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2006

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Articles 1 - 21 of 21

Full-Text Articles in Home Economics

Weaving The Threads Of Relational Connectedness Between Women: Exploring How Women Make Meaning In Their Lives Through Relationships With Other Women, Lee Ann Alley Jolley Dec 2006

Weaving The Threads Of Relational Connectedness Between Women: Exploring How Women Make Meaning In Their Lives Through Relationships With Other Women, Lee Ann Alley Jolley

Doctoral Dissertations

The dearth of research on women's female friendships might suggest that a woman's relationships with her girlfriends are less important than her relationships with her partner, children, or parents. Few researchers have focused on the closeness of female friendships despite the fact that those studies that have been conducted have found those friendships to be significant, and over the course of a woman's life, of great importance to her growth and development.

This study took a phenomenological approach in order to understand the lived experiences of women regarding their female friendships, focusing on how women make meaning ...


The Effects Of Consumer Perceived Value And Subjective Norm On The Adoption Of Mobile Data Services: A Cross-Cultural Comparison Of American And Korean Consumers, Kiseol Yang Dec 2006

The Effects Of Consumer Perceived Value And Subjective Norm On The Adoption Of Mobile Data Services: A Cross-Cultural Comparison Of American And Korean Consumers, Kiseol Yang

Doctoral Dissertations

Despite the explosive growth of mobile phone subscribers and rapid adoption of mobile data services worldwide, the usage of mobile data services is highly variable across countries. This study attempted to reveal the differences in mobile data service adoption behavior between American and Korean consumers since it has been reported that the national culture and usage of mobile data services between the two countries is different, but mobile penetration rate is similar between the two countries. This study attempted to explain the differences in mobile data service adoption behavior between American and Korean consumers in regarding the effects of consumer ...


Screening Mammography Compliance In Rural And Urban Women In Tennessee, Kathleen Conroy Brown Dec 2006

Screening Mammography Compliance In Rural And Urban Women In Tennessee, Kathleen Conroy Brown

Doctoral Dissertations

Between 1990 and 2002, breast cancer mortality rates decreased by over 2% each year. Regular screening mammography is largely credited with the decline as it permits detection of breast cancer at its most treatable stage. In the United States approximately 75% of women over forty years of age report mammography screening within the past two years. However, rates vary by age, income, education, and residence.

The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of screening mammography compliance in women living in rural and urban areas of Tennessee; as well as the associated risk factors with special emphasis on ...


Teachers' Classroom Food-Related Practices And Perceptions Of The School Nutrition Environment, Marsha Lynn Spence Dec 2006

Teachers' Classroom Food-Related Practices And Perceptions Of The School Nutrition Environment, Marsha Lynn Spence

Doctoral Dissertations

Objective: This research project consisted of three studies designed to investigate intermediate school teachers’ classroom food-related practices and perceptions of the school nutrition environment

Setting: The setting for this project was a rural county in the southern region of East Tennessee

Design: This project used a mixed-methods approach to investigate teachers’ food-related practices and perceptions of the school nutrition environment, including grounded theory methodology, secondary data analysis, and a cross-sectional survey.

Analyses: For the first study, the transcribed data were coded using open, axial, and selective coding and constant comparison of data. For the second study, descriptive and inferential statistics ...


Ua61/4 Linkages, Wku Consumer & Family Sciences Oct 2006

Ua61/4 Linkages, Wku Consumer & Family Sciences

WKU Archives Records

Linkages is the official alumni newsletter of the WKU Department of Consumer & Family Sciences.


Teachers’ Awareness Of Making Decisions For Their Classrooms, Mary Kathryn Fitzgerald Aug 2006

Teachers’ Awareness Of Making Decisions For Their Classrooms, Mary Kathryn Fitzgerald

Doctoral Dissertations

The purpose of this research is to achieve an understanding of the lived experiences of teachers’ awareness of making decisions for their classrooms, by using phenomenological methods involving dialogic interviews and hermeneutic analysis of the resulting texts. Eight early childhood teachers participated in open-ended interviews during which they were asked to describe specific times when they were aware of making decisions for their classrooms. The findings indicated that the teachers in this study were aware of (1) the multiple facets of the process of deciding, (2) the self as decision-maker, and (3) the constraints and possibilities found in individual teaching ...


Measuring The Safety Climate Of Steel Mini-Mill Workers Using An Instrument Validated By Structural Equation Modeling, Michael Edward Hall Aug 2006

Measuring The Safety Climate Of Steel Mini-Mill Workers Using An Instrument Validated By Structural Equation Modeling, Michael Edward Hall

Doctoral Dissertations

The research study entitled "Measuring the Safety Climate of Steel Mini-Mill Workers using an Instrument Validated by Structural Equation Modeling" created and field tested a new theory based safety climate instrument validated by structural equation modeling. The study also established an employee safety climate profile at three steel mini-mill locations in the United States. The safety culture of the employees and subcontractors at three locations was measured using the newly created Hall Safety Climate Instrument. The instrument was designed to measure safety climate of an organization where employees are required to practice a high level of safety skills and consistently ...


Relationship Of Service Coordinators’ Family-Centered Service Delivery And Maternal Empowerment In Tennessee’S Early Intervention System, Fred W. Coulter Aug 2006

Relationship Of Service Coordinators’ Family-Centered Service Delivery And Maternal Empowerment In Tennessee’S Early Intervention System, Fred W. Coulter

Doctoral Dissertations

The purpose of the present study was to assess mothers’ perceptions of family- centered practices and how these practices influenced their feelings of empowerment. The review of literature included examining the basis for family-centered practices and the conceptualization of empowerment. Twelve studies that reported a relationship between family-centered practices and empowerment were reviewed in detail.

The current study was conducted as a component of the Pathways to Family Empowerment Project, whose purpose is to evaluate service delivery and family empowerment of Tennessee’s Early Intervention System. The collected data were responses of 370 mothers to the Family-Centered Program Rating Scale ...


The Child Fatality Review Process: A Tennessee Profile, Charity Sue Smith Aug 2006

The Child Fatality Review Process: A Tennessee Profile, Charity Sue Smith

Doctoral Dissertations

The Child Fatality Review Process: A Tennessee Profile examines the perceptions of Tennessee’s judicial district child fatality review team members concerning the team members’ participation in child fatality review, the preventability of specific causes of childhood fatalities, the effectiveness of the Tennessee child fatality review process, and current educational initiatives used to prevent childhood fatalities. The study was completed using the new instrument entitled “Tennessee Child Fatality Review Team Members: Role in the review process.”

The research study was designed to 1) develop a valid and reliable survey instrument to assess Tennessee judicial district child fatality review team members ...


Effects Of Balance Training On Falls Efficacy For Older Adults Residing In Assisted- Living Facilities, James Norman Hurtubise May 2006

Effects Of Balance Training On Falls Efficacy For Older Adults Residing In Assisted- Living Facilities, James Norman Hurtubise

Doctoral Dissertations

This study investigated the impact of a four-week foam-support balance training program on falls self-efficacy in assisted-living older adults. A Falls Self-Efficacy Scale (FES) and four balance performance measures (single-leg stand, tandem stand, functional reach, and eight-foot up-and-go) were completed to measure functional status and fear of falling. The sample consisted of fifteen older adults from two separate assisted-living facilities. Participants (N = 8) from one facility served as the control group, while those (N = 7) from the other facility represented the intervention group. There were 6 females and 2 males in the control group ranging in age from 79 to ...


Alcohol And Analgesic Use In The Baby Boomer Cohort, Martha B. Rider May 2006

Alcohol And Analgesic Use In The Baby Boomer Cohort, Martha B. Rider

Doctoral Dissertations

If the population bubble known as the Baby Boomers continue to consume alcohol at higher than expected levels as they age into the middle and older adult categories it could have a substantial impact on future health care needs. This problem will be compounded if Boomers also take analgesic (pain-relief) medications when consuming alcohol. The objective of this study is to determine the prevalence of alcohol and analgesic usage in the Baby Boomer cohort and to ascertain whether there is an association between alcohol, analgesics, and pain. Drinking alcohol while also taking analgesics can have serious health consequences and, depending ...


Pessimistic And Optimistic Personality Traits Among Tennessee Adult Tobacco Smokers And Nonsmokers In Selected Worksites, Kandi Delyn Qualls May 2006

Pessimistic And Optimistic Personality Traits Among Tennessee Adult Tobacco Smokers And Nonsmokers In Selected Worksites, Kandi Delyn Qualls

Doctoral Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine pessimistic and optimistic personality traits and an adults’ tobacco smoking status.

The study population consisted of three Tennessee worksites that gave written permission for data collection. The worksites were comprised of both blue and white collar employees. A convenience sampling technique was used to collect the data. The study sample consisted of 152 employed adults. The sample included adult smokers, nonsmokers and former smokers. Data was collected using a valid and reliable instrument called “Optimism/Pessimism Instrument” (Dember, Martin, Hummer, Howe and Melton, 1989), and a data sheet which included questions about ...


Housing Price Determinants In The Lynchburg, Virginia Area, Benjamin L. Ferguson Apr 2006

Housing Price Determinants In The Lynchburg, Virginia Area, Benjamin L. Ferguson

Undergraduate Theses and Capstone Projects

The effect of certain variables on the price of a house is a subject that has been very widely studied. This paper attempts to generate a pricing model for houses in the Lynchburg VA, area using the physical characteristics of a home and other locational variables. The model will attempt to create a representation of the housing price equation for the market in the area. The results of the equation will allow the ability to predict future housing prices in the market, given certain physical and locational values that are similar for the area. 3


Islam And The Science Of Economics, Syed Farid Alatas Jan 2006

Islam And The Science Of Economics, Syed Farid Alatas

farid alatas

Economists have generally maintained a rigorous separation between positive and normative economics. In the Muslim world, however, concerted attempts have been made to relate moral conduct to economic institutions and practices. Demands for an alternative theory and practice of development to both modernization and Marxist theories had led to the rise of Islamic economics. But while Islamic economic thinking presents an ideal of development that is based on an Islamic philosophy of life, it is beset by a number of problems which make it difficult to be considered as an alternative to modernist discourse as far as empirical theory is ...


An Assessment Of Statistical Process Control-Based Approaches For Charting Student Evaluation Scores, Xin Ding, Don Wardell, Rohit Verma Jan 2006

An Assessment Of Statistical Process Control-Based Approaches For Charting Student Evaluation Scores, Xin Ding, Don Wardell, Rohit Verma

Articles and Chapters

We compare three control charts for monitoring data from student evaluations of teaching (SET) with the goal of improving student satisfaction with teaching performance. The two charts that we propose are a modified p chart and a z-score chart. We show that these charts overcome some of the shortcomings of the more traditional charts for analyzing SET data. A comparison of three charts (an individual’s chart, the modified p chart, and the z-score chart) reveals that the modified p chart is the best approach for analyzing SET data because it utilizes distributions that are appropriate for categorical data, and ...


Food Safety Training As Adult Education: Determining Prior Knowledge In The Service Of Scientific Conceptual Change , Jason D. Ellis Jan 2006

Food Safety Training As Adult Education: Determining Prior Knowledge In The Service Of Scientific Conceptual Change , Jason D. Ellis

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A common recommendation for addressing the serious issue of foodborne illness is to train foodservice managers to handle and store foods safely. Typically, food safety education is considered successful when managers become certified through such programs as ServSafeRTM, which is offered by Cooperative Extension and other organizations. However, sustained behavior change has been limited. The research contributed to understanding the nature of the limitations of current programs, toward betterment of food safety education. The goals of the research was to describe the type and extent of conceptual understandings possessed by trained and certified foodservice workers of scientific principles relevant to ...


Baby Boomer Widows: The Process Of Working With A Professional Financial Advisor , Brian Russell Korb Jan 2006

Baby Boomer Widows: The Process Of Working With A Professional Financial Advisor , Brian Russell Korb

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Baby boomers, those born between 1946 and 1964, represent 77 million people in the United States or roughly one out of every three Americans. Baby boomer women comprise 37% of the total female population age 15 and older. Fully 70% of baby boomer wives are expected to outlive their husbands. Even though there are currently only one million baby boomer widows, their numbers will increase dramatically in the coming decades. Financially preparing baby boomer wives for widowhood and supporting them in widowhood is very important. Professional financial advisors, such as certified financial planner practitioners, may be able to play a ...


Increasing Dark Green Leafy, Yellow/Orange, Cruciferous Vegetables, Tomatoes, And Physical Activity In A Low-Income Population: An Evaluation Of A Critical Thinking Approach , Ingrid Richards-Adams Jan 2006

Increasing Dark Green Leafy, Yellow/Orange, Cruciferous Vegetables, Tomatoes, And Physical Activity In A Low-Income Population: An Evaluation Of A Critical Thinking Approach , Ingrid Richards-Adams

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Intakes of dark green leafy, yellow/orange, cruciferous vegetables, and tomatoes (target vegetables), and involvement in physical activity have been shown to be protective actions against chronic diseases. Low-income individuals generally consume lower amounts of these target vegetables, engage in less physical activities, and experience higher incidences of chronic diseases. The study evaluated the effectiveness of a critical thinking approach in increasing (a) knowledge, (b) positive attitudes, (c) critical thinking skills of low-income parents related to vegetable offerings and physical activity, (d) the number of target vegetables low-income parents offer their children, and (e) the amount of time spent on ...


Unsecured Debt And Early Saving For Retirement By Recent Female College Graduates , Pamela J. Bennett Jan 2006

Unsecured Debt And Early Saving For Retirement By Recent Female College Graduates , Pamela J. Bennett

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate unsecured debt and the practice of saving early for retirement by recent female college graduates. An electronic survey was conducted to assess graduates from the calendar years 1994--2004. An over-sampling of Family and Consumer Sciences majors was conducted for comparison. The amount of debt, amount of retirement savings, attitudes toward retirement, and expectations toward retirement were investigated. The study was grounded in the Theory of Reasoned Action and the findings supported the theoretical construct;The study revealed lower than national average amounts of student loan debt and a slightly larger than national ...


Financial Knowledge Levels And Savings Behaviors Of Bermudian High School Seniors At Cedarbridge Academy , Danika Ann (Holmes) Kieschnick Jan 2006

Financial Knowledge Levels And Savings Behaviors Of Bermudian High School Seniors At Cedarbridge Academy , Danika Ann (Holmes) Kieschnick

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between financial knowledge and financial behaviors of high school seniors at CedarBridge Academy in Devonshire Bermuda. This study will also be used to determine if there is a need for a personal finance course at CedarBridge Academy. Seventy-five high school seniors were given a thirty question survey pertaining to financial topics and savings issues. This thesis is a detailed analysis of the research findings and literature relating to the study topic of financial knowledge and savings behaviors of teenagers. The theoretical foundation for this study is based on research from ...


Assessing Entrepreneurial Career Intentions Of Family And Consumer Sciences Students In Higher Education: A Model Testing Approach , Mary Wezi Mhango Jan 2006

Assessing Entrepreneurial Career Intentions Of Family And Consumer Sciences Students In Higher Education: A Model Testing Approach , Mary Wezi Mhango

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The study explains college students' entrepreneurial attitudes and intentions as they prepare for careers in the field of Family and Consumer Sciences (FCS). It examined relationships between leadership behavior, entrepreneurial intensity, and attitudes as variables explaining and predicting entrepreneurial intentions of FCS students in early stages of their college education. The fundamental assumption was that how FCS students reach program of study and career decisions is inconclusive. A review of relevant theoretical perspectives of entrepreneurial intentions and antecedents guided the development of hypotheses for the study. Entrepreneurial intentions were hypothesized to be the function of FCS students' perceptions of leadership ...