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Full-Text Articles in Dynamics and Dynamical Systems

Stimulating Higher Order Thinking In Mechatronics By Comparing Pid And Fuzzy Control, Christopher J. Lowrance, John R. Rogers Sep 2019

Stimulating Higher Order Thinking In Mechatronics By Comparing Pid And Fuzzy Control, Christopher J. Lowrance, John R. Rogers

West Point Research Papers

Many studies have found active learning, either in the form of in-class exercises or projects, to be superior to traditional lectures. However, these forms of hands-on learning do not always get students to reach the higher order thinking skills associated with the highest levels of Bloom’s Taxonomy (i.e., analysis, synthesis, and evaluation). Assignments that expect students to take an expected approach to reach a well-defined solution contribute to a lack of higher order thinking at the college level. Professional engineers often face complex and ambiguous problems that require design decisions, where there is no straightforward answer. To strengthen ...


Principal Component Neural Networks For Modeling, Prediction, And Optimization Of Hot Mix Asphalt Dynamics Modulus, Parnian Ghasemi, Mohamad Aslani, Derrick K. Rollins, R. Christopher Williams Aug 2019

Principal Component Neural Networks For Modeling, Prediction, And Optimization Of Hot Mix Asphalt Dynamics Modulus, Parnian Ghasemi, Mohamad Aslani, Derrick K. Rollins, R. Christopher Williams

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

The dynamic modulus of hot mix asphalt (HMA) is a fundamental material property that defines the stress-strain relationship based on viscoelastic principles and is a function of HMA properties, loading rate, and temperature. Because of the large number of efficacious predictors (factors) and their nonlinear interrelationships, developing predictive models for dynamic modulus can be a challenging task. In this research, results obtained from a series of laboratory tests including mixture dynamic modulus, aggregate gradation, dynamic shear rheometer (on asphalt binder), and mixture volumetric are used to create a database. The created database is used to develop a model for estimating ...


A Lagrangian Probability-Density-Function Model For Collisional Turbulent Fluid–Particle Flows, Alessio Innocenti, Rodney O. Fox, Maria Vittoria Salvetti, Sergio Chibbaro Mar 2019

A Lagrangian Probability-Density-Function Model For Collisional Turbulent Fluid–Particle Flows, Alessio Innocenti, Rodney O. Fox, Maria Vittoria Salvetti, Sergio Chibbaro

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

Inertial particles in turbulent flows are characterised by preferential concentration and segregation and, at sufficient mass loading, dense particle clusters may spontaneously arise due to momentum coupling between the phases. These clusters, in turn, can generate and sustain turbulence in the fluid phase, which we refer to as cluster-induced turbulence (CIT). In the present work, we tackle the problem of developing a framework for the stochastic modelling of moderately dense particle-laden flows, based on a Lagrangian probability-density-function formalism. This framework includes the Eulerian approach, and hence can be useful also for the development of two-fluid models. A rigorous formalism and ...


Predicting Dynamic Modulus Of Asphalt Mixture Using Data Obtained From Indirect Tension Mode Of Testing, Parnian Ghasemi, Shibin Lin, Derrick K. Rollins, R. Christopher Williams Jan 2019

Predicting Dynamic Modulus Of Asphalt Mixture Using Data Obtained From Indirect Tension Mode Of Testing, Parnian Ghasemi, Shibin Lin, Derrick K. Rollins, R. Christopher Williams

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

Understanding stress-strain behavior of asphalt pavement under repetitive traffic loading is of critical importance to predict pavement performance and service life. For viscoelastic materials, the stress-strain relationship can be represented by the dynamic modulus. The dynamic modulus test in indirect tension mode can be used to measure the modulus of each specific layer of asphalt pavements using representative samples. Dynamic modulus is a function of material properties, loading, and environmental conditions. Developing predictive models for dynamic modulus is efficient and cost effective. This article focuses on developing an accurate Finite Element (FE) model using mixture elastic modulus and asphalt binder ...


Life Cycle Cost Evaluation Strategy For High Performance Control Systems Under Uncertainties, Laura Micheli, Ling Cao, Simon Laflamme, Alice Alipour Jan 2019

Life Cycle Cost Evaluation Strategy For High Performance Control Systems Under Uncertainties, Laura Micheli, Ling Cao, Simon Laflamme, Alice Alipour

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Publications

High-performance control systems (HPCSs), including active, hybrid, and semi-active control strategies, can perform over a wide excitation bandwidth and are therefore good candidates for multi-hazard mitigation. However, the number of HPCS applications in the field is very limited. This is likely due the perceived high costs of installation, maintenance, possible malfunction, and lack of tools to financially justify their implementation. Such financial justifications could be conducted through life cycle cost (LCC) analysis, but would result in a computationally demanding task due to the very large number of simulations required given the large number of uncertainties. In this paper, two sets ...


Shape-Design For Stabilizing Micro-Particles In Inertial Microfluidic Flows, Aditya Kommajosula, Daniel Stoecklein, Dino Di Carlo, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian Jan 2019

Shape-Design For Stabilizing Micro-Particles In Inertial Microfluidic Flows, Aditya Kommajosula, Daniel Stoecklein, Dino Di Carlo, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian

Mechanical Engineering Publications

Design of microparticles which stabilize at the centerline of a channel flow when part of a dilute suspension is examined numerically for moderate Reynolds numbers (10≤Re≤80). Stability metrics for particles with arbitrary shapes are formulated based on linear-stability theory. Particle shape is parametrized by a compact, Non-Uniform Rational B-Spline (NURBS)-based representation. Shape-design is posed as an optimization problem and solved using adaptive Bayesian optimization. We focus on designing particles for maximal stability at the channel-centerline robust to perturbations. Our results indicate that centerline-focusing particles are families of characteristic "fish"/"bottle"/"dumbbell"-like shapes, exhibiting fore-aft asymmetry. A ...


Current-Driven Production Of Vortex-Antivortex Pairs In Planar Josephson Junction Arrays And Phase Cracks In Long-Range Order, Francisco Estellés-Duart, Miguel Ortuño, Andrés M. Somoza, Valerii M. Vinokur, Alex Gurevich Oct 2018

Current-Driven Production Of Vortex-Antivortex Pairs In Planar Josephson Junction Arrays And Phase Cracks In Long-Range Order, Francisco Estellés-Duart, Miguel Ortuño, Andrés M. Somoza, Valerii M. Vinokur, Alex Gurevich

Physics Faculty Publications

Proliferation of topological defects like vortices and dislocations plays a key role in the physics of systems with long-range order, particularly, superconductivity and superfluidity in thin films, plasticity of solids, and melting of atomic monolayers. Topological defects are characterized by their topological charge reflecting fundamental symmetries and conservation laws of the system. Conservation of topological charge manifests itself in extreme stability of static topological defects because destruction of a single defect requires overcoming a huge energy barrier proportional to the system size. However, the stability of driven topological defects remains largely unexplored. Here we address this issue and investigate numerically ...


Characterization Of A Novel Variable Friction Connection For Semi-Active Cladding System, Yongqiang Gong, Liang Cao, Simon Laflamme, Spencer Quiel, James Ricles, Douglas Taylor Jun 2018

Characterization Of A Novel Variable Friction Connection For Semi-Active Cladding System, Yongqiang Gong, Liang Cao, Simon Laflamme, Spencer Quiel, James Ricles, Douglas Taylor

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Publications

Cladding systems are conventionally designed to serve architectural purposes and protect occupants from the environment. Some research has been conducted in altering the cladding system in order to provide additional protection against natural and man‐made hazards. The vast majority of these solutions are passive energy dissipators, applicable to the mitigation of single types of hazards. In this paper, we propose a novel semiactive variable friction device that could act as a connector linking a cladding panel to the structural system. Because of its semiactive capabilities, the device, here termed variable friction cladding connection (VFCC), could be utilized to mitigate ...


Study Of Input Space For State Estimation Of High-Rate Dynamics, Jonathan Hong, Simon Laflamme, Jacob Dodson Jun 2018

Study Of Input Space For State Estimation Of High-Rate Dynamics, Jonathan Hong, Simon Laflamme, Jacob Dodson

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Publications

High‐rate dynamic systems are defined as systems being exposed to highly dynamic environments that comprise high‐rate and high‐amplitude events. Examples of such systems include civil structures exposed to blast, space shuttles prone to debris strikes, and aerial vehicles experiencing in‐flight changes. The high‐rate dynamic characteristics of these systems provides several possibilities for state estimators to improve performance, including a high potential to reduce injuries and save lives. In this paper, opportunities and challenges that are specific to state estimation of high‐rate dynamic systems are presented and discussed. It is argued that a possible path ...


Adaptive Observers For Structural Health Monitoring Of High-Rate, Time-Varying Dynamic Systems, B. S. Joyce, J. Hong, J. C. Dodson, J. C. Wolfson, Simon Laflamme May 2018

Adaptive Observers For Structural Health Monitoring Of High-Rate, Time-Varying Dynamic Systems, B. S. Joyce, J. Hong, J. C. Dodson, J. C. Wolfson, Simon Laflamme

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Conference Presentations and Proceedings

Safe and reliable operation of hypersonic aircraft, space structures, advanced weapon systems, and other high-rate dynamic systems depends on advances in state estimators and damage detection algorithms. High-rate dynamic systems have rapidly changing input forces, rate-dependent and time-varying structural parameters, and uncertainties in material and structural properties. While current structural health monitoring (SHM) techniques can assess damage on the order of seconds to minutes, complex high-rate structures require SHM methods that detect, locate, and quantify damage or changes in the structure’s configuration on the microsecond timescale.

This paper discusses the importance of microsecond structural health monitoring (μSHM) and some ...


A Dynamical System Approach For Resource-Constrained Mobile Robotics, Tauhidul Alam Apr 2018

A Dynamical System Approach For Resource-Constrained Mobile Robotics, Tauhidul Alam

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The revolution of autonomous vehicles has led to the development of robots with abundant sensors, actuators with many degrees of freedom, high-performance computing capabilities, and high-speed communication devices. These robots use a large volume of information from sensors to solve diverse problems. However, this usually leads to a significant modeling burden as well as excessive cost and computational requirements. Furthermore, in some scenarios, sophisticated sensors may not work precisely, the real-time processing power of a robot may be inadequate, the communication among robots may be impeded by natural or adversarial conditions, or the actuation control in a robot may be ...


Development Of The End-Effector Of A Cable-Driven Parallel Manipulator For Automated Crop Sensing, Iman Salafian Aug 2017

Development Of The End-Effector Of A Cable-Driven Parallel Manipulator For Automated Crop Sensing, Iman Salafian

Mechanical (and Materials) Engineering -- Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

A four cable-driven parallel manipulator (4CDPM), consisting of sophisticated spectrometers and imagers, is under development for use in acquiring phenotypic and environmental data over an acre-sized maize field. This thesis presents the design, controls, and testing of two sub-systems in a 4CDPM: a Center of Mass Balance System (CMBS) and a Drop-Down System (DDS).

One of the factors that influences stability is the center of mass (COM) position of the end effector. An offset in COM can cause a pendulum effect or an undesired tilt angle. A center of mass balancing system is presented in this thesis to minimize the ...


Variable Input Observer For State Estimation Of High-Rate Dynamics, Jonathan Hong, Liang Cao, Simon Laflamme, Jacob Dodson Apr 2017

Variable Input Observer For State Estimation Of High-Rate Dynamics, Jonathan Hong, Liang Cao, Simon Laflamme, Jacob Dodson

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Conference Presentations and Proceedings

High-rate systems operating in the 10 μs to 10 ms timescale are likely to experience damaging effects due to rapid environmental changes (e.g., turbulence, ballistic impact). Some of these systems could benefit from real-time state estimation to enable their full potential. Examples of such systems include blast mitigation strategies, automotive airbag technologies, and hypersonic vehicles. Particular challenges in high-rate state estimation include: 1) complex time varying nonlinearities of system (e.g. noise, uncertainty, and disturbance); 2) rapid environmental changes; 3) requirement of high convergence rate. Here, we propose using a Variable Input Observer (VIO) concept to vary the ...


Compact Facility For Testing Steady And Transient Thermal Performance Of Building Walls, Aimee Byrne, Gerard Byrne, Anthony Robinson Jan 2017

Compact Facility For Testing Steady And Transient Thermal Performance Of Building Walls, Aimee Byrne, Gerard Byrne, Anthony Robinson

Articles

Energy efficiency retrofit of buildings represents a key effort in reducing EU energy demand by 20% by 2020. However, predictions tend to overestimate savings by large percentages. The shortfall in savings can be attributed to incorrect predictive techniques, comfort takeback along with other behavioural and workmanship variables. Common predictive techniques related to heat loss tend to be based on the U-value of the building envelope. This paper presents the design of a more straightforward and compact version of the traditional Hot-Box apparatus (measures U-value) which instead determines the thermal resistance of samples of building envelope. U-value includes the need to ...


Microsecond State Monitoring Of Nonlinear Time-Varying Dynamic Systems, Jacob Dodson, Bryan Joyce, Applied Research Associates Inc., Simon Laflamme, Janet Wolfson Jan 2017

Microsecond State Monitoring Of Nonlinear Time-Varying Dynamic Systems, Jacob Dodson, Bryan Joyce, Applied Research Associates Inc., Simon Laflamme, Janet Wolfson

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Conference Presentations and Proceedings

Reliable operation of next generation high-speed complex structures (e.g. hypersonic air vehicles, space structures, and weapons) relies on the development of microsecond structural health monitoring (μSHM) systems. High amplitude impacts may damage or alter the structure, and therefore change the underlying system configuration and the dynamic response of these systems. While state-of-the-art structural health monitoring (SHM) systems can measure structures which change on the order of seconds to minutes, there are no real-time methods for detection and characterization of damage in the microsecond timescales.

This paper presents preliminary analysis addressing the need for microsecond detection of state and parameter ...


Robust Variable Input Observer For Structural Health Monitoring Of Systems Experiencing Harsh Extreme Environments, Jonathan Hong, Liang Cao, Simon Laflamme, Jacob Dodson Jan 2017

Robust Variable Input Observer For Structural Health Monitoring Of Systems Experiencing Harsh Extreme Environments, Jonathan Hong, Liang Cao, Simon Laflamme, Jacob Dodson

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Conference Presentations and Proceedings

Systems experiencing events in the order of 10μs-10ms timescales, for instance highrate dynamics or harsh extreme environments, may encounter rapid damaging effects. If the structural health of such systems could be accurately estimated in a timely manner, preventative measures could be employed to minimize adverse effects. Previously, a Variable Input Observer (VIO) coupled with a neuro-observer was proposed by the authors as a potential solution in monitoring their structural health. The objective of the VIO is to provide state estimation based on an optimal input space allowed to vary as a function of time. The VIO incorporates the use of ...


Design And Commissioning Of A Community Scale Solar Powered Membrane-Based Water Purification System In Haiti, Shavin Pinto, Yung Wong, Kyle Fennesy, Yan Tang, Marc Compere Jan 2016

Design And Commissioning Of A Community Scale Solar Powered Membrane-Based Water Purification System In Haiti, Shavin Pinto, Yung Wong, Kyle Fennesy, Yan Tang, Marc Compere

Publications

This paper presents the design and commissioning of a solar powered water purification system at the Ryan Epps Home for Children (REHC) in Michaud, Haiti. This system supplies clean drinking water to the 200 children who live and go to school at REHC and also to the community in the form of a micro-business. This micro-business is the mechanism for income generation for sustainable system operation. The purifier uses a three stage filtration system with a disc-type sediment filter, a 0.1 micron ultrafiltration membrane, and an ultraviolet light for disinfection. The backwash cycle extends the life of the ultrafiltration ...


Case Studies Of Cavity And External Wall Insulation Retrofitted Under The Irish Home Energy Saving Scheme: Technical Analysis And Occupant Perspectives, Aimee Byrne, Gerard Byrne, Garrett O'Donnell, Anthony Robinson Jan 2016

Case Studies Of Cavity And External Wall Insulation Retrofitted Under The Irish Home Energy Saving Scheme: Technical Analysis And Occupant Perspectives, Aimee Byrne, Gerard Byrne, Garrett O'Donnell, Anthony Robinson

Articles

The residential sector represents 27% of primary energy consumption in Ireland. This paper examines the case study of the Irish government’s national grant scheme to encourage energy efficiency retrofit in private housing. That is the Home Energy Saving (HES) Scheme, later rebranded the Better Energy: Homes (BEH) Scheme. The methodology involved monitoring several homes immediately before and after retrofit alongside discussions with occupants. The examination focused on specific measures commonly introduced through the HES/BEH programme − cavity and external wall insulation. It has been found that a significant decrease in heat loss through the walls was measured in all ...


Intensity And Resolution Enhancement Of Local Regions For Object Detection And Tracking In Wide Area Surveillance, Evan Krieger, Vijayan K. Asari, Saibabu Arigela, Theus H. Aspiras Apr 2015

Intensity And Resolution Enhancement Of Local Regions For Object Detection And Tracking In Wide Area Surveillance, Evan Krieger, Vijayan K. Asari, Saibabu Arigela, Theus H. Aspiras

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

Object tracking in wide area motion imagery is a complex problem that consists of object detection and target tracking over time. This challenge can be solved by human analysts who naturally have the ability to keep track of an object in a scene. A computer vision solution for object tracking has the potential to be a much faster and efficient solution. However, a computer vision solution faces certain challenges that do not affect a human analyst. To overcome these challenges, a tracking process is proposed that is inspired by the known advantages of a human analyst.

First, the focus of ...


A Collocated C0 Finite Element Method: Reduced Quadrature Perspective, Cost Comparison With Standard Finite Elements, And Explicit Structural Dynamics, Dominik Schillinger, John A. Evans, Felix Frischmann, René R. Hiemstra, Ming-Chen Hsu, Thomas J.R. Hughes Apr 2015

A Collocated C0 Finite Element Method: Reduced Quadrature Perspective, Cost Comparison With Standard Finite Elements, And Explicit Structural Dynamics, Dominik Schillinger, John A. Evans, Felix Frischmann, René R. Hiemstra, Ming-Chen Hsu, Thomas J.R. Hughes

Mechanical Engineering Publications

We demonstrate the potential of collocation methods for efficient higher-order analysis on standard nodal finite element meshes. We focus on a collocation method that is variationally consistent and geometrically flexible, converges optimally, embraces concepts of reduced quadrature, and leads to symmetric stiffness and diagonal consistent mass matrices. At the same time, it minimizes the evaluation cost per quadrature point, thus reducing formation and assembly effort significantly with respect to standard Galerkin finite element methods. We provide a detailed review of all components of the technology in the context of elastodynamics, that is, weighted residual formulation, nodal basis functions on Gauss ...


Almost Sure Asymptotic Stabilization Of Differential Equations With Time-Varying Delay By Lévy Noise, Dezhi Liu, Weiqun Wang, Jose Luis Menaldi Jan 2015

Almost Sure Asymptotic Stabilization Of Differential Equations With Time-Varying Delay By Lévy Noise, Dezhi Liu, Weiqun Wang, Jose Luis Menaldi

Mathematics Faculty Research Publications

This paper aims to determine that the Lévy noise can stabilize the given differential equations with time-varying delay, which has generalized the Brownian motion case. An analysis is developed and sufficient conditions on the stabilization for stochastic differential equations with time-varying delay are presented. Our stabilization criteria is in terms of linear matrix inequalities (LMIs), whence the feedback controls can be designed more easily in practice.


Authoring Effective Embedded Tutors: An Overview Of The Extensible Problem Specific Tutor (Xpst) System, Stephen B. Gilbert, Stephen B. Blessing, Enruo Guo Jan 2015

Authoring Effective Embedded Tutors: An Overview Of The Extensible Problem Specific Tutor (Xpst) System, Stephen B. Gilbert, Stephen B. Blessing, Enruo Guo

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

The Extensible Problem Specific Tutor (xPST) allows authors who are not cognitive scientists and not programmers to quickly create an intelligent tutoring system that provides instruction akin to a model-tracing tutor. Furthermore, this instruction is overlaid on existing software, so that the learner’s interface does not have to be made from scratch. The xPST architecture allows for extending its capabilities by the addition of plug-ins that communicate with additional third-party software. After reviewing this general architecture, we describe three major implementations that we have created using the xPST system, each using different third-party software as the learner’s interface ...


Using Conceptgrid As An Easy Authoring Technique To Check Natural Language Responses, Stephen B. Blessing, Shrenik Devasani, Stephen B. Gilbert, Jivko Sinapov Jan 2015

Using Conceptgrid As An Easy Authoring Technique To Check Natural Language Responses, Stephen B. Blessing, Shrenik Devasani, Stephen B. Gilbert, Jivko Sinapov

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

ConceptGrid provides a template-style approach to check natural language responses by students using a model-tracing style intelligent tutoring system. The tutor-author creates, using a web-based authoring system, a latticestyle structure that contains the set of required concepts that need to be in a student response. The author can also create just-in-time feedback based on the concepts present or absent in the student's response. ConceptGrid is integrated within the xPST authoring tool and was tested in two experiments, both of which show the efficacy of the technique to check student answers. The first study tested the tutor's effectiveness overall ...


Adaptive Structural Control Using Dynamic Hyperspace, Simon Laflamme Jan 2015

Adaptive Structural Control Using Dynamic Hyperspace, Simon Laflamme

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Publications

The design of closed-loop structural control systems necessitates a certain level of robustness to cope with system uncertainties. Neurocontrollers, a type of adaptive control system, have been proposed to cope with those uncertainties. However, the performance of neural networks can be substantially influenced by the choice of the input space, or the hyperspace in which the representation lies. For instance, input selection may influence computation time, adaptation speed, effects of the curse of dimensionality, understanding of the representation, and model complexity. Input space selection is often overlooked in literature, and inputs are traditionally determined offline for an optimized performance of ...


An Agent Based Approach For Simulating Demo Enterprise Models, Mamadou Seck, Joseph Barjis Jan 2015

An Agent Based Approach For Simulating Demo Enterprise Models, Mamadou Seck, Joseph Barjis

Engineering Management & Systems Engineering Faculty Publications

DEMO (design and engineering methodology for organization) is a theoretically grounded methodology for rigorous enterprise modeling. It provides relevant concepts from a construction perspective. As the methodology gains a wider audience, there is a growing interest in simulating DEMO models. Most attempts to develop a simulation approach for enterprise models in general, and the DEMO methodology in particular, are based on process oriented conceptualizations that are typically implementation in a discrete event paradigm. In this paper, we propose a conceptual framework for the translation of DEMO models into an agent based simulation. We will describe the DEMO methodology in some ...


Blast-Induced Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Through Ear Canal: A Finite Element Study, Praveen Akula, Yi Hua, Linxia Gu Jan 2015

Blast-Induced Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Through Ear Canal: A Finite Element Study, Praveen Akula, Yi Hua, Linxia Gu

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

Purpose The role of ear canal in transmitting blast waves to the brain is not clear. The goal of this work is to characterize the influence of ear canal on blast-induced mild traumatic brain injury through a computational approach.

Methods A three-dimensional human head model with single-side ear canal details was reconstructed from computed tomography images. The ear canal was positioned either facing the incident blast wave or facing away from the blast wave.

Results The blast wave-head interaction has demonstrated that the overpressure within the ear canal was substantially amplified when the ear directly faced the blast wave. When ...


Dynamic Characterization Of A Soft Elastomeric Capacitor For Structural Health Monitoring Applications, Husaam Saleem, Simon Laflamme, Filippo Ubertini Mar 2014

Dynamic Characterization Of A Soft Elastomeric Capacitor For Structural Health Monitoring Applications, Husaam Saleem, Simon Laflamme, Filippo Ubertini

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Conference Presentations and Proceedings

A novel thin film sensor consisting of a soft elastomeric capacitor (SEC) for meso-scale monitoring has been developed by the authors. Each SEC transduces surface strain into a measurable change in capacitance. In previous work, the authors have shown that the performance of the SEC compares well with conventional resistive strain gauges, providing a resolution of 25 με using an inexpensive off-the-shelf data acquisition system for capacitance measurements. Here, we further the understanding of the thin film sensor by characterizing its dynamic behavior. The SEC is subjected to dynamic loads in bending mode. The study of Fourier and wavelet transforms ...


Modeling The Impact Of Simulated Educational Interventions On The Use And Abuse Of Pharmaceutical Opioids In The United States: A Report On Initial Efforts, Wayne Wakeland, Alexandra E. Nielsen, Teresa D. Schmidt, Dennis Mccarty, Lynn Webster, John Fitzgerald, J. David Haddox Oct 2013

Modeling The Impact Of Simulated Educational Interventions On The Use And Abuse Of Pharmaceutical Opioids In The United States: A Report On Initial Efforts, Wayne Wakeland, Alexandra E. Nielsen, Teresa D. Schmidt, Dennis Mccarty, Lynn Webster, John Fitzgerald, J. David Haddox

Systems Science Faculty Publications and Presentations

Three educational interventions were simulated in a system dynamics model of the medical use, trafficking, and nonmedical use of pharmaceutical opioids. The study relied on secondary data obtained in the literature for the period of 1995 to 2008 as well as expert panel recommendations regarding model parameters and structure. The behavior of the resulting systems-level model was tested for fit against reference behavior data. After the base model was tested, logic to represent three educational interventions was added and the impact of each intervention on simulated overdose deaths was evaluated over a 7-year evaluation period, 2008 to 2015. Principal findings ...


Human Differences In Navigational Approaches During Tele-Robotic Search, Richard Stone, Michael Dorneich, Stephen Gilbert, Elease Mclaurin Sep 2013

Human Differences In Navigational Approaches During Tele-Robotic Search, Richard Stone, Michael Dorneich, Stephen Gilbert, Elease Mclaurin

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Posters

This study investigated the navigational approaches used by humans when operating a simple tele-robot in a simulated search and rescue operation. Tele-robots are being increasingly used in safety-critical operations. During tele-operation, the situational awareness of tele-robot operators needs to be supported. Navigation depends on psychological skills of perception and cognition, and can utlize different problem solving strategies. However, there is limited knowledge of how operators develop situational awareness while navigating tele-robots. The study was conducted to understand if there were distinctive, identifiable strategies in the way operators navigated. When participants manually tele-operated a robot in a remote physical environment, two ...


Use Of Comsol Simulation For Undergraduate Fluid Dynamics Course, Hyun J. Kwon Jan 2013

Use Of Comsol Simulation For Undergraduate Fluid Dynamics Course, Hyun J. Kwon

Faculty Publications

The COMSOL software was used to introduce CFD and teach fluid dynamics more effectively. Introduction of CFD has become an important part of fluid dynamics in recent years; however, undergraduate students have less access to practical exposure to it, unless they take additional elective courses which are seldom offered in undergrad predominant institutes. Simulation has become an essential step in designing and optimizing process in many engineering problems. Therefore, the COMSOL simulation project was assigned to undergraduate CFD as a part of their term project to enhance their exposure to simulation software and help understanding the use of simulation on ...