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Articles 1 - 18 of 18

Full-Text Articles in Religion

The Violence Of Conversion: Proselytization And Interreligious Controversy In The Work Of Swami Dayananda Saraswati, Chad M. Bauman Apr 2015

The Violence Of Conversion: Proselytization And Interreligious Controversy In The Work Of Swami Dayananda Saraswati, Chad M. Bauman

Chad M. Bauman

Critics of Christianity in India have frequently accused Christianity of being a predatory, imperialistic religion with absolutist tendencies, and have framed Christian evangelism as an aggressive, uncouth act. More recently, however, and in an idiom that resonates with many contemporary Indians, Swami Dayananda Saraswati (1930-) has made the more controversial claim that the attempt to convert another person is itself an act of violence. In three parts, the paper 1) describes Dayananda’s claims, while bringing them into conversation with the arguments of earlier critics of Christianity (e.g., Mahatma Gandhi, Sita Ram Goel, Ashok Chowgule, Arun Shourie), 2) analyzes ...


Book Review: Gods In America: Religious Pluralism In The United States., Chad M. Bauman Mar 2015

Book Review: Gods In America: Religious Pluralism In The United States., Chad M. Bauman

Chad M. Bauman

Book review of, Gods in America: Religious Pluralism in the United States. by Charles L. Cohen and Ronald L. Numbers, eds.


Hindu-Christian Conflict In India: Globalization, Conversion, And The Coterminal Castes And Tribes, Chad M. Bauman May 2013

Hindu-Christian Conflict In India: Globalization, Conversion, And The Coterminal Castes And Tribes, Chad M. Bauman

Chad M. Bauman

While Hindu-Muslim violence in India has received a great deal of scholarly attention, Hindu-Christian violence has not. This article seeks to contribute to the analysis of Hindu-Christian violence, and to elucidate the curious alliance, in that violence, of largely upper-caste, anti-minority Hindu nationalists with lower-status groups, by analyzing both with reference to the varied processes of globalization. The article begins with a short review of the history of anti-Christian rhetoric in India, and then discusses and critiques a number of inadequately unicausal explanations of communal violence before arguing, with reference to the work of Mark Taylor, that only theories linking ...


Christianity And Hinduism: An Annotated Bibliography, Chad M. Bauman, Arun Jones, Brian Pennington, Joseph Prabhakar Dayam, Michelie Voss Roberts Apr 2013

Christianity And Hinduism: An Annotated Bibliography, Chad M. Bauman, Arun Jones, Brian Pennington, Joseph Prabhakar Dayam, Michelie Voss Roberts

Chad M. Bauman

No abstract available


Review Of Religious Division And Social Conflict, Chad M. Bauman Feb 2013

Review Of Religious Division And Social Conflict, Chad M. Bauman

Chad M. Bauman

A review of Peggy Froerer, Religious Division and Social Conflict: The Emergence of Hindu Nationalism in Rural India. New Delhi: Social Science Press, 2007.


Review Of Missionaries And Their Medicine, Chad M. Bauman Feb 2013

Review Of Missionaries And Their Medicine, Chad M. Bauman

Chad M. Bauman

A review of Missionaries And Their Medicine: A Christian Modernity for Tribal India, by David Hardiman, Manchester University Press, 2008.


Book Review: "Bringing The Sacred Down To Earth: Adventures In Comparative Religion," Corinne G. Dempsey, Chad Bauman Feb 2013

Book Review: "Bringing The Sacred Down To Earth: Adventures In Comparative Religion," Corinne G. Dempsey, Chad Bauman

Chad M. Bauman

A book review for Corinne G. Dempsey's "Bringing the Sacred Down to Earth: Adventures in Comparative Religion" by Chad Bauman.


Conversion Careers, Conversions-For, And Conversion In The Study Of Religion, Chad M. Bauman Apr 2012

Conversion Careers, Conversions-For, And Conversion In The Study Of Religion, Chad M. Bauman

Chad M. Bauman

I am indebted to Professor Locklin for the provocative nature of this paper, and I say this not only to be polite. Some months ago, I read and then integrated elements of an earlier draft of the paper into my own work on conversion and Hindu-Christian conflict. My response to Locklin’s paper is therefore an appreciative one, which I will organize around three primary themes.


Indian Christian Historiography From Below, From Above, And In Between., Chad M. Bauman Dec 2011

Indian Christian Historiography From Below, From Above, And In Between., Chad M. Bauman

Chad M. Bauman

The article reviews the books "India and the Indianness of Christianity: Essays on Understanding--Historical, Theological, and Bibliographical--in Honor of Eric Frykenberg," edited by Richard Fox Young, part of the Studies in the History of Christian Missions series, and "A Social History of Christianity: North-west India Since 1800," by John C.B. Webster.


Book Review: "Beyond Boundaries: Hindu-Christian Relationship And Basic Christian Communities", Chad M. Bauman Dec 2011

Book Review: "Beyond Boundaries: Hindu-Christian Relationship And Basic Christian Communities", Chad M. Bauman

Chad M. Bauman

A review of Beyond Boundaries: Hindu-Christian Relationship and Basic Christian Communities by A. Maria David.


Book Review: "An Encounter Of Peripheries: Santals, Missionaries, And Their Changing Worlds, 1867-1900", Chad Bauman Dec 2011

Book Review: "An Encounter Of Peripheries: Santals, Missionaries, And Their Changing Worlds, 1867-1900", Chad Bauman

Chad M. Bauman

A review of An Encounter of Peripheries: Santals, Missionaries, and their Changing Worlds, 1867-1900 by Marine Carrin.


Book Review: "Mcdonaldisation, Masala Mcgospel And Om Economics: Televangelism In Contemporary India", Chad M. Bauman Dec 2011

Book Review: "Mcdonaldisation, Masala Mcgospel And Om Economics: Televangelism In Contemporary India", Chad M. Bauman

Chad M. Bauman

A review of McDonaldisation, Masala McGospel and Om Economics: Televangelism in Contemporary India by Jonathan D. James.


Postcolonial Anxiety And Anti-Conversion Sentiment In The Report Of The Christian Missionary Activities Enquiry Committee, Chad M. Bauman Mar 2010

Postcolonial Anxiety And Anti-Conversion Sentiment In The Report Of The Christian Missionary Activities Enquiry Committee, Chad M. Bauman

Chad M. Bauman

Conversion to Christianity is one of the most politically charged issues in contemporary India and has recently been very much in the news.1 For example, in 2006, on the fiftieth anniversary of B. R. Ambedkar’s conversion to Buddhism2 hundreds of dalits gathered to convert, some to Buddhism and others to Christianity, rejecting Hinduism, a religion they claim oppresses and demeans them. In attacks on Christians in Orissa at the end of 2007 (and associated reprisals), dozens of churches, homes, and businesses were destroyed, hundreds of people were injured, and thousands were displaced.


Redeeming Indian ‘Christian’ Womanhood?: Missionaries, Dalits, And Agency In Colonial India, Chad M. Bauman Mar 2010

Redeeming Indian ‘Christian’ Womanhood?: Missionaries, Dalits, And Agency In Colonial India, Chad M. Bauman

Chad M. Bauman

This study of dalit Christians in colonial North India suggests that women who converted to Christianity in the region often experienced a contraction of the range of their activities. Bauman analyzes this counterintuitive result of missionary work and then draws on the work of Saba Mahmood and others to interrogate the predilection of feminist historians for agents, rabble-rousers, and gender troublemakers. The article concludes not only that this predilection represents a mild form of egocentrism but also that it prevents historians from adequately analyzing the complexity of factors that motivate and influence human behavior.


Out Of India: Immigrant Hindus And South Asian Hinduism In The United States, Chad M. Bauman, Jennifer Saunders Dec 2009

Out Of India: Immigrant Hindus And South Asian Hinduism In The United States, Chad M. Bauman, Jennifer Saunders

Chad M. Bauman

The article provides a survey of research on immigrant Hindus and South Asian Hinduism in the United States, focusing in particular on certain trends in the development of American Hinduism (e.g., Americanization, protestantization, ecumenization, congregationalization, homogenization, ritual adaptation) and prominent themes in more recent scholarship on the topic (e.g., race, transnational connections, and Hindu nationalism).


Singing Of Satnam: Blind Simon Patros, Dalit Religious Identity, And Satnami-Christian Music In Chhattisgarh, India, Chad M. Bauman Feb 2009

Singing Of Satnam: Blind Simon Patros, Dalit Religious Identity, And Satnami-Christian Music In Chhattisgarh, India, Chad M. Bauman

Chad M. Bauman

This paper explores the Indianization of Christianity in late colonial Chhattisgarh, India, with special reference to a Salnami-Christian catechist and composer, Blind Simon Patros.


Singing Of Satnam: Blind Simon Patros, Dalit Religious Identify And Satnami-Christian Music In Chhattisgarh, India., Chad M. Bauman Feb 2009

Singing Of Satnam: Blind Simon Patros, Dalit Religious Identify And Satnami-Christian Music In Chhattisgarh, India., Chad M. Bauman

Chad M. Bauman

This paper explores the Indianization of Christianity in late colonial Chhattisgarh, India, with special reference to a Satnami-Christian catechiest and composer, Blind Simon Patros.


Book Review Of "Indian Religions: Renaissance And Renewal", Chad M. Bauman Feb 2009

Book Review Of "Indian Religions: Renaissance And Renewal", Chad M. Bauman

Chad M. Bauman

The eighteen articles in this volume grew from papers delivered at the 2006 Spalding Symposium on Indian Religions. The Symposium featured both newer and more advanced scholars who presented papers on a variety of topics and traditions of India (but especially Hinduism and Buddhism).