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Articles 1 - 30 of 11682

Full-Text Articles in Comparative and Foreign Law

The Mexican Petroleum License Of 2013: A Step To The Past To Bring Mexico Into The Present And The Grounds For An Uncertain Future, Guillermo Garcia Sanchez Dec 2019

The Mexican Petroleum License Of 2013: A Step To The Past To Bring Mexico Into The Present And The Grounds For An Uncertain Future, Guillermo Garcia Sanchez

Guillermo J. Garcia Sanchez

Petroleum in Mexico is not only a resource that has been used and abused by the State to finance its operations; petroleum runs in the veins of its national identity—oil rigs, barrels, and the State-owned company’s eagle are present in monuments across the nation and featured on coins and circulation bills.Official history books tell the story of how the Mexican revolution was fought partly to regain control of the hydrocarbons sector, which in 1910 was dominated by international oil companies. Consequently, to understand the legal nature of the Mexican petroleum license, one needs to review the history ...


Asian Courts And Lgbt Rights, Holning Lau Dec 2019

Asian Courts And Lgbt Rights, Holning Lau

Holning Lau

Courts have played an integral part in advancing the rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) communities in many parts of Asia. For example, Taiwan’s highest court ruled in 2017 that it was unconstitutional to exclude same-sex couples from marriage. As a result, in 2019, Taiwan became the first jurisdiction in Asia to legalize same-sex marriage. Among judicial decisions from Asia, Taiwan’s marriage ruling has gone the furthest in affirming same-sex relationships, but it is not alone in vindicating the rights of gay men, lesbians, and bisexuals. Courts in Asia have also advanced transgender rights. For example ...


Sequencing Peace And Justice In Syria, Milena Sterio Oct 2019

Sequencing Peace And Justice In Syria, Milena Sterio

Milena Sterio

Since 2011, the conflict in Syria has caused the death of hundreds of thousands of individuals and the displacement of millions. Efforts to refer the Syrian situation to the International Criminal Court (ICC) have consistently failed despite well-documented reports about the commission of serious crimes in Syria, including the use of chemical weapons against civilians, torture, the use of child soldiers, and crimes of sexual violence.


A Grotian Moment: Changes In The Legal Theory Of Statehood, Milena Sterio Oct 2019

A Grotian Moment: Changes In The Legal Theory Of Statehood, Milena Sterio

Milena Sterio

This article examines the Grotian Moment theory and its practical application toward the legal theory of statehood. To that effect, this article describes, in Part II, the notion of a Grotian Moment. In Part III, it examines the legal theory of statehood in its traditional form. Part IV describes changes in the legal theory of statehood brought about by the forces of globalization in a Grotian Moment manner. These changes include a new notion of state sovereignty and the accompanying right to intervention, the emergence of human and minority rights that sometimes affect state territorial integrity, the existence of de ...


Hardware, Heartware, Or Nightmare: Smart-City Technology And The Concomitant Erosion Of Privacy, Leila Lawlor Oct 2019

Hardware, Heartware, Or Nightmare: Smart-City Technology And The Concomitant Erosion Of Privacy, Leila Lawlor

Journal of Comparative Urban Law and Policy

Smart city technology is being adopted in cities all around the world to simplify our lives, save us time, ease traffic, improve education, reduce energy usage and keep us safe. This article discusses smart city projects being utilized in crime prevention and investigations. Specifically, this article highlights examples of gunshot detection devices and surveillance that have led to improvements in public safety in Cape Town, Chicago and Atlanta, and discusses their impacts to privacy.


A Comparison Of Two Smart Cities: Singapore & Atlanta, Karen Johnston Oct 2019

A Comparison Of Two Smart Cities: Singapore & Atlanta, Karen Johnston

Journal of Comparative Urban Law and Policy

This paper compares Singapore's top-ranked smart city strategy to Atlanta, Georgia, a city that does not make a top smart city ranking but boasts internationally recognized smart city projects.


The Deceptive Allure Of Singapore's Urban Planning To Urban Planners In America, Denis Binder Oct 2019

The Deceptive Allure Of Singapore's Urban Planning To Urban Planners In America, Denis Binder

Journal of Comparative Urban Law and Policy

This article explores Singapore's history, urban planning history, and present day urban planning strategies as compared to the United States.


Singapore, Land Use And The Lessons For Human Development, Wellington Migliari Oct 2019

Singapore, Land Use And The Lessons For Human Development, Wellington Migliari

Journal of Comparative Urban Law and Policy

A study of the impact of using land use controls as a strategic tool to further human development among all social classes is presented. We advocate that human rights include a long-term practice of combining public policies, manufacturing industry, and property system. Further, this study strives to educate economists and those in other academic areas (e.g. humanities) on the importance of considering land use, ownership, and urban planning with economics to form a new theory of developmentalism. Singapore provides a case study demonstrating similar aspects that may shed light on that debate. The Housing & Development Board and the Urban ...


Providing For Open Space Corridors: Two Examples, Edward Sullivan Oct 2019

Providing For Open Space Corridors: Two Examples, Edward Sullivan

Journal of Comparative Urban Law and Policy

This paper examines the efforts of two jurisdictions to respond to public demands that land be set aside for active or passive recreational use. The response to those demands reflects the different social, political and economic circumstances of those jurisdictions in allocating public and private lands for these uses.


Rainwater Harvesting: Legal Frameworks In The United States, Singapore And Other Countries, Julian Conrad Juergensmeyer, Audra Durham Oct 2019

Rainwater Harvesting: Legal Frameworks In The United States, Singapore And Other Countries, Julian Conrad Juergensmeyer, Audra Durham

Journal of Comparative Urban Law and Policy

With increasing climate change effects worldwide, rainwater harvesting is likely to become more and more important to ensure reliable alternative water supply and to conserve the environment. This article examines two goals to be accomplished through rainwater harvesting: (1) augmenting water supply for proposed development’s use through regulations that have been formulated to make the proposed development responsible for at least a portion of the water supply needed to support the new development; and (2) managing stormwater runoff. The results show that many, perhaps most, rainwater harvesting programs, as exemplified by efforts in Singapore and elsewhere around the world ...


The European Union Perspective On Cultural Heritage And Climate Change Issues, Maria Kenig-Witkowska Oct 2019

The European Union Perspective On Cultural Heritage And Climate Change Issues, Maria Kenig-Witkowska

Journal of Comparative Urban Law and Policy

The paper examines the European Union perspective on the cultural heritage and climate change issues. It starts with drawing up the international law approach to the subject. Whereas the studies on impact of climate change on human environment have become fundamental research in various fields of science, the international community has not yet carried on any serious discussion on the issue of the protection of the cultural heritage in this context. In the first part of this paper the cultural heritage and climate change issues will be discussed from two perspectives - the 1972 World Heritage Convention, and the 1992 United ...


Coastal Cultural Heritage Protection In The United States, France And The United Kingdom, Ryan Rowberry, Ismat Hanano, Sutton M. Freedman, Michelle Wilco, Cameron Kline Oct 2019

Coastal Cultural Heritage Protection In The United States, France And The United Kingdom, Ryan Rowberry, Ismat Hanano, Sutton M. Freedman, Michelle Wilco, Cameron Kline

Journal of Comparative Urban Law and Policy

Exacerbated by climate change, sea levels are rising rapidly. This poses a significant, immediate threat to coastal or riverine urban areas and the tangible cultural heritage (e.g. artifacts, buildings, monuments, archaeological sites) that makes them unique. Protecting coastal cultural resources from climate change is quickly becoming a global priority, and comparing cultural heritage laws designed to protect historic resources in coastal areas from several countries may illuminate potential paths forward. Following a brief discussion of the economic and public health benefits arising from the protection of cultural heritage, this article describes, examines, and compares the legal frameworks through which ...


Introduction, Julian Conrad Juergensmeyer, Karen Johnston Oct 2019

Introduction, Julian Conrad Juergensmeyer, Karen Johnston

Journal of Comparative Urban Law and Policy

No abstract provided.


Foreign Arbitral Awards And The Second Circuit: Enforcement Considerations For Annulments, Calvin Jonker Oct 2019

Foreign Arbitral Awards And The Second Circuit: Enforcement Considerations For Annulments, Calvin Jonker

The Journal of Business, Entrepreneurship & the Law

Many international business transactions integrate an arbitration clause into the agreement as companies choose to keep potential disputes out of the court systems. Enforcement of the awards rendered pursuant to such agreements is straightforward in the United States thanks to the Federal Arbitration Act, as long as the United States is the forum for the arbitration proceeding. Even if the forum is outside of U.S. jurisdiction, several treaties, namely the Panama Convention and the New York Convention, provide for recognition of a foreign arbitrated award by U.S. courts, as well as recognition by U.S. courts of any ...


Crashing The Boards: A Comparative Analysis Of The Boxing Out Of Women On Boards In The United States And Canada, Diana C. Nicholls Mutter Oct 2019

Crashing The Boards: A Comparative Analysis Of The Boxing Out Of Women On Boards In The United States And Canada, Diana C. Nicholls Mutter

The Journal of Business, Entrepreneurship & the Law

This paper will first provide a critical, comparative look at the Canadian and the federal American responses to the under-representation of women on boards of large, publicly traded corporations. There will be a discussion about the competing conceptions which emerge in addressing the regulation of women on boards in the United States and Canada and why each jurisdiction implemented its policy when it did. The conceptions arising out of questions about under-representation of women on boards tend to fall within two categories: business case rationales and normative rationales. Given the competing conceptions of this issue, this paper will attempt to ...


Behavioural Economics And The Non-Frustration Rule: Accounting For Bias, Matthew Cole Oct 2019

Behavioural Economics And The Non-Frustration Rule: Accounting For Bias, Matthew Cole

The Journal of Business, Entrepreneurship & the Law

The purpose of this paper is to argue how reforming the UK takeover and merger rules can lead to greater long-term investment by UK firms, while causing commensurate growth in productivity without hindering overseas investment or entrenching inefficient management.


The Right To Migrate: A Human Rights Response To Immigration Restrictionism In Argentina, David C. Baluarte Oct 2019

The Right To Migrate: A Human Rights Response To Immigration Restrictionism In Argentina, David C. Baluarte

David Baluarte

Within days of President Donald Trump’s 2017 Executive Orders on border security and immigration enforcement, President Mauricio Macri of Argentina issued a Decree to address what he declared was an urgent problem of immigrant criminality. The timing of the two Presidents’ actions triggered concerns that U.S.-style restrictionist immigration regulation was spreading to South America, a continent that has taken progressive steps towards recognizing the human rights of migrants in recent years. Until Macri’s 2017 Decree, Argentina was considered a leader in this regard, with its 2004 immigration law that boldly codified a “right to migrate” and ...


Table Of Contents, Seattle University Law Review Sep 2019

Table Of Contents, Seattle University Law Review

Seattle University Law Review

No abstract provided.


Our Exceptional Constitution, Timothy Zick Sep 2019

Our Exceptional Constitution, Timothy Zick

Timothy Zick

No abstract provided.


Constitution Guarantees Rights To All Of Kosovo's Citizens, Christie S. Warren Sep 2019

Constitution Guarantees Rights To All Of Kosovo's Citizens, Christie S. Warren

Christie S. Warren

No abstract provided.


Sharia Law Poses No Threat To American Courts, Nathan B. Oman Sep 2019

Sharia Law Poses No Threat To American Courts, Nathan B. Oman

Nathan B. Oman

No abstract provided.


Religious Tests And The British Monarchy, Nathan B. Oman Sep 2019

Religious Tests And The British Monarchy, Nathan B. Oman

Nathan B. Oman

No abstract provided.


Unity And Pluralism In Contract Law, Nathan B. Oman Sep 2019

Unity And Pluralism In Contract Law, Nathan B. Oman

Nathan B. Oman

No abstract provided.


Judges Talking To Jurors In Criminal Cases: Why U.S. Judges Do It So Differently From Just About Everyone Else, Paul Marcus Sep 2019

Judges Talking To Jurors In Criminal Cases: Why U.S. Judges Do It So Differently From Just About Everyone Else, Paul Marcus

Paul Marcus

No abstract provided.


Capital Punishment In The United States, And Beyond, Paul Marcus Sep 2019

Capital Punishment In The United States, And Beyond, Paul Marcus

Paul Marcus

This article explores the controversial topic of capital punishment, with a particular focus on its longstanding application in the United States. The use of the death penalty in the US has been the subject of much criticism both domestically and internationally. The numerous concerns addressed in this article relate to the morality of the punishment, its effectiveness, the uneven application of the penalty, and procedural problems. The US Supreme Court has confirmed the constitutionality of capital punishment while striking down particular uses of the death penalty. The US is not, however, alone in executing convicted defendants. Capital punishment is still ...


Australia And The United States: Two Common Criminal Justice Systems Uncommonly At Odds, Part 2, Paul Marcus, Vicki Waye Sep 2019

Australia And The United States: Two Common Criminal Justice Systems Uncommonly At Odds, Part 2, Paul Marcus, Vicki Waye

Paul Marcus

No abstract provided.


Australia And The United States: Two Common Criminal Justice Systems Uncommonly At Odds, Paul Marcus, Vicki Waye Sep 2019

Australia And The United States: Two Common Criminal Justice Systems Uncommonly At Odds, Paul Marcus, Vicki Waye

Paul Marcus

At first glance the criminal justice systems of Australia and the United States look strikingly similar. With common law roots from England, they both emphasize the adversary system, the roleof the advocate, the presumption of innocence, and an appeals process. Upon closer reflection,however, they appear starkly different. From both Australian and U.S. perspectives, the authorsexplore those differences, examining important features such as the exclusion of evidence, rules regarding interrogation, the entrapment defense, and the open nature of trials. The Article concludes with an analysis of the reasons for those differences, reasons that heavily relate back to the founding ...


Book Review Of From Occupation To Interim Accords: Israel And The Palestinian Territories, Linda A. Malone Sep 2019

Book Review Of From Occupation To Interim Accords: Israel And The Palestinian Territories, Linda A. Malone

Linda A. Malone

No abstract provided.


Toward A New Understanding Of Abuse Of Nationality In Claims Before The Iran-United States Claims Tribunal, Nancy Amoury Combs Sep 2019

Toward A New Understanding Of Abuse Of Nationality In Claims Before The Iran-United States Claims Tribunal, Nancy Amoury Combs

Nancy Combs

No abstract provided.


Inter-Country Adoption And The Special Rights Fallacy, James G. Dwyer Sep 2019

Inter-Country Adoption And The Special Rights Fallacy, James G. Dwyer

James G. Dwyer

No abstract provided.