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Full-Text Articles in Religion

Collective Duties (Farḍ Kifāya) In Islamic Law: The Moral Community, State Authority And Ethical Speculation In The Premodern Period, Adnan Zulfiqar Jan 2018

Collective Duties (Farḍ Kifāya) In Islamic Law: The Moral Community, State Authority And Ethical Speculation In The Premodern Period, Adnan Zulfiqar

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

This dissertation studies a unique subset of legal obligations in Islamic law known as “collective duties” (farḍ kifāya) and focuses on juristic writing in the premodern period between the 9th and 14th centuries C.E. Together with the more widely recognized “individual obligations” (farḍ ʿayn), these duties encompass the complete range of mandated behavior in Islamic law. Individual obligations follow a simple pattern: one person is assigned responsibility for performing a particular act and is solely held responsible if they fail to do so. Collective duties are premised on a different concept involving shared responsibility for required acts. They are ...


Moral Communities In A Pluralistic Nation, Eric Bain-Selbo Sep 2008

Moral Communities In A Pluralistic Nation, Eric Bain-Selbo

Eric Bain-Selbo

No abstract provided.


Moral Communities In A Pluralistic Nation, Eric Bain-Selbo Sep 2008

Moral Communities In A Pluralistic Nation, Eric Bain-Selbo

Philosophy & Religion Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Moral Communities In A Pluralistic Nation, Eric Bain-Selbo Sep 2008

Moral Communities In A Pluralistic Nation, Eric Bain-Selbo

Philosophy & Religion Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.