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Full-Text Articles in Religion

Echo Chamber: The Network Architecture Of John 11–13, Keith L. Yoder Mar 2019

Echo Chamber: The Network Architecture Of John 11–13, Keith L. Yoder

Keith L. Yoder

This study examines the integrated network of parallels and reversals embedded in the context of John 10:40–13:33. Pierre Mourlon-Beernaert first noticed in 1981 the parallel and orderly movements of John 11 and 12. Analysis here will show that many of the parallel features in John 11–12 extend also into the Last Supper of John 13, especially those that link through the Anointing of 12:1-11. The Raising of Lazarus, the Anointing and Triumphal Entry, and the Last Supper texts comprise a three-fold core around which artist John has designed a grand literary triptych. Numerous features (nodes ...


Hebrew Bible (Tanakh) For Data Analysis, Keith L. Yoder Dec 2018

Hebrew Bible (Tanakh) For Data Analysis, Keith L. Yoder

Keith L. Yoder

This experimental database contains the entire Hebrew Bible (Tanach) in a form suitable for Data Analysis. Details will be added later.


In The Bosom Of Abraham: The Name And Role Of Poor Lazarus In Luke 16:19-31, Keith L. Yoder Mar 2018

In The Bosom Of Abraham: The Name And Role Of Poor Lazarus In Luke 16:19-31, Keith L. Yoder

Keith L. Yoder

This is a pre-peer-review revision of the paper I presented at the March 2018 Annual Meeting of the Eastern Great Lakes Biblical Society (SBL) in Akron, Ohio, which has been submitted for publication. 

Here I examine the name and role of the poor man in the parable of the Rich Man and Lazarus in Luke 16:19-31. Evidence developed from an intertextual reading of the parable through the lens of Septuagint Genesis and Job reveals the character of Lazarus to be a seamless weave of suffering Job and Eliezer the Servant of rich man Abraham. The nexus in Genesis 22-24 ...


Lazarus And Eliezer (Slides), Keith L. Yoder Mar 2018

Lazarus And Eliezer (Slides), Keith L. Yoder

Keith L. Yoder

This pdf (revised as of 15 March 2018) contains the PowerPoint slides for my presentation at the 2018 Annual Meeting of the Eastern Great Lakes Biblical Society (SBL) on March 15-16, 2018 in Akron Ohio.


Lazarus And Eliezer (Handout), Keith L. Yoder Feb 2018

Lazarus And Eliezer (Handout), Keith L. Yoder

Keith L. Yoder

This handout will be used in the presentation of my paper Abraham and Eliezer: The Name and Role of Poor Lazarus in Luke 16:19-31, at the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Great Lakes Biblical Society (SBL) on March 16-18, 2018, in Akron Ohio.


Eleazar/Eliezer Summary Chart (From Tal Ilan, Lexicon Of Jewish Names In Late Antiquity), Keith L. Yoder Dec 2017

Eleazar/Eliezer Summary Chart (From Tal Ilan, Lexicon Of Jewish Names In Late Antiquity), Keith L. Yoder

Keith L. Yoder

This chart summarizes the Hebrew, Greek, and Latin variants of names Eleazar/Eliezer as they appear in Tal Ilan's Lexicon of Jewish Names in Late Antiquity: The western diaspora 330 BCE - 650 CE (Mohr-Siebeck, Tübingen, 2002) 65-79. The data here are in support of the paper Abraham and Eliezer: The Name and Role of Poor Lazarus in Luke 16:19-31, which I will present at the Eastern Great Lakes Biblical Society (SBL) Annual Meeting on March 15-16, 2018 in Akron, Ohio.


Conceptual And Metrical Evidence For The Personification Of Wisdom In James 1 And 3, Keith L. Yoder, Samuel Zinner Dec 2017

Conceptual And Metrical Evidence For The Personification Of Wisdom In James 1 And 3, Keith L. Yoder, Samuel Zinner

Keith L. Yoder

Both James 1:14-15’s Desire (Epithymia) and 1:18’s Truth (Alētheia) are personified maternal entities inspired respectively by Proverbs’ Lady Folly and Lady Wisdom. That James 1’s Desire and Truth are anticipations of James 3:15’s demonic Wisdom and 3:17’s Wisdom from above is arguably indicated by a similar distinctive meter shared by 1:15 and 3:15, 17. James 3.15-17 is also immediately preceded at v. 14’s conclusion by a mention of alētheia, which links the text back to 1:18, the epistle’s only previous occurrence of alētheia. The paper ...


1,000 Sequences Of Psalm 119 Randomly Shuffled Primary Torah Gender Terms With 3 Extra Placeholders, Keith L. Yoder Dec 2017

1,000 Sequences Of Psalm 119 Randomly Shuffled Primary Torah Gender Terms With 3 Extra Placeholders, Keith L. Yoder

Keith L. Yoder

This is the second of three Excel tables which have been prepared to support my experiment at the end of the essay by Samuel Zinner, "Psalm 119’s Eight Key Torah Terms’ Hidden Gender-Based Distribution Patterns".

The first file contains the first table described in the summary of that experiment, a table of 1,000 randomly generated sequences of 179 gender terms, 90 (f)eminine and 89 (m)asculine, over the 22 strophes of Psalm 119 according to the actual counts of the primary Torah terms for each strophe in the Hebrew text of Psalm 119. The records (rows) in ...


1,000 Sequences Of Psalm 119 Randomly Shuffled Primary Torah Gender Terms, Keith L. Yoder Dec 2017

1,000 Sequences Of Psalm 119 Randomly Shuffled Primary Torah Gender Terms, Keith L. Yoder

Keith L. Yoder

This is the first of three Excel tables which have been prepared to support my experiment at the end of the essay by Samuel Zinner, "Psalm 119’s Eight Key Torah Terms’ Hidden Gender-Based Distribution Patterns".

The first file contains the first table described in the summary of that experiment, a table of 1,000 randomly generated sequences of 179 gender terms, 90 (f)eminine and 89 (m)asculine, over the 22 strophes of Psalm 119 according to the actual counts of the primary Torah terms for each strophe in the Hebrew text of Psalm 119. The records (rows) in ...


Acronyms And Word/Letter Counts In The Tanakh: The Twelve (Minor) Prophets, Keith L. Yoder Dec 2017

Acronyms And Word/Letter Counts In The Tanakh: The Twelve (Minor) Prophets, Keith L. Yoder

Keith L. Yoder

This Excel table provides a convenient tool for searching for acronyms (horizontal acrostics) in the Tanakh. It contains a verse-by-verse compilation of orthographic word counts, consonantal letter counts, first letters of each Hebrew word in traditional right-to-left sequence, and last letters of each Hebrew word in left-to-right sequence. Each verse-record is tagged by book name and chapter/verse reference, and each column-field may be searched and manipulated with Excel Auto-Filter. The characters in the Hebrew letter fields are separated by spaces, and searches may be done using Hebrew Unicode consonants. For example, a search for a Tetragrammaton acronym may be ...


Acronyms And Word/Letter Counts In The Tanakh: The Five Megillot, Keith L. Yoder Dec 2017

Acronyms And Word/Letter Counts In The Tanakh: The Five Megillot, Keith L. Yoder

Keith L. Yoder

This Excel table provides a convenient tool for searching for acronyms (horizontal acrostics) in the Tanakh. It contains a verse-by-verse compilation of orthographic word counts, consonantal letter counts, first letters of each Hebrew word in traditional right-to-left sequence, and last letters of each Hebrew word in left-to-right sequence. Each verse-record is tagged by book name and chapter/verse reference, and each column-field may be searched and manipulated with Excel Auto-Filter. The characters in the Hebrew letter fields are separated by spaces, and searches may be done using Hebrew Unicode consonants. For example, a search for a Tetragrammaton acronym may be ...


Acronyms And Word/Letter Counts In The Tanakh: The Five Books Of Moses, Keith L. Yoder Dec 2017

Acronyms And Word/Letter Counts In The Tanakh: The Five Books Of Moses, Keith L. Yoder

Keith L. Yoder

This Excel table provides a convenient tool for searching for acronyms (horizontal acrostics) in the Tanakh. It contains a verse-by-verse compilation of orthographic word counts, consonantal letter counts, first letters of each Hebrew word in traditional right-to-left sequence, and last letters of each Hebrew word in left-to-right sequence. Each verse-record is tagged by book name and chapter/verse reference, and each column-field may be searched and manipulated with Excel Auto-Filter. The characters in the Hebrew letter fields are separated by spaces, and searches may be done using Hebrew Unicode consonants. For example, a search for a Tetragrammaton acronym may be ...


Acronyms And Word/Letter Counts In The Tanakh: The Former Prophets - Joshua, Judges, Samuel, And Kings, Keith L. Yoder Dec 2017

Acronyms And Word/Letter Counts In The Tanakh: The Former Prophets - Joshua, Judges, Samuel, And Kings, Keith L. Yoder

Keith L. Yoder

This Excel table provides a convenient tool for searching for acronyms (horizontal acrostics) in the Tanakh. It contains a verse-by-verse compilation of orthographic word counts, consonantal letter counts, first letters of each Hebrew word in traditional right-to-left sequence, and last letters of each Hebrew word in left-to-right sequence. Each verse-record is tagged by book name and chapter/verse reference, and each column-field may be searched and manipulated with Excel Auto-Filter. The characters in the Hebrew letter fields are separated by spaces, and searches may be done using Hebrew Unicode consonants. For example, a search for a Tetragrammaton acronym may be ...


Excel Vba Code To Generate Sequences Of Psalm 119 Randomly Shuffled Primary Torah Gender Terms, Keith L. Yoder Dec 2017

Excel Vba Code To Generate Sequences Of Psalm 119 Randomly Shuffled Primary Torah Gender Terms, Keith L. Yoder

Keith L. Yoder

The use of the VBA code in this file is explained in the companion file "20,000 Sequences of Psalm 119 Randomly Shuffled Primary Torah Gender Terms" located online on this page at https://0-works.bepress.com.library.simmons.edu/klyoder/40/. It may be imported into and used in any instance of Excel 2010 (or later).


20,000 Sequences Of Psalm 119 Randomly Shuffled Primary Torah Gender Terms, Keith L. Yoder Dec 2017

20,000 Sequences Of Psalm 119 Randomly Shuffled Primary Torah Gender Terms, Keith L. Yoder

Keith L. Yoder

This is the third of three Excel tables which have been prepared to support my experiment at the end of the essay by Samuel Zinner, "Psalm 119’s Eight Key Torah Terms’ Hidden Gender-Based Distribution Patterns". As explained below, this file contains a VBA module with the code used to generate the random trials used in this experiment. Many computers may throw up a security alert to prevent downloading and/or opening of this file, so the VBA code in that module is also posted on this page at https://0-works.bepress.com.library.simmons.edu/klyoder/41/.

The first file contains the ...


Acronyms And Word/Letter Counts In The Tanakh: Isaiah, Jeremiah, And Ezekiel, Keith L. Yoder Dec 2017

Acronyms And Word/Letter Counts In The Tanakh: Isaiah, Jeremiah, And Ezekiel, Keith L. Yoder

Keith L. Yoder

This Excel table provides a convenient tool for searching for acronyms (horizontal acrostics) in the Tanakh. It contains a verse-by-verse compilation of orthographic word counts, consonantal letter counts, first letters of each Hebrew word in traditional right-to-left sequence, and last letters of each Hebrew word in left-to-right sequence. Each verse-record is tagged by book name and chapter/verse reference, and each column-field may be searched and manipulated with Excel Auto-Filter. The characters in the Hebrew letter fields are separated by spaces, and searches may be done using Hebrew Unicode consonants. For example, a search for a Tetragrammaton acronym may be ...


Acronyms And Word/Letter Counts In The Tanakh: Psalms, Proverbs, And Job, Keith L. Yoder Dec 2017

Acronyms And Word/Letter Counts In The Tanakh: Psalms, Proverbs, And Job, Keith L. Yoder

Keith L. Yoder

This Excel table provides a convenient tool for searching for acronyms (horizontal acrostics) in the Tanakh. It contains a verse-by-verse compilation of orthographic word counts, consonantal letter counts, first letters of each Hebrew word in traditional right-to-left sequence, and last letters of each Hebrew word in left-to-right sequence. Each verse-record is tagged by book name and chapter/verse reference, and each column-field may be searched and manipulated with Excel Auto-Filter. The characters in the Hebrew letter fields are separated by spaces, and searches may be done using Hebrew Unicode consonants. For example, a search for a Tetragrammaton acronym may be ...


The Parables Of Matthew 13 - Handout, Keith L. Yoder Mar 2017

The Parables Of Matthew 13 - Handout, Keith L. Yoder

Keith L. Yoder

This is the handout used for my portion of the panel discussion on Gospel Sources in the Alpha Christianity session at the EGLBS Annual Meeting on March 17, 2017. It summarizes the accompanying paper "The Parables of Matthew 13".


The Parables Of Matthew 13, Keith L. Yoder Mar 2017

The Parables Of Matthew 13, Keith L. Yoder

Keith L. Yoder

This is a draft discussion paper for the Alpha Christianity Seminar at the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Great Lakes Biblical Society in Akron, Ohio on March 17, 2017. Here I review the distinctive parables of Matthew 13, namely the parables of the Weeds, the Hidden Treasure, the Pearl, the Fishnet, and the Householder. My focus is to examine the thesis that these parables were adapted from a prior source, often called "Special Matthew", or "M". Upon review, I find that all the essential elements of each of these parables were available for synthesis by Matthew from Mark, from Matthew ...


Greek New Testament For Data Analysis, Keith L. Yoder Dec 2016

Greek New Testament For Data Analysis, Keith L. Yoder

Keith L. Yoder

Updated: 18 December 2017
This Excel data file (compatible with Excel 2007 and later versions) is an extract of my working Greek New Testament database which I use for statistical and data analysis. It originated in the early 2000's from UBS3 data files in beta code I obtained from CCAT, and has since been evolving through countless changes and corrections. A flat-file table display such as Excel 2007+ is the best format suitable for Autofilter and VBA applications, without involving a more complex XML format. The file itself may be opened with Excel 2007 or later versions, or with ...


Mimesis: Foot Washing From Luke To John, Keith L. Yoder Nov 2016

Mimesis: Foot Washing From Luke To John, Keith L. Yoder

Keith L. Yoder

In this paper I argue that the Foot Washing of John 13:1–17, as literary composition, is a creative imitation of the Foot Washing and Anointing of Luke 7:36–50. Comparison of the respective settings, action descriptions, dialogs, and transitions brings to light a large array of mostly unexplored literary connections between these two texts. Analysis of the parallel features reveals a high level of density, order, and distinctiveness that clearly establishes an intertextual relationship of creative imitation, that combination of mimēsis and zēlōsis widely practiced by authors in antiquity. Key markers of directionality arising from the evidence ...


Chart Of Linkages Between John's Raising Of Lazarus, Anointing, And Last Supper - Updated December 7, 2018, Keith L. Yoder May 2016

Chart Of Linkages Between John's Raising Of Lazarus, Anointing, And Last Supper - Updated December 7, 2018, Keith L. Yoder

Keith L. Yoder

The attached chart compares the consecutive features of John's Anointing and Triumphal Entry (John 12:1-43) with parallel links in his preceding Raising of Lazarus (John 11:1-53) and his following Last Supper (John 13:1-33). Analysis reveals that 17 of the 20 elements of the Anointing text (John 12:1-8) are linked with parallels in the Lazarus and/or Last Supper texts, suggesting that John 12 acts as narrative bridge which closely interlocks John 11 with John 13. The following Triumphal Entry and its context (John 12:9-30) proves to be closely linked back to the Raising of ...


Slides_Mimesis: Foot Washing From Luke To John, Keith L. Yoder Mar 2016

Slides_Mimesis: Foot Washing From Luke To John, Keith L. Yoder

Keith L. Yoder

These are the PowerPoint slides that I used for my presentation on March 11, 2016 at the Eastern Great Lakes regional SBL Annual Meeting at Mohican State Park in Perrysville, Ohio. My two-page presentation handout is available at http://0-works.bepress.com.library.simmons.edu/klyoder/26/ and full revised draft paper is at http://0-works.bepress.com.library.simmons.edu/klyoder/25/.


Handout_Mimesis: Foot Washing From Luke To John, Keith L. Yoder Mar 2016

Handout_Mimesis: Foot Washing From Luke To John, Keith L. Yoder

Keith L. Yoder

This is the two-page handout that I used for my presentation on March 11, 2016 at the Eastern Great Lakes regional SBL meeting. The presentation title is "Mimesis: Foot Washing from Luke to John". The PowerPoint slides are posted at http://0-works.bepress.com.library.simmons.edu/klyoder/27/, and the full revised draft paper is at http://0-works.bepress.com.library.simmons.edu/klyoder/25/.


Euphony In Paul: Sound Matters In Romans 1:18–2:29, Keith L. Yoder Feb 2015

Euphony In Paul: Sound Matters In Romans 1:18–2:29, Keith L. Yoder

Keith L. Yoder

This is an annotated oral reading of Romans 1:18–2:29, using the phonemic Koine pronunciation promoted by Randall Buth. The oral reading is supplemented by a detailed aural mapping of the text, laid out and formatted somewhat following "Sound Mapping the New Testament" by Lee and Scott. The features discovered here demonstrate that this text is a unified piece, with definite beginning and ending, exhibiting a style distinct from the rest of Romans. The author uses a variety of sound structures, from character level, to syllables, words, and phrases, even sorting a long list by sound. As a ...


Euphony In Paul: Notes And Comments, Keith L. Yoder Feb 2015

Euphony In Paul: Notes And Comments, Keith L. Yoder

Keith L. Yoder

These are the notes and comments for my presentation, "Euphony in Paul".


Ιακωβου Επιστολη B - The Letter Of James, Chapter Two, Keith L. Yoder Dec 2013

Ιακωβου Επιστολη B - The Letter Of James, Chapter Two, Keith L. Yoder

Keith L. Yoder

This is my interpretive reading of the Hellenistic Greek text of the second chapter of the New Testament Letter of James. As before, I use the pronunciation system of Phonemic Koine Greek advocated by Randall Buth and others. The Letter of James is the most aurally poetic work in the New Testament. My aim in this video is to make that poetry of sound evident to the listener. I am solely responsible for any errors in pronunciation. The spoken text exactly follows the displayed text, which is from the public domain 1904 Nestle edition. The file received by clicking the ...


"Them" In John 19:16, Keith L. Yoder Dec 2012

"Them" In John 19:16, Keith L. Yoder

Keith L. Yoder

The Synoptic gospels Mark and Matthew both state that Pilate’s soldiers crucified Jesus. John 19:16, however, goes beyond Mark and Matthew by leading the reader to identify Jesus’ executioners as the Jews rather than the soldiers.


Gematria And John 21, Keith L. Yoder Dec 2012

Gematria And John 21, Keith L. Yoder

Keith L. Yoder

Here I review the finding of Richard Bauckham that gematria and numerology were used in the composition of John 21, and given other passages where those feature exist, his proposal that the whole Gospel, including John 21, is integral. I find, on the contrary, that gematria and numerology link John 21 with passages which for other reasons are late in the formation history of John, and are quite consistent with the Von Wahlde three-stage formation model.


Adjectival Φαυλοσ In James 3:16, Keith L. Yoder Dec 2012

Adjectival Φαυλοσ In James 3:16, Keith L. Yoder

Keith L. Yoder

I suggest there is a word play on "Paul" in the final phrase of James 3:16: παν φαυλον πργμα ("every worthless thing") => παν Παυλον πραγμα ("every Paul-ish thing"). If the name "Paul" appeared within close textual context of James 3:16, a word play would be apparent. Obviously that is not the case, but if James 2:14-26 is reacting against a text or reputed teachings of Paul, then "Paul" would be in the echo chamber of James' performance arena so that readers might well sense a resonance between the two.