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Full-Text Articles in Home Economics

Need For Home Economics Teachers In Iowa's Public Schools For The Next Decade , Chryssoula T. Drizou Jan 1993

Need For Home Economics Teachers In Iowa's Public Schools For The Next Decade , Chryssoula T. Drizou

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to identify the need for home economics teachers in Iowa's public schools for the next decade. This was done by determining current home economics teachers' retirement and resignation plans and teachers' and principals' perceptions about curricular trends in home economics for the next decade. These variables were selected as factors affecting teacher supply and demand: (1) the number of students enrolled, (2) age of the teaching force as related to retirements, (3) number of teachers resigning, (4) number of teachers prepared and (5) decisions to increase, decrease or eliminate course offerings;A sample ...


Internationalization Of Home Economics Education: Global Education Practices And Perceptions Of Teacher Educators , Grace M. Backman Jan 1993

Internationalization Of Home Economics Education: Global Education Practices And Perceptions Of Teacher Educators , Grace M. Backman

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the study was to investigate current practices and beliefs of home economics teacher educators regarding the infusion of a global perspective into the curriculum, by providing benchmark, descriptive data. Specifically, the study sought to (1) describe the practices used to integrate global education in methods course(s); (2) identify factors considered as incentives or barriers to the implementation of a global perspective; and (3) construct a profile of home economics teacher educators who are likely to infuse principles of global education into the curriculum;The study surveyed 162 home economics teacher educators who were identified as teaching ...


Implementation Of Mandated Health Concepts In The Curricula Of Iowa Secondary Schools , Brenda Lee Mccoy Jan 1992

Implementation Of Mandated Health Concepts In The Curricula Of Iowa Secondary Schools , Brenda Lee Mccoy

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The overall purpose of this study was to determine how schools are incorporating health concepts into their curricula. A sample of 148 Iowa secondary school health teachers, 97 (66%) females and 51 (34%) males responded to a health education survey related to two specific purposes of the study, which were to examine: (1) organizational aspects of health curricula for grades nine through twelve, and (2) secondary school health teachers' attitudes toward the eleven health strands that make up one unit of health as mandated by the Iowa General Assembly. The survey consisted of demographic questions, Likert-type attitude statements, rating of ...


College Students' Choice Of Careers In Home Economics And Non-Home Economics Professions , Jane Onwona Agyeman Jan 1992

College Students' Choice Of Careers In Home Economics And Non-Home Economics Professions , Jane Onwona Agyeman

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purposes of this study were (1) to develop a model of career choice by college students, (2) to identify variables influencing college students' choice of home economics careers, and (3) to determine the impact of the interactions of these variables on college students' choice of home economics careers. A model proposed by Moos (1987) was adapted and utilized to explain the interrelatedness of environmental and personal variables as they influenced students' choice of a career in Home Economics; A sample of 428 junior/senior college students from three land-grant institutions responded to a career choice instrument. The home economics ...


Junior High School Student Needs Related To Home Economics In Taipei, Taiwan, Republic Of China , Jeou-Shyan Horng Jan 1992

Junior High School Student Needs Related To Home Economics In Taipei, Taiwan, Republic Of China , Jeou-Shyan Horng

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purposes of the study were to: (1) identify junior high school students' perceptions of the importance of home economics competencies and their perceived levels of performing these competencies, (2) identify home economics needs of junior high school students in Taipei as perceived by students, home economics teachers, and experts, and (3) use the findings to make recommendations to the administrators, policy-makers, and teachers for redefining the junior high home economics curriculum in Taiwan, R.O.C;Home economics needs were assessed by questionnaires with sixty-two statements which reflected competencies expected for each subject matter area. Students, home economics teachers ...


Swing Manager Selection In Fast Food Restaurants , Michael T. Machatton Jan 1992

Swing Manager Selection In Fast Food Restaurants , Michael T. Machatton

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The objectives of the present study were to (a) develop an interview procedure for selection of fast food restaurant swing managers that would be valid, reliable, and usable, and (b) determine the personal, situational, and business characteristics that best predict swing manager performance. Instrument development and pilot testing were conducted in Iowa with the assistance of a six-person advisory panel. The developed instrument, the Swing Manager Selection Guide (SMSG), used structured interview questions and pre-interview performance review data to assign numerical scores to all candidates for swing manager positions;Field testing was conducted in Wisconsin over a 1-year period with ...


Food Frequency And Nutritional Status Of Asian Children In The Wic Program , Ali Khomsan Jan 1991

Food Frequency And Nutritional Status Of Asian Children In The Wic Program , Ali Khomsan

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Two sites were chosen as locations for the study: Ames, and Des Moines, Iowa. The sample consisted of 75 Asian children under five years old. A revised WIC food frequency was used to determine children's dietary scores that would reflect dietary intake. The mean dietary score was 15, which is taken to be equivalent to an intake of 80 to 100% of the Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA) for 11 nutrients. Stepwise regression identified children's age as the best predictor for children's dietary scores (p <.05);Anthropometric measurements of weight for age, height for age, and weight for height were used as indicators of children's growth that would reflect nutritional status. Gomez classification, which is based on weight for age ratio, classified 13.3% of children in the WIC program as mild malnutrition. Using the measurements of height for age and weight for height, the Waterlow classification indicated that 8.0% of the children were stunted and 1.3% wasted;Weight for age and height for age of children in small sized families were significantly different than children in large sized families (p <.01). Father's education was a significant factor in determining children's nutritional status. Less education was associated with lower nutritional status as measured by weight for age (p <.01), height for age (p <.01), and weight for height (p <.01). Mother's education was positively associated with children's weight for age (p <.01), height for age (p <.01), and weight for height (p <.01). The length of stay of the parents in the United States positively affected height for age of their children (p <.05) and 25% of the height for age variance was explained by combination of the length of stay of the parents in the United States and education of mother. The length of time in the WIC program was positively related to weight for age (p <.01) and weight for height (p <.01).


An Undergraduate Home Economics Core: Perceptions Of Students , Lisa Christine Lebleu Jan 1991

An Undergraduate Home Economics Core: Perceptions Of Students , Lisa Christine Lebleu

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

An increased emphasis on specializations within the home economics profession has raised serious concerns about the necessity for common core concepts in home economics curricula and the role of such concepts in facilitating the students' understanding of the integrative nature of the home economics profession;The American Home Economics Association's documents outlining accreditation criteria and guidelines identify a common body of knowledge as a necessary criterion for programs of home economics in higher education. It cannot be assumed, however, that students' exposure to a common core of experiences will automatically result in shared concepts, and competencies with regard to ...


Importance Perceptions: A Theoretical Approach To Marketing Home Economics Programs , Janet A. Edson Wendland Jan 1990

Importance Perceptions: A Theoretical Approach To Marketing Home Economics Programs , Janet A. Edson Wendland

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examined the differences in the perceptions of home economics programs among students, their parents, and guidance counselors who contribute to the course and career selection process. The study also investigated relationships among these groups' perceptions that might have an influence on students' enrollment in home economics courses. Students (N = 179), parents (N = 87), and guidance counselors (N = 18) from 20 schools responded to semantic differential scales assessing perceptions of six home-economics subject areas during spring 1989. The questionnaire also included items ascertaining students' past involvement in home economics coursework and future plans related to career and family. A ...


Work And Family: Effects Of Instruction On Adolescents' Knowledge And Perspectives , Mopelola Odunola Adegoke Jan 1990

Work And Family: Effects Of Instruction On Adolescents' Knowledge And Perspectives , Mopelola Odunola Adegoke

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The major purpose of this summative evaluation study was to determine the effectiveness of an instructional intervention on adolescents' knowledge and perspectives using the curriculum Balancing Work and Family Life. The second purpose of the study was to determine the relationship of selected demographic and self-concept characteristics on adolescents' knowledge and perceptions of work and family roles. A nonequivalent control group research design was used;The sample for the study consisted of 166 adolescents in six vocational home economics programs in Iowa during the spring of 1989. Four instruments, including Work And Family Knowledge Test (WFKT), Future Likelihood Inventory (FLI ...


Necessary Competencies And Learning Experiences For Hospitality Educators: A Delphi Study , John Thomas Canterino Jan 1990

Necessary Competencies And Learning Experiences For Hospitality Educators: A Delphi Study , John Thomas Canterino

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purposes of this study were (1) to identify a list of knowledge and skill competencies that are needed by an effective hospitality management educator, and (2) to identify a list of learning experiences that would be appropriate for acquiring the competencies;Both purposes were achieved by administering three successive Delphi questionnaires to a panel of experts consisting of 100 hospitality educators who were nominated most frequently, according to specified criteria, by a national random sample of 100 hospitality educators;In the first questionnaire, (Round I), panelists were asked to generate competencies and learning experiences. In the second questionnaire, (Round ...


Growth Trends Among Rural Kenyan Infants , Josephine Mwikali Kiamba Jan 1990

Growth Trends Among Rural Kenyan Infants , Josephine Mwikali Kiamba

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the study was to examine the growth pattern of infants from birth to six months in a rural area in Kenya and to seek explanations for the infant's pattern of growth. Data were collected by the Nutrition Collaborative Research Support Project in Kenya from 1984 to 1986 and involved 133 households with infants. Data on supplementary food intake, infant anthropometry, female anthropometry, household socioeconomic status and adult literacy were obtained;The growth pattern of infants was evaluated against the World Health Organization (WHO) reference population using weight for age and length for age indices. The birth ...


Impact Of Iowa Consumer And Homemaking Programs On Students' Knowledge, Life Importance, And Life Satisfaction , Helen Marie Brown Crew Jan 1990

Impact Of Iowa Consumer And Homemaking Programs On Students' Knowledge, Life Importance, And Life Satisfaction , Helen Marie Brown Crew

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was conducted to determine the impact of consumer and homemaking programs on students' knowledge and life importance and satisfaction perceptions. A sample of 215 graduating seniors having had three or more semesters of consumer and homemaking courses were surveyed. An achievement test was used to assess students' level of knowledge of home economics concepts, and a quality of life inventory instrument was used to measure their perceptions toward the importance of and satisfaction with 10 specific quality of life components. Data analyses included descriptive statistics, Pearson Product Moment Correlations, and multiple stepwise regression analyses;Achievement test scores ranged ...


Impacts On Socialization Of Student Teachers: An Ethnographic Study , Kathryn Rae Petersen Jan 1989

Impacts On Socialization Of Student Teachers: An Ethnographic Study , Kathryn Rae Petersen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Student teaching has been cited as a valuable component in teacher preparation but research conflicts on specific socializing influences. Some researchers argue that student teachers are predominantly socialized through prior life experiences and others argue that student teachers passively accept the norms of the institution. These two arguments suggest that socialization is unidirectional. Current socialization researchers argue that socialization occurs through an interaction effect. The purpose of this study is to describe the process through which student teachers selectively acquire the attitudes, values, beliefs, skills, and knowledge that are current in the teaching profession;The study setting is eight placement ...


Restaurant Managers Learning Styles: Implications For Management Development Programs , Cathy Hui-Chun Hsu Jan 1989

Restaurant Managers Learning Styles: Implications For Management Development Programs , Cathy Hui-Chun Hsu

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated the learning styles of unit and district level restaurant managers. Also, aspects of current management development programs implemented in the foodservice industry were examined. Kolb's Experiential Learning Theory had been selected as the basis for the study;Two questionnaires were administered, Learning Style Questionnaire for unit and district level restaurant managers and Program Analysis Questionnaire for management development program directors in the foodservice industry. The sample consisted of 14 program directors, 118 unit level managers, and 45 district level managers;Descriptive statistical analyses were calculated for all variables. Learning styles were determined by using the scoring ...


Role Management Strategies Of Bed And Breakfast Operators In New York State , Margaret Dansbury Howe Jan 1989

Role Management Strategies Of Bed And Breakfast Operators In New York State , Margaret Dansbury Howe

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The major purposes of this study were to describe families operating bed and breakfast operations in New York State, explore family coping behaviors used by bed and breakfast operators, and examine factors affecting life satisfaction. Results were analyzed from responses of 174 bed and breakfast operators to a questionnaire that elicited data on coping behaviors, demographics, time management, and life satisfaction. Mean scores of coping behaviors indicated that bed and breakfast operators appear to employ most frequently coping behaviors in the maintaining perspective/reducing tension coping pattern. These behaviors reflect a strong positive belief system for the lifestyle. The results ...


Farm Health And Safety Of Children: An Investigation Of Educational Needs Through Focus Group Interviews, Gayle Hager Olson Jan 1989

Farm Health And Safety Of Children: An Investigation Of Educational Needs Through Focus Group Interviews, Gayle Hager Olson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Validation Of A Self-Instructional Foodservice Inventory Control System Module , Il-Sun Yang Kim Jan 1989

Validation Of A Self-Instructional Foodservice Inventory Control System Module , Il-Sun Yang Kim

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was designed to: (a) develop an inventory control system achievement test for students in a foodservice management information systems course, (b) develop a self-instructional module on inventory control systems, and (c) evaluate the module using a nonequivalent control group experimental design. The experimental treatments were lecture and self-instruction; both treatments were developed based on content analyses of leading textbooks. The identified content areas were receiving, storing, issuing, inventory control, inventory valuation and inventory control computer systems. An achievement test, an attitude inventory, and a demographic questionnaire also were designed to assess the effects of the experimental treatments;A ...


Time Management Strategy, Job Satisfaction, Research Productivity, And Life Satisfaction Of University Faculty , Yonsuk Lee Chung Jan 1988

Time Management Strategy, Job Satisfaction, Research Productivity, And Life Satisfaction Of University Faculty , Yonsuk Lee Chung

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The major purposes of this study were to examine the factors affecting time management strategies used by faculty and to investigate the relationships between use of time management strategies and job satisfaction, research productivity, and life satisfaction. A stratified random sample of 275 faculty at Iowa State University were mailed questionnaires assessing time management behaviors, life and job satisfaction, demographic and family information, and work performance. Data analyses included descriptive statistics, factor analyses, Pearson product moment correlation analyses, canonical correlation analyses, and stepwise multiple regression analyses;Results of the study indicated that the time management strategies used by faculty members ...


Financial Management Competencies Of Money Managers: Bases For Household Net Worth And Satisfaction , Patricia Mahoney Titus Jan 1988

Financial Management Competencies Of Money Managers: Bases For Household Net Worth And Satisfaction , Patricia Mahoney Titus

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was designed to examine the relationships between the financial management competencies of household money managers and the financial well-being of the household. Money managers in 123 households in central Iowa were interviewed during fall 1986. The interview schedule had questions related to financial management knowledge, planning and implementing practices, satisfaction with the household's financial situation, net income, assets and liabilities. A path analysis model of a systems approach to family resource management was tested. Further, analyses of covariance were computed to determine the effect of knowledge on money manager's behaviors and outputs;The typical household money ...


Evaluation Of Occupational Child Care Programs In Iowa , Rose Abiodun Iyewarun Jan 1987

Evaluation Of Occupational Child Care Programs In Iowa , Rose Abiodun Iyewarun

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purposes of this study were (1) to examine the achievement, attitude, and performance of students in occupational child care training programs in both secondary schools and area community colleges in Iowa, (2) to evaluate the effectiveness of child care training in occupational home economics in Iowa by assessing occupational status of graduates six months after graduation, and (3) to make recommendations for occupational child care training programs in Iowa;Subjects included the 84 students in nine schools in Iowa that had occupational child care programs during spring 1986. Five programs were in secondary schools and four in post-secondary schools ...


Perceived Competencies And Attitudes Of Sudanese Undergraduate Students , Laetitia Akosua Purity Hevi-Yiboe Jan 1987

Perceived Competencies And Attitudes Of Sudanese Undergraduate Students , Laetitia Akosua Purity Hevi-Yiboe

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The major purpose of this study was to evaluate the undergraduate programs in the School of Family Sciences and the School of Psychology and Preschool Education at Ahfad University College for Women in Omdurman, Sudan. The objectives were: (1) to develop a program evaluation model to use for the evaluation, (2) to evaluate the perceived competencies of students in the two schools, and (3) to evaluate the effect of the Ahfad program on the attitudes and behaviors of students in the two schools towards the roles of women in the Sudan;A total of 165 female undergraduate students from the ...


The Influence Of Housing Satisfaction On Job Satisfaction, Job Performance And Overall Quality Of Life , Chinella Grayson Henderson Jan 1987

The Influence Of Housing Satisfaction On Job Satisfaction, Job Performance And Overall Quality Of Life , Chinella Grayson Henderson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was designed to investigate how housing satisfaction influences job satisfaction, overall quality of life, and job performance of university faculty. A stratified random sample of 204 faculty at Iowa State University were mailed questionnaires assessing job performance, job satisfaction, and overall quality of life. Sixty follow-up interviews were used to assess housing satisfaction. Data analysis included descriptive statistics, Pearson product moment correlation analysis, and multiple regression.;Results of the study indicated that faculty are generally satisfied with the location and structural characteristics of their homes. They are also satisfied with the location and availability of public facilities. Faculty ...


Consumer Education Knowledge, Attitude, And Experiences Of Selected Groups In Trinidad And Tobago: Basis For Curriculum Development , Theodora Eleanora Alexander Jan 1986

Consumer Education Knowledge, Attitude, And Experiences Of Selected Groups In Trinidad And Tobago: Basis For Curriculum Development , Theodora Eleanora Alexander

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purposes of this study were (a) to examine the consumer education knowledge, attitude, and experiences of home economics students, their home economics teachers, and parents; (b) to examine relationships between consumer education knowledge, attitude, and experiences of students, parents, and teachers; (c) to examine relationships between these three consumer education competencies and selected demographic variables for these three groups of subjects; and (d) to make recommendations for consumer education programs in Trinidad and Tobago;Subjects were 413 students, 413 parents, and 35 teachers from seven senior comprehensive high schools in Trinidad and Tobago. Four hundred and thirteen students, 285 ...


Origins Of Extension Home Economics Programs , Jan Fleener Scholl Jan 1986

Origins Of Extension Home Economics Programs , Jan Fleener Scholl

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Main objective was to look at the broad picture of needs assessment by examining origins of extension programs. Purposes were to: identify origins of Cooperative Extension Service home economics programs, to examine to what extent these origins represented Philip Nowlen's (University of Chicago) five categories of origin, and to compare these categories of origin with the independent variables. The five categories of origin were: history, philosophy, operations, needs assessment, and context. The independent variables were: program emphasis; and the demographic variables: state, years employed with extension or adult education, full- or part-time employment, degree, educational background, city size, and ...


Global Education Attitudes And Practices Of Iowa Home Economics Teachers, Cecile Babich Jan 1986

Global Education Attitudes And Practices Of Iowa Home Economics Teachers, Cecile Babich

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Attitudes Of Early Adolescents Toward Single-Parent And Stepparent Families: Imiplications For Home Economics Curriculum , Valerie Leonie Colyard Jan 1986

Attitudes Of Early Adolescents Toward Single-Parent And Stepparent Families: Imiplications For Home Economics Curriculum , Valerie Leonie Colyard

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the study was to determine the attitudes of early adolescents toward single-parent and stepparent families. Objectives were to develop a valid and reliable instrument for determining early adolescents' attitudes toward single-parent and stepparent families; assess the attitudes of early adolescents toward single-parent and stepparent families; determine the relationship of the attitudes of early adolescents toward single-parent and stepparent families to sex, grade, place of residence, family structure, fathers' and mothers' occupation, and fathers' and mothers' education; and make recommendations for middle/junior high school curriculum;The questionnaire, "What I Think about Single-Parent and Stepparent Families," was a ...


Adolescent Girls' Body Image Perceptions And Their Relationship With Eating Behavior, Jennifer Helen Pearce Jan 1985

Adolescent Girls' Body Image Perceptions And Their Relationship With Eating Behavior, Jennifer Helen Pearce

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Effect Of A Curriculum Unit On Death And Dying On The Ability Of Dietetic Students To Counsel Seriously Ill Patients , Mary Jane Oakland Jan 1985

The Effect Of A Curriculum Unit On Death And Dying On The Ability Of Dietetic Students To Counsel Seriously Ill Patients , Mary Jane Oakland

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A curriculum unit on death and dying was developed to meet the needs of dietetic students who are beginning their clinical experiences. The impact of this unit on the students' understanding of the grief process, their attitudes toward death and working with the dying, and their ability to counsel seriously ill patients was evaluated. The unit contained lecture outlines on understanding the grief process and prevention of professional burnout; and audiovisual materials were prepared for instructional use;The subjects for this study was 47 junior university students in three Coordinated Undergraduate Programs in dietetics. Demographic data were collected on age ...


Utilization And Effectiveness Of Multidisciplinary Teams In Educating Special Needs Students , Candice Ann Spencer-Dobson Jan 1985

Utilization And Effectiveness Of Multidisciplinary Teams In Educating Special Needs Students , Candice Ann Spencer-Dobson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Two studies were conducted to assess the utilization and effectiveness of multidisciplinary teams (MDTs). The first assessed the use of MDTs in providing services to mentally handicapped (MH) and learning disabled (LD) students; the second examined factors that contributed to MDT effectiveness. Also investigated were team composition, courses into which MH and LD students were mainstreamed and selected demographic variables;A random sample of 300 school districts in three midwestern states was used. The first study had 222 responses, and the second had 218 responses;Frequencies, percentages, means and Chi-square tests of independence were used to analyze data in the ...