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Articles 1 - 9 of 9

Full-Text Articles in Home Economics

Parents And Kindergartners: Money And Number, Practices, Concepts And Skills , Jyh-Tsorng Jong Jan 1997

Parents And Kindergartners: Money And Number, Practices, Concepts And Skills , Jyh-Tsorng Jong

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine an exploratory model to explain the interactive relationships among parents' number and monetary practices, and their kindergartners' number concepts, monetary concepts, and monetary skills. The 207 kindergartners participated in three number and monetary tasks during clinical interviews. Each child's father or mother completed two kinds of home practices questionnaires. By using path analysis through LISREL 8.12, the results showed that kindergartners' use of money was significantly influenced by their number concepts (i.e., cardinality) and knowledge of coins (i.e., knowing the coin names and coin values). Kindergartners' cardinality benefited ...


The Effects Of Life-Stress, Social Support And Health On Formal Medical Utilization: A Longitudinal Study , Haeseon Lee Jan 1996

The Effects Of Life-Stress, Social Support And Health On Formal Medical Utilization: A Longitudinal Study , Haeseon Lee

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research explored the relationships between life stress, social support and health on health service use behavior for elderly individuals, 70 years and older. Data from the Longitudinal Study of Aging (N = 2590) were analyzed by using structural equation modeling (LISREL). The results revealed that initial life stresses (financial stress and physical stress) at Time 1 were indirectly related to formal medical service utilization through social support especially functional support (availability of support) and health status measured at Time 2 (perception of functional ability and actual illness level);Different dimensions of social support function differently, however, all of the quantitative ...


Family Financial Management: A Real World Perspective , Glenn Allen Muske Jan 1996

Family Financial Management: A Real World Perspective , Glenn Allen Muske

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to examine techniques used by families in the day-to-day management of their finances. The purpose is accomplished by analysis of data gathered through a series of in-depth interviews with the family money manager in seven different families. Each family was interviewed for a minimum of four hours, to examine what the family actually does and their reported explanation of why they do it. The families are all white, in first marriages, with children living at home. The family financial managers have a bachelor's degree or less, and both spouses are employed at least ...


Sex And Earnings Differentials Among Home-Based Workers , Hyochung Kim Jan 1995

Sex And Earnings Differentials Among Home-Based Workers , Hyochung Kim

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the study was to examine the earnings differentials between men and women and to find the factors explaining the differentials among home-based workers with comparison to on-site workers. The overall hypotheses examined were: (a) sex is a significant factor in choosing simultaneously occupation and location of work, and (b) sex is a significant factor in determining the earnings, given the choice of occupation and location of work. The data from Census of Population and Housing, 1990 (United States): Public Use Microdata Sample: 1/10,000 Sample were used for this study. One of the major findings of ...


The Impact Of Household Characteristics On Household Consumption Behavior: A Demand System Analysis On The Consumption Behavior Of Urban Households In The Province Of Central Java, Indonesia , Hamonangan Ritonga Jan 1994

The Impact Of Household Characteristics On Household Consumption Behavior: A Demand System Analysis On The Consumption Behavior Of Urban Households In The Province Of Central Java, Indonesia , Hamonangan Ritonga

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Consumer demand theory has long dominated the study of household consumption behavior. This theory, however, incorporates only the effects of prices and income on consumer demand, with tastes as given. In addition, most previous empirical studies have been applying this theory to aggregate data and to an incomplete household expenditure/demand system;This study draws attention to the use of household characteristics in household demand analysis. The main goal of this study is to estimate a complete, theoretically plausible system of household demand to investigate the impact of household characteristics on household consumption behavior in the province of Central Java ...


Socioeconomic And Psychological Variables Influencing Household Debt , Ujang Sumarwan Jan 1993

Socioeconomic And Psychological Variables Influencing Household Debt , Ujang Sumarwan

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The overall objective of this study was to examine factors influencing total debt, total debt payment, and patterns of debt payments. The study examined the impacts of both psychological (credit attitudes and perception of future income) and socioeconomic variables on total debt, total debt payment and patterns of debt payments;A conceptual model for this study was developed by incorporating the theory of borrower risk, the economic and psychological economic theory of borrowing, and the results of previous studies. This model identifies socioeconomic and psychological variables that influence total debt, total debt payment, and patterns of debt payments. Socioeconomic variables ...


A Cross-Cultural Study Of Housing Adjustment Among Korean, Mexican, And American Households , Sehwa Yang Khil Jan 1991

A Cross-Cultural Study Of Housing Adjustment Among Korean, Mexican, And American Households , Sehwa Yang Khil

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this dissertation was to compare the housing adjustment propensities of Korean, Mexican, and American households. The theoretical framework was the Morris and Winter model of housing adjustment. Every household in every culture was assumed to perform a sequence of housing adjustment behaviors to attain desired housing. The purposes had been accomplished through an analysis of three data sets from different sources. Path analysis was employed for testing the empirical model, and the same procedures were performed individually with the three sets of data. There seemed to be some similarities in adjustment patterns between the Mexican and the ...


Single-Family Home Ownership Preferences In The Nonmetropolitan North-Central Region , Mary Ann Sward Jan 1991

Single-Family Home Ownership Preferences In The Nonmetropolitan North-Central Region , Mary Ann Sward

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this dissertation is to analyze the differences in stated housing preferences and norms among farm, rural-nonfarm, and small-town households with some assurance that the differences, if any, are not produced by systematic measurement error. The theoretical basis of the research is the housing adjustment model (Morris and Winter, 1978) but the specific form of the analysis is different because the purpose is focused on measurement. The housing adjustment model is based on the idea that norms and preferences influence housing behavior and thereby housing conditions. The measurement-error model, in contrast, is based on the idea that apparent ...


Economic Hardship, Family Relationships, And Adolescent Distress , Camilla Siu-Na Ho Jan 1991

Economic Hardship, Family Relationships, And Adolescent Distress , Camilla Siu-Na Ho

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Adolescence is a period characterized by multiple life changes. Biological, psychological, and social factors interact at an accelerated rate to shape the adolescent's development. Additional life stress during this time is especially detrimental to the psychological well-being of a person. Not only is economic hardship directly harmful to the socioemotional development of the adolescent, it may exert indirect damaging effects on the adolescent through its adverse effects on the family supporting system of the adolescent. This dissertation aims to (1) examine existing literature on the relationship between life changes and stress during adolescence, (2) examine existing literature on the ...