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Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

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Their Voices Emerged: A Grounded Theory Of Learning Resilience Among African American Women In The Formal Education Environment, Sandra L. Mcgee Jan 2008

Their Voices Emerged: A Grounded Theory Of Learning Resilience Among African American Women In The Formal Education Environment, Sandra L. Mcgee

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Rampant, negative messages about the capabilities of African American women in the education system pervade society. I suggest that these negative messages fail to account for Black women's learning resilience. In this study, the voices of 27 African American women who described their experiences in the formal education environment emerged through interviews, focus groups, observations, and two electronic interactions, participation in a chat room and e-mail exchanges.;This multigenerational study spans 71 years of educational experiences that I organized into five generations that correspond with eras of significance for both the African American culture and the education system. These ...


Evaluation Of The Use Of An Academic Integrity Training Course As A Proactive Measure Encouraging Academic Honesty, Lori Brown Lothringer Jan 2008

Evaluation Of The Use Of An Academic Integrity Training Course As A Proactive Measure Encouraging Academic Honesty, Lori Brown Lothringer

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Significant research has been conducted exploring many aspects of academic integrity including the role of an academic honor code. Although academic institutions have created courses and training programs detailing expected academic standards, no published empirical evidence supporting the reliability or validity of such efforts could be located. The purpose of this study was to gather evidence documenting the effectiveness of the Metropolitan Community College Academic Integrity Training Course (MCC AITC). This objective was the cornerstone influencing the research design that included the creation of a treatment mechanism (AITC) consisting of five module quizzes, one pretest, two posttests (posttest1, posttest2), and ...


Young Adult Attitudes Regarding Individuals With Disabilities: A Post-Intervention Comparison Of High School Graduates, Kendra Kay Naef Jan 2008

Young Adult Attitudes Regarding Individuals With Disabilities: A Post-Intervention Comparison Of High School Graduates, Kendra Kay Naef

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study utilized an experimental research design to investigate the differences in long-term attitudes towards individuals with disabilities among young adults who had participated in an intervention program designed to develop positive academic and social relationships among students with and without disabilities, and young adults who had not. The Interaction with Disabled Persons Scale was employed to determine if the primary independent variable (P.A.R.T.N.E.R.S. Program) produced more favorable attitudes among participants. After scores from both groups were obtained, central tendency comparisons of the dependent variable were made and inferential statistics t -test analysis ...


Pregnant And Parenting Teens' Attitudes Toward Pregnancy And Motherhood And Their Perceptions Of Social Support, Cindy Ngoc Vo Jan 2008

Pregnant And Parenting Teens' Attitudes Toward Pregnancy And Motherhood And Their Perceptions Of Social Support, Cindy Ngoc Vo

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated the social support network of pregnant (n=10) and parenting (n=22) teens recruited through local agencies. The support network was viewed both as support and as an agent of stress to adolescents. The pregnant and parenting teens' perceptions of motherhood and their attitudes toward being a parent were also studied. The teens had a variety of support types and support sources, but the two groups did not differ in those types and sources. They preferred support from boyfriend and mother over other sources and both groups had similar expectations and beliefs about motherhood and social support ...


The Effects Of Individual Attributes, Health Behaviors, And Religion On Adolescent Obesity: A Study Of African American And Caucasian Adolescents, Bernice Adabasu Dodor Jan 2008

The Effects Of Individual Attributes, Health Behaviors, And Religion On Adolescent Obesity: A Study Of African American And Caucasian Adolescents, Bernice Adabasu Dodor

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to explore the influence of individual attributes (family socioeconomic status, gender, and race) and health behavior factors (vigorous physical activity, sedentary activity, dietary intake, and sleeping pattern) as well as religion (religious affiliations and religious commitment) on African American and Caucasian adolescents' body weight. The sample for this study consisted of African American and Caucasian adolescents (N = 3,596) aged 14-18 years at Wave II of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health). Stratification of the percentage of adolescents based on CDC growth charts indicates greater prevalence of overweight and obesity among ...


Queenbees And Wannabees: The Struggle For Power Through Bullying In Adolescent Girls, Deann Valorie Miller Jan 2008

Queenbees And Wannabees: The Struggle For Power Through Bullying In Adolescent Girls, Deann Valorie Miller

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In this hermeneutic phenomenological study, I explore the lived experience of 5 middle school girls in grades 5-9, who have experienced bullying. My question for this study asks, "What is the lived experience of adolescent girls who have experienced female bullying?" The metaphor of queenbees and wannabees has helped me understand adolescent ways of being in the world as they have been bullied. In addition, understanding the lived experience of female bullying is developed through the exploration of the phenomenological life-world themes of body, time, space, and relationality. The theme of body is examined through physical being, emotional being, and ...


Guidance Counselors' Perceptions Of High School Family And Consumer Sciences Programs: A Case Study Of Eight Guidance Counselors In Eastern Iowa, Valarie L. Betz Jan 2008

Guidance Counselors' Perceptions Of High School Family And Consumer Sciences Programs: A Case Study Of Eight Guidance Counselors In Eastern Iowa, Valarie L. Betz

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this qualitative study was to identify and analyze themes related to the perceptions of high school guidance counselors regarding family and consumer sciences (FCS) courses to understand their potential influence on students. Utilizing a descriptive case study approach, the researcher interviewed eight guidance counselors from eastern Iowa to determine their perceptions and understandings of FCS programs.;The data analysis indicated these guidance counselors assume many duties and responsibilities in their roles assisting secondary level students in reaching academic, career, and personal/social goals. Although the findings revealed guidance counselors have limited knowledge of the practice settings and ...


Passion: A Narrative Journey To Family And Consumer Sciences Education, Darby Thompson Sewell Jan 2008

Passion: A Narrative Journey To Family And Consumer Sciences Education, Darby Thompson Sewell

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The goal of this study was to examine the development of passion for the profession of family and consumer sciences (FCS) in three undergraduate students majoring in FCS education. The first purpose was to ascertain an understanding of participants' identification with FCS education and their decisions to declare it as a major. The second purpose was to examine the participants' knowledge of the content with an understanding of the integrative nature of the FCS profession. The third purpose was to identify the participants' motivation and passion for being FCS educators.;Narrative inquiry was used to investigate the participants' lived experiences ...


Cosmetic Technologies Of The Body: An Exploration Of Self And Identity Through The Consumption Of Nonsurgical Cosmetic Procedures, Keila Elizabeth Tyner Jan 2008

Cosmetic Technologies Of The Body: An Exploration Of Self And Identity Through The Consumption Of Nonsurgical Cosmetic Procedures, Keila Elizabeth Tyner

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Although much research has been conducted on cosmetic surgery and some research has been conducted on cosmetic use in general, little to no research has explored nonsurgical cosmetic technologies of the body, particularly as a symbolic form of consumption in shaping notions of the self. Thus, the purpose of the present qualitative study was to gain understanding of the consumption of nonsurgical cosmetic technologies of the body from multiple theoretical perspectives. Of particular interest was how this consumption serves as a symbolic means for shaping the self, specifically in the context of self-presentation and impression management (Goffman, 1959).;For this ...


Changing Ourselves: Narrative Experiences Of Women Taking The Lead In Family And Consumer Sciences, Denise Gail Fisher Jan 2007

Changing Ourselves: Narrative Experiences Of Women Taking The Lead In Family And Consumer Sciences, Denise Gail Fisher

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this feminist narrative study was to articulate the meaning and understandings emerging female leaders bring to their experience of assuming responsibility for leading in family and consumer sciences education. Narrative inquiry was used to investigate women's experiences as a theoretical resource for understanding present conditions and exploring the meaning women make of experiences of socialization and leadership in family and consumer sciences. Interviews conducted with three women identified to be emerging leaders were used as the primary source of data. Through the use of inductive analysis, themes emerged from the stories the women shared of the ...


From Conception To Realization: A Descriptive Case Study Of The Family And Consumer Sciences Education Leadership Academy, Lori Ann Arnold Myers Jan 2007

From Conception To Realization: A Descriptive Case Study Of The Family And Consumer Sciences Education Leadership Academy, Lori Ann Arnold Myers

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this descriptive case study was to trace the evolution over a five-year period (2001-2006) of the Family and Consumer Sciences (FCS) Education graduate program at Iowa State University that was offered using an alternative delivery model and given the name Family and Consumer Sciences Education Leadership Academy. The qualitative case study approach was the research method employed to explore why and how the Academy model was conceptualized, developed, and implemented and to reveal how involvement in the FCS Education graduate program impacted participants in both their personal and professional lives.;The primary source of data included semi-structured ...


Mentoring Practices In Family And Consumer Sciences Education: A Model For Change, Renee F. Ryburn Jan 2007

Mentoring Practices In Family And Consumer Sciences Education: A Model For Change, Renee F. Ryburn

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Several states have mentoring and induction programs to assist beginning family and consumer sciences (FCS) secondary teachers as they adapt to the rigorous demands of their chosen profession. Though these programs are helpful, many beginning teachers find themselves feeling isolated and overwhelmed with the challenges that they face in the classrooms. There are many indications that beginning FCS teachers are leaving the classroom due to these frustrations and a lack of support, contributing to a shortage of secondary FCS teachers. The primary purpose of this study was to identify existing programs designed to mentor beginning secondary teachers in FCS education ...


Young Consumers' Fair Trade Consumption: Application Of The Theory Of Planned Behavior To Non-Food Fair Trade Purchases, Yoon Jin Ma Jan 2007

Young Consumers' Fair Trade Consumption: Application Of The Theory Of Planned Behavior To Non-Food Fair Trade Purchases, Yoon Jin Ma

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to understand and predict young consumers' purchase behaviors related to fair trade products. Based on the theory of planned behavior (Ajzen, 1991), causal relationships among personal values, beliefs, attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control, and purchase intentions associated with fair trade products were examined. Data were collected via Web-based surveys from a random sample of female college students at a large Midwestern U.S. university. Of 9,593 female older echo boomer students invited through e-mail to participate in the Web-based survey, 1,048 responses were returned for an overall response rate of 11 ...


The Moral Agency Of Family And Consumer Sciences Teacher Candidates: A Grounded Theory, Enas O. Sarour Jan 2007

The Moral Agency Of Family And Consumer Sciences Teacher Candidates: A Grounded Theory, Enas O. Sarour

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

If we are to agree that teaching is a moral endeavor, exploring the moral dimension of teacher candidates, as future moral agents, should be considered indispensable. Assessing someone's moral development based on the hypothetico-deductive method is valuable, yet learning how an individual views him/herself as a moral agent is also important.;This research describes family and consumer sciences teacher candidates' (FCSTCs') sense of their moral agency, that is their understanding of what is "good or bad" and "right or wrong." Based on FCSTCs' constructed meaning developed through semi-structured interviews, this research disclosed factors that shape FCSTCs' moral agency ...


Exploration Of The Influence Of A Diverse Appearance Course On Students' Transformation Of Self, Kathleen Ann Heiden Jan 2007

Exploration Of The Influence Of A Diverse Appearance Course On Students' Transformation Of Self, Kathleen Ann Heiden

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to explore the influence of a diverse appearances course on traditional college students' transformation of self. Individuals view others' appearances according to their worldview which is influenced by beliefs and values. The rationale was that students enter college with preconceived stereotypes of individuals with diverse appearances according to their worldview, a worldview of diversity which frequently decreases their openness to individuals perceived as different.;The reflective writing responses of 17 students were analyzed using the Ground theory method. The responses were for initial reaction at the beginning and end of the course to pictures ...


A Phenomenological Study Of Family Influence On Millennial College Students' Money Beliefs And Behaviors, Mary Ann Briscoe Campbell Jan 2007

A Phenomenological Study Of Family Influence On Millennial College Students' Money Beliefs And Behaviors, Mary Ann Briscoe Campbell

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Although family systems theorists have long emphasized the family as an important influence on the individual's life choices, there is minimal qualitative research relating to Millennial college students and the impact of their families, particularly in the area of financial beliefs and behaviors. The purpose of this qualitative study was the exploration of the phenomenon of family influence on Millennial college students regarding how money messages from parents and grandparents have influenced their own money beliefs and behaviors. Seven college students between the ages of 21-23 were interviewed to gain insight into the perceived impact of family money messages ...


Parent-Child Communication: Influences Of Maternal Sexual Experiences As A Teenager On The Occurrence Of Sexuality Communication With Their Adolescent, Crystal Marie Luckeroth Jan 2007

Parent-Child Communication: Influences Of Maternal Sexual Experiences As A Teenager On The Occurrence Of Sexuality Communication With Their Adolescent, Crystal Marie Luckeroth

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated factors that influence parent-child communication on sexual topics and sought to determine if maternal teenage sexual experiences influence mothers' discussions with their adolescent children. Randomly selected mothers of children ages 10-14 years were mailed questionnaires. Using a list of sexual topics, respondents reported the frequency of discussions with their adolescent and completed a checklist of their own teenage sexual experiences. Correlational research design was used to rank and list sexual topics by frequency. Although a majority of the respondents reported that their own teenage sexual experiences influenced the discussions they had with their adolescents, no statistically significant ...


The Relationship Of Decision-Making And Division Of Household Labor To Relationship Satisfaction, Tara Danielle Dekkers Jan 2007

The Relationship Of Decision-Making And Division Of Household Labor To Relationship Satisfaction, Tara Danielle Dekkers

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The influence of the division of household labor and decision making on relationship satisfaction was examined. Equality in income and education between partners was also taken into consideration. Participants of this study consisted of 63 couples recruited from a community in the Midwest. The study used the Family Responsibility Index to measure the division of household labor, the Marital Decision Making Scale to measure decision-making, a subscale of the Dyadic Adjustment Scale to measure relationship satisfaction. The hypotheses were tested using correlations and regressions. Overall results suggest that equality in the division of household labor was found to have significant ...


Leadership Integrated Curriculum For Junior High School Family And Consumer Sciences Students, Lindsey Marie Litchfield Shirley Jan 2007

Leadership Integrated Curriculum For Junior High School Family And Consumer Sciences Students, Lindsey Marie Litchfield Shirley

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was determine the effect of the integration of leadership development opportunities using a practical problem framework emphasizing childhood obesity on the self-perceived leadership practices of junior high school students. To assess the impact, a quasi-experimental research design was used. Five groups of ninth grade Teen Living students in four different schools in Northern Idaho participated. Teen Living is an exploratory Family and Consumer Sciences course offered to ninth grade students in Idaho. To create a connection between leadership development and the developmental needs of early adolescents---physical, intellectual, and socioemotional---junior high school family and consumer sciences ...


Food Safety Training As Adult Education: Determining Prior Knowledge In The Service Of Scientific Conceptual Change , Jason D. Ellis Jan 2006

Food Safety Training As Adult Education: Determining Prior Knowledge In The Service Of Scientific Conceptual Change , Jason D. Ellis

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A common recommendation for addressing the serious issue of foodborne illness is to train foodservice managers to handle and store foods safely. Typically, food safety education is considered successful when managers become certified through such programs as ServSafeRTM, which is offered by Cooperative Extension and other organizations. However, sustained behavior change has been limited. The research contributed to understanding the nature of the limitations of current programs, toward betterment of food safety education. The goals of the research was to describe the type and extent of conceptual understandings possessed by trained and certified foodservice workers of scientific principles relevant to ...


Baby Boomer Widows: The Process Of Working With A Professional Financial Advisor , Brian Russell Korb Jan 2006

Baby Boomer Widows: The Process Of Working With A Professional Financial Advisor , Brian Russell Korb

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Baby boomers, those born between 1946 and 1964, represent 77 million people in the United States or roughly one out of every three Americans. Baby boomer women comprise 37% of the total female population age 15 and older. Fully 70% of baby boomer wives are expected to outlive their husbands. Even though there are currently only one million baby boomer widows, their numbers will increase dramatically in the coming decades. Financially preparing baby boomer wives for widowhood and supporting them in widowhood is very important. Professional financial advisors, such as certified financial planner practitioners, may be able to play a ...


Increasing Dark Green Leafy, Yellow/Orange, Cruciferous Vegetables, Tomatoes, And Physical Activity In A Low-Income Population: An Evaluation Of A Critical Thinking Approach , Ingrid Richards-Adams Jan 2006

Increasing Dark Green Leafy, Yellow/Orange, Cruciferous Vegetables, Tomatoes, And Physical Activity In A Low-Income Population: An Evaluation Of A Critical Thinking Approach , Ingrid Richards-Adams

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Intakes of dark green leafy, yellow/orange, cruciferous vegetables, and tomatoes (target vegetables), and involvement in physical activity have been shown to be protective actions against chronic diseases. Low-income individuals generally consume lower amounts of these target vegetables, engage in less physical activities, and experience higher incidences of chronic diseases. The study evaluated the effectiveness of a critical thinking approach in increasing (a) knowledge, (b) positive attitudes, (c) critical thinking skills of low-income parents related to vegetable offerings and physical activity, (d) the number of target vegetables low-income parents offer their children, and (e) the amount of time spent on ...


Unsecured Debt And Early Saving For Retirement By Recent Female College Graduates , Pamela J. Bennett Jan 2006

Unsecured Debt And Early Saving For Retirement By Recent Female College Graduates , Pamela J. Bennett

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate unsecured debt and the practice of saving early for retirement by recent female college graduates. An electronic survey was conducted to assess graduates from the calendar years 1994--2004. An over-sampling of Family and Consumer Sciences majors was conducted for comparison. The amount of debt, amount of retirement savings, attitudes toward retirement, and expectations toward retirement were investigated. The study was grounded in the Theory of Reasoned Action and the findings supported the theoretical construct;The study revealed lower than national average amounts of student loan debt and a slightly larger than national ...


Financial Knowledge Levels And Savings Behaviors Of Bermudian High School Seniors At Cedarbridge Academy , Danika Ann (Holmes) Kieschnick Jan 2006

Financial Knowledge Levels And Savings Behaviors Of Bermudian High School Seniors At Cedarbridge Academy , Danika Ann (Holmes) Kieschnick

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between financial knowledge and financial behaviors of high school seniors at CedarBridge Academy in Devonshire Bermuda. This study will also be used to determine if there is a need for a personal finance course at CedarBridge Academy. Seventy-five high school seniors were given a thirty question survey pertaining to financial topics and savings issues. This thesis is a detailed analysis of the research findings and literature relating to the study topic of financial knowledge and savings behaviors of teenagers. The theoretical foundation for this study is based on research from ...


Assessing Entrepreneurial Career Intentions Of Family And Consumer Sciences Students In Higher Education: A Model Testing Approach , Mary Wezi Mhango Jan 2006

Assessing Entrepreneurial Career Intentions Of Family And Consumer Sciences Students In Higher Education: A Model Testing Approach , Mary Wezi Mhango

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The study explains college students' entrepreneurial attitudes and intentions as they prepare for careers in the field of Family and Consumer Sciences (FCS). It examined relationships between leadership behavior, entrepreneurial intensity, and attitudes as variables explaining and predicting entrepreneurial intentions of FCS students in early stages of their college education. The fundamental assumption was that how FCS students reach program of study and career decisions is inconclusive. A review of relevant theoretical perspectives of entrepreneurial intentions and antecedents guided the development of hypotheses for the study. Entrepreneurial intentions were hypothesized to be the function of FCS students' perceptions of leadership ...


Mentoring Practices Of Cooperating Teachers To Prepare Student Teachers For Meeting Selected Iowa Teaching Standards: The Student Teacher's Perspective , Cynthia L. Waters Jan 2005

Mentoring Practices Of Cooperating Teachers To Prepare Student Teachers For Meeting Selected Iowa Teaching Standards: The Student Teacher's Perspective , Cynthia L. Waters

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Student teaching is the most widely studied aspect of inservice teacher preparation, the premier event for which the preservice educator has been trained. This experience is critical, as it sets the stage for his/her career. Appropriate guidance is key during this stage of development for teachers. Without mentoring, student teachers may not be ready to meet the challenges that await them in their own classrooms;This study used qualitative research to determine how student teachers perceive that they are being mentored by their cooperating teachers to assist them in meeting the Iowa Teaching Standards, specifically standards 7 and 8 ...


Purls Of Wisdom : Motivational Factors Of Contemporary Women Knitters, Catherine A. Hunt Jan 2005

Purls Of Wisdom : Motivational Factors Of Contemporary Women Knitters, Catherine A. Hunt

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Until recently, little attention has been paid to the importance of textile arts in women's lives, and virtually no research has been done on the effects of knitting. This study sought to understand the motivational factors of contemporary women knitters and illustrate that knitting is an important part of their lives. Information was gathered from 13 women of the greater Des Moines - Ames, Iowa area, through semi-structured, open-ended interviews. While half of the knitters learned to knit in their youth from family members, others learned when they were older from friends or as part of a class. Women knit ...


Family Functioning And Adolescent Delinquency In Malaysia , Fauziah Hanim Abdul Jalal Jan 2005

Family Functioning And Adolescent Delinquency In Malaysia , Fauziah Hanim Abdul Jalal

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Malaysia is confronting a problem of increased adolescent delinquency. Despite these situations, there is very little research on adolescent delinquency. Some researchers have suggested that family functioning dimensions may become risk factors to the development of risky behaviors. The primary aim of this study is to examine perceived family functioning dimensions (problem solving, affective involvement, affective response, roles, communication, behavior control, general functioning, family time, religious belief, and religious practice) and their effect on the occurrence of adolescent delinquency. In addition, this study also investigates the effect of gender, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status on total delinquency scores of this group ...


Motivations For Service-Learning Among Family And Consumer Sciences College Faculty: Influence Of Teaching Perceptions, Efficacy, And Practice , Madhumita Banerjee Jan 2005

Motivations For Service-Learning Among Family And Consumer Sciences College Faculty: Influence Of Teaching Perceptions, Efficacy, And Practice , Madhumita Banerjee

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Trying to understand connections between Family and Consumer Sciences (FCS) and service-learning could improve the implementation process of this pedagogy in FCS courses. According to Giles and Eyler (1998), identifying ways by which service-learning can enhance subject matter learning is the first of their top ten unanswered questions in service-learning research. The primary objective of this study was to examine characteristics of FCS collegiate faculty who do and do not incorporate service-learning in their teaching, determine their teaching efficacy levels and dominant teaching perspectives, examine their perceptions about service-learning as an effective teaching strategy within FCS, and identify the factors ...


Playing House: The Role Of Home Management Houses In The Training Of Scientific Homemakers At Iowa State College, 1925-1958, Megan Elizabeth Birk Jan 2004

Playing House: The Role Of Home Management Houses In The Training Of Scientific Homemakers At Iowa State College, 1925-1958, Megan Elizabeth Birk

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Between 1925 and 1958 home economics education at Iowa State College included a special laboratory experience for senior students. They lived in home management houses designed with modern appliances and furnishings that allowed them to "practice" the homemaking skills learned during the previous three years of classroom study. This six-week stay included turns with cooking, cleaning, budgeting, entertaining, and child care. It was also during these years that the university brought infants into the homes to live for a one-year period. These infants, orphans from the state of Iowa, became the responsibility of the young women in the homes. With ...