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Full-Text Articles in Computational Engineering

Evaluation And Enhancement Of Clean Energy Systems: Analytical, Computational And Experimental Study Of Solar And Nuclear Cycles, Nima Fathi Jul 2017

Evaluation And Enhancement Of Clean Energy Systems: Analytical, Computational And Experimental Study Of Solar And Nuclear Cycles, Nima Fathi

Mechanical Engineering ETDs

Clean (and specifically renewable) energy is steadily improving its global share. However, finite availability of fossil fuels and the growing effects of climate change make it an urgent priority to convince the industry and governments to incentivize investment in the renewable energy field and to make it more attractive by decreasing the capital cost. Until recently, uncertainties in funding limited renewable energy development, especially in the US. That limitation has been one of the barriers to progress. Another limitation of many renewable energy systems is the variability in their output, which makes them unsuitable for baseline power production. Therefore, fossil ...


Improving Ventricular Catheter Design Through Computational Fluid Dynamics, Sofy Hefets Weisenberg May 2016

Improving Ventricular Catheter Design Through Computational Fluid Dynamics, Sofy Hefets Weisenberg

Masters Theses

Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunts are fully implantable medical devices that are used to treat patients suffering from conditions characterized by elevated intracranial pressure, such as hydrocephalus. In cases of shunt failure or malfunction, patients are often required to endure one or more revision surgeries to replace all or part of the shunt. One of the primary causes of CSF shunt failure is obstruction of the ventricular catheter, a component of the shunt system implanted directly into the brain's ventricular system. This work aims to improve the design of ventricular catheters in order to reduce the incidence of catheter obstruction ...


Disinfection And Advanced Oxidation Of Highly Absorbing Fluids By Uv/Vuv Light: Process Modeling And Validation, Ferdinando Crapulli Apr 2015

Disinfection And Advanced Oxidation Of Highly Absorbing Fluids By Uv/Vuv Light: Process Modeling And Validation, Ferdinando Crapulli

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

One of the limitations in treating highly absorbing fluids with ultraviolet photoreactors is the short light penetration into the fluid leading to the following issues: (a) if not engineered properly, ultraviolet photoreactors dealing with highly absorbing fluids are likely to be energy-inefficient due to a non-ideal use of emitted photons and non-uniform dose distribution (b) the quantification of photo-chemical rate constants could be a challenging task due to the severe mixing-limited conditions of the experimental apparatus used during the investigation. As a result, new lab-scale apparatus (alternative to the conventional collimated beam system) and modeling approaches are needed in order ...


Mesh Generation Using A Correspondence Distance Field, Nicholas Szapiro Aug 2012

Mesh Generation Using A Correspondence Distance Field, Nicholas Szapiro

Masters Theses and Doctoral Dissertations

The central tool of this work is a correspondence distance field to discrete surface points embedded within a quadtree data structure. The theory, development, and implementation of the distance field tool are described, and two main applications to two-dimensional mesh generation are presented with extension to three-dimensional capabilities in mind. First is a method for surface-oriented mesh generation from a sufficiently dense set of discrete surface points without connectivity information. Contour levels of distance from the body are specified and correspondences oriented normally to the contours are created. Regions of merging fronts inside and between objects are detected in the ...


Comparison Of Two Methods For Two Dimensional Unstructured Mesh Adaptation With Elliptic Smoothing, Matthew David O'Connell Aug 2011

Comparison Of Two Methods For Two Dimensional Unstructured Mesh Adaptation With Elliptic Smoothing, Matthew David O'Connell

Masters Theses and Doctoral Dissertations

A new mesh adaptation method for unstructured grids is presented. The technique uses virtual control volumes that are iteratively manipulated to conform the mesh to match either a Riemannianmetric tensor field or an equal distribution of scalar weights. Forcing functions similar to those used for structured grids are employed such that the resulting meshes can be compared with those generated using the new adaptation method. Several test cases using analytic functions to drive the mesh adaptation are also presented and compared with the new method. Mesh adaptation results driven by computed flow field information are also compared to those adapted ...


Generation And Optimization Of Spacing Fields, Max David Collao Aug 2011

Generation And Optimization Of Spacing Fields, Max David Collao

Masters Theses and Doctoral Dissertations

Meshes are used to discretize space for computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations. Mesh adaptation through refinement and smoothing can improve the accuracy of the CFD solution. In order to perform adaptive refinement or smoothing a spacing field is needed to define the desired edge sized in mesh. The objectives of this research are to generate spacing fields from existing CFD solutions and optimize this spacing information for efficient use by programs to perform adaptive refinement or smoothing. All work was done on 2D meshes with the intention of gaining knowledge and experience for later application to 3D meshes. The program ...


An Adaptive Hybrid Mesh Generation Method For Complex Geometries, Cameron Thomas Druyor Aug 2011

An Adaptive Hybrid Mesh Generation Method For Complex Geometries, Cameron Thomas Druyor

Masters Theses and Doctoral Dissertations

An adaptive hybrid mesh generation method is described to automatically provide spatial discretizations suitable for computational fluid dynamics or other 2D solver applications. This method employs a hierarchical grid generation technique to create a background mesh, an extrusion-type method for inserting boundary layers, and an unstructured triangulation to stitch between the boundary layers and background mesh. This method provides appropriate mesh resolution based on geometry segments from a file, and has the capability of adapting the background mesh based on a spacing field generated from solution data or some other arbitrary source. By combining multiple approaches to the grid generation ...


Unstructured Grid Technologies For Hydrodynamic Applications With Bodies In Relative Motion And Mesh Deformation, Lei Ji Apr 2011

Unstructured Grid Technologies For Hydrodynamic Applications With Bodies In Relative Motion And Mesh Deformation, Lei Ji

Masters Theses and Doctoral Dissertations

Unstructured grid technologies for hydrodynamic applications with bodies in relative motion and mesh deformation are presented. A parallel universal mesh deformation scheme is developed to manage deforming surface and volume grids for both aerodynamic and hydrodynamic applications. The approach is universal and independent of grid type. Also, it requires minimal inter-processor communication and is thus perfectly suitable to a parallel platform. The original scheme of Allen (2006) has difficulty deforming volume grids in regions near concave geometry features and for abrupt grid resolution changes. Several modifications are proposed to overcome these problems. Grid quality can be improved significantly by adding ...