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Theses/Dissertations

Iowa State University

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Articles 1 - 30 of 45

Full-Text Articles in Religion

Trajectories In Religious Development Among African American Young Adults, Yuk C. Pang Jan 2017

Trajectories In Religious Development Among African American Young Adults, Yuk C. Pang

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Religiosity and spirituality have been an important component within the African American culture throughout U.S. history. Previous research has documented the importance of religion to African Americans, particularly in terms of coping with the negative experiences they face in the U.S. While many studies have focused on the positive impact of religiosity and spirituality on African American’s mental health, fewer studies have addressed change in African American’s religiosity over time, especially during the period when they transition from adolescence into young adulthood. Adolescence is a crucial developmental transition and can disclose a tremendous amount of knowledge ...


Mental Health Stigma In Religious Communities: Development Of A Quantitative Measure, Lily A. Mathison Jan 2016

Mental Health Stigma In Religious Communities: Development Of A Quantitative Measure, Lily A. Mathison

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

While mental health stigma is a burgeoning field of research, little work has been done on whether mental health stigma in different subcultures is the same or different as the general population. There is qualitative evidence that beliefs about the etiology and effective treatments for mental illness differ in religious communities as compared to the general population, but efforts to quantify this difference have been sparse and reflect poor methodology. The purpose of the present study is to create and validate a measure of mental health stigma in religious communities. Items will be generated using extant literature and revised after ...


Stories Of Sky And Sea: Storying The Generational Divide At Cape Muroto, Eric James Waite Jan 2016

Stories Of Sky And Sea: Storying The Generational Divide At Cape Muroto, Eric James Waite

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Stories of Sky and Sea: Storying the Generational Divide at Cape Muroto is a thesis that demonstrates the identity construction of Japanese groups at Cape Muroto through the embedded local narratives. The paper explores the embodied and imminent nature of the local narratives that are built around the mythic figure Kōbō Daishi. This research focuses on the expressions of “other-than-human-persons”—location, nature, geography, ecology, etc.—as active agents in rhetoric, public memory, and religious folk story. I use ethnographic research to investigate how narrative expresses a religious identity in conversation with social, environmental, and economic conditions.


The Marriage Division: A Case Study On Clerical Dissension In The United Methodist Church, Erin E. Meek Jan 2015

The Marriage Division: A Case Study On Clerical Dissension In The United Methodist Church, Erin E. Meek

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this qualitative research study is to understand the relationship between a dissenting clergy member in the United Methodist Church and his/her congregation in relation to same-sex marriage. This study seeks to answer: Why is the United Methodist Church resisting change when American society at large is altering its views on same-sex marriage? What is the experience of a clergy member who diverges from the denomination’s bylaws regarding sexual identity and the performance of same-sex marriage? How does that dissension affect the relationship with a clergy member’s parishioners? What effect does clerical dissension have on ...


Dante Rossetti: Re-Envisioning Desire In The Domestic Sphere Of Victorian Society, Allison Alexis Watson Jan 2015

Dante Rossetti: Re-Envisioning Desire In The Domestic Sphere Of Victorian Society, Allison Alexis Watson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Dante Gabriel Rossetti's romantic vision represented in his longer poems, such as "Jenny" and "The Blessed Damozel," spurred a vast amount of criticism with scholar who note the various themes of female sexuality. However, many of these analyses neglect prevalent themes such as sexuality, religious allusions, and the male-female relationship within the domestic space. Rossetti's The House of Life continually presents these themes; however, many non-anthologized sonnets are not critically studied by scholars. Rossetti both challenges and propels Victorian ideals through the portrayal women and their relationships with men within the domestic space. In my thesis I will ...


The Distance Is More Than An Ocean, Chris Wiewiora Jan 2014

The Distance Is More Than An Ocean, Chris Wiewiora

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The first part of The Distance Is More Than An Ocean takes readers on a coming&ndashof&ndashage journey to Poland. I recall my childhood attending the American School and struggling with language as an American&ndashPole. On a visit to my family&rsquos house in Warsaw, my adult perspective confronts my childhood memory as I consider the historical rebuilding of Old Town after its destruction during World War II. With my father, I visit Auschwitz and then recount my grandmother&rsquos story of surviving the camps. While in Krakow, we visit my mother&rsquos friend who taught her Polish ...


Seizing The Stake: Female Martyrdom In England During The Reformation, Douglas Winkey Jan 2014

Seizing The Stake: Female Martyrdom In England During The Reformation, Douglas Winkey

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study will examine the complicated relationship between female religious expression and society during the sixteenth century Reformation. Luther originally formulated Protestant society in a way where women would be located in the home and away from the dangerous, but religiously critical, concept of martyrdom. Even in England, where society was different from that of Germany, women were still expected to behave subserviently to men in matters of religion and chose to reject outside forms of control of their faith. John Foxe wrote extensively on the women in question and his book formed a model for examining and discussion Reformation ...


Grains Of God: Planting Faith And Growing Cold War Fears In Iowa During The 1950s, Lindsay John Bell Jan 2014

Grains Of God: Planting Faith And Growing Cold War Fears In Iowa During The 1950s, Lindsay John Bell

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The decade of the 1950s was a challenging time for the United States as the nation coped with racial inequalities at home and dealt with a Cold War abroad. America believed that freedom - rooted in democratic principles - provided the ideal political and social structure for the rest of the world to emulate.

Using Iowa during the 1950s as a case study, this thesis argues that the United States government perceived communism as a greater threat to American security than it actually posed. Legislators in Washington feared that communism threatened to destroy the American way of life inciting them to push ...


Making My Faith My Own: Church Attendance And First-Year College Student Religious And Spiritual Development, Neil Alan Rowe Jan 2014

Making My Faith My Own: Church Attendance And First-Year College Student Religious And Spiritual Development, Neil Alan Rowe

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

There is a glaring lack of research on spiritual and religious development in human development journals. Emerging adulthood, specifically, is an important period to study religious and spiritual development because it is characterized by identity formation and an enhanced power of free will. Church attendance can provide a context for identity formation, but declines in religious service attendance are prevalent throughout late adolescence into emerging adulthood. Twelve first-year undergraduate students at a public Midwestern university who attended a Christian church regularly during their childhood participated in a semi-structured interview and shared their experiences, thoughts and feelings regarding church, their transition ...


The Dynamics Of Wearing Hijab For Muslim American Women In The United States, Erum Tariq-Munir Jan 2014

The Dynamics Of Wearing Hijab For Muslim American Women In The United States, Erum Tariq-Munir

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Over the past decade, and particularly since the September11th terrorist attacks, the Muslim community in the United States has experienced an increased level of social and religious scrutiny. This unfortunate incident has fundamentally changed the way the American society views Muslims, especially Muslim women who wear the veil or hijab in public. Muslim women have experienced various instances of discrimination including people trying to remove their hijab, and/or name calling. A unique aspect of Muslim women in the US is that they not only confront the stigma of gender, race, ethnicity and religion, but that which is attached to ...


Religious And Spiritual Issues In Group Counseling: Beliefs And Preferences Of University Counseling Center Clients And Therapists, Brian Christopher Post Jan 2013

Religious And Spiritual Issues In Group Counseling: Beliefs And Preferences Of University Counseling Center Clients And Therapists, Brian Christopher Post

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Over the past three decades research on addressing religious and spiritual issues in individual counseling has blossomed, but group counseling has been virtually ignored. The main purpose of the present study was to examine the beliefs and preferences of group counseling clients and therapists regarding the discussion of religious and spiritual concerns, and the appropriateness of religious and spiritual interventions. Participants were 164 clients and 54 therapists participating in counseling groups at nine university counseling centers nationwide. The majority of clients and therapists indicated that religious concerns are an appropriate topic for group counseling, and the majority of clients reported ...


The Private Conversion Of A Public Man: Timeless Presence And Disparate Linking In T.S. Eliot's Poetry, Natalie Albertson Jan 2012

The Private Conversion Of A Public Man: Timeless Presence And Disparate Linking In T.S. Eliot's Poetry, Natalie Albertson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This essay explores the way incarnation allows T.S. Eliot to renegotiate and redistribute themes of time, age, life, and death from his pre-conversion to post-conversion poetry. The incarnation, especially its dispensation of time, is a paramount part of Eliot's conversion. I posit that incarnation drove Eliot to Christianity because incarnation represents a divine disruption of time. This disruption bridges time and timelessness, here and there ,and life and death. Eliot's eventual rest in the Chalcedonian form of incarnation, therefore, provides a resolution of and not a divergence from his poetry previous to his conversion.


Goddess In A Cape: Feminine Divine As Comic Book Superhero, Jacki Renee Hayes Jan 2012

Goddess In A Cape: Feminine Divine As Comic Book Superhero, Jacki Renee Hayes

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Comic book superheroes are powerful players in the mythic narrative of the West. Since 1938, they have shaped ideas of good and evil, right and wrong, and what it ultimately means to be a hero. Like all great mythic narratives, the story of the superhero is created for a reason and purpose, formed to perpetuate specific ideas and values. This work examines the depiction of female superheroes as embodiments of modern Goddesses. As modes of mythic narratives, comic books move beyond the realm of written or spoken word and communicate directly to our highly visual culture. The visual and narrative ...


Shugendo: The Way Of Power, Eric James Waite Jan 2012

Shugendo: The Way Of Power, Eric James Waite

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Shugendo: The Way of Power is a video thesis with a dual agenda. Its primary purpose is to compare Japanese Shinto and Buddhist Shugendo springtime festivals, examining historical, cultural, and religious modes of ritual expression. Pedagogically, this introduces complex ritual material to a new audience of students who have little experience with folk and esoteric religious traditions by allowing them to see how these rituals are actually performed. A paper on fieldwork methodology accompanies the video, exploring the common barriers to documentary film and the need for multimedia projects in the Academy. This should help guide future work in the ...


Peter The Hermit: Straddling The Boundaries Of Lordship, Millennialism, And Heresy, Stanley Perdios Jan 2012

Peter The Hermit: Straddling The Boundaries Of Lordship, Millennialism, And Heresy, Stanley Perdios

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Peter the Hermit: Straddling the Boundaries of Lordship, Millennialism, and Heresy demonstrates how eleventh and early twelfth century wandering preachers established millennial spiritual lordship over their popular movements. Peter the Hermit's Popular Crusade exemplifies this.

Millennial spiritual lordship accessed millennial undercurrents of medieval society at the time and often the reform movements of the church. Such lordship stood just outside the traditional secular and spiritual lordships of the period. Indeed, a millennial spiritual lord could find himself being accused of heresy, since the energies that drove reform also drove supposed heretical movements. These kinds of lordships also followed patterns ...


Social Identity Construction Of Muslim Women: A Case Study, Allison Jane Severson Jan 2011

Social Identity Construction Of Muslim Women: A Case Study, Allison Jane Severson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

While the number of Muslim college students in increasing, (Rasheed Ali & Bagheri, 2009), many are facing a severe misunderstanding of their faith that has been further distorted since 9/11 (Afridi & Carnegie Corp. of New York, 2001). This qualitative study focused on understanding the personal and religious experiences of four Muslim women in the context of a large research university in the Midwest United States. Using Siedman's (1991) three-interview series, all participants were interviewed three times as the primary means of data collection. Based on analysis of the collected data, three themes emerged as central to the participants' experiences ...


Hope Deferred: Mormon Feminism And Prospects For Change In The Lds Church, Holly Theresa Bignall Jan 2010

Hope Deferred: Mormon Feminism And Prospects For Change In The Lds Church, Holly Theresa Bignall

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This thesis examines how Mormon constructions of gender that limit women's sphere and narrowly prescribed women's roles have elicited strong resistance from many members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. A rich tradition of feminist theology and activism exists within the LDS church, but little work has been done to analyze the overarching effectiveness of these feminist efforts in bringing about change in the tradition. In order to address this issue I begin by teasing out how the LDS church's process for making changes to doctrine, policy, and practice differs from the change process ...


The Effects Of Individual Attributes, Health Behaviors, And Religion On Adolescent Obesity: A Study Of African American And Caucasian Adolescents, Bernice Adabasu Dodor Jan 2008

The Effects Of Individual Attributes, Health Behaviors, And Religion On Adolescent Obesity: A Study Of African American And Caucasian Adolescents, Bernice Adabasu Dodor

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to explore the influence of individual attributes (family socioeconomic status, gender, and race) and health behavior factors (vigorous physical activity, sedentary activity, dietary intake, and sleeping pattern) as well as religion (religious affiliations and religious commitment) on African American and Caucasian adolescents' body weight. The sample for this study consisted of African American and Caucasian adolescents (N = 3,596) aged 14-18 years at Wave II of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health). Stratification of the percentage of adolescents based on CDC growth charts indicates greater prevalence of overweight and obesity among ...


Life, Rockwell, And Radio: Exploring Religious Iconography In America, 1944-1950, Rebecca A. Koerselman Jan 2007

Life, Rockwell, And Radio: Exploring Religious Iconography In America, 1944-1950, Rebecca A. Koerselman

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Effect Of Counselor Self-Disclosure Of Religious Similarity On Client Perception Of Empathy Within The Therapeutic Relationship: An Analogue Study, Scott P. Young Jan 2007

Effect Of Counselor Self-Disclosure Of Religious Similarity On Client Perception Of Empathy Within The Therapeutic Relationship: An Analogue Study, Scott P. Young

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This analogue study was intended to investigate the impact of a specific counselor intervention, self-disclosure, on therapeutic empathy and working alliance by exposing 189 participants from a large Midwestern university to one of four randomly assigned conditions featuring a sex-matched, simulated counseling interaction. Participants' video-stimuli ratings were analyzed by a series of planned comparisons and ANCOVAs.;Planned comparisons revealed that Working Alliance Inventory (WAI) ratings were significantly higher for the mean of the combined self-disclosure treatment groups than for the non-disclosure control and that mean WAI ratings for the matched religious self-disclosure condition were significantly higher than for the control ...


Interpersonal And Spiritual Resources In Late-Life Adaptation And Well-Being: A Study Of Elderly Men And Women Religious Residing Within Monastic Religious Communities , Alexander John Bishop Jan 2005

Interpersonal And Spiritual Resources In Late-Life Adaptation And Well-Being: A Study Of Elderly Men And Women Religious Residing Within Monastic Religious Communities , Alexander John Bishop

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research study was to investigate how interpersonal and spiritual resources influence well-being in a sample of older men and women residing in religious monastic communities. Participants for this study included 235 (164 women and 71 men) individuals, age 64 and older, from the Religious Order of St. Benedict. Two (Age) X Two (Gender) Analyses of Variance were used to analyze mean differences. Young-old persons had higher mean scores on close friendship, coping behaviors, and personal growth than did old-old individuals. However, old-old individuals had higher average scores on religious coping behaviors and depression than did young-old ...


The Meaning, Experience And Ecology Of African Christian Marriages And Familial Relationships: A Phenomenological Study At Makumira University College, Tanzania , Wayne L. Nieminen Jan 2004

The Meaning, Experience And Ecology Of African Christian Marriages And Familial Relationships: A Phenomenological Study At Makumira University College, Tanzania , Wayne L. Nieminen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Research on African Christian marriage and family life has lacked a critical focus on the experience and meaning of marriage between husbands and wives as couples. The intention of this phenomenological investigation is to enrich the international family therapy field's understanding of the complexity and wider ecology (economic, religious, historical, feminist, educational) of African marriage and family life, specifically in the Christian population. Research took place at Makumira University College in Tanzania, a seminary of the Tumaini University system of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Tanzania, interviewing students, faculty and their spouses in a variety of formats (couple, individual ...


The God Factor: The Role Of Religious Involvement On Depression, Health, And Well-Being , Arlene Maria De La Mora Jan 2004

The God Factor: The Role Of Religious Involvement On Depression, Health, And Well-Being , Arlene Maria De La Mora

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was designed to explore the relationships between religious involvement and health and well-being utilizing multiple measures of religious involvement at two time points. At Time 1, participants (N = 184) recruited from three Midwestern universities completed a battery of questionnaires assessing religious beliefs/attitudes participation in public and private religious activities (i.e., frequency of church attendance and prayer), depression, perceived health, and frequency of seeking health care services. At Time 2, participants were again asked to complete questionnaires assessing depression, perceived health and frequency of seeking health care. The effects of religious involvement on depression, perceived health and ...


Confessions Of A Catholic, Molly J. Rose Jan 2004

Confessions Of A Catholic, Molly J. Rose

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Once, the priest of my morn's parish began Mass by asking each of us to greet the person next to us by sharing our name and admitting we were sinners. "Hi, I'm Molly," I said, shaking the pruned hand of the white-haired man behind me. "I'm a sinner." And then to my right, I turned and repeated the words. "I'm a sinner." The growing din of the church peaked with nervous laughter, the noticeable discomfort of a congregation owning up to its imperfections. Sweaty palms exchanged the accounting of sins. Every Sunday as a Catholic I ...


The Art Of Rhetoric As Self-Discipline: Inquiries Into Spirit, Sight, Sound , Anne Rypstat Richards Jan 2003

The Art Of Rhetoric As Self-Discipline: Inquiries Into Spirit, Sight, Sound , Anne Rypstat Richards

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation describes and embodies an ethically grounded method for structuring a program of rhetorical study. As a discipline, rhetoric is perhaps uniquely comprehensive, as Cicero suggests when he writes, "No man can be an orator complete in all points of merit who has not attained a knowledge of all important subjects and arts" (De Oratore , Bk. I, Ch. 6). Rather than attempting to delimit rhetoric, the dissertation offers a means of narrowing its scope for individual rhetoricians, namely by focusing on inner necessity and conscience in the approach to study. Rhetoric here is defined as a framework in which ...


The Preparation Of Pastors In Premarital Counseling , Jeffrey Karl Buikema Jan 2001

The Preparation Of Pastors In Premarital Counseling , Jeffrey Karl Buikema

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Historically, clergy have been the primary providers of premarital counseling (PMC). Over the past 50 years, limited research has been focused on the preparation needs of pastors in PMC. When asked, they claimed to feel inadequate as PMC providers. They cited inadequate seminary education as the reason (Babb, 1992; Buikema, 1999; Ipes, 1982; Loskot, 1993; Stahmann & Hiebert, 1997).;The purpose of this qualitative research study was to examine the "lived experience" of pastors and their PMC ring needs by seeking their direct input. Twelve interviews were conducted. The researcher developed a 10-question protocol based on his previous research on PMC (Buikema, 1999 ...


A Historical Profile Of Valamo Monastery's Agricultural Practices, With Implications For Agricultural And Extension Education , Andrei Vladimirovich Khomoutov Jan 2000

A Historical Profile Of Valamo Monastery's Agricultural Practices, With Implications For Agricultural And Extension Education , Andrei Vladimirovich Khomoutov

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the study was to create a vision to empower monks and civilians to make their decisions about developing a renewed agricultural extension and demonstration system for the Valamo Archipelago based on agricultural technology transfer in time. In other words, the purpose was to propose better ways to educate people of the described area about how to live in harmony with the environment;Two research questions guided the study: (1) What components of an informal agricultural education system were in use at Valamo Monastery prior to World War II; and (2) What basic elements can be applied to ...


Ministers' Perception Of Support Received From Their Congregation: A Qualitative Study , Jackie Lynne Halstead Jan 2000

Ministers' Perception Of Support Received From Their Congregation: A Qualitative Study , Jackie Lynne Halstead

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Churches and the ministers who lead them play a role of significance in our society. The dynamics of the relationship between them impact the success of the ministry occupation. This study examined this relationship, specifically the minister's perception of support from the congregation. Focus groups of ministers and laity provided the dialogue from which the following categories emerged: absence of support, basis of support and absence of support, expectations, identified support, manifestations of support, and recommended solutions. It was determined that both populations have an understanding of the topic and awareness of possible solutions for an absence of support ...


Educational And Occupational Aspirations Of Rural High School Seniors In The Private And Public Schools In Northwest Iowa , Duane Harold Bajema Jan 1999

Educational And Occupational Aspirations Of Rural High School Seniors In The Private And Public Schools In Northwest Iowa , Duane Harold Bajema

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Research has suggested that rural youth have lower educational and occupational aspirations than their nonrural counterparts, and they may experience barriers to educational and occupational attainment. Discrepancies and barriers that may exist have implications for educational policy and educational planning;Seventeen rural high schools in northwest Iowa were examined; thirteen public and four private schools. Rural high school students were studied to examine their perceptions concerning potential educational and occupational barriers. Student characteristics and qualities were examined based on where the student lived and the type of school they attended. Students who had been involved in the agricultural curricula in ...


Secrets Of The Self: The Reconceptualization Of Gender-Role Identity In Contemporary Latter-Day Saint Women , Kelli Jo Kerry Moran Jan 1998

Secrets Of The Self: The Reconceptualization Of Gender-Role Identity In Contemporary Latter-Day Saint Women , Kelli Jo Kerry Moran

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation focuses on the resolution of gender role conflict in female members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS). Contemporary women are faced with contradictory pressures as they strive to develop gender-role identity. As a highly patriarchal religion, cultural pressures within the LDS church increase the paradox surrounding gender roles as women are encouraged to follow traditional gender role patterns. Women with ambitions and talents that do not fall within traditional role expectations are challenged to develop independent conceptions of their gender-role identity. Paradox in gender-roles and gender-role identity results in fragmenting of the self as ...