Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Science and Mathematics Education Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1995

Discipline
Institution
Keyword
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 83

Full-Text Articles in Science and Mathematics Education

Walking Lightly On The Planet: A Curriculum Enrichment For The Pinelands Science Unit Of The Cherry Hill Environmental Education Residency Program On Pinelands Ecology, Elaine Ruth Miller Dec 1995

Walking Lightly On The Planet: A Curriculum Enrichment For The Pinelands Science Unit Of The Cherry Hill Environmental Education Residency Program On Pinelands Ecology, Elaine Ruth Miller

Theses and Dissertations

This thesis project is designed to produce written curriculum materials in Pinelands ecology. The written curriculum materials produced are intended to be implemented as part of the Pinelands Science Unit of the Cherry Hill Environmental Education Residency Program, also known as CHEER.

The written curriculum materials will include pre-trip, resident trip, and follow up assessment materials and activities that follow the given format for all Cherry Hill science units. The structure of such a program will allow, if desired, interdisciplinary coordination between science, math, English and ecology that correlate with the existing CHEER program. Through this experience it is expected ...


Interactive Television In The Classroom: A Comparison Of Student Math Achievement Among Three Instructional Settings, Sherri L. Hodge-Hardin Dec 1995

Interactive Television In The Classroom: A Comparison Of Student Math Achievement Among Three Instructional Settings, Sherri L. Hodge-Hardin

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

A dramatic expansion of distance learning through the use of interactive television (ITV) is allowing colleges and universities to offer students potentially unlimited access to educational and training opportunities. While the expanding information age beckons us to consider mechanisms for using communication technologies for the benefit of meeting the needs of learners in a variety of locations, the question may be raised--Is ITV an effective medium of instruction? This study examined the effectiveness of using an interactive television system to broadcast developmental algebra classes at East Tennessee State University. The purpose of this study was to determine if there were ...


Voices From The Reform Movement, Allyn Jackson Oct 1995

Voices From The Reform Movement, Allyn Jackson

Humanistic Mathematics Network Journal

No abstract provided.


A University Mathematician's View Of What's Wrong With University Mathematics Education, Reuben Hersh Oct 1995

A University Mathematician's View Of What's Wrong With University Mathematics Education, Reuben Hersh

Humanistic Mathematics Network Journal

No abstract provided.


"Modern Mathematics" At Sonoma State University, C. E. Falbo Oct 1995

"Modern Mathematics" At Sonoma State University, C. E. Falbo

Humanistic Mathematics Network Journal

No abstract provided.


Book Review: Introductory Algebra: A Just In Time Approach, By Alice Kaseberg, Gayle Smith Oct 1995

Book Review: Introductory Algebra: A Just In Time Approach, By Alice Kaseberg, Gayle Smith

Humanistic Mathematics Network Journal

No abstract provided.


Attitudes Of Students To Independent Learning, S. Kenneth Houston Oct 1995

Attitudes Of Students To Independent Learning, S. Kenneth Houston

Humanistic Mathematics Network Journal

No abstract provided.


Nebraska Earth Systems Education Network Newsletter – Fall 1995 Oct 1995

Nebraska Earth Systems Education Network Newsletter – Fall 1995

Nebraska Earth Systems Education Network

Content:

New Part-Time Coordinator and Technical Specialist Join NESEN

New NASA/JPL CD-ROM Now Available – “Seeing the Earth in a New Way”

New Publication from Conservation and Survey Division

Resource Notes Available Soon


Upgrading High School Math: A Look At Three Transition Courses, Paula A. White, Andrew C. Porter, Adam Gamoran, John Smithson Sep 1995

Upgrading High School Math: A Look At Three Transition Courses, Paula A. White, Andrew C. Porter, Adam Gamoran, John Smithson

CPRE Policy Briefs

This issue of CPRE Policy Briefs focuses on the nature of instruction in transition math courses, the consequences of student placement in the new transition courses, and the linkages among course type, course content, and student achievement. The findings presented here are based on both qualitative and quantitative data gathered from seven high school across four districts in two states.

We studied transition math courses in seven high schools in San Diego and San Francisco in California and in Buffalo and Rochester in New York. We chose schools that had high percentages of minority and low-income students, because the problem ...


Constructivism For Science Teachers, William W. Cobern Sep 1995

Constructivism For Science Teachers, William W. Cobern

Scientific Literacy and Cultural Studies Project

Constructivism is a concept that in recent years has garnered considerable attention among science education researchers. Essentially, it is a model or metaphor of how learning takes place. prominent science educators have called it a most promising model and a theoretical shift that may lead to a coalescing of current thought as well as the simulation of new ideas. I do not believe this is hyperbole. The potential significance of constructivism has already extended beyond research and into the science classroom. References to constructivism appear ever more frequently in the literature, however, often with little or only trivial discussion of ...


Development Of Course Modules For Materials Experiments, Kristen P. Constant, K. Vedula Aug 1995

Development Of Course Modules For Materials Experiments, Kristen P. Constant, K. Vedula

Materials Science and Engineering Conference Papers, Posters and Presentations

Recent U.S. government-sponsored studies of the decline of international competitiveness have reported that one of the most severe problems is the lack of education of future engineers in synthesis and processing of advanced engineered materials. In response, the National Science Foundation has made awards 6 universities to develop materials processing course materials for improving processing education. Iowa State University is among those selected.


Nebraska Earth Systems Education Network Newsletter – Summer 1995 Jul 1995

Nebraska Earth Systems Education Network Newsletter – Summer 1995

Nebraska Earth Systems Education Network

Content:

New Maps From the Conservation and Survey Division

Summer Workshop Summary

NESEN Server Status

NESEN at NATS 1995

Exchange Project on Pilot Sites Weather Data

Weather Exhibit at Pioneers Park Nature Center: Lincoln, Nebraska

Internet Activity Guide

Video Lending Library

Julie Dial, NESEN Coordinator, Will Be Missed


A Comparison Of Kentwood Public Schools' Algebra Standards And The Ucsmp Algebra Objectives, Carol A. Farrer Jul 1995

A Comparison Of Kentwood Public Schools' Algebra Standards And The Ucsmp Algebra Objectives, Carol A. Farrer

Masters Theses

This paper compares the Standards written by Kentwood Public Schools in Kentwood, Michigan for its algebra course and the objectives of the University of Chicago School Mathematics Project Algebra textbook. The paper includes an examination of national recommendations and publications which influenced the authors of the UCSMP text and the national and state publications which influenced Kentwood's Mathematics Curriculum Committee. Lessons are provided for Kentwood's algebra teachers for the few instances where the objectives of the textbook do not meet the district's standards.


Tracking Student Achievement In Science And Math: The Promise Of State Assessment Programs, University Of Pennsylvania Jun 1995

Tracking Student Achievement In Science And Math: The Promise Of State Assessment Programs, University Of Pennsylvania

CPRE Policy Briefs

This issue of CPRE Policy Briefs examines the capacity of state assessment systems to track the effects of the SSIs on student performance in mathematics and science. It also identifies some of the major issues state policymakers are facing as they attempt to re-align their state assessment systems of meet the changing goals for public education.


The Freshman Engineering Problems And Programming Course: Integrating New And Old Tools, Lawrence Genalo, Brian D. Williams Jun 1995

The Freshman Engineering Problems And Programming Course: Integrating New And Old Tools, Lawrence Genalo, Brian D. Williams

Materials Science and Engineering Conference Papers, Posters and Presentations

At Iowa State University in the early 1980's the first engineering course, Engineering Problem Solving, began inca"porating FOR1RAN programming in an integrated, three semester credit course. At first this course was taught in "dry lab" style with the students assigned to fmd keypunch tenninals outside of class in order to create and edit their programs. Soon after that the course switched to interactive VAX terminals and the first classroom/laboratory was born. This room allowed for a terminal for each pair of students and in~class programming assignments. The engineering problems content was also "dry~labbed" at first ...


Best Practices In High-Tech Learning, Sanjival S. Gill, Lawrence Genalo Jun 1995

Best Practices In High-Tech Learning, Sanjival S. Gill, Lawrence Genalo

Materials Science and Engineering Conference Papers, Posters and Presentations

The Synthesis Coalition, one of the flfSt two engineering coalitions funded by the National Science Foundation in 1990, is comprised of Berlceley, Cal Poly at San Luis Obispo, Cornell, Hampton, Iowa State, Southern, Stanford, and Tuskegee. One of the major goals of the coalition was to create the National Engineering Educational Delivery System (NEEDS). This system consists of a multimedia, indexed database where engineering lessons, modules and images are stored for retrieval, courseware studios to create and modify multimedia courseware, and hightechnology delivery systems (learning environments) for appropriate display of th e material [1-3].


K-12 Linkage For Women Engineers- Students Creating Courseware For Other Students, Lawrence Genalo, Kimberly D. Windom, Alethea Semple Jun 1995

K-12 Linkage For Women Engineers- Students Creating Courseware For Other Students, Lawrence Genalo, Kimberly D. Windom, Alethea Semple

Materials Science and Engineering Conference Papers, Posters and Presentations

Engineering education techniques have been changing at a tremendous pace over the past several years; a significant portion of these changes have been to recruit and retain women in engineering programs. Iowa State University is committed to these changes in engineering education and is implementing new programs for high school and undergraduate women interested in science and engineering related fields. The Program for Women in Science and Engineering (PWSE} began offering paid internship programs for both high school and undergraduate female students in 1987, with the objective to provide research experiences for talented women and to build their confidence in ...


The Teachers' And Principals' Perceptions Of The Impact Of Operation Physics On The Teaching Of Elementary Science In Michigan Schools, Brenda Prater Earhart Jun 1995

The Teachers' And Principals' Perceptions Of The Impact Of Operation Physics On The Teaching Of Elementary Science In Michigan Schools, Brenda Prater Earhart

Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of Michigan Operation Physics (MOP) on the teaching and learning of basic physics concepts in the elementary classroom as perceived by both the teachers and principals of those teachers. In addition, the study sought to identify the teachers' and principals' perceptions of the principal's role in promoting science at the elementary level.

The method used for this study was survey research. Questionnaires were mailed to Michigan Operation Physics participants, non- Michigan Operation Physics participants, and the principals of those teachers in southwestern Michigan.

Findings of this study were that ...


Nebraska Earth Systems Education Network Newsletter – Spring 1995 May 1995

Nebraska Earth Systems Education Network Newsletter – Spring 1995

Nebraska Earth Systems Education Network

Content:

Summer Workshops 1995

New Directory to be Printed and Distributed

Video Lending Library Coming Soon

Geological Society of America Meeting

NESEN At NATS 1995 Fall Conference

NESEN Server

Enclosed Activities

Selected CSD Publications of Interest to Earth Science Teachers


Teaching Method As A Determinant Of Student Attitude, Mark Paul Buckert May 1995

Teaching Method As A Determinant Of Student Attitude, Mark Paul Buckert

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study is to assess the effect on student attitude with respect to using a hands-on teaching method in the elementary school, but limiting hands-on experience in the middle school. The primary question addressed is this: do students' attitudes towards science decline in middle school when hands-on science methods are used less frequently?

Student attitudes of grades three, five, seven, and eight are compared. Male and female students from two districts with presently two different approaches to teaching science are subjects of this study. An attitudinal survey comparing student attitude as it develops from grades three to ...


Perceptions Of Secondary School Mathematics Teachers On The Importance And Presence Of Elements Associated With Effective Staff Development, Paula L. Leo May 1995

Perceptions Of Secondary School Mathematics Teachers On The Importance And Presence Of Elements Associated With Effective Staff Development, Paula L. Leo

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between the importance and the actual practice of elements associated with effective staff development as perceived by Secondary School Mathematics Teachers. A questionnaire consisting of 24 statements was developed by the researcher after a review of the research on effective staff development practices.

An analysis, using the Pearson r correlation coefficient, found r values between -0.17 and 0.4 suggesting a moderate to low correlation between the perceived importance and actual practice of those elements of staff development.

In testing rho, to find the population correlation between perceived importance ...


A Course In Mathematics Appreciation, Daniel J. Kraft May 1995

A Course In Mathematics Appreciation, Daniel J. Kraft

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to create a mini-course in mathematics appreciation at the senior high school level.

The mathematics appreciation course would be offered as an elective to students in the 11th or 12th grade, who are concurrently enrolled in trigonometry or calculus.

The topics covered in the mathematics appreciation course include: systems of numeration, congruences, Diophantine equations, Fibonacci sequences, the golden section, imaginary numbers, the exponential function, pi, perfect numbers, numbers with shape, ciphers, magic squares, and root extraction techniques.

In this study, the student is exposed to mathematical proofs, where appropriate, and is encouraged to create ...


A Study To Determine The Effects That Concrete Manipulatives Have On Mathematics Anxiety And Achievement, Nicholas R. Brian Simione May 1995

A Study To Determine The Effects That Concrete Manipulatives Have On Mathematics Anxiety And Achievement, Nicholas R. Brian Simione

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this five week study was to test any effects that concrete manipulatives had on mathematics anxiety and achievement. Two groups of high school freshmen were selected. A control group (n = 23) was taught using traditional teaching methods of lecture-homework-review-test. An experimental group (n = 20) used concrete manipulatives to reinforce a lesson after it was introduced. Manipulatives replaced worksheets as the sole source of review.

To assess changes in mathematics anxiety in the experimental group, the adolescent version of the Mathematics Anxiety Rating Scale (MARS-A) was administered. The researcher used dependent t test procedures to determine if there ...


A Study To Determine The Effectiveness Of Various Factors In The Reduction Of Mathematics Anxiety, Mindy S. Hutter May 1995

A Study To Determine The Effectiveness Of Various Factors In The Reduction Of Mathematics Anxiety, Mindy S. Hutter

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine if increasing the amount of problem solving, journal writing, group work, and praise would decrease the level of mathematics anxiety experienced by eighth grade students. The forty-seven students involved included twenty-one average to below average students and twenty-six average to above average students. Both groups were pretested and posttested using the Mathematics Anxiety Rating Scale - A. During a six week period, class time contained a high concentration of problem solving, journal writing, group work, and praise. A dependent t test was used to analyze the results.

The conclusions showed a significant decrease ...


The Database Management Course At Camden County College And The Effect On The Technological Needs Of Industry, Jennifer R. Lupo May 1995

The Database Management Course At Camden County College And The Effect On The Technological Needs Of Industry, Jennifer R. Lupo

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the Database Management course at Camden County College to determine if it currently meets the needs of businesses in Camden County. A review of recent literature and the proposal of the Data Processing Management Association expressed that technological courses should be reviewed every two years. The researcher queried one hundred randomly chosen Camden County businesses and twenty-seven Camden County College Database Management students from the Spring, 1995 semester. Opinionnaires were mailed to local businesses and a survey was administered to the students. A comparison was made between industry's needs and the ...


Computer Science Curriculum In The Community College: An Evaluative Study, Rosemary R. Boiano May 1995

Computer Science Curriculum In The Community College: An Evaluative Study, Rosemary R. Boiano

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to assess the sufficiency of the Computer Studies curriculum at Camden County College in meeting the needs of its local job market.

A questionnaire was distributed to 106 computer-based businesses in southern New Jersey, northern Delaware, and the greater Philadelphia area. The purpose of the survey was twofold. it was first necessary to ascertain whether or not these businesses would hire individuals possessing an associate's degree in Computer Science and if so, how many such positions might they have available in any given year. The survey then questioned respondents about the individual needs ...


Journal Writing For College Students In A Developmental Mathematics Class, Mary Anne Dorofee May 1995

Journal Writing For College Students In A Developmental Mathematics Class, Mary Anne Dorofee

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to measure academic achievement in a developmental mathematics class through the use of journal writing. Twenty-seven college level students were part of the experiment. Two classes of "Introduction to College Math" were used. Their age levels ranged from students who had just graduated from high school to returning adults in their fifties. A variety of ethnic groups were represented in both classes. The experimental group consisted of eighteen students who kept a journal on various mathematics topics. The control group consisted of nine students and they did not keep a journal. The academic achievement ...


The Development Of A Unit On Fractal Geometry Appropriate For The High School Student, Ira A. Fine Apr 1995

The Development Of A Unit On Fractal Geometry Appropriate For The High School Student, Ira A. Fine

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to develop a three week fractal geometry unit plan and analyze its success at the high school level. The researcher evaluated the research and literature related to fractal geometry and fractal geometry education suitable for the high school student. A fractal geometry unit plan was constructed. Topics covered in the unit plan included introductory concepts, the Koch curve, Sierpinski's triangle, coastline length, the chaos game, complex numbers, the Mandelbrot set and computer generated fractal images.

The unit plan was taught to three tenth grade honors geometry classes at Washington Township High School in ...


1995 Seventh Annual Imsa Presentation Day, Illinois Mathematics And Science Academy Apr 1995

1995 Seventh Annual Imsa Presentation Day, Illinois Mathematics And Science Academy

IMSAloquium Abstract Booklets

"On Wednesday, April 26th, (EX Day), the Academy will once again showcase the research that we as a pioneering community do both here and off campus at the Seventh Annual Presentation Day."


"Be Not Afraid", Juana Acrivos Mar 1995

"Be Not Afraid", Juana Acrivos

Faculty Publications, Chemistry

If l asked what am I doing here? the answer should be that I am here to recount the experience of a condensed matter scientist teaching frontier chemical physics at a so called "Undergraduate Institution with ≈47% Minorities" But should one distinguish undergraduate from graduate ability, minority from non-minority ability to do frontier science that shall benefit everyone? I hope to convince you the answer is no; the title of my address was borrowed from Pope John Paul's recent best seller in order to have the courage to do the job. This attitude is probably no different from anyone ...