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Judaism

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Full-Text Articles in Religion

Moses Mendelssohn's Approach To Jewish Integration In Light Of His Reconciliation Of Traditional Judaism And Enlightenment Rationalism, Robert J. Clark Aug 2018

Moses Mendelssohn's Approach To Jewish Integration In Light Of His Reconciliation Of Traditional Judaism And Enlightenment Rationalism, Robert J. Clark

Robert Clark, Ph.D.

Prior to the eighteenth century, European Jews lived in separate communal structures at the discretion of their host countries.1 A very few found places of influence and wealth as "court Jews" and lived as aristocrats, but their acceptance in society was limited, subject to official approval, and came at a price.2 There had always been opportunities for Jews to integrate into European society, albeit not without complication, via assimilation and conversion.3 But the ability to enter the social order as Jews and find a place to belong without rejecting their heritage and religion proved elusive. The emergence ...


The Chosen People: Election, Paul, And Second Temple Judaism, A. Thornhill Oct 2015

The Chosen People: Election, Paul, And Second Temple Judaism, A. Thornhill

A. Chadwick Thornhill

No abstract provided.


The Jewish Nature Of The First Century Church, Barry D. Fike Sep 2015

The Jewish Nature Of The First Century Church, Barry D. Fike

Barry D. Fike

“When men realized that the teaching of God was no heritage that one accepts passively but rather a heritage that has to be won, they began to see this relationship to the Bible as a religious obligation. It became a supreme commandment to “study”, to explore the Scriptures. To explore means to consider the Bible as a challenge rather than a gift…..The duty to “explore” requires further rethinking: each end becomes a new beginning and each solution a new problem…Once Today’s Church is fully aware of the vast importance of learning, it too will realize that it ...


Mikveh: The Relationship Of Jewish Ritual Immersion And Christian Baptism, Barry Fike Jul 2014

Mikveh: The Relationship Of Jewish Ritual Immersion And Christian Baptism, Barry Fike

Barry D. Fike

Most Christians understand baptism as an undeniable doctrine of early Christianity. What most don’t grasp is that this practice goes far beyond the confines of Jesus and John the Baptist to some of the earliest recorded stages of the people of God, meaning that it has always been a part of the plan of God for the redemption of mankind. In this book, Barry Fike goes back into the Hebrew background of the concept of Christian baptism into the Jewish understanding of this ritual of cleanliness to show that our present understanding needs to have some backdrop to correctly ...


Understanding The Haggadah: The Step-By-Step Seder Companion, Andrew Blitman Dec 2013

Understanding The Haggadah: The Step-By-Step Seder Companion, Andrew Blitman

Andrew Blitman

A sleek and simple 15-step guide to understanding the celebration of Passover, "Understanding the Haggadah" is meant to be read as a companion to the traditional Pesach Haggadah. Esteemed Jewish sources (primarily the Kabbalah and Talmud) are used to succinctly explain the purpose of each step of the Passover Seder. A must-read for the Passover Seder.


What Do Buddhists And Jews Have In Common - A Lot, Andrew Blitman Dec 2013

What Do Buddhists And Jews Have In Common - A Lot, Andrew Blitman

Andrew Blitman

No abstract provided.


Arguing With God: An Honest Conversation, Barry Fike Dec 2013

Arguing With God: An Honest Conversation, Barry Fike

Barry D. Fike

For the Jew, “I beg to differ” has been an enduring tactic of achieving and affirming identity. The Jew had addressed the same caveat to God—not in self-contradiction, but in dialectic aiming at attainment of fuller realization of who he is, as Jew and as human being. In asking about God, we examine our own selves: whether we are sensitive to the grandeur and supremacy of what we ask about, whether we are wholeheartedly concerned with what we ask about. Unless we are involved, we fail to sense the issue.


To The Jew First: A Socio-Historical And Biblical-Theological Analysis Of The Pauline Teaching Of `Election' In Light Of Second Temple Jewish Patterns Of Thought, Anthony Thornhill Dec 2012

To The Jew First: A Socio-Historical And Biblical-Theological Analysis Of The Pauline Teaching Of `Election' In Light Of Second Temple Jewish Patterns Of Thought, Anthony Thornhill

A. Chadwick Thornhill

Paul's "doctrine" of election has remained a controversial and enigmatic topic for centuries. Few studies, however, have approached Paul's doctrine through the context of Second Temple Judaism. This study examines Paul's view of election through the lens of Second Temple Jewish texts written prior to 70 CE. In doing so, it is argued that the best framework through which to view Paul's discussion of election is through a primarily corporate model of election. While such a model is rooted in Judaism, Paul departs from his Jewish contemporaries in arguing that the locus of election is in ...


נבואה והסדר המדיני המושלם: התיאולוגיה המדינית של ליאו שטראוס Prophecy And The Perfect Political Order: The Political Theology Of Leo Strauss, Haim חיים O. Rechnitzer רכניצר Nov 2012

נבואה והסדר המדיני המושלם: התיאולוגיה המדינית של ליאו שטראוס Prophecy And The Perfect Political Order: The Political Theology Of Leo Strauss, Haim חיים O. Rechnitzer רכניצר

Haim O Rechnitzer חיים א. רכניצר

The theological-political problem, the inherent tensions between religion, human intellect and political society are the focus of the book Philosophy and the Perfect Political Order: the Political Theology of Leo Strauss. Strauss, (1899-1973) one of the greatest scholars of political philosophy, never produced an independent philosophy. Instead, his philosophical thought is entwined within commentary on the works of Maimonides, Hobbes, Spinoza, Nietzsche and others. In this book, it is reconstructed through a comprehensive investigation of his works. Strauss placed himself in opposition to his teachers and colleagues Herman Cohen, Franz Rosenzweig, and Martin Buber. He challenged their syntheses of Judaism ...


Yerushalmi, Yosef Hayim. Freud's Mosses: Judaism Terminable And Interminable., Ken Frieden Sep 2012

Yerushalmi, Yosef Hayim. Freud's Mosses: Judaism Terminable And Interminable., Ken Frieden

Ken Frieden

Review of Yosef Hayim Yerushalmi's work Freud's Mosses: Judaism Terminable and Interminable.


Freud's Dream Of Interpretation, Ken Frieden Sep 2012

Freud's Dream Of Interpretation, Ken Frieden

Ken Frieden

Frieden explores methods of dream interpretation in the Bible, the Talmud, and in the writings of Sugmund Freud, and brings to light Freud's Troubled relationship to his Judaic forerunners. This book reveals unfamiliar associations in intellectual history and challenges received ideas in biblical, Talmudic, and Freudian scholarship.


"Michael Alan Signer: Rabbi And Scholar." The William H. Hannon Library., Tony Amodeo Feb 2012

"Michael Alan Signer: Rabbi And Scholar." The William H. Hannon Library., Tony Amodeo

Tony Amodeo

An exhibit to recognize and celebrate the legacy of Rabbi and Professor Michael A. Signer, on the occasion of the dedication of his collection at Loyola Marymount University


The Legal Characterization Of Moses In The Rhetoric Of The Pentateuch, James Watts Feb 2012

The Legal Characterization Of Moses In The Rhetoric Of The Pentateuch, James Watts

James Watts

The force of law depends on the authority of its promulgator. Self-characterizations by lawgivers play a vital role in persuading hearers and readers to accept law and in motivating them to obey it. Pentateuchal laws therefore join narratives in characterizing law-speakers as part of a rhetoric of persuasion. They present, however, two speakers of law, one divine (YHWH) and the other human (Moses). I will show that this dual voicing of pentateuchal law has two effects: it restricts Deuteronomy's prophetic characterization of Moses to the narrower definition of prophecy presented in the previous books, while it uses Moses' scribal ...


"This Song" Conspicuous Poetry In Hebrew Prose, James W. Watts Feb 2012

"This Song" Conspicuous Poetry In Hebrew Prose, James W. Watts

James Watts

The Hebrew Bible contains many passages in which prose narrative surrounds conspicuous poetry. The various theoretical and practical difficulties in distinguishing Hebrew prose from verse in other texts do not negate this observation. Explicit genre labels often appear in both the prose frameworks and the beginnings of poems, telling readers that the genre and mode have changed. The interpretive problem then becomes, not whether this is verse, but why poetry appears precisely here. What does poetic expression accomplish that Hebrew prose narrative cannot or will not do?

Comparative study of conspicuous inset poetry suggests that Hebrew narratives use it to ...


Ritual Legitimacy And Scriptural Authority, James W. Watts Feb 2012

Ritual Legitimacy And Scriptural Authority, James W. Watts

James Watts

In this essay, James W. Watts explains the interdependence of texts and rituals with regard to ancient religions. Specifically, he outlines patterns of practice and developments in the ritual use of texts and the texual authorization of rituals in antiquity. Watts also makes the case that beyond the interplay of texual authority and ritual legitimacy that most ancient cultures engaged in, Judaism was unique in elevating the Torah along with its other laws and stories to special "scriptural" status.


Psalmody In Prophecy: Habakkuk 3 In Context, James W. Watts Feb 2012

Psalmody In Prophecy: Habakkuk 3 In Context, James W. Watts

James Watts

The psalm in Habakkuk 3 resembles songs in Exodus 15, Deuteronomy 32 and 33, Judges 5 and 2 Samuel 22 in its archaic linguistic formations and vocabulary stock, victory hymn form, and appearance outside of the Psalter. Unlike these hymns set within prose narratives, however, Habakkuk 3 appears within a book of prophetic poetry structured in a liturgical and dramatic fashion. Habakkuk, therefore, offers an ideal case for the comparative study of prophetic and narrative composition through the use of the same literary device. The results of such a comparison reveal a sophisticated text which mixes inherited generic conventions to ...


The Modesty Campaigns Of Rabbi Amram Blau And The Neturei Karta Movement, 1938–1974, Motti Inbari Dr. Dec 2011

The Modesty Campaigns Of Rabbi Amram Blau And The Neturei Karta Movement, 1938–1974, Motti Inbari Dr.

Motti Inbari Dr.

The article examines the modesty campaigns led by Neturei Karta circles in the period 1938–1974 under the leadership of Rabbi Amram Blau (1896–1974). This study was made possible following the discovery of Blau’s personal archive. It explores the defensive stage of the modesty campaign that was aimed mostly to strengthen the Haredi enclave and to separate it from secular Jerusalem with the establishment of the modesty patrols. It discusses the offensive campaign with the examination of the struggle against mixed swimming pools and against a club operated by Working Mothers’ organization. The second stage was intended mainly ...


Two Powers’ And Early Jewish And Christian Monotheism, James F. Mcgrath, Jerry Truex Mar 2010

Two Powers’ And Early Jewish And Christian Monotheism, James F. Mcgrath, Jerry Truex

James F. McGrath

Our understanding of early Judaism and its relationship to Christianity has been significantly advanced by Alan Segal’s formative work on the two powers heresy. This work demonstrated that belief in two heavenly powers was considered an intolerable heresy by the rabbis and that Christians were among those indicted. Furthermore, Segal argued that the two powers debate could be traced back to the first century, as evidenced by certain christological passages of the NT4 and by Philo's writings.


Review Of Lawrence H. Shiffman "Reclaiming The Dead Sea Scrolls. The History Of Judaism, The Background Of Christianity, The Lost Library Of Qumran", James Mcgrath Sep 2009

Review Of Lawrence H. Shiffman "Reclaiming The Dead Sea Scrolls. The History Of Judaism, The Background Of Christianity, The Lost Library Of Qumran", James Mcgrath

James F. McGrath

James McGrath's review of Lawrence H. Shiffman "Reclaiming the Dead Sea Scrolls. The History of Judaism, the Background of Christianity, The Lost Library of Qumran"


Review Of Lawrence H. Shiffman "Reclaiming The Dead Sea Scrolls. The History Of Judaism, The Background Of Christianity, The Lost Library Of Qumran", James F. Mcgrath Sep 2009

Review Of Lawrence H. Shiffman "Reclaiming The Dead Sea Scrolls. The History Of Judaism, The Background Of Christianity, The Lost Library Of Qumran", James F. Mcgrath

James F. McGrath

James McGrath's review of Lawrence H. Shiffman "Reclaiming the Dead Sea Scrolls. The History of Judaism, the Background of Christianity, The Lost Library of Qumran"


The Old Perspective On Second-Temple Judaism: Covenantal Nomism, Justification, And Perseverance, Steve Curtis Jan 2009

The Old Perspective On Second-Temple Judaism: Covenantal Nomism, Justification, And Perseverance, Steve Curtis

Steve Curtis

Beginning with the seminal work of E. P Sanders, Paul and Palestinian Judaism, in 1977, there has been a concerted effort to redefine the Pauline references to the “works of the law” (mentioned explicitly five times in his epistles and implicitly several more times). It is the contention of those in this movement (most notably beside Sanders are James Dunn and N. T. Wright) that the Reformers, in their reaction against the multi-faceted errors of Rome and, particularly, in their defense of the doctrine of sola fide, read too much into Paul, and that first century Judaism in general was ...


World Religions And The Vegetarian Diet, Jo Ann Davidson Jan 2007

World Religions And The Vegetarian Diet, Jo Ann Davidson

Jo Ann Davidson

No abstract provided.


Local References In The Letter To Smyrna (Rv 2: 8–11), Part 3: Jewish Background., David E. Graves Phd Dec 2005

Local References In The Letter To Smyrna (Rv 2: 8–11), Part 3: Jewish Background., David E. Graves Phd

David E. Graves PhD

No abstract provided.


Book Review Of An Annotated Guide To Biblical Resources For Ministry, By David R. Bauer, Teresa Reeve Jan 2004

Book Review Of An Annotated Guide To Biblical Resources For Ministry, By David R. Bauer, Teresa Reeve

Teresa Reeve

No abstract provided.


World Religions And The Vegetarian Diet, Jo Ann Davidson Jan 2003

World Religions And The Vegetarian Diet, Jo Ann Davidson

Jo Ann Davidson

No abstract provided.


Jews And Judaism In The Medieval Latin Liturgy, Lawrence E. Frizzell, J. Frank Henderson Jan 2001

Jews And Judaism In The Medieval Latin Liturgy, Lawrence E. Frizzell, J. Frank Henderson

Reverend Lawrence E. Frizzell, S.T.L., S.S.L., D.Phil.

The purpose of this study is to sketch the positive and negative dimensions in the Latin liturgy of the Church's relationship to Judaism and the Jewish people during the period prior to the sixteenth century. Seasons of the liturgical year and particular ceremonies are discussed in some detail to present the impact of the liturgy on the perception of Catholics regarding their Jewish neighbors.
Copyright of The Liturgy of the Medieval Church is held by Medieval Institute Publications (Western Michigan University).


"The Jews" In The Fourth Gospel, Lawrence E. Frizzell Jan 2000

"The Jews" In The Fourth Gospel, Lawrence E. Frizzell

Reverend Lawrence E. Frizzell, S.T.L., S.S.L., D.Phil.

This article examines the work various scholars have endeavored to apply to themes and passages in John's Gospel so that its salutary intention is appreciated to the full.


The Numinous And Modernity: An Interpretation Of Rudolf Otto's Philosophy Of Religion, Todd Gooch Dec 1999

The Numinous And Modernity: An Interpretation Of Rudolf Otto's Philosophy Of Religion, Todd Gooch

Todd Gooch

The author traces the development of Rudolf Otto’s attempt to construct a normative science of religion. This should respond to concerns facing Protestant theologians in Germany at the turn of the century. Moreover, he examines the reception of Otto’s ideas after World War One. The volume contains name and subject indexes.

Reviewed by:

Gregory D. Alles, The Journal of Religion 83:4 (Oct. 2003), 654-656.

Hans Waldenfels, S.J., Theologische Literaturzeitung 127:6 (Oct. 2002), 673-674.


Aging: The Jewish Perspective, Asher Finkel Jan 1982

Aging: The Jewish Perspective, Asher Finkel

Rabbi Asher Finkel, Ph.D.

A study about the meaning and scope of the Jewish perspective on aging from within a biblical and rabbinic orientation.