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Constitutional Law

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Articles 1 - 30 of 186

Full-Text Articles in Health Law and Policy

How Planned Parenthood V. Casey (Pretty Much) Settled The Abortion Wars, Neal Devins Sep 2019

How Planned Parenthood V. Casey (Pretty Much) Settled The Abortion Wars, Neal Devins

Neal E. Devins

More than twenty-one years after Robert Bork's failed Supreme Court nomination and seventeen years after Planned Parenthood of Southeastern Pennsylvania v. Casey, the rhetoric of abortion politics remains unchanged. Pro-choice interests, for example, argue that states are poised to outlaw abortion and that Roe v. Wade is vulnerable to overruling. In this Essay, I will debunk those claims. First, I will explain how Casey's approval of limited abortion rights reflected an emerging national consensus in 1992. Second, I will explain why the Supreme Court is unlikely to risk political backlash by formally modifying Casey- either by restoring the ...


Constitutional Dilemmas: Health-Care Reform Legislation, Allison Orr Larsen Sep 2019

Constitutional Dilemmas: Health-Care Reform Legislation, Allison Orr Larsen

Allison Orr Larsen

No abstract provided.


Comment On The Definition Of "Eligible Organization" For Purposes Of Coverage Of Certain Preventive Services Under The Affordable Care Act, Robert P. Bartlett, Richard M. Buxbaum, Stavros Gadinis, Justin Mccrary, Stephen Davidoff Solomon, Eric L. Talley Aug 2019

Comment On The Definition Of "Eligible Organization" For Purposes Of Coverage Of Certain Preventive Services Under The Affordable Care Act, Robert P. Bartlett, Richard M. Buxbaum, Stavros Gadinis, Justin Mccrary, Stephen Davidoff Solomon, Eric L. Talley

Richard M. Buxbaum

This comment letter was submitted by U.C. Berkeley corporate law professors in response to a request for comment by the Health and Human Services Department on the definition of "eligible organization" under the Affordable Care Act in light of the Supreme Court's decision in Burwell v. Hobby Lobby. "Eligible organizations" will be permitted under the Hobby Lobby decision to assert the religious principles of their shareholders to exempt themselves from the Affordable Care Act's contraceptive mandate for employees.

In Hobby Lobby, the Supreme Court held that the nexus of identity between several closely-held, for-profit corporations and their ...


Comment On The Definition Of "Eligible Organization" For Purposes Of Coverage Of Certain Preventive Services Under The Affordable Care Act, Robert P. Bartlett, Richard M. Buxbaum, Stavros Gadinis, Justin Mccrary, Stephen Davidoff Solomon, Eric L. Talley Aug 2019

Comment On The Definition Of "Eligible Organization" For Purposes Of Coverage Of Certain Preventive Services Under The Affordable Care Act, Robert P. Bartlett, Richard M. Buxbaum, Stavros Gadinis, Justin Mccrary, Stephen Davidoff Solomon, Eric L. Talley

Robert Bartlett

This comment letter was submitted by U.C. Berkeley corporate law professors in response to a request for comment by the Health and Human Services Department on the definition of "eligible organization" under the Affordable Care Act in light of the Supreme Court's decision in Burwell v. Hobby Lobby. "Eligible organizations" will be permitted under the Hobby Lobby decision to assert the religious principles of their shareholders to exempt themselves from the Affordable Care Act's contraceptive mandate for employees.

In Hobby Lobby, the Supreme Court held that the nexus of identity between several closely-held, for-profit corporations and their ...


How To Think About Religious Freedom In An Egalitarian Age, Nelson Tebbe Sep 2017

How To Think About Religious Freedom In An Egalitarian Age, Nelson Tebbe

Nelson Tebbe

No abstract provided.


Compulsory Vaccination Laws Are Constitutional, Erwin Chemerinsky, Michele Goodwin Jun 2017

Compulsory Vaccination Laws Are Constitutional, Erwin Chemerinsky, Michele Goodwin

Erwin Chemerinsky

A measles epidemic in California, that then spread to other states, focused national attention on the many children who have been vaccinated against communicable diseases. This Essay focuses on the constitutional issues concerning compulsory vaccination laws and argues that every state should require compulsory vaccination of all children, unless there is a medical reason why the child should not be vaccinated. There should be no exception to the compulsory vaccination requirement on account of the parents’ religion or conscience, or for any reason other than medical necessity. The government’s interest in protecting children and preventing the spread of communicable ...


The Relation Between Autonomy-Based Rights And Profoundly Disabled Persons, Norman L. Cantor Apr 2017

The Relation Between Autonomy-Based Rights And Profoundly Disabled Persons, Norman L. Cantor

Norman Cantor

“The Relation Between Autonomy-based Rights and Profoundly Mentally Disabled Persons” Competent persons have fundamental rights to decide about abortion, methods of contraception, and rejection of life-sustaining medical treatment. Profoundly disabled persons are so cognitively impaired that they cannot make their own serious medical decisions. Yet some courts suggest that the mentally impaired are entitled to “the same right” to choice regarding critical medical decisions as competent persons. This article discusses the puzzling question of how to relate autonomy-based rights to never-competent persons. It argues that while profoundly disabled persons cannot be entitled to make their own medical decisions, they have ...


What Impact The Supreme Court’S Recent Hobby Lobby Decision Might Have For Lgbt Civil Rights?, Vincent Samar Jan 2016

What Impact The Supreme Court’S Recent Hobby Lobby Decision Might Have For Lgbt Civil Rights?, Vincent Samar

Vincent Samar

Abstract

What Impact the Supreme Court’s Recent Hobby Lobby

Decision Might Have for LGBT Civil Rights?

Vincent J. Samar

The U.S. Supreme Court’s recent decision in the Hobby Lobby case has created shockwaves of concern among civil rights groups questioning whether for-profit corporations can assert a religious exemption from civil rights legislation under a 1993 federal law, the Religious Freedom Restoration Act. The matter is of particular concern in the LGBT community given the possible impact it could have on services traditionally offered to those getting married as more and more states legalize same-sex marriage. Though the ...


No Free Lunch, But Dinner And A Movie (And Contraceptives For Dessert)?, John C. Eastman Dec 2015

No Free Lunch, But Dinner And A Movie (And Contraceptives For Dessert)?, John C. Eastman

John C. Eastman

The Hobby Lobby decision incited a wave of vitriolic responses, but it is important to understand what the Court actually held before assessing whether such a response was warranted. After reviewing the circumstances leading to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and its accompanying regulations, it is clear that the Court’s legal analysis was correct. Exploring the criticisms from the media and the legal academy in light of that fact reveals the current dispute in the United States over the very nature and purpose of government. In addition scholars and citizens should note the several questions left unaddressed ...


Can Dna Be Speech?, Jorge R. Roig Dec 2015

Can Dna Be Speech?, Jorge R. Roig

Jorge R Roig

DNA is generally regarded as the basic building block of life itself. In the most fundamental sense, DNA is nothing more than a chemical compound, albeit a very complex and peculiar one. DNA is an information-carrying molecule. The specific sequence of base pairs contained in a DNA molecule carries with it genetic information, and encodes for the creation of particular proteins. When taken as a whole, the DNA contained in a single human cell is a complete blueprint and instruction manual for the creation of that human being.
In this article we discuss myriad current and developing ways in which ...


Right-To-Die, Bruce Morton Dec 2015

Right-To-Die, Bruce Morton

Bruce N. Morton

No abstract provided.


Unenumerated Rights And The Limits Of Analogy: A Critque Of The Right To Medical Self-Defense, O. Carter Snead Oct 2015

Unenumerated Rights And The Limits Of Analogy: A Critque Of The Right To Medical Self-Defense, O. Carter Snead

O. Carter Snead

Volokh’s project stands or falls with the claim that the entitlement he proposes is of constitutional dimension. If there is no fundamental right to medical self-defense, the individual must, for better or worse, yield to the regulation of this domain in the name of the values agreed to by the political branches of government. Indeed, the government routinely restricts the instrumentalities of self-help (including self-defense) in the name of avoiding what it takes to be more significant harms. This same rationale accounts for current governmental limitations on access to unapproved drugs and the current ban on organ sales. The ...


The Strange Politics Of Medicaid Expansion, 47 J. Marshall L. Rev. 947 (2014), Steven Schwinn Jun 2015

The Strange Politics Of Medicaid Expansion, 47 J. Marshall L. Rev. 947 (2014), Steven Schwinn

Steven D. Schwinn

This paper first outlines the Medicaid program, Medicaid expansion in the PPACA, and the Court’s ruling on Medicaid expansion in NFIB. It next explores the impacts of the opposition to Medicaid expansion. In particular, it details the substantial federal resources that opposing states will leave on the table, the health insurance coverage that states stand to deny to their poor citizens, and the constitutional law that opposing states left in NFIB.


The Framers' Federalism And The Affordable Care Act, 44 Conn. L. Rev. 1071 (2012), Steven D. Schwinn Jun 2015

The Framers' Federalism And The Affordable Care Act, 44 Conn. L. Rev. 1071 (2012), Steven D. Schwinn

Steven D. Schwinn

Federalism challenges to the Affordable Care Act ("ACA") are inspired by the relatively recent resurgence in federalism concerns in the Supreme Court's jurisprudence. Thus, ACA opponents seek to leverage the Court-created distinction between encouragement and compulsion (in opposition to Medicaid expansion), and the Court-created federalism concern when Congress regulates in a way that could destroy the distinction between what is national and what is local (in opposition to universal coverage). But outside the jurisprudence, the text and history of constitutional federalism tell another story. The text and history suggest that the Constitution created a powerful federal government, of the ...


How An Inaccurate Soundbite Might Take Down Obamacare, Eric J. Segall May 2015

How An Inaccurate Soundbite Might Take Down Obamacare, Eric J. Segall

Eric J. Segall

No abstract provided.


How Obamacare’S Future Rests On A Single Clause, Alan E. Garfield Mar 2015

How Obamacare’S Future Rests On A Single Clause, Alan E. Garfield

Alan E Garfield

No abstract provided.


The Myth Of Autonomy At The End-Of-Life: Questioning The Paradigm Of Rights, Susan Channick Feb 2015

The Myth Of Autonomy At The End-Of-Life: Questioning The Paradigm Of Rights, Susan Channick

Susan A. Channick

No abstract provided.


Conscience And Complicity: Assessing Pleas For Religious Exemptions After Hobby Lobby, Amy Sepinwall Dec 2014

Conscience And Complicity: Assessing Pleas For Religious Exemptions After Hobby Lobby, Amy Sepinwall

Amy J. Sepinwall

In the paradigmatic case of conscientious objection, the objector claims that his religion forbids him from actively participating in a wrong (e.g., by fighting in a war). In the religious challenges to the Affordable Care Act’s employer mandate, on the other hand, employers claim that their religious convictions forbid them from merely subsidizing insurance through which their employees might commit a wrong (e.g., by using contraception). The understanding of complicity underpinning these challenges is vastly more expansive than what standard legal doctrine or moral theory contemplates. Courts routinely reject claims of conscientious objection to taxes that fund ...


King V. Burwell And The Rise Of The Administrative State, Ronald D. Rotunda Dec 2014

King V. Burwell And The Rise Of The Administrative State, Ronald D. Rotunda

Ronald D. Rotunda

The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) is a complex law totaling nearly a thousand pages in length. The litigation now before the Supreme Court in King v. Burwell presents, on the surface, a simple issue of statutory interpretation. However, that surface has a very thin veneer. If the Court allows administrators carte blanche to change the very words of a statute, we will have come a long way towards governance by bureaucrats. Over the years, Congress has delegated many of its powers, but it has never delegated the power to raise taxes or spend tax subsidies in ways ...


What Future Democracy?, Aziz Rana Dec 2014

What Future Democracy?, Aziz Rana

Aziz Rana

The threat posed by Aids to the development of democracy in Africa plays no part in current discussions of the impact of the disease.


Punitive Injunctions, Nirej S. Sekhon Oct 2014

Punitive Injunctions, Nirej S. Sekhon

Nirej Sekhon

No abstract provided.


Mental Hospital Drugs, Professionalism, And The Constitution, Sheldon Gelman Mar 2014

Mental Hospital Drugs, Professionalism, And The Constitution, Sheldon Gelman

Sheldon Gelman

No abstract provided.


Discrimination In Baby Making: The Unconstitutional Treatment Of Prospective Parents Through Surrogacy, Andrea B. Carroll Mar 2014

Discrimination In Baby Making: The Unconstitutional Treatment Of Prospective Parents Through Surrogacy, Andrea B. Carroll

Andrea Beauchamp Carroll

Roundtable on Regulating Assisted Reproductive Technology 2012


Equal Protection, Immigrants And Access To Health Care And Welfare Benefits – A 2014 Update, Mel Cousins Dec 2013

Equal Protection, Immigrants And Access To Health Care And Welfare Benefits – A 2014 Update, Mel Cousins

Mel Cousins

The introduction of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (PRWORA) led to considerable litigation on the rights of immigrants to welfare benefits and access to health care. There was significant divergence between the approaches adopted by the different courts (both federal and State) based, in part, on the different statutory schemes involved but also on different approaches to equal protection. However, none of the cases reached the Supreme Court so the ‘correct’ approach remained unclarified. In response to the Great Recession and subsequent budget crises, several States have again excluded certain legal immigrants from the scope ...


Public Assistance, Drug Testing And The Law: The Limits Of Population-Based Legal Analysis, Candice Player Aug 2013

Public Assistance, Drug Testing And The Law: The Limits Of Population-Based Legal Analysis, Candice Player

Candice T Player

In Populations, Public Health and the Law, legal scholar Wendy Parmet urges courts to embrace population-based legal analysis, a public health inspired approach to legal reasoning. Parmet contends that population-based legal analysis offers a way to analyze legal issues—not unlike law and economics—as well as a set of values from which to critique contemporary legal discourse. Population-based analysis has been warmly embraced by the health law community as a bold new way of analyzing legal issues. Still population-based analysis is not without its problems. At times Parmet claims too much territory for the population-perspective. Moreover Parmet urges courts ...


Legal Methodologies For Maximizing Freedom Of Scientific Research, Charles Baron Aug 2013

Legal Methodologies For Maximizing Freedom Of Scientific Research, Charles Baron

Charles H. Baron

No abstract provided.


The American Patients' Rights Movement And Bloodless Surgery, Charles Baron Aug 2013

The American Patients' Rights Movement And Bloodless Surgery, Charles Baron

Charles H. Baron

No abstract provided.


Appointed To The Scientific Committee Of The European Centre For Life Sciences, Health, And The Courts At The Collegio Ghislieri At The University Of Pavia, Charles Baron Aug 2013

Appointed To The Scientific Committee Of The European Centre For Life Sciences, Health, And The Courts At The Collegio Ghislieri At The University Of Pavia, Charles Baron

Charles H. Baron

No abstract provided.


Quale Etica Per I Guidici?, Charles Baron Aug 2013

Quale Etica Per I Guidici?, Charles Baron

Charles H. Baron

No abstract provided.


Review Of When Death Is Sought: Assisted Suicide And Euthanasia In The Medical Context, By The New York State Task Force On Life And Law, Charles Baron Aug 2013

Review Of When Death Is Sought: Assisted Suicide And Euthanasia In The Medical Context, By The New York State Task Force On Life And Law, Charles Baron

Charles H. Baron

No abstract provided.