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Full-Text Articles in Engineering Science and Materials

Influence Of Flow Rate, Nozzle Speed, Pitch And The Number Of Passes On The Thickness Of S1805 Photoresist In Suss Microtec As8 Spray Coater, Rohan Sanghvi, Gyuseok Kim Oct 2019

Influence Of Flow Rate, Nozzle Speed, Pitch And The Number Of Passes On The Thickness Of S1805 Photoresist In Suss Microtec As8 Spray Coater, Rohan Sanghvi, Gyuseok Kim

Tool Data

S1805 positive photoresist has been deposited on single crystalline Si wafers using a Suss MicroTec Alta Spray. The influence of flow rate, nozzle speed, pitch and number of passes on the thickness of the photoresist was studied. Results show that the thickness of S1805 is linearly proportional to the flow rate and number of passes, and inversely proportional to the nozzle speed and pitch.


Correction Of Pattern Size Deviations In The Fabrication Of Photomasks Made With A Laser Direct-Writer, Ningzhi Xie, George Patrick Watson Oct 2019

Correction Of Pattern Size Deviations In The Fabrication Of Photomasks Made With A Laser Direct-Writer, Ningzhi Xie, George Patrick Watson

Protocols and Reports

When using Heidelberg DWL66+ laser writer to fabricate the photomask, the pattern feature dimensions may have deviations. These deviations can be caused by the lithography process and the undercut in the metal etch process. The same deviation value of 0.8µm was found to appear in all the patterns independent of the pattern original size and local pattern density. To overcome this universal deviation, a universal bias is suggested to be applied to the original patterns during the data preparation for the lithography process. In order to ensure this pre-exposure bias method can work, both the laser direct-write exposure conditions ...


Modelling The Addition Of Limestone In Cement Using Hydcem, Niall Holmes, Denis Kelliher, Mark Tyrer Sep 2019

Modelling The Addition Of Limestone In Cement Using Hydcem, Niall Holmes, Denis Kelliher, Mark Tyrer

Conference papers

Hydration models can aid in the prediction, understanding and description of hydration behaviour over time as the move towards more sustainable cements continues.

HYDCEM is a new model to predict the phase assemblage, degree of hydration and heat release over time for cements undergoing hydration for any w/c ratio and curing temperatures up to 450C. HYDCEM, written in MATLAB, complements more sophisticated thermodynamic models by predicting these properties over time using user-friendly inputs within one code. A number of functions and methods based on up to date cement hydration behaviour from the literature are hard-wired into the code along ...


Effects Of Carbon-Based Ablation Products On Hypersonic Boundary Layer Stability, Olivia S. Elliot Sep 2019

Effects Of Carbon-Based Ablation Products On Hypersonic Boundary Layer Stability, Olivia S. Elliot

Theses and Dissertations

Hypersonic vehicles require an accurate prediction of the transition of the boundary layer for the design of the thermal protection system due to the high heating rates under turbulent flow. Many thermal protection systems are carbon-based and introduce new species, specifically CO2, into the boundary layer flow which are known to dampen the instabilities that lead to transition for hypersonic vehicles. A Computation Fluid Dynamics study was accomplished examining the concentration of CO2 required to impact boundary layer transition over both sharp and blunt cones. These results were used in conjunction with air-carbon ablation models models to determine if ...


On The Pulsed Laser Ablation Of Metals And Semiconductors, Todd A. Van Woerkom Aug 2019

On The Pulsed Laser Ablation Of Metals And Semiconductors, Todd A. Van Woerkom

Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation covers pulsed laser ablation of Al, Si, Ti, Ge, and InSb, with pulse durations from tens of picosecond to hundreds of microseconds, fluences from ones of J/cm2 to over 10,000 J/cm2, and in ambient air and vacuum. A set of non-dimensional scaling factors was created to interpret the data relative to the laser and material parameters, and it was found that pulse durations shorter than a critical timescale formed craters much larger than the thermal diffusion length, and longer pulse durations created holes much shallower than the thermal diffusion length. Low transverse order ...


Life Cycle Cost Evaluation Strategy For High Performance Control Systems Under Uncertainties, Laura Micheli, Ling Cao, Simon Laflamme, Alice Alipour Aug 2019

Life Cycle Cost Evaluation Strategy For High Performance Control Systems Under Uncertainties, Laura Micheli, Ling Cao, Simon Laflamme, Alice Alipour

Simon Laflamme

High-performance control systems (HPCSs), including active, hybrid, and semi-active control strategies, can perform over a wide excitation bandwidth and are therefore good candidates for multi-hazard mitigation. However, the number of HPCS applications in the field is very limited. This is likely due the perceived high costs of installation, maintenance, possible malfunction, and lack of tools to financially justify their implementation. Such financial justifications could be conducted through life cycle cost (LCC) analysis, but would result in a computationally demanding task due to the very large number of simulations required given the large number of uncertainties. In this paper, two sets ...


Principal Component Neural Networks For Modeling, Prediction, And Optimization Of Hot Mix Asphalt Dynamics Modulus, Parnian Ghasemi, Mohamad Aslani, Derrick K. Rollins, R. Christopher Williams Aug 2019

Principal Component Neural Networks For Modeling, Prediction, And Optimization Of Hot Mix Asphalt Dynamics Modulus, Parnian Ghasemi, Mohamad Aslani, Derrick K. Rollins, R. Christopher Williams

Derrick K Rollins, Sr.

The dynamic modulus of hot mix asphalt (HMA) is a fundamental material property that defines the stress-strain relationship based on viscoelastic principles and is a function of HMA properties, loading rate, and temperature. Because of the large number of efficacious predictors (factors) and their nonlinear interrelationships, developing predictive models for dynamic modulus can be a challenging task. In this research, results obtained from a series of laboratory tests including mixture dynamic modulus, aggregate gradation, dynamic shear rheometer (on asphalt binder), and mixture volumetric are used to create a database. The created database is used to develop a model for estimating ...


Interface Effects On He Ion Irradiation In Nanostructured Materials, Wenfan Yang, Jingyu Pang, Shijian Zheng, Jian Wang, Xinghang Zhang, Xiuliang Ma Aug 2019

Interface Effects On He Ion Irradiation In Nanostructured Materials, Wenfan Yang, Jingyu Pang, Shijian Zheng, Jian Wang, Xinghang Zhang, Xiuliang Ma

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

In advanced fission and fusion reactors, structural materials suffer from high dose irradiation by energetic particles and are subject to severe microstructure damage. He atoms, as a byproduct of the (n) transmutation reaction, could accumulate to form deleterious cavities, which accelerate radiation-induced embrittlement, swelling and surface deterioration, ultimately degrade the service lifetime of reactor materials. Extensive studies have been performed to explore the strategies that can mitigate He ion irradiation damage. Recently, nanostructured materials have received broad attention because they contain abundant interfaces that are efficient sinks for radiation-induced defects. In this review, we summarize and analyze the current understandings ...


Principal Component Neural Networks For Modeling, Prediction, And Optimization Of Hot Mix Asphalt Dynamics Modulus, Parnian Ghasemi, Mohamad Aslani, Derrick K. Rollins, R. Christopher Williams Aug 2019

Principal Component Neural Networks For Modeling, Prediction, And Optimization Of Hot Mix Asphalt Dynamics Modulus, Parnian Ghasemi, Mohamad Aslani, Derrick K. Rollins, R. Christopher Williams

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

The dynamic modulus of hot mix asphalt (HMA) is a fundamental material property that defines the stress-strain relationship based on viscoelastic principles and is a function of HMA properties, loading rate, and temperature. Because of the large number of efficacious predictors (factors) and their nonlinear interrelationships, developing predictive models for dynamic modulus can be a challenging task. In this research, results obtained from a series of laboratory tests including mixture dynamic modulus, aggregate gradation, dynamic shear rheometer (on asphalt binder), and mixture volumetric are used to create a database. The created database is used to develop a model for estimating ...


On The Formation Of The Variational Equation Of Motion And Boundary Value Problems Of Thin-Walled Axisymmetric Shell Structures, A. Abdusattarov, F.E. Abduqodirov, N.H. Sabirov Aug 2019

On The Formation Of The Variational Equation Of Motion And Boundary Value Problems Of Thin-Walled Axisymmetric Shell Structures, A. Abdusattarov, F.E. Abduqodirov, N.H. Sabirov

Journal of Tashkent Institute of Railway Engineers

The article deals, on the basis of the Hamilton-Ostrogradsky variational principle, a system of differential equations of motion of axisymmetric shell structures with the corresponding boundary and initial conditions is derived. The boundary problem for cylindrical and spherical shell structures is formulated


About Movements Of The Carriage On The Profile Hump In A Gravity Yard, Sh.B. Djabbarov Aug 2019

About Movements Of The Carriage On The Profile Hump In A Gravity Yard, Sh.B. Djabbarov

Journal of Tashkent Institute of Railway Engineers

The article noted that in the existing methods of calculation of hump in a gravity yards the speed of the car at the braking position is determined by the formula speed of free fall of bodies given the inertia in the rotating parts of the car. Thus assume that in areas of deceleration occur rotation of the wheels of the car, that is incorrect. In it mathematical expressions and examples of calculations proved that the high-speed sections slides occur the rolling of the wheels of wheel pairs without slipping.


On The Application Of Information Technology For The Development Of Software For Automation The Modeling Process Of Wagons At Wagon Enterprises Jsc "O'Zbekiston Temir Yo'llari", V.P. Bubnov, Sh. Kh. Sultonov Aug 2019

On The Application Of Information Technology For The Development Of Software For Automation The Modeling Process Of Wagons At Wagon Enterprises Jsc "O'Zbekiston Temir Yo'llari", V.P. Bubnov, Sh. Kh. Sultonov

Journal of Tashkent Institute of Railway Engineers

The report presents a functional diagram of the developed software for calculating the values of loads acting on the wagon body. The stages of development and the main modules of a software product that implements mathematical calculations are defined. The issues of the software implementation of the presented algorithms using the object-oriented programming language C # are discussed. The performed engineering analysis using the values of loads obtained using the developed software is given. The developed program in C # language with the use of the integrated Visual Studio environment allows to increase the accuracy and reduce the time for calculating the ...


Modeling Of Theflow Regimes Of Water-Coal Fuel Slurries With Complex Reology In Cylindrical Pipes, Ja.D. Hodzhaev, Sh.A. Kasymov Aug 2019

Modeling Of Theflow Regimes Of Water-Coal Fuel Slurries With Complex Reology In Cylindrical Pipes, Ja.D. Hodzhaev, Sh.A. Kasymov

Journal of Tashkent Institute of Railway Engineers

The article deals the flow regimes with regard to the complex flow rheology of highly concentrated water-coal fuel slurries (WCS). It has been established that during the WCS flow through cylindrical pipes the flow mode is disturbed, which is due to the mutual influence of the geometric dimensions and flow parameters of the suspension when it is burned in the combustion chambers of power plants


Boolean Complement Method For Combinational Circuits Testing Using Binary Separable Codes, A.H. Efanov Aug 2019

Boolean Complement Method For Combinational Circuits Testing Using Binary Separable Codes, A.H. Efanov

Journal of Tashkent Institute of Railway Engineers

The concurrent error-detection systems basic structural diagrams based on the check bits calculation and on the logical addition basis are described. A hybrid block diagram is presented in which the part of the diagnostics object outputs is transformed. The conditions for the use of binary separable codes for their use in the concurrent error-detection systems organization according to the method of logical addition are established.


On The Construction Of Canonical Systems Of Equations For Cylindrical And Spherical Shell Structures, A. Abdusattarov, F.E. Abduqodirov Aug 2019

On The Construction Of Canonical Systems Of Equations For Cylindrical And Spherical Shell Structures, A. Abdusattarov, F.E. Abduqodirov

Journal of Tashkent Institute of Railway Engineers

In this article is given the construction of canonical systems, the equation of motion for axisymmetric shell structures, as well as for cylindrical and spherical shells


Calculation Of The Wagon Motion Velocation On The Whole Protection Of The Profile Of The Way With Different Clothes Of The Sorting Hill, Kh.Kh. Djalilov Aug 2019

Calculation Of The Wagon Motion Velocation On The Whole Protection Of The Profile Of The Way With Different Clothes Of The Sorting Hill, Kh.Kh. Djalilov

Journal of Tashkent Institute of Railway Engineers

In this article has been calculated the velocity of the wagon’s movement in various sites of a hump yard, based on the formula led on the basis of the theorem of changing of kinetic energy for not free material point in a final form. Results of the calculations are noticed that on the intermediate site of a hump yard to a dividing arrow the relative error of calculation is equal to 10.3%, on the site of an arrow zone of a hump yard of the second dividing arrow - δv6с2 ≈ 9.0%, on the site of the first sorting ...


Features Of Thermal Processing Of Instrumental Alloyed Steels, F.R. Norkhudjayev, A.A. Mukhamedov, D.M. Ergashev Aug 2019

Features Of Thermal Processing Of Instrumental Alloyed Steels, F.R. Norkhudjayev, A.A. Mukhamedov, D.M. Ergashev

Journal of Tashkent Institute of Railway Engineers

In work, the most preferred heat treatment scheme has been determined on the basis of the analysis of various heat treatment schemes for alloyed tool steels, which the excludes the possibility of restoring the original grain structure and retains the possibility of studying the increased material defectiveness acquired during primary hardening.


To The Movement Of The Car On The Site Of The First Brake Hump Yard Of Positions, Sh.U. Saidivaliyev Aug 2019

To The Movement Of The Car On The Site Of The First Brake Hump Yard Of Positions, Sh.U. Saidivaliyev

Journal of Tashkent Institute of Railway Engineers

In the article using the analytical formulas derived from the application of the basic law of dynamics for non-ideal connections (Dalembert principle), the kinematic parameters of the car’s motion (acceleration, time, braking path) were calculated in the deceleration zone at the site of the first brake position of the hump yard


Research Of Surface Condition Of The Rails Rolling On Sections Of High-Speed And High-Speed Train Traffic, E.B. Abdualiyev Aug 2019

Research Of Surface Condition Of The Rails Rolling On Sections Of High-Speed And High-Speed Train Traffic, E.B. Abdualiyev

Journal of Tashkent Institute of Railway Engineers

In this article, the analysis of intensity of the pulse roughness’s arising on a surface of rolling of heads of rails on a site of high-speed movement of trains is carried out.


The Movement Of Trains As A Source Of Seismic Waves Impact On The Upper Structure Of The Track And The Roadbed Of Railways, A.H. Abdujabarov, P. A. Begmatov, M. Mehmonov Aug 2019

The Movement Of Trains As A Source Of Seismic Waves Impact On The Upper Structure Of The Track And The Roadbed Of Railways, A.H. Abdujabarov, P. A. Begmatov, M. Mehmonov

Journal of Tashkent Institute of Railway Engineers

On the basis of theoretical and experimental scientific research, the substantiation of the similarity of the impact of seismic forces and the movement of rolling stock on the engineering structures of Railways is obtained.


The Linc Complex, Mechanotransduction, And Mesenchymal Stem Cell Function And Fate, Tasneem Bouzid, Eunju Kim, Brandon D. Riehl, Amir Monemian Esfahani, Jordan Rosebohm, Ruiguo Yang, Bin Duan, Jung Yul Lim Aug 2019

The Linc Complex, Mechanotransduction, And Mesenchymal Stem Cell Function And Fate, Tasneem Bouzid, Eunju Kim, Brandon D. Riehl, Amir Monemian Esfahani, Jordan Rosebohm, Ruiguo Yang, Bin Duan, Jung Yul Lim

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) show tremendous promise as a cell source for tissue engineering and regenerative medicine, and are understood to be mechanosensitive to external mechanical environments. In recent years, increasing evidence points to nuclear envelope proteins as a key player in sensing and relaying mechanical signals in MSCs to modulate cellular form, function, and differentiation. Of particular interest is the Linker of Nucleoskeleton and Cytoskeleton (LINC) complex that includes nesprin and SUN. In this review, the way in which cells can sense external mechanical environments through an intact nuclear envelope and LINC complex proteins will be briefly described. Then ...


Cellulose Nanofibrils (Cnf) For Textile Applications: Production Of Neat Cnf Filaments And Reinforcement Of Natural Fiber Yarns, Shokoofeh Ghasemi Aug 2019

Cellulose Nanofibrils (Cnf) For Textile Applications: Production Of Neat Cnf Filaments And Reinforcement Of Natural Fiber Yarns, Shokoofeh Ghasemi

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Being the most abundant natural polymer on earth, cellulose materials have been used in many different applications. Cellulose nanofibrils (CNF) are a relatively new group of lignocellulose resource-based nanomaterials and have been the topic of many research efforts in wood products and material science field over the recent years. Using CNF in textile applications is one way to diversify product portfolio of these materials as they contain nanoscale fibrils with high mechanical properties which can fulfil textile industry’s demand for strong natural fibers. Considering that CNF is a wood-based cellulosic material in the form of water suspension, in order ...


General Nonlinear-Material Elasticity In Classical One-Dimensional Solid Mechanics, Ronald Joseph Giardina Jr Aug 2019

General Nonlinear-Material Elasticity In Classical One-Dimensional Solid Mechanics, Ronald Joseph Giardina Jr

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

We will create a class of generalized ellipses and explore their ability to define a distance on a space and generate continuous, periodic functions. Connections between these continuous, periodic functions and the generalizations of trigonometric functions known in the literature shall be established along with connections between these generalized ellipses and some spectrahedral projections onto the plane, more specifically the well-known multifocal ellipses. The superellipse, or Lam\'{e} curve, will be a special case of the generalized ellipse. Applications of these generalized ellipses shall be explored with regards to some one-dimensional systems of classical mechanics. We will adopt the Ramberg-Osgood ...


Optical Direct Detection Of Thermal Vibrations Of Ultralow Stiffness Micro-Nano Structures., Sri Sukanta Chowdhury Aug 2019

Optical Direct Detection Of Thermal Vibrations Of Ultralow Stiffness Micro-Nano Structures., Sri Sukanta Chowdhury

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

A direct detection optical vibrometer is constructed around an 850 nm laser and a quadrant photodetector (QPD). The limit of detection is 0.2 fW which corresponds to a minimum amplitude of 0.1 Å. The vibrometer is used to measure the thermal vibration spectra of low stiffness micromechanical structures have nanometer features. One structure measured is a cantilevered 30 μm diameter glass fiber. Vibration amplitudes as low as 1.1 Å are measured. The thermal vibration spectra show fundamental resonances at 80-250 Hz and a signal to noise ratio (SNR) of 23-55 dB. Young’s modulus of glass in ...


On The Measurement Of Energy Dissipation Of Adhered Cells With The Quartz Microbalance With Dissipation Monitoring, Amir Monemian Esfahani, Weiwei Zhao, Jennifer Y. Chen, Changjin Huang, Ning Xi, Jun Xi, Ruiguo Yang Aug 2019

On The Measurement Of Energy Dissipation Of Adhered Cells With The Quartz Microbalance With Dissipation Monitoring, Amir Monemian Esfahani, Weiwei Zhao, Jennifer Y. Chen, Changjin Huang, Ning Xi, Jun Xi, Ruiguo Yang

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

We previously reported the finding of a linear correlation between the change of energy dissipation (ΔD) of adhered cells measured with the quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation monitoring (QCM-D) and the level of focal adhesions of the cells. To account for this correlation, we have developed a theoretical framework for assessing the ΔD-response of adhered cells. We rationalized that the mechanical energy of an oscillating QCM-D sensor coupled with a cell monolayer is dissipated through three main processes: the interfacial friction through the dynamic restructuring (formation and rupture) of cell-extracellular matrix (ECM) bonds, the interfacial viscous damping by the liquid ...


Observations Of Shear Stress Effects On Staphylococcus Aureus Biofilm Formation, Erica Sherman, Kenneth W. Bayles, Derek Moormeir, Jennifer Endres, Timothy Wei Jul 2019

Observations Of Shear Stress Effects On Staphylococcus Aureus Biofilm Formation, Erica Sherman, Kenneth W. Bayles, Derek Moormeir, Jennifer Endres, Timothy Wei

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

Staphylococcus aureus bacteria form biofilms and distinctive microcolony or “tower” structures that facilitate their ability to tolerate antibiotic treatment and to spread within the human body. The formation of microcolonies, which break off, get carried downstream, and serve to initiate biofilms in other parts of the body, is of particular interest here. It is known that flow conditions play a role in the development, dispersion, and propagation of biofilms in general. The influence of flow on microcolony formation and, ultimately, what factors lead to microcolony development are, however, not well understood. The hypothesis being examined is that microcolony structures form ...


Modeling Thermal And Mechanical Cancellation Of Residual Stress From Hybrid Additive Manufacturing By Laser Peening, Guru Madireddy, Chao Li, Jingfu Liu, Michael P. Sealy Jul 2019

Modeling Thermal And Mechanical Cancellation Of Residual Stress From Hybrid Additive Manufacturing By Laser Peening, Guru Madireddy, Chao Li, Jingfu Liu, Michael P. Sealy

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

Additive manufacturing (AM) of metals often results in parts with unfavorable mechanical properties. Laser peening (LP) is a high strain rate mechanical surface treatment that hammers a workpiece and induces favorable mechanical properties. Peening strain hardens a surface and imparts compressive residual stresses improving the mechanical properties of a material. This work investigates the role of LP on layer-by-layer processing of 3D printed metals using finite element analysis. The objective is to understand temporal and spatial residual stress development after thermal and mechanical cancellation caused by cyclically coupling printing and peening. Results indicate layer peening frequency is a critical process ...


Pseudo-Spectral Method To Control Three-Degree-Of-Freedom Wave Energy Converters, Ossama Abdelkhalik, Giorgio Bacelli, Shangyan Zou, Rush D. Robinett Iii, David G. Wilson, Ryan G. Coe Jul 2019

Pseudo-Spectral Method To Control Three-Degree-Of-Freedom Wave Energy Converters, Ossama Abdelkhalik, Giorgio Bacelli, Shangyan Zou, Rush D. Robinett Iii, David G. Wilson, Ryan G. Coe

Michigan Tech Patents

The invention provides optimal control of a three-degree-of-freedom wave energy converter using a pseudo-spectral control method. The three modes are the heave, pitch and surge. A dynamic model is characterized by a coupling between the pitch and surge modes, while the heave is decoupled. The heave, however, excites the pitch motion through nonlinear parametric excitation in the pitch mode. The invention can use a Fourier series as basis functions to approximate the states and the control. For the parametric excited case, a sequential quadratic programming approach can be implemented to numerically solve for the optimal control. The numerical results show ...


High-Performance Polyvinyl Chloride Gel Artificial Muscle Actuator With Graphene Oxide And Plasticizer, Taeseon Hwang, Zachary Frank, Justin Neubauer, Kwang Jin Kim Jul 2019

High-Performance Polyvinyl Chloride Gel Artificial Muscle Actuator With Graphene Oxide And Plasticizer, Taeseon Hwang, Zachary Frank, Justin Neubauer, Kwang Jin Kim

Mechanical Engineering Faculty Publications

A transparent and electroactive plasticized polyvinyl chloride (PVC) gel was investigated to use as a soft actuator for artificial muscle applications. PVC gels were prepared with varying plasticizer (dibutyl adipate, DBA) content. The prepared PVC gels were characterized using Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, and dynamic mechanical analysis. The DBA content in the PVC gel was shown to have an inverse relationship with both the storage and loss modulus. The electromechanical performance of PVC gels was demonstrated for both single-layer and stacked multi-layer actuators. When voltage was applied to a single-layer actuator and then increased, the maximum displacement of PVC ...


Investigation Of Fundamental Principles Of Rigid Body Impact Mechanics, Khalid Alluhydan Jul 2019

Investigation Of Fundamental Principles Of Rigid Body Impact Mechanics, Khalid Alluhydan

Mechanical Engineering Research Theses and Dissertations

In impact mechanics, the collision between two or more bodies is a common, yet a very challenging problem. Producing analytical solutions that can predict the post-collision motion of the colliding bodies require consistent modeling of the dynamics of the colliding bodies. This dissertation presents a new method for solving the two and multibody impact problems that can be used to predict the post-collision motion of the colliding bodies. Also, we solve the rigid body collision problem of planar kinematic chains with multiple contacts with external surfaces.

In the first part of this dissertation, we study planar collisions of Balls and ...