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Computational Engineering Commons

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2016

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Articles 1 - 30 of 102

Full-Text Articles in Computational Engineering

Leveraging Lexical Link Analysis (Lla) To Discover New Knowledge, Ying Zhao, Douglas J. Mackinnon, Shelley P. Gallup, Joseph L. Billingsley Dec 2016

Leveraging Lexical Link Analysis (Lla) To Discover New Knowledge, Ying Zhao, Douglas J. Mackinnon, Shelley P. Gallup, Joseph L. Billingsley

Military Cyber Affairs

Lexical Link Analysis (LLA) is a form of text mining in which word meanings represented in lexical terms (e.g., word pairs) are treated as if they are in a community of a word network. LLA can provide automated awareness for analyzing text data and reveal previously unknown, data-driven themed connections. We applied LLA to develop authentic archetypes and conversely determine potential imposters of that same archetype. We use publically available social media data to develop a cyber professional as an example. This paper reports the development of the algorithm, the collection and labeling of data, as well as the ...


Teaching The Internet Of Things: Bridging A Path From Cpe329, Steven Han, Rafael Lopez Dec 2016

Teaching The Internet Of Things: Bridging A Path From Cpe329, Steven Han, Rafael Lopez

Computer Engineering

“The ability to connect, communicate with, and remotely manage an incalculable number of networked, automated devices via the Internet is becoming pervasive, from the commercial kitchen to the residential basement room to the arm of the fitness buff.” - WSO2

In this report, we will investigate procedures and technologies used in IoT. A variety of cloud platforms will be described to demonstrate its strengths and usage on IoT applications. Furthermore, demonstrate the most popular hardware being used in several of these applications. This report is aimed to give a good understanding on what it takes to put together an IoT application ...


Characterization Of Molecular Communication Based On Cell Metabolism Through Mutual Information And Flux Balance Analysis, Zahmeeth Sayed Sakkaff Dec 2016

Characterization Of Molecular Communication Based On Cell Metabolism Through Mutual Information And Flux Balance Analysis, Zahmeeth Sayed Sakkaff

Computer Science and Engineering: Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research

Synthetic biology is providing novel tools to engineer cells and access the basis of their molecular information processing, including their communication channels based on chemical reactions and molecule exchange. Molecular communication is a discipline in communication engineering that studies these types of communications and ways to exploit them for novel purposes, such as the development of ubiquitous and heterogeneous communication networks to interconnect biological cells with nano and biotechnology-enabled devices, i.e., the Internet of Bio-Nano Things. One major problem in realizing these goals stands in the development of reliable techniques to control the engineered cells and their behavior from ...


Microstructural Analysis Of Thermoelastic Response, Nonlinear Creep, And Pervasive Cracking In Heterogeneous Materials, Alden C. Cook Dec 2016

Microstructural Analysis Of Thermoelastic Response, Nonlinear Creep, And Pervasive Cracking In Heterogeneous Materials, Alden C. Cook

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation is concerned with the development of robust numerical solution procedures for the generalized micromechanical analysis of linear and nonlinear constitutive behavior in heterogeneous materials. Although the methods developed are applicable in many engineering, geological, and materials science fields, three main areas are explored in this work. First, a numerical methodology is presented for the thermomechanical analysis of heterogeneous materials with a special focus on real polycrystalline microstructures obtained using electron backscatter diffraction techniques. Asymptotic expansion homogenization and finite element analysis are employed for micromechanical analysis of polycrystalline materials. Effective thermoelastic properties of polycrystalline materials are determined and compared ...


Large Scale Brownian Dynamics Simulation Of Dilute And Semidilute Polymeric Solutions, Amir Saadat Dec 2016

Large Scale Brownian Dynamics Simulation Of Dilute And Semidilute Polymeric Solutions, Amir Saadat

Doctoral Dissertations

Excluded Volume (EV) and Hydrodynamic Interactions (HI) play a central role in static and dynamic properties of macromolecules in solution under equilibrium and nonequilibrium settings. The computational cost of incorporating HI in mesoscale Brownian dynamics (BD) simulations, particularly in the semidilute regime has motivated significant research aimed at development of high-fidelity and efficient techniques.

In this study, I have developed several algorithms for the mesoscale bead-spring representation of a macromolecular solution in dilute and semidilute regimes. The Krylov subspace method enables fast calculation of single chain dynamics with simulation time scaling of O(Nb2) [order N subscript b ...


Coupled Fluid-Structure Interaction Modeling Of A Parafoil, Brandon Burnett Dec 2016

Coupled Fluid-Structure Interaction Modeling Of A Parafoil, Brandon Burnett

Dissertations and Theses

In the summer of 2014, Performance Designs, Inc. contacted Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University’s Eagle Flight Research Center to lead an investigation on square parachute design and optimization using modern computational methods to reduce costs in experimental testing. This thesis investigates the foundation for using an implicit fluid-structure interaction computational model to tackle the challenges of modeling a highly-flexible, porous fabric for design optimization of a parafoil parachute’s transient performance. Canopy deformations of a single-cell square parafoil using a fluid-structure interaction (FSI) model with nonlinear material modeling is compared to an experimental setup of matching geometry. The results of this ...


Experimental Validation Of A Solar-Chimney Power Plant Model, Nima Fathi, Patrick Wayne, Ignacio Trueba Monje, Peter Vorobieff Nov 2016

Experimental Validation Of A Solar-Chimney Power Plant Model, Nima Fathi, Patrick Wayne, Ignacio Trueba Monje, Peter Vorobieff

Nima Fathi

In a solar chimney power plant system (SCPPS), the energy of buoyant hot air is converted to electrical energy. SCPPS includes a collector at ground level covered with a transparent roof. Solar radiation heats the air inside and the ground underneath. There is a tall chimney at the center of the collector, and a turbine located at the base of the chimney. Lack of detailed experimental data for validation is one of the important issues in modeling this type of power plants. We present a small-scale experimental prototype developed to perform validation analysis for modeling and simulation of SCCPS. Detailed ...


Automatic Segmentation Of Coronal Holes In Solar Images And Solar Prediction Map Classification, Venkatesh Jatla Nov 2016

Automatic Segmentation Of Coronal Holes In Solar Images And Solar Prediction Map Classification, Venkatesh Jatla

Electrical and Computer Engineering ETDs

Solar image analysis relies on the detection of coronal holes for predicting disruptions to earth’s magnetic field. The coronal holes act as sources of solar wind that can reach the earth. Thus, coronal holes are used in physical models for predicting the evolution of solar wind and its potential for interfering with the earth’s magnetic field. Due to inherent uncertainties in the physical models, there is a need for a classification system that can be used to select the physical models that best match the observed coronal holes. The physical model classification problem is decomposed into three subproblems ...


Recent Progress In Wide-Area Surveillance: Protecting Our Pipeline Infrastructure, Vijayan K. Asari, Paheding Sidike, Chen Cui, Varun Santhaseelan Oct 2016

Recent Progress In Wide-Area Surveillance: Protecting Our Pipeline Infrastructure, Vijayan K. Asari, Paheding Sidike, Chen Cui, Varun Santhaseelan

Vijayan K. Asari

The pipeline industry has millions of miles of pipes buried along the length and breadth of the country. Since none of the areas through which pipelines run are to be used for other activities, it needs to be monitored so as to know whether the right-of-way (RoW) of the pipeline is encroached upon at any point in time. Rapid advances made in the area of sensor technology have enabled the use of high end video acquisition systems to monitor the RoW of pipelines. The images captured by aerial data acquisition systems are affected by a host of factors that include ...


Automatic Fracture Orientation Extraction From Sfm Point Clouds, Jon Kissi Oct 2016

Automatic Fracture Orientation Extraction From Sfm Point Clouds, Jon Kissi

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Geology seeks to understand the history of the Earth and its surface processes through charac- terisation of surface formations and rock units. Chief among the geologists’ tools are rock unit orientation measurements, such as Strike, Dip and Dip Direction. These allow an understanding of both surface and sub-structure on both the local and macro scale.

Although the way these techniques can be used to characterise geology are well understood, the need to collect these measurements by hand adds time and expense to the work of the geologist, precludes spontaneity in field work, and coverage is limited to where the geologist ...


Multiscale Wind Modelling For Sustainability And Resilience, Djordje Romanic Oct 2016

Multiscale Wind Modelling For Sustainability And Resilience, Djordje Romanic

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The research presented herein is a mix of meteorological and wind engineering disciplines. In many cases, there is a gap between these two fields and this thesis is an attempt to bridge that gap through multiscale wind modelling approaches. Data and methods used in this study cover a multitude of spatial and temporal scales. Applications are in the fields of sustainability and resilience. This relationship between multiscale wind modelling and sustainability and resilience is investigated examining several case studies of three different developments: urban, rural and coastal.

An urban wind modelling methodology is proposed and applied for a specific development ...


Fractal Analysis Of Dna Sequences, Christian G. Arias, Pedro Antonio Moreno Phd, Carlos Tellez Oct 2016

Fractal Analysis Of Dna Sequences, Christian G. Arias, Pedro Antonio Moreno Phd, Carlos Tellez

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


The Wotan Beowulf Cluster Project, Carson Wang, Krist Pregracke Oct 2016

The Wotan Beowulf Cluster Project, Carson Wang, Krist Pregracke

ASA Multidisciplinary Research Symposium

The Wotan project moves into its second year in which high school students, in liaison with SIU, have implemented Hadoop and various experiments. Insight on the challenges and requirements of current practices in Big Data analysis will be presented.


A Cellular Automation Which Incorporates Finite Element Method And Meshless Algorithm, Yong Cai, Zeyun Chen, Weifeng Yuan Oct 2016

A Cellular Automation Which Incorporates Finite Element Method And Meshless Algorithm, Yong Cai, Zeyun Chen, Weifeng Yuan

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Numerical Modeling And Seismic Assessment Of Smart Isolation System For High-Speed Railway Rc Bridge Subjected To Near-Field Ground Motions, Lingkun Chen Oct 2016

Numerical Modeling And Seismic Assessment Of Smart Isolation System For High-Speed Railway Rc Bridge Subjected To Near-Field Ground Motions, Lingkun Chen

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Application Of Numerical Simulation During The Development Of Ductile Iron Bearing Seat, Ping Li, Yanjie Zhao, Junquan Wei, Jitai Niu, Fengju Li Oct 2016

Application Of Numerical Simulation During The Development Of Ductile Iron Bearing Seat, Ping Li, Yanjie Zhao, Junquan Wei, Jitai Niu, Fengju Li

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Mhd Modeling Of A Copper Slag Cleaning Process, Hongkun Yang, Jörg Wolters, Helmut Soltner, Phillip Pischke, Sven Eckert, Jochen Fröhlich Oct 2016

Mhd Modeling Of A Copper Slag Cleaning Process, Hongkun Yang, Jörg Wolters, Helmut Soltner, Phillip Pischke, Sven Eckert, Jochen Fröhlich

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Assisting Children Action Association Through Visual Queues And Wearable Technology, Anthony Young Oct 2016

Assisting Children Action Association Through Visual Queues And Wearable Technology, Anthony Young

Computational and Data Sciences Theses

Autism Spectrum Disorder makes it difficult to for a child communicate, have social interactions and go through daily life. Visual cues are often used to help a child associate an image with an event. With technology becoming more and more advanced, we now have a way to remind a child of an event with wearable technology, such as a watch. This new technology can help a child directly with the Visual Scheduling Application and various other applications. These applications allow children and their families to be easily able to keep track of the events on their schedule and notify them ...


Simulation Of The Influence Of Preheating On Stress Distribution During Multi-Pass Repair Welding Of Cast Steel, Wen Wang, Jian-Xin Zhou, Ya-Jun Yin Oct 2016

Simulation Of The Influence Of Preheating On Stress Distribution During Multi-Pass Repair Welding Of Cast Steel, Wen Wang, Jian-Xin Zhou, Ya-Jun Yin

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Dynamic Secondary Cooling Control With Incremental Pid Algorithm In Continuous Bloom Casting, Jian Cheng, Zhiwei Han, Qiang Liu, Houfa Shen Oct 2016

Dynamic Secondary Cooling Control With Incremental Pid Algorithm In Continuous Bloom Casting, Jian Cheng, Zhiwei Han, Qiang Liu, Houfa Shen

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Assessment Of High Cycle Fatigue Crack Growth Under Different Stages Based On Crystal Plasticity Modeling, Duoqi Shi, Shiwei Han, Xiaoguang Yang Oct 2016

Assessment Of High Cycle Fatigue Crack Growth Under Different Stages Based On Crystal Plasticity Modeling, Duoqi Shi, Shiwei Han, Xiaoguang Yang

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Mpfem Simulation On 2d Compaction Of Core–Shell Particulate Composites, Yu Liu, Fen Huang, Peng Han, Xizhong An, Haitao Fu Oct 2016

Mpfem Simulation On 2d Compaction Of Core–Shell Particulate Composites, Yu Liu, Fen Huang, Peng Han, Xizhong An, Haitao Fu

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Laff-O-Tron: Laugh Prediction In Ted Talks, Andrew D. Acosta Oct 2016

Laff-O-Tron: Laugh Prediction In Ted Talks, Andrew D. Acosta

Master's Theses and Project Reports

Did you hear where the thesis found its ancestors? They were in the "parent-thesis"! This joke, whether you laughed at it or not, contains a fascinating and mysterious quality: humor. Humor is something so incredibly human that if you squint, the two words can even look the same. As such, humor is not often considered something that computers can understand. But, that doesn't mean we won't try to teach it to them.

In this thesis, we propose the system Laff-O-Tron to attempt to predict when the audience of a public speech would laugh by looking only at the ...


Gpu-Arraysort: A Parallel, In-Place Algorithm For Sorting Large Number Of Arrays, Muaaz Awan, Fahad Saeed Aug 2016

Gpu-Arraysort: A Parallel, In-Place Algorithm For Sorting Large Number Of Arrays, Muaaz Awan, Fahad Saeed

Parallel Computing and Data Science Lab Technical Reports

Modern day analytics deals with big datasets from diverse fields. For many application the data is in the form of an array which consists of large number of smaller arrays. Existing techniques focus on sorting a single large array and cannot be used for sorting large number of smaller arrays in an efficient manner. Currently no such algorithm is available which can sort such large number of arrays utilizing the massively parallel architecture of GPU devices. In this paper we present a highly scalable parallel algorithm, called GPU-ArraySort, for sorting large number of arrays using a GPU. Our algorithm performs ...


Testing The Accuracy Of Commercial Computational Fluid Dynamics Codes: Vortex Transport By Uniform Flow And Transonic Ringleb Flow Problems Using Ansys Fluent, Carl Leake Aug 2016

Testing The Accuracy Of Commercial Computational Fluid Dynamics Codes: Vortex Transport By Uniform Flow And Transonic Ringleb Flow Problems Using Ansys Fluent, Carl Leake

College of Engineering

This study juxtaposes the accuracy of a commercial computational fluid dynamics (CFD) software, ANSYS Fluent, against two CFD research codes, EZ4D and Flux Reconstruction. The study uses three problems to make the comparison, two vortex transport problems and one Ringleb flow problem. Fluent was used to simulate all problems, however, data sets from each CFD research code were not available for all cases. The first vortex problem showed that quadrilateral meshes perform better in Fluent than triangular meshes when the flow is aligned normal to quadrilateral cells. In addition, it revealed that Fluent has more dissipation error but less phase ...


Multi-Objective Optimization Under Uncertainty Using The Hyper-Volume Expected Improvement, Martin Figura, Piyush Pandita, Rohit K. Tripathy, Ilias Bilionis Aug 2016

Multi-Objective Optimization Under Uncertainty Using The Hyper-Volume Expected Improvement, Martin Figura, Piyush Pandita, Rohit K. Tripathy, Ilias Bilionis

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

The design of real engineering systems requires the optimization of multiple quantities of interest. In the electric motor design, one wants to maximize the average torque and minimize the torque variation. A study has shown that these attributes vary for different geometries of the rotor teeth. However, simulations of a large number of designs cannot be performed due to their high cost. In many problems, design optimization of multi-objective functions is a very challenging task due to the difficulty to evaluate the expectation of the objectives. Current multi-objective optimization (MOO) techniques, e.g., evolutionary algorithms cannot solve such problems because ...


Design Optimization Of A Stochastic Multi-Objective Problem: Gaussian Process Regressions For Objective Surrogates, Juan Sebastian Martinez, Piyush Pandita, Rohit K. Tripathy, Ilias Bilionis Aug 2016

Design Optimization Of A Stochastic Multi-Objective Problem: Gaussian Process Regressions For Objective Surrogates, Juan Sebastian Martinez, Piyush Pandita, Rohit K. Tripathy, Ilias Bilionis

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Multi-objective optimization (MOO) problems arise frequently in science and engineering situations. In an optimization problem, we want to find the set of input parameters that generate the set of optimal outputs, mathematically known as the Pareto frontier (PF). Solving the MOO problem is a challenge since expensive experiments can be performed only a constrained number of times and there is a limited set of data to work with, e.g. a roll-to-roll microwave plasma chemical vapor deposition (MPCVD) reactor for manufacturing high quality graphene. State-of-the-art techniques, e.g. evolutionary algorithms; particle swarm optimization, require a large amount of observations and ...


Lattice Boltzmann Methods For Wind Energy Analysis, Stephen Lloyd Wood Aug 2016

Lattice Boltzmann Methods For Wind Energy Analysis, Stephen Lloyd Wood

Doctoral Dissertations

An estimate of the United States wind potential conducted in 2011 found that the energy available at an altitude of 80 meters is approximately triple the wind energy available 50 meters above ground. In 2012, 43% of all new electricity generation installed in the U.S. (13.1 GW) came from wind power. The majority of this power, 79%, comes from large utility scale turbines that are being manufactured at unprecedented sizes. Existing wind plants operate with a capacity factor of only approximately 30%. Measurements have shown that the turbulent wake of a turbine persists for many rotor diameters, inducing ...


Least Squares Spectral Element Method For Laminar And Turbulent Flows, –Continuous And Discontinuous Approaches–, Jaber Javanshir Hasbestan Aug 2016

Least Squares Spectral Element Method For Laminar And Turbulent Flows, –Continuous And Discontinuous Approaches–, Jaber Javanshir Hasbestan

Masters Theses and Doctoral Dissertations

In this research, application of a least squares spectral element method for compressible laminar and turbulent flow problems is investigated. For the turbulent Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS), a modified Spalart-Allmaras (SA) turbulence model is employed and integrated with the mean flow equations in a segregated fashion. Two different approaches are presented for solving the SA model using the least squares method. The first method represents a simple rearrangement of the equation. However, proper arrangement of the SAmodel is required in order to produce a stable scheme for the least squares methodology. The second approach is into divide the SA equation ...


Solution Of Fully-Coupled Shallow Water Equations And Contaminant Transport Using A Primitive Variable Riemann Solver And A Semi-Discrete Supg Method, Faranak Behzadi Aug 2016

Solution Of Fully-Coupled Shallow Water Equations And Contaminant Transport Using A Primitive Variable Riemann Solver And A Semi-Discrete Supg Method, Faranak Behzadi

Masters Theses and Doctoral Dissertations

In the present dissertation, a finite volume and a finite element model are developed and tuned for the solution of the fully-coupled two-dimensional Shallow Water and Contaminant transport Equations with arbitrary bed topography and wetting-drying fronts. A Riemann-solver finite volume scheme, using primitive variables rather than conserved variables, and a semi-discrete Streamline Upwind Petrov-Galerkin (SUPG) method in finite element context are applied to compare the performance of these two numerical models. The Riemann-solver scheme is based on the unstructured finite volume discretization using primitive-variable Roe-flux approximation with an entropy fix. Second-order accuracy in space and time, an implicit scheme based ...