstract provided.


Assisted Dying For Prison Populations - Lessons From And For Abroad.Pdf, Jocelyn Downie, Adelina Iftene, Megan Steeves Aug 2019

Assisted Dying For Prison Populations - Lessons From And For Abroad.Pdf, Jocelyn Downie, Adelina Iftene, Megan Steeves

Articles & Book Chapters

No abstract provided.


Assisted Dying For Prison Populations - Lessons From And For Abroad.Pdf, Jocelyn Downie, Adelina Iftene, Megan Steeves Jul 2019

Assisted Dying For Prison Populations - Lessons From And For Abroad.Pdf, Jocelyn Downie, Adelina Iftene, Megan Steeves

Adelina Iftene

No abstract provided.


Off With Their Heads! How China's Controversial Human Head-Transplant Procedure Exceeds The Parameters Of International Ethical Standards In Human Experimentation, Deena Agamy Jul 2019

Off With Their Heads! How China's Controversial Human Head-Transplant Procedure Exceeds The Parameters Of International Ethical Standards In Human Experimentation, Deena Agamy

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Super Unleaded Malbec? A Case Study In Flawed International Standard Setting At The Codex Alimentarius, Justin Schwegel Jun 2019

Super Unleaded Malbec? A Case Study In Flawed International Standard Setting At The Codex Alimentarius, Justin Schwegel

Journal of Food Law & Policy

The World Trade Organization’s (WTO) Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS Agreement) provides rules on the adoption and enforcement of SPS measures. It also presumes that food safety regulations adopted by WTO Members that conform to relevant international standards are consistent with the SPS Agreement. The relevant international standard setting body for food safety is the Codex Alimentarius Commission, which conducts most of its food safety risk management work through subsidiary bodies such as the Codex Committee on Contaminants in Food (CCCF). CCCF establishes maximum limits for food contaminants and codes of practice for reducing ...


Best Practices For Member Outreach And Engagement: How Effective Acos Build Understanding And Respect, Jessica Carpenter, Jocelyn Gordon Jun 2019

Best Practices For Member Outreach And Engagement: How Effective Acos Build Understanding And Respect, Jessica Carpenter, Jocelyn Gordon

Commonwealth Medicine Publications

Targeted strategies and sustained efforts at member outreach and engagement are helping Accountable Care Organizations (ACOs) and their Community Partners (CPs) achieve their shared goals for delivering patient-centered care. The most successful organizations focus on activities designed to create a stronger connection with their members, building trust and a better understanding of individuals’ characteristics and care needs. Positive results of these efforts include successful person-centered care planning, improved compliance with care plans and prescriptions, and implementation of recommended lifestyle changes — changes that help support independent living, reduce medical costs and complications, and drive improvements in member satisfaction.


University Of Massachusetts Medical School Report To Minnesota Department Of Human Services Health And Incarceration Project, Katharine London, Jeremy Tourish Jun 2019

University Of Massachusetts Medical School Report To Minnesota Department Of Human Services Health And Incarceration Project, Katharine London, Jeremy Tourish

Commonwealth Medicine Publications

On behalf of the Minnesota Department of Health Services, Health Law & Policy experts from our Public and Private Health Solutions group completed a literature review of successful efforts to improve the health of previously incarcerated individuals. In addition, our experts conducted five focus groups to obtain recommendations from experienced professionals who work directly with previously incarcerated individuals regarding interventions likely to improve the health of this unique population.

This study came about at the direction of Minnesota Legislature. They were interested in developing a methodology for paying higher rates to health care providers who provide services to high cost and ...


“You Do It Without Their Knowledge”: Is Nonconsensual Comdom Removal The New Public Health Emergency?, Marwa Awad Mohamed Jun 2019

“You Do It Without Their Knowledge”: Is Nonconsensual Comdom Removal The New Public Health Emergency?, Marwa Awad Mohamed

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

Background: Sexual consent is often defined as the voluntary agreement to participate in a sexual act, though the differing definitions across and within countries make legal consensus difficult. In recent years, due to popularization through social media, nonconsensual condom removal, termed stealthing, is becoming common, especially among young adults. Yet, little to no empirical evidence exists on this sexual behavior.

Methods: In this exploratory sequential mixed methods approach, we aimed to address the current perception of stealthing among young adults. College students were recruited from general education courses at a medium-sized four- year public university. Focus groups were conducted to ...


Legal Remedies To Address Stigma-Based Health Inequalities In The United States: Opportunities And Challenges, Valarie Blake, Mark L. Hatzenbuehler Jun 2019

Legal Remedies To Address Stigma-Based Health Inequalities In The United States: Opportunities And Challenges, Valarie Blake, Mark L. Hatzenbuehler

Faculty Scholarship

Stigma is an established driver of population-level health outcomes. Antidiscrimination laws can generate or alleviate stigma and, thus, are a critical component in the study of improving population health.


Currently, antidiscrimination laws are often underenforced and are sometimes conceptualized by courts and lawmakers in ways that are too narrow to fully reach all forms of stigma and all individuals who are stigmatized.


To remedy these limitations, we propose the creation of a new population-level surveillance system of antidiscrimination law and its enforcement, a central body to enforce antidiscrimination laws, as well as a collaborative research initiative to enhance the study ...


Health Care's Market Bureaucracy, Allison K. Hoffman May 2019

Health Care's Market Bureaucracy, Allison K. Hoffman

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

The last several decades of health law and policy have been built on a foundation of economic theory. This theory supported the proliferation of market-based policies that promised maximum efficiency and minimal bureaucracy. Neither of these promises has been realized. A mounting body of empirical research discussed in this Article makes clear that leading market-based policies are not efficient — they fail to capture what people want. Even more, this Article describes how the struggle to bolster these policies — through constant regulatory, technocratic tinkering that aims to improve the market and the decision-making of consumers in it — has produced a massive ...


Genetic Discrimination: Why Bragdondoes Not Ensure Protection, Laura F. Rothstein May 2019

Genetic Discrimination: Why Bragdondoes Not Ensure Protection, Laura F. Rothstein

Laura Rothstein

No abstract provided.


Constructing 'Health', Defining 'Choice': Legal And Policy Perspetives On The Post-Pgd Embryo In Four Jurisdictions, Estair Van Wagner, Roxanne Mykitiuk, Jeff Nisker May 2019

Constructing 'Health', Defining 'Choice': Legal And Policy Perspetives On The Post-Pgd Embryo In Four Jurisdictions, Estair Van Wagner, Roxanne Mykitiuk, Jeff Nisker

Estair Van Wagner

Through Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis, embryos created by IVF are selected for transfer to a woman based on particular characterisations, including the presence of genetic markers or a tissue match for a sibling. In this paper we examine the precise language used in the recent policy and regulatory documents of four jurisdictions (the United Kingdom, Australia, Canada and New Zealand) that in any way characterises the post-PGD embryo. We then explore the mutually constructed relationship between how that embryo is characterised and the purposes for which PGD is applied, as well as the types of uses to which the post-PGD embryo ...


Clinical Decision Making: A Case Study Of The Effects Of Evidence Based Medicine And Past Empirical Experience In The Emergency Department, Olivia Zeman-Renner May 2019

Clinical Decision Making: A Case Study Of The Effects Of Evidence Based Medicine And Past Empirical Experience In The Emergency Department, Olivia Zeman-Renner

Theses/Capstones/Creative Projects

With a growing number of medical malpractice suits and the passage of policy that focuses on patient advocacy, an emphasis has been placed on research regarding the decision-making processes of physicians in everyday practices. Over the past decades, scholars have looked to specific clinical decision-making philosophies, how they can be implemented into practice, and the effects of such implementation, but little research has been done into the culmination of decision-making philosophies on a day-to-day basis. By focusing on single-case study of a Midwestern Emergency Department and asking Attending physicians to self-report their decision-making philosophies, this study serves as a transition ...


Infants Exposed To Homelessness: Health, Health Care Use, And Health Spending From Birth To Age Six, Robin E. Clark, Linda Weinreb, Julie M. Flahive, Robert W. Seifert May 2019

Infants Exposed To Homelessness: Health, Health Care Use, And Health Spending From Birth To Age Six, Robin E. Clark, Linda Weinreb, Julie M. Flahive, Robert W. Seifert

Commonwealth Medicine Publications

Homeless infants are known to have poor birth outcomes, but the longitudinal impact of homelessness on health, health care use, and health spending during the early years of life has received little attention. Linking Massachusetts emergency shelter enrollment records for the period 2008-15 with Medicaid claims, we compared 5,762 infants who experienced a homeless episode with a group of 5,553 infants matched on sex, race/ethnicity, location, and birth month. Infants born during a period of unstable housing resulting in homelessness had higher rates of low birthweight, respiratory problems, fever, and other common conditions; longer neonatal intensive care ...


Will Ending Certain Drug Rebates Lower List Prices And Patient Out-Of-Pocket Costs?, Mckenzie Taylor, Stephanie Tran Apr 2019

Will Ending Certain Drug Rebates Lower List Prices And Patient Out-Of-Pocket Costs?, Mckenzie Taylor, Stephanie Tran

Commonwealth Medicine Publications

Earlier this year, the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) proposed changes to the current pricing and contracting system for federal health care programs, Medicare Part D and Medicaid.This proposal aligns with the Trump Administration’s blueprint for lowering drug prices which we have written about previously.


Guantánamo Bodies: Law, Media, And Biopower, Cary Federman, Dave Holmes Apr 2019

Guantánamo Bodies: Law, Media, And Biopower, Cary Federman, Dave Holmes

Cary Federman

The idea of the Guantánamo detainee as a Muselmann, the lowest order of concentration camp inmates, contains within it important implications for the new understanding of sovereignty in the era of Guantánamo, in an age of exception. The purpose of this article is to explain the status of those who are detained at Guantánamo Bay. Stated broadly, in assessing that status, we will emphasize the connection between the altered meaning of sovereignty that has accompanied the placing of prisoners in an American penal colony in Cuba and the biopolitical status of the prisoners who reside there. More particularly, we will ...


Law & Health Care Newsletter, Spring 2019 Apr 2019

Law & Health Care Newsletter, Spring 2019

Law & Health Care Newsletter

No abstract provided.


The Expanding Role Of Pharmacists: A Positive Shift For Health Care, Ashley Chiara Mar 2019

The Expanding Role Of Pharmacists: A Positive Shift For Health Care, Ashley Chiara

Commonwealth Medicine Publications

When reflecting upon the impactful members of a patient’s healthcare team, much consideration is given to the patient’s nurses, primary care physician and specialists. However, with nearly nine in 10 Americans living within five miles of a community pharmacy, and four in five receiving prescription benefits through a pharmacy benefit manager (PBM), the role of the pharmacist in orchestrating a patient’s care on the front lines is often overlooked.


Hard Choices And Deficient Choosers, Mark Kelman Mar 2019

Hard Choices And Deficient Choosers, Mark Kelman

Northwestern Journal of Law & Social Policy

No abstract provided.


Yielding To He Necessities Of A Great Public Industry: Denial And Concealment Of The Harmful Health Effects Of Coal Mining, Caitlyn Greene, Patrick Charles Mcginley Mar 2019

Yielding To He Necessities Of A Great Public Industry: Denial And Concealment Of The Harmful Health Effects Of Coal Mining, Caitlyn Greene, Patrick Charles Mcginley

William & Mary Environmental Law and Policy Review

In the mid-nineteenth century, coal mined in Central Appalachia began to flow into industrial markets. Those mines and the coal they produced provided jobs, put food on family tables in coalfield households, and even provided housing for hundreds of thousands of coal miners and their families. The bounty from America’s expanding coalfields fueled the Industrial Revolution and powered the nation’s steel mills, factories,steamboats, and railroads. It powered America’s defense through two World Wars and later military conflicts. Coal-fired power plants generated more than half of the electricity used in the United States in the latter quarter ...


Biting The Hands That Feed “The Alligators”: A Case Study In Morbid Obesity Extremes, End-Of-Life Care, And Prohibitions On Harming And Accelerating The End Of Life, Michael J. Malinowski Mar 2019

Biting The Hands That Feed “The Alligators”: A Case Study In Morbid Obesity Extremes, End-Of-Life Care, And Prohibitions On Harming And Accelerating The End Of Life, Michael J. Malinowski

Michael J. Malinowski

Obesity, recognized as a disease in the U.S. and at times as a terminal illness due to associated medical complications, is an American epidemic according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (“CDC”), American Heart Association (“AHA”), and other authorities. More than one third of Americans (39.8% of adults and 18.5% of children) are medically obese. This article focuses on cases of “extreme morbid obesity” (“EMO”)—situations in which death is imminent without aggressive medical interventions, and bariatric surgery is the only treatment option with a realistic possibility of success. Bariatric surgeries themselves are very high ...


The U.S. Science And Technology “Triple Threat”: A Regulatory Treatment Plan For The Nation’S Addiction To Prescription Opioids, Michael J. Malinowski Mar 2019

The U.S. Science And Technology “Triple Threat”: A Regulatory Treatment Plan For The Nation’S Addiction To Prescription Opioids, Michael J. Malinowski

Michael J. Malinowski

No abstract provided.


Payment Reform For Kids, Robert W. Seifert Feb 2019

Payment Reform For Kids, Robert W. Seifert

Commonwealth Medicine Publications

Comprehensive care for children – including greater attention to behavioral health, socio-emotional development, and strong family relationships – may hold the key to lifelong health and well-being. With this premise, a group in Connecticut has just published recommendations for improving pediatric primary care through payment reform.


Lowering Out Of Pocket Drug Costs For Consumers, Mylissa K. Price Jan 2019

Lowering Out Of Pocket Drug Costs For Consumers, Mylissa K. Price

Commonwealth Medicine Publications

Prohibiting gag clauses could help lower consumer out-of-pocket pharmacy costs - if Pharmacy Benefits Managers don't raise prices to make-up the difference. Mylissa Price closes our blog series on President Trump's Blueprint to Lower Drug Costs in this final entry.


Deciphering State Medicaid Programs, Rachel Gershon Jan 2019

Deciphering State Medicaid Programs, Rachel Gershon

Commonwealth Medicine Publications

State Medicaid programs vary substantially from one another. For members, researchers, policymakers, and advocates trying to decipher a state’s Medicaid program, this variation can be a source of frustration, because the details of this variation can be hard to locate.


Robots Are Coming: A Discussion Of Choice-Of-Law Issues And Outcomes In Telesurgical Malpractice, Megan Cloud Jan 2019

Robots Are Coming: A Discussion Of Choice-Of-Law Issues And Outcomes In Telesurgical Malpractice, Megan Cloud

Texas A&M Law Review

New technology frequently emerges that challenges the legal status quo. Early adopters must then grapple with uncertainty over how the law will apply to novel legal quandaries. There is no better example of this than in medicine; however, the health care field is notoriously risk averse. Despite this, the practice of medicine stands to gain tremendously from these technological advancements. One such advancement is the relatively new ability to perform robotic surgery in which the surgeon is remote from the patient. Widespread use of this technology would improve rural access to surgical care, as well as improve access to more ...


Dr. Tele-Corporation: Bridging The Access-To-Care Gap, Nader Amer Jan 2019

Dr. Tele-Corporation: Bridging The Access-To-Care Gap, Nader Amer

Dickinson Law Review

The United States is currently confronting an access-to-healthcare crisis, which rural regions are experiencing at a disproportionate rate. Many commentators have touted telemedicine as a solution for the access-to-care issue. Telemedicine uses video and telecommunication technology to allow physicians to treat patients from distant locations and thus facilitates a more equal distribution of physicians throughout the United States.

Although the telemedicine industry is quickly growing, the corporate practice of medicine doctrine impedes the industry’s expansion and consequently obstructs a viable solution to the access-to-care crisis. Generally, the corporate practice of medicine doctrine prohibits corporations and limited liability companies from ...