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Assessing Entrepreneurial Career Intentions Of Family And Consumer Sciences Students In Higher Education: A Model Testing Approach , Mary Wezi Mhango Jan 2006

Assessing Entrepreneurial Career Intentions Of Family And Consumer Sciences Students In Higher Education: A Model Testing Approach , Mary Wezi Mhango

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The study explains college students' entrepreneurial attitudes and intentions as they prepare for careers in the field of Family and Consumer Sciences (FCS). It examined relationships between leadership behavior, entrepreneurial intensity, and attitudes as variables explaining and predicting entrepreneurial intentions of FCS students in early stages of their college education. The fundamental assumption was that how FCS students reach program of study and career decisions is inconclusive. A review of relevant theoretical perspectives of entrepreneurial intentions and antecedents guided the development of hypotheses for the study. Entrepreneurial intentions were hypothesized to be the function of FCS students' perceptions of leadership ...


Effects Of Perceived Merchandise Quality And Service Quality On Consumer Shopping Behavior In The Internet Apparel Retailing Environment , Jihyun Kim Jan 2004

Effects Of Perceived Merchandise Quality And Service Quality On Consumer Shopping Behavior In The Internet Apparel Retailing Environment , Jihyun Kim

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate the structural relationships among perceived quality, sacrifices, and risks of product and service as antecedents of the value of Internet apparel shopping, as well as satisfaction and behavioral outcomes as consequences of the value of Internet apparel shopping. To examine the relationships among these variables, the quality-value-satisfaction model (Cronin, Brady, & Hult, 2000) was adopted and expanded.;This study employed both qualitative and quantitative approaches to examine the phenomenon of Internet apparel shopping. For scale and treatment stimuli development, two focus interviews were conducted using female college-aged consumers. For the model testing, an experimental design with two treatment levels ...


The Middle-Class African American Home: Its Objects And Their Meanings , Carol Lynnette Hall Jan 2004

The Middle-Class African American Home: Its Objects And Their Meanings , Carol Lynnette Hall

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to explore the sense of self middle-class African American families convey in their homes, how they express themselves and construct their identities through objects in their homes, including textile-related objects, and the meanings these objects hold for them. This phenomenon was explored through a constructivist, interpretive paradigm approach.;Data was collected from nine married couples in the form of long interviews that were audiotaped, videotapes and photographs of their homes and objects within them. The data were interpreted using case study and grounded theory approaches that allowed the researcher to understand the meanings of ...


Antecedents And Consequences Of Satisfaction With A Mass Customized Internet Apparel Shopping Site , Hyun-Hwa Lee Jan 2004

Antecedents And Consequences Of Satisfaction With A Mass Customized Internet Apparel Shopping Site , Hyun-Hwa Lee

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The interactive nature of the Internet is the key to building a relationship with customers. Interactivity is primarily suited for increasing consumers' satisfaction with a business relationship. Mass customization web sites incorporate a high level of interactivity in the site design. This study was conducted due to the lack of research examining mass customization and satisfaction.;The expectancy disconfirmation model of satisfaction was used as the framework to examine consumer satisfaction. Among the interactivity characteristics, the concept of choice was applied to develop Internet mass customization shopping sites.;The purposes of this study were: (1) to investigate consumer satisfaction with ...


Apparel Shopping Behaviors Among Korean Female Tourists , Jung Choi Jan 2002

Apparel Shopping Behaviors Among Korean Female Tourists , Jung Choi

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was designed to develop profiles of apparel shopping behaviors among Korean female tourists in the U.S. More specifically, the objectives were to (1) inductively generate distinguishable variables for clothing benefits, clothing involvement, and shopping behavior of Korean female tourists, (2) identify clusters of Korean female tourists with common benefits, involvement, and behavior, and (3) examine the profiles for potential differences in travel motivations, tourism activities, travel planning styles, and cultural values.;A self-administered questionnaire was developed based on the results of background interviews and previously existing instruments. The instrument was completed by a convenience sample of Korean ...


Older Female (55+) Consumers' Apparel Shopping And Life Satisfaction: An Application Of Activity Theory , Hyun-Mee Joung Jan 2002

Older Female (55+) Consumers' Apparel Shopping And Life Satisfaction: An Application Of Activity Theory , Hyun-Mee Joung

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was designed to explore older female consumers' social activities, apparel shopping orientations, apparel shopping activities, and life satisfaction. The objectives of this study were to determine whether or not differences existed between older female consumers aged 55--64 and those aged over 65 and between urban and rural consumers in activities, apparel shopping orientations, and apparel shopping activities. In addition, this study suggested a nomological model based on the literature to guide the examination of relationships among older female consumers' characteristics, activities, apparel shopping orientations, apparel shopping activities, and life satisfaction.;The population of interest was older female consumers ...


Comparison Of The Fashion Adopted By Young Women In The United States And South Korea In The 1970s , Eundeok Kim Jan 2002

Comparison Of The Fashion Adopted By Young Women In The United States And South Korea In The 1970s , Eundeok Kim

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study is first, to describe the fashion adopted by young women within two different cultures---the United States and Korea---in the 1970s; second, to analyze qualitatively the differences and similarities of the fashion in the two cultures, and third, interpret the reasons for the similarities and differences in historical, cultural, and socio-psychological contexts.;This study adopted a qualitative approach. The procedures were as followings: First, examining magazines and compiling a stimulus set to use during interviews, second preliminary interviews, third sample selection, fourth, data collection, and finally data analysis. For data collection, in-depth interviews with open-ended questions ...


Acculturation And Cultural Value Orientations Of Immigrant Chinese Americans: Effects On Body Image, Aesthetics For Appearance, And Involvement In Dress , Ching-Yi Cheng Jan 2000

Acculturation And Cultural Value Orientations Of Immigrant Chinese Americans: Effects On Body Image, Aesthetics For Appearance, And Involvement In Dress , Ching-Yi Cheng

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The research was an investigation of the effects of acculturation and cultural value orientation on individuals' body image, aesthetics of appearance, and dress involvement. The surveys were completed by immigrant Chinese Americans that consisted of women (n = 124, 59%), men (n = 82, 40%), and three participants who did not state gender. A majority of the participants were born in Taiwan (64%), China (28%), and Hong Kong (8%). The majority of respondents were classified as "unacculturated" (55%) or "bicultural" (44%); only 1% as "acculturated." With regard to their value orientation, the majority were "collectivism oriented" (32%) or "bi-value oriented" (64%);Results ...


Museum Stores: Curators And Marketers Of Culture , Brecca Rhea Farr Jan 2000

Museum Stores: Curators And Marketers Of Culture , Brecca Rhea Farr

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Visiting museums rank among the top three activities for U.S. cultural tourists, who also enjoy shopping and seek pleasurable and educational experiences as part of their travels. Many museums expanded their retail operations during the 1990s. Costa and Bamossy (1995) was the only scholarly article about museum retailing published to date. They proposed a model that connected the goals of a museum store to key decision-makers and market segments, which served as the foundation for the initial conceptual model developed for this research. The purpose of this study was to explore how cultural museum stores protect and market the ...


Historic Medical Perspectives Of Corseting And Two Physiologic Studies With Reenactors , Colleen Ruby Gau Jan 1998

Historic Medical Perspectives Of Corseting And Two Physiologic Studies With Reenactors , Colleen Ruby Gau

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Safety of historic reenactors was the primary reason for this research. No studies of corseted subjects have been done since the late nineteenth century. Clinical observations about the effects of corsets were numerous in the medical literature; but dress reform efforts by doctors were not effective in changing fashion. Arguments by Dress Reformers did not concentrate on the medical aspects of corseting;Two historic physiologic studies were reproduced using modern equipment. Sixteen subjects took part in lung capacity and comfort assessments, and eight of the subjects had torso pressures measured. When tight-laced three inches less than their natural waist measurement ...


Contamination In Glove Materials And The Effectiveness Of Cleanup Methods With Exposure To Granular Pesticides , Chuanpu Guo Jan 1998

Contamination In Glove Materials And The Effectiveness Of Cleanup Methods With Exposure To Granular Pesticides , Chuanpu Guo

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purposes of this study were (1) to determine the effects of various exposure times and pesticide composition on contamination levels and breakthrough times of nitrile, neoprene, and barrier laminate glove materials exposed to two granular pesticides: terbufos (CounterRTM 20CR) and tefluthrin (forceRTM 3G) and (2) to determine the effects of cleanup methods, detergent, and laundering temperature on reduction of pesticide contamination;Three experiments were conducted. In experiment 1, breakthrough time and contamination levels were studied by exposing alpha-cellulose backed glove material specimens to pesticide granules in petri dishes for set time periods up to 24 hours. In experiment 2 ...


Textile Handcraft Guilds: A Conduit For Identity, Friendships, And Successful Aging , Sherryl A. Schofield-Tomschin Jan 1997

Textile Handcraft Guilds: A Conduit For Identity, Friendships, And Successful Aging , Sherryl A. Schofield-Tomschin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to explore inductively older women's involvement in textile handcraft guilds as a conduit for interactions among textiles and their producers, successful aging, and friendships. Thirty women, representing 15 textile handcraft guilds and 8 different textile crafts, were interviewed throughout the state of Iowa. All informants were actively engaged in craft production and a guild. Content analysis revealed two superordinate themes, Craft as "I" and Guild as "We." From these themes emerged a grounded theory of guild membership. Within the Craft as "I" theme three minor themes surfaced: (a) Process, (b) Product, and (c ...


Women's Functional Swimwear, 1860-1920 , Maxine James Johns Jan 1997

Women's Functional Swimwear, 1860-1920 , Maxine James Johns

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Using periodicals, catalogs, extant garments, postcards, patents, photographs, and newspapers, I traced the origin and development of women's functional swimwear from the bloomer costume of the 1850s to the "tank suit" of the 1920s. To gain insight into exogenous or external forces that may influence the fashion process, I considered urban lifestyle, education and status of women, leisure activities, swimming facilities, renowned swimmers, the Olympics, knit technology, water travel, drownings, life preservers, and public baths;Initial findings supported the thesis that women's bathing garments followed the dominant outerwear silhouette of the era. Visual data indicated women generally adopted ...


Selecting And Adapting Clothing For Pregnancy In The Nineteenth Century, Cassandra Curry Moon Jan 1995

Selecting And Adapting Clothing For Pregnancy In The Nineteenth Century, Cassandra Curry Moon

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Marketability Of The Textile And Apparel Master's Graduate To Business And Industry Employers , Deborah Jane Colton Meyer Jan 1995

Marketability Of The Textile And Apparel Master's Graduate To Business And Industry Employers , Deborah Jane Colton Meyer

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to explore the perceptions and attitudes of textile and apparel industry human resource representatives toward what they consider marketable skills possessed by textiles and apparel Master's graduates. Overall, this study explored the willingness of textile and apparel business and industry employers to hire Master's graduates, and the types of skills, coursework, and experience needed and wanted in employees with a Master's degree;Data were collected with a mail survey of human resource representatives from 100 textile and apparel manufacturers, store retailers, and catalog retailers with an annual organizational revenue of over ...


Consumer Response Toward Apparel Products In Advertisements Containing Environmental Claims , Hye-Shin Kim Jan 1995

Consumer Response Toward Apparel Products In Advertisements Containing Environmental Claims , Hye-Shin Kim

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The marketplace orientation in which consumer decisions toward product purchase, use, and disposal are shaped by a desire to preserve and protect the environment is growing. As such, environmental attitudes of consumers have influenced clothing purchase decisions. The concern over the interdependencies among human societies and the environment has brought environmentalism to the forefront of business marketing strategies. The textiles and apparel industry has been challenged by such ecological concerns as pollution of air and water in the textile manufacturing process, waste disposal problems with textile fibers, and potential shortage of raw materials from production of synthetic fibers. Many apparel ...


Business Women's Appearance Management, Career Development And Sexual Harassment , Patricia Anne Kimle Jan 1994

Business Women's Appearance Management, Career Development And Sexual Harassment , Patricia Anne Kimle

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Recent changes in women's business dress presented an opportunity to explore the social meanings conveyed by dress in a specific context. Combining qualitative methods of observation with interpretive and grounded theory analyses, this study contributes to our understanding of dress. The applicability of various theories of product symbolism and social behavior to women's business dress was explored;The purpose of this study was to examine meanings of the perceived ideal image and actual image for women in business. It explored women's experiences with and feelings about the use of dress as part of their development as professionals ...


Clothing Gift Giving From Mothers To Children, Ages 8 To 12 , Linda Langseth Manikowske Jan 1993

Clothing Gift Giving From Mothers To Children, Ages 8 To 12 , Linda Langseth Manikowske

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Gifts of clothing comprise a high proportion of all gifts given and are important to the apparel market. This research used a holistic focus to interpret behavior of mother-child dyads as related to giving gifts of clothing. Objectives were to: (1) Describe the clothing gift-giving behavior of mothers to children including type of clothing selected, motives for selection, satisfaction level of mothers as givers and children as receivers, and consumption practices for clothing gifts; (2) Identify factors associated with variations in clothing gift-giving behavior; (3) Propose a classification of dyads, and (4) Relate findings to existing theory;A naturalistic approach ...


Fabric Hand As Perceived By Us And Korean Males And Females , Hyunsik Kim Jan 1992

Fabric Hand As Perceived By Us And Korean Males And Females , Hyunsik Kim

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purposes of this research were to develop comparable sets of unipolar adjectives for consumer evaluation of fabric hand for English and Korean speakers and to examine how males and females in the United States and Korea use these descriptors. This research also examined preferences of judges for hand of shirt fabrics for the judge's own sex and for the other sex. The psychological approach was used for this research because human judgments of fabric hand provide multi-dimensional understanding of fabric properties. Stimuli were selected to represent a variety of shirting fabrics for U.S. and Korean males and ...


Consumers' Conceptualization Of Apparel Attributes And Apparel Quality , Liza Kovilagathu Abraham Jan 1992

Consumers' Conceptualization Of Apparel Attributes And Apparel Quality , Liza Kovilagathu Abraham

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Examining the attributes that affect consumers' perceptions of product quality has been of pivotal interest in marketing research. The objectives of this study were (1) to identify and classify attributes that play a significant role at time of purchase and during use of apparel, (2) to compare expectations of apparel attributes at time of purchase with perceptions of attributes as the apparel product is being used, (3) to identify attributes that are predictors of perceived quality at expectation stage and at the post-purchase evaluation stage, and (4) to propose a model for consumers' perceptions of apparel quality;Five focus group ...


Museum Storage Practices: Evidence In Textile And Costume Collections, Teresa Ann Heard Jan 1992

Museum Storage Practices: Evidence In Textile And Costume Collections, Teresa Ann Heard

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Transition From Natural Madder To Synthetic Alizarine In The American Textile Industry, 1870-1890 , Judith Lopez Jan 1989

The Transition From Natural Madder To Synthetic Alizarine In The American Textile Industry, 1870-1890 , Judith Lopez

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In the 19th century, synthetic dyestuffs replaced natural materials that had been used for thousands of years. This research examined the transition of one dyestuff, madder, found in plant roots, to its synthetic counterpart, alizarine, discovered in 1868. Records of ten American dye or print works were located in five museums, libraries, and historic associations in Delaware, Massachusetts, and New Hampshire. Dye inventories, color superintendent journals, swatch books, payroll records, and company correspondence of 1870 to 1890 were investigated to analyze the transition. Variables including economic factors and chemical technologies were explored to ascertain when, and possibly why, the transition ...


A Hypermedia Lesson About 1875-1885 Costume: Cognitive Style, Perceptual Modes, Anxiety, Attitude, And Achievement , Diane Kay Frey Jan 1989

A Hypermedia Lesson About 1875-1885 Costume: Cognitive Style, Perceptual Modes, Anxiety, Attitude, And Achievement , Diane Kay Frey

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Cognitive theory focuses attention on mental processes involved in learning. Cognitive theory is based on the view that the human mind interprets information and the individual is central to the learning process. There are individual differences in the ways that information is initially received into the brain. One of the problems associated with the teaching-learning process is determining how learners acquire, store, and recall information;The purpose of this study was to profile students' cognitive styles and to determine relationships among variables that may be associated with how students progress through a computer and videodisc lesson. The lesson is about ...


Home Weaving, Professional Weaving, And Textile Mills In Southeast Iowa, 1833-1870, Deloris H. Connolly Jan 1982

Home Weaving, Professional Weaving, And Textile Mills In Southeast Iowa, 1833-1870, Deloris H. Connolly

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Bodice Fit Compared: Conventional Alterations With And Without Graphic Somatometry, Laura Jo Lesko Jan 1982

Bodice Fit Compared: Conventional Alterations With And Without Graphic Somatometry, Laura Jo Lesko

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Pants Alteration By Graphic Somatometry Techniques, Carol Jean Todd Pouliot Jan 1980

Pants Alteration By Graphic Somatometry Techniques, Carol Jean Todd Pouliot

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Dress Of The Oregon Trail Emigrants: 1843 To 1855, Maria Barbara Mcmartin Jan 1977

Dress Of The Oregon Trail Emigrants: 1843 To 1855, Maria Barbara Mcmartin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.