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Articles 1 - 30 of 3113

Full-Text Articles in Structural Engineering

Improving An Experimental Test Bed With Time-Varying Parameters For Developing High-Rate Structural Health Monitoring Methods, D. T. Foley, B. S. Joyce, J. Hong, Simon Laflamme, J. Dodson Jan 2020

Improving An Experimental Test Bed With Time-Varying Parameters For Developing High-Rate Structural Health Monitoring Methods, D. T. Foley, B. S. Joyce, J. Hong, Simon Laflamme, J. Dodson

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Publications

With the development of complex structures with high-rate dynamics, such as space structures, weapons systems, or hypersonic vehicles, comes a need for real-time structural health monitoring (SHM) methods. Researchers are developing algorithms for high-rate SHM methods, however, limited data exists on which to test these algorithms. An experimental test bed to simulate high-rate systems with rapid parameter changes was previously presented by the authors. This paper expands on the previous work. The initial configuration consisted of a cantilevered steel beam with a cart-roller system on a linear actuator to create an adjustable boundary condition along the beam, as well as ...


Influence Of Guayule Resin As A Bio-Based Additive On Asphalt-Rubber Binder At Elevated Temperatures, Ahmed Hemida, Magdy Abdelrahman Sep 2019

Influence Of Guayule Resin As A Bio-Based Additive On Asphalt-Rubber Binder At Elevated Temperatures, Ahmed Hemida, Magdy Abdelrahman

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

This study seeks to find the influence of replacing a portion of the asphalt–rubber binder with the bio-based material “guayule resin.” This replacement could be beneficial in terms of sustainability, economics, and environmental concerns related to the asphalt industry. Nine asphalt-rubber-guayule binders were investigated to find their rheological properties. Consecutively, the study proceeded with five selected binders being compared to the original asphalt (PG64-22). Investigations underwent whole matrices (crumb rubber modifier (CRM) residue included) and liquid phases (CRM residue extracted). Additionally, these properties were partially sought for their corresponding asphalt–rubber binders to compare and judge the contribution of ...


Long-Term Deflections Of Reinforced Concrete Beams, Ziad Elaghoury Aug 2019

Long-Term Deflections Of Reinforced Concrete Beams, Ziad Elaghoury

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The CSA A23.3 code provisions compute the long-term deflection of reinforced concrete flexural members by applying a multiplier to the short-term deflection, essentially ignoring the creep and shrinkage characteristics of concrete. The CAC Concrete Design Handbook presents more elaborate methods, but fails to account for the factors that influence the creep and shrinkage of concrete.

The four widely recognized models for computing creep and shrinkage strains yield predictions that differ by up to 30%. Studies by others to assess the accuracy of the models apply different of statistical analyses do different datasets and so yield contradicting outcomes, making it ...


Life Cycle Cost Evaluation Strategy For High Performance Control Systems Under Uncertainties, Laura Micheli, Ling Cao, Simon Laflamme, Alice Alipour Aug 2019

Life Cycle Cost Evaluation Strategy For High Performance Control Systems Under Uncertainties, Laura Micheli, Ling Cao, Simon Laflamme, Alice Alipour

Simon Laflamme

High-performance control systems (HPCSs), including active, hybrid, and semi-active control strategies, can perform over a wide excitation bandwidth and are therefore good candidates for multi-hazard mitigation. However, the number of HPCS applications in the field is very limited. This is likely due the perceived high costs of installation, maintenance, possible malfunction, and lack of tools to financially justify their implementation. Such financial justifications could be conducted through life cycle cost (LCC) analysis, but would result in a computationally demanding task due to the very large number of simulations required given the large number of uncertainties. In this paper, two sets ...


Effects Of Building Scale Parameters On Pressure Equalization Capacity Of Roof Paver Systems, Matthew Sparks Aug 2019

Effects Of Building Scale Parameters On Pressure Equalization Capacity Of Roof Paver Systems, Matthew Sparks

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Roof pavers are commonly installed with a cavity beneath the paver that develops an internal suction pressure. These cavity pressures reduce the net pressure felt by a roof paver subject to uplift. Paver-scale parameter effects are well-understood, in this study, the effects of changing building-scale parameters such as height, aspect ratio, afterbody length, small and large scale roof obstructions, and paver to roof size ratio on cavity pressures are investigated. To do so pressure measurements were taken at the University of Western Ontario’s Boundary Layer Wind Tunnel Laboratory on a modular flat roof building model at four different heights ...


Probabilistic Analysis Of Slide-Rocking Structures Under Earthquake Loads, Taylor J. Knickerbocker Aug 2019

Probabilistic Analysis Of Slide-Rocking Structures Under Earthquake Loads, Taylor J. Knickerbocker

Civil Engineering Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research

Estimates of rare seismic hazard are essential for the resilience of critical infrastructure and facilities. However, these estimates are highly uncertain at long return periods due to the lack of observed earthquake records. Several ground motion prediction equations have been proposed to close this gap and estimate rare seismic demands; however, these models were developed based on more moderate earthquake records and can yield physically unrealizable ground motions when extrapolated to long return periods. For this reason, seismologists have proposed using precariously balanced rocks (PBRs) as a way to constrain rare seismic hazard. PBRs are a type of fragile geologic ...


Performance Study Of Link Slab Continuity In Prestressed Concrete Bridges, Marco Tulio Canales Jr Aug 2019

Performance Study Of Link Slab Continuity In Prestressed Concrete Bridges, Marco Tulio Canales Jr

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Link slabs in bridges can be a cost-effective solution to increase the service life of bridge structures. The partial continuity condition in link slab bridges, however can be challenging to quantify. In this work link slab performance is studied by means of a parametric study, a long-term Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) System, and a detailed finite-element model.

The parametric study was conducted using mathematical and a two-dimensional (2D) finite element model. The study considers bridge design factors such as number of spans, span length, span length ratio, girder separation, and temperature settings, in conjunction with the corresponding girder and support ...


Experimental Investigation Of Whitmore Section And Block Shear Failures In Steel Gusset Plates Using Digital Image Correlation, Prajwal Pokhrel Jul 2019

Experimental Investigation Of Whitmore Section And Block Shear Failures In Steel Gusset Plates Using Digital Image Correlation, Prajwal Pokhrel

Civil Engineering Theses

Gusset plates are necessary for transferring loads from one structural member to another. During load transfer gussets can undergo shear, net section rupture and gross section yielding. Gusset design is a complex process and there is still a lack of knowledge regarding the stress and strain distribution in gusset plates. Current design practices which use Whitmore method, may not be sufficient to accurately predict the capacity of a gusset plate. An experimental study was conducted at The University of Texas at Tyler to understand the failure mechanism of gusset plates under uniaxial tensile loading. Variables considered for the experiment are ...


Capacitance-Based Sensor With Layered Carbon-Fiber Reinforced Polymer And Titania-Filled Epoxy, Jin Yan, Austin Downey, An Chen, Simon Laflamme, Sammy Hassan Jul 2019

Capacitance-Based Sensor With Layered Carbon-Fiber Reinforced Polymer And Titania-Filled Epoxy, Jin Yan, Austin Downey, An Chen, Simon Laflamme, Sammy Hassan

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Publications

Advances in intelligent infrastructure can be achieved through the use of novel materials for increased system-level efficiency and multifunctionality. Carbon Fiber-Reinforced Polymer (CFRP) has been widely used in strengthening, rehabilitating, and retrofitting of existing structures because of its speed of deployment, low maintenance requirement, and high strength-to-weight ratio. In this work, the authors propose a novel method to augment CFRP with self-sensing capabilities. The sensor consists of two CFRP layers separated by a titania-filled epoxy dielectric layer, therefore forming a parallel plate capacitor. Sensing capability can be achieved through variations in the sensor’s capacitance provoked by strain, therefore providing ...


Reliability Of Corroding Reinforced Concrete Structures, Travis Honore Jul 2019

Reliability Of Corroding Reinforced Concrete Structures, Travis Honore

LSU Master's Theses

The enhanced performance due to the addition of steel within concrete elements has thrust reinforced concrete structures to be one of the most commonly used construction materials in the world. Reinforced concrete structures are exposed to a variety of deterioration mechanisms during their operational existence, each of which contributes to reducing their service life, durability, and load bearing capacity. The longevity of these reinforced concrete structures is strongly connected to degradation processes, whose origin is environmental and/or functional. Among these processes is the initiation and evolution of corrosion on the steel reinforcement. Steel reinforcement has direct effects on the ...


Variable Friction Cladding Connection For Seismic Mitigation, Yongqiang Gong, Liang Cao, Simon Laflamme, James Ricles, Spencer Quiel, Douglas Taylor Jun 2019

Variable Friction Cladding Connection For Seismic Mitigation, Yongqiang Gong, Liang Cao, Simon Laflamme, James Ricles, Spencer Quiel, Douglas Taylor

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Publications

Cladding systems are conventionally designed to serve an architectural purpose and provide environmental protection for building occupants. Recent research has been conducted to enhance structural resiliency by leveraging cladding systems against man-made and natural hazards. The vast majority of the work includes the use of sacrificial cladding panels and energy dissipating connectors. These passive protection systems, though effective, have typically targeted a single hazard one-at-a-time because of their limited frequency bandwidths. A novel semi-active friction connection has been previously proposed by the authors to leverage the cladding motion for mitigating blast and wind hazards. This semi-active friction device, termed variable ...


Performance Based Design For Bridge Piers Impacted By Heavy Trucks, Anil K. Agrawal Jun 2019

Performance Based Design For Bridge Piers Impacted By Heavy Trucks, Anil K. Agrawal

Archived Webinars

Based on bridge failure data compiled by New York State Department of Transportation, collision, both caused by vessel and vehicles, is the second leading cause of bridge failures after hydraulic. Current AASHTO-LRFD (2012) recommends designing a bridge pier vulnerable to vehicular impacts for an equivalent static force of 600 kips (2,670 kN) applied in a horizontal plane at a distance of 5.0 feet above the ground level. This research presents a performance-based approach for designing a bridge pier subject to impacts by tractor-semi-trailer weighing up to 80,000 lb based on an extensive investigation using finite element model ...


Design/Lift: An Extra Concrete Beam In A Park, Federico Garcia Lammers Jun 2019

Design/Lift: An Extra Concrete Beam In A Park, Federico Garcia Lammers

Building Technology Educator's Society

According to the Department of Transportation, a commercial truck can drive at a maximum speed of sixty miles per-hour while carrying a sixty-foot-long precast concrete beam on a state highway. The beam in question is headed to a town of 1,800 people to be installed as part of a student-driven, faculty led Public Works project in Webster, South Dakota. Design/Lift focuses on the choreography of lifting and positioning a large piece of concrete on a public site. The beam sits in a yard, unapproved to span highway bridges, but potentially ready to engage the public in unexpected ways ...


Structures For Relief & Resiliency: Enhancing Creative Applications Of Technical Acumen Through Constrained Conditions, Rob Whitehead Jun 2019

Structures For Relief & Resiliency: Enhancing Creative Applications Of Technical Acumen Through Constrained Conditions, Rob Whitehead

Building Technology Educator's Society

The design of places, objects, and experiential operations are of great importance to the relief, recovery and rebuilding efforts that affect millions of people each year. Proactively designing for these scenarios requires a more than just sensitivity to the vexing nature of the people and their problems. The inter-disciplinary teams that assist in these efforts must be able to translate these activities into solutions that have insights into the structural, material, and construction considerations. Without these qualities, the tangible, useful, and deployable solutions could be marginalized until they become the lowest common denominator of design solutions.

The value of design ...


Steel Structures That Breathe: Two Extensively Glazed Buildings That Integrate Natural Ventilation Within Structural Members, Patrick Charles Jun 2019

Steel Structures That Breathe: Two Extensively Glazed Buildings That Integrate Natural Ventilation Within Structural Members, Patrick Charles

Building Technology Educator's Society

The paper is a case study of two extensively-glazed steel- framed buildings, Jean Prouvé’s 1957 temporary school in Villejuif, France, and, Müller Verdan Architekten’s 2006 Sporthalle “Gotthelf” in Thun, Switzerland, that integrate natural ventilation within the building structure itself.

Practically, this unique approach enables the designers to provide usually mutually exclusive features, large glass formats and natural ventilation, without incurring the various penalties associated with operating such very heavy elements.

Conceptually, the idea of integrating the ventilation function within structural members goes against the standard orthodoxy consisting of the separation of enclosure systems from skeletal structural systems. This ...


Automated Comprehensiveness: Sectional Practices And The Misuse Of Revit, Jessica Garcia Fritz Jun 2019

Automated Comprehensiveness: Sectional Practices And The Misuse Of Revit, Jessica Garcia Fritz

Building Technology Educator's Society

All architectural drawings leave gaps in information. Drawing sets leave the impression that a combination of drawing types is comprehensive, that more information is better, but gaps always exist. In generating architecture, these gaps serve as opportunities for ambiguity, speculation, and exploration. The introduction of BIM in the late twentieth century and its more ubiquitous application in Autodesk’s 2004 release of Revit, challenged these previous notions of orthographic comprehensiveness as many images could be output from a single digital model. As representational types, plans, sections, elevations, and details did not disappear. Yet, the historic and conceptual practice for generating ...


Cam-Based Passive Variable Friction Device For Structural Control, Austin Downey, Connor Theisen, Heather Murphy, Nicholas Anastasi, Simon Laflamme Jun 2019

Cam-Based Passive Variable Friction Device For Structural Control, Austin Downey, Connor Theisen, Heather Murphy, Nicholas Anastasi, Simon Laflamme

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Publications

A solution to increasing the resiliency of civil structures with respect to natural and man-made hazards is the implementation of supplemental damping systems. These systems can be constructed using passive, active, and semi-active devices. In particular, passive devices are widely accepted in the field of structural engineering, because they do not require power to operate and can be holistically integrated into the structural design process. This paper investigates the use of 3D printing technology to expand on the possibilities in passive damping, notably in the fabrication of a variable friction device. This device uses a 3D printed cam with a ...


Structural Health Monitoring Of Composite Parts: A Review, Jacob Pessin Jun 2019

Structural Health Monitoring Of Composite Parts: A Review, Jacob Pessin

Honors Theses

Structural health monitoring has the potential to allow composite structures to be more reliable and safer, then by using more traditional damage assessment techniques. Structural health monitoring (SHM) utilizes individual sensor units that are placed throughout the load bearing sections of a structure and gather data that is used for stress analysis and damage detection. Statistical time based algorithms are used to analyze collected data and determine both damage size and probable location from within the structure. While traditional calculations and life span analysis can be done for structures made of isotropic materials such as steel or other metals, composites ...


Accelerated Innovation Development Of Laser Metrology For Steel Bridge Fabrication, Timothy W. Jones, Nicholas E. Wierschem May 2019

Accelerated Innovation Development Of Laser Metrology For Steel Bridge Fabrication, Timothy W. Jones, Nicholas E. Wierschem

Civil and Environmental Engineering Reports

This report documents the use of a laser metrology technique in the production of splice connections for steel bridge girders which was successfully performed at Hirschfeld Industries steel bridge fabrication plant in Bristol, VA. Over the course of this project, the traditional method of splice connection fabrication was studied and compared alongside a newer method involving the use of laser metrology to enable the use of pre-drilled girder splice connection holes and custom fabricated splice plates. The primary benefit of this new method is that time consuming match drilling of girder splice connections is replaced with automated drilling methods. This ...


Appalachian Electric Cooperative Zinc Substation Foundation Project, Leah Stephens, James Throckmorton, Grayson Layne, Ben Morris May 2019

Appalachian Electric Cooperative Zinc Substation Foundation Project, Leah Stephens, James Throckmorton, Grayson Layne, Ben Morris

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


Tension Splitting Strength Of Bcsa Concrete Cylinders, Andrew Steven Deschenes May 2019

Tension Splitting Strength Of Bcsa Concrete Cylinders, Andrew Steven Deschenes

Civil Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

The focus of this research was to compare the tension splitting strength (TSS) of belitic calcium sufloaluminate (BCSA) cement concrete to tensile strength predicted by the American Concrete Institute (ACI) and to similarly proportioned portland cement (PC) concrete. BCSA is a rapid-setting cement with higher early strength, higher ettringite content, and lower calcium silicate hydrate (C-S-H) content than PC. PC and BCSA cement concrete cylinders were broken at different ages in both uniaxial compression and TSS. It was found that BCSA had a similar TSS to both the ACI prediction and PC TSS, but the results require further testing for ...


Turbulent Effects On Building Pressure Using A Two-Dimensional Finite Element Program, Jonese Woods May 2019

Turbulent Effects On Building Pressure Using A Two-Dimensional Finite Element Program, Jonese Woods

Civil Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

Much of the knowledge about building aerodynamics today was obtained from physical testing like wind tunnel testing. Physical testing is time-consuming and very expensive. As a result, computational methods like the finite element method are being explored for use in building aerodynamics. Despite several years of research, there is still not a clear understanding of the peak pressure on buildings due to turbulence. Many of the research thus far has focused on comparing different computational methods. However, much work is needed in understanding the capability of the individual methods. In this work, a two-dimensional finite element program is used to ...


In-Situ Field Monitoring Of A Uhpc And Hpc Bridge Superstructure Under Diagnostic Load Testing Using Digital Image Correlation, Prajwol Sharma May 2019

In-Situ Field Monitoring Of A Uhpc And Hpc Bridge Superstructure Under Diagnostic Load Testing Using Digital Image Correlation, Prajwol Sharma

Civil Engineering Theses

New innovative methods of bridge design are being sought to increase the service life of these structure. High Performance Concrete (HPC) and Ultra-High-Performance Concrete (UHPC) utilizes a mix of high strength concrete with steel fibers to create a strong and ductile reinforced concrete mix. While not new to civil engineering construction, this material still has some uncertainty of its performance both long and short term. As a result, in-situ experimental monitoring is important to verify methods of design and the suitability of the materials. A two-span pre-stressed UHPC and HPC reinforced concrete bridge superstructure was designed at New Mexico State ...


The Influence Of Citric Acid On Setting Time And Temperature Behavior Of Calcium Sulfoaluminate-Belite Cement, Edgar Soriano May 2019

The Influence Of Citric Acid On Setting Time And Temperature Behavior Of Calcium Sulfoaluminate-Belite Cement, Edgar Soriano

Civil Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

Today the need to opt for alternative cementitious materials is growing due to environmental reasons and construction time frames that portland cement cannot always satisfy. Calcium Sulfoaluminate (CSA) cements are a strong candidate to supplement or replace portland cement in the construction field for certain applications. In the United States, CSA cement has been limited mostly to pavement repairs because of its rapid initial setting time. The chemical compound responsible for this phenomenon is the alumina. This compound and sulfate are present in larger proportions compared to portland cement. The purpose of this research is to study how the use ...


Side Shear Strength Of Preformed Socket Connections Suitable For Vertical Precast Members, Zhao Cheng, Sri Sritharan May 2019

Side Shear Strength Of Preformed Socket Connections Suitable For Vertical Precast Members, Zhao Cheng, Sri Sritharan

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Publications

Use of precast substructure in accelerated bridge construction (ABC) has been gaining popularity due to its advantages over traditional cast-in-place (CIP) construction. When using vertical precast members (e.g., columns and piles) in bridge substructure construction, they must be connected to the adjoining members (e.g., bent cap, pile cap, and abutment) reliably. To accomplish this goal and promote ease of construction, the preformed socket connection has been suggested. This connection is established by inserting the vertical precast member inside a preformed socket in the precast adjoining member and filling the socket with non-shrink, high-strength grout. Using specimens that modeled ...


Point Cloud Technology For Analysis Of Existing Structures, Jacob Cano May 2019

Point Cloud Technology For Analysis Of Existing Structures, Jacob Cano

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

For this thesis, a study was completed on two different structures on the UCF Orlando campus through the use of both structural plans and point cloud technology. The results sought to understand the viability of point cloud technology as an accurate tool for the static and dynamic modal analysis of existing structures. For static analysis, a portion of the framing of Spectrum Stadium was rendered, modeled, analyzed and compared to a previous case study. The results emphasized how different users can render dissimilar member sizes and lengths due to human judgment on point cloud visuals. The study also found that ...


Urban Underground Infrastructure Monitoring Iot: The Path Loss Analysis, Abdul Salam, Syed Shah Apr 2019

Urban Underground Infrastructure Monitoring Iot: The Path Loss Analysis, Abdul Salam, Syed Shah

Faculty Publications

The extra quantities of wastewater entering the pipes can cause backups that result in sanitary sewer overflows. Urban underground infrastructure monitoring is important for controlling the flow of extraneous water into the pipelines. By combining the wireless underground communications and sensor solutions, the urban underground IoT applications such as real time wastewater and storm water overflow monitoring can be developed. In this paper, the path loss analysis of wireless underground communications in urban underground IoT for wastewater monitoring has been presented. It has been shown that the communication range of up to 4 kilometers can be achieved from an underground ...


2019 Student Steel Bridge Team, Kourtney Arena, Andrew Biglin, Brett Palmer, Nathaniel Maute, Kenneth Reiser, Jacob Dicks, Paul Kowaleski Apr 2019

2019 Student Steel Bridge Team, Kourtney Arena, Andrew Biglin, Brett Palmer, Nathaniel Maute, Kenneth Reiser, Jacob Dicks, Paul Kowaleski

Student Research Symposium Posters

Every year AISC runs a regional and national steel bridge competition. The competition offers a chance for civil engineering students to gain valuable experience designing a bridge. In addition to this, mechanical engineering students are provided the opportunity to practice machining steel parts. For the competition, teams from participating schools are given a scenario with certain constraints to design a bridge for. At the competition, the bridges are ranked based on weight, structural efficiency, construction economy, assembly speed, deflection, aesthetics, and overall performance.

The program Risa 3D was used in order to design and perform analysis on the bridge. Using ...


Computer Predictions Of Tunnel Response To Blast, Robert Drummond, Claudia Sun, Andrew Valkenburg, Aaron Freidenberg, Jake Bruhl Apr 2019

Computer Predictions Of Tunnel Response To Blast, Robert Drummond, Claudia Sun, Andrew Valkenburg, Aaron Freidenberg, Jake Bruhl

West Point Research Papers

Deeply buried bunkers offer a level of protection that is unmatched by conventional, above-ground, construction methods. The construction of the bunker itself, as well as ingress/egress and ventilation for the completed bunker, requires substantial digging. Thus, deeply buried bunkers are usually located within a mountain and accessed via tunnels. In order to better predict the response of tunnels and bunkers to an average design blast load, computer simulations were performed. First, a simplified groundshock numerical code based on an assumed geology and buried depth was used to predict the demand. Then, analytical methods were utilized to design the tunnel ...


An Agent-Based Evacuation Model To Improve Safety In The Cascadia Subduction Zone, Haizhong Wang Apr 2019

An Agent-Based Evacuation Model To Improve Safety In The Cascadia Subduction Zone, Haizhong Wang

TREC Friday Seminar Series

This seminar will present ongoing research into how integrated social, natural, and engineered systems can improve life safety under threat of multi-hazards. The targeted scenario is a magnitude 9.0 earthquake and tsunami from the Cascadia Subduction Zone, threatening communities along 1,000 miles of the US Pacific Northwest coastline.

Since the mid-1980’s scientific evidence has underscored the possibility of such an extreme event, and it has taken at least another decade or more before public attitudes and policy have begun to adapt to this new hazard. Life safety is a pressing issue for the near-field CSZ tsunami hazard ...