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Full-Text Articles in Religion

The Crisis Of Cultures And The Vitality Of Values: A Commentary On Emmanuel Macron’S Declaration Of The Need For Religion, Scott Atran May 2019

The Crisis Of Cultures And The Vitality Of Values: A Commentary On Emmanuel Macron’S Declaration Of The Need For Religion, Scott Atran

New England Journal of Public Policy

French president Emmanuel Macron’s claim that society needs religion is explored in the light of rising populism and illiberalism, and failures allied to the forced gamble of globalization. Historical and experimental research indicates that the universal religions have no fixed meanings or essences that drive followers. Religions have adapted to many contexts and cultures because core elements are believed sacred and transcendental, that is, non-negotiable, logically inscrutable, empirically unverifiable or falsifiable and therefore always open to interpretation under changing sociopolitical influences. Recent studies in the Middle East, North Africa, and Europe suggest that “devoted actors” committed to transcendental causes ...


Harmony, Dissonance, Or Harm? The Psychological And Spiritual Promises And Perils Of Gay Christian Celibacy, Darren Jay Freeman-Coppadge Aug 2018

Harmony, Dissonance, Or Harm? The Psychological And Spiritual Promises And Perils Of Gay Christian Celibacy, Darren Jay Freeman-Coppadge

Graduate Doctoral Dissertations

Identity conflicts between sexuality and spirituality faced by religious lesbian and gay people have been described in literature, along with various methods to resolve such conflicts, including sexual orientation change efforts and identity integration. But a dearth of literature exists regarding celibacy as a means of resolving identity conflict. This study employed grounded theory to investigate the psychological and spiritual wellbeing of 12 current and former gay Christian celibates (GCCs). Results revealed how celibacy could harmonize sexuality and Christian spirituality, benefiting some celibates by providing them peace, satisfaction, and spiritual vibrancy. However, for many others, celibacy instigated dissonance between their ...


Fostering The Spiritual Development Of Undergraduates Through Service-Learning, Michelle C. Sterk Barrett Jun 2015

Fostering The Spiritual Development Of Undergraduates Through Service-Learning, Michelle C. Sterk Barrett

Graduate Doctoral Dissertations

By integrating spiritual development theories with Sanford's theory of challenge and support and study findings, this mixed methods study examines how spiritual development may be occurring through service-learning. The relationship between service-learning participation and spiritual growth is analyzed by addressing the following research questions: 1) Does spiritual growth occur among undergraduates participating in service-learning? 2) Which aspects of the service-learning experience relate to the occurrence of spiritual growth? 3) What role do "challenge" and "support" play in the process of spiritual growth?

The 272 study participants are drawn from the Boston College PULSE Program, a service-learning program that requires ...


The 2014 Slomoff Symposium: Bridging Global Religious Divides Conference Report, April 7- 8, 2014, Center For Peace, Democracy, And Development, University Of Massachusetts Boston Sep 2014

The 2014 Slomoff Symposium: Bridging Global Religious Divides Conference Report, April 7- 8, 2014, Center For Peace, Democracy, And Development, University Of Massachusetts Boston

Center for Peace, Democracy and Development Publications

Religion has quickly proven itself the defining conflict issue of the Twenty-First Century. Religion and conflict are frequently linked in popular discourse, yet from the beginning, religions have typically held peacemaking as a central value and obligation to their members. This ancient tension between religion as a vehicle of peace and religion as a source of division has taken on global dimensions in recent decades, particularly across a belt of countries roughly crossed by the Tenth Parallel, where Islam and Christianity meet, but in many other parts of the world as well, including Boston. Increasingly, conflict resolution activities must better ...


Studies On Religion And Recidivism: Focus On Roxbury, Dorchester, And Mattapan, George Walters-Sleyon Jul 2013

Studies On Religion And Recidivism: Focus On Roxbury, Dorchester, And Mattapan, George Walters-Sleyon

Trotter Review

This research article raises the question of whether religion can be considered a viable partner in the reduction of the high rate of recidivism associated with the increasing mass incarceration in the United States. Can sustainable transformation in the life of a prisoner or former prisoner as a result of religious conversion be subjected to evidenced-based practices to derive impartial conclusions about the value of religion in their lives? With a particular focus on three neighborhoods of Boston—Roxbury, Dorchester, and Mattapan—this study examines the relevance of religion and faith-based organizations in lowering the high rate of recidivism associated ...


Gray Matters Behind Bars, Howard Manly Jul 2013

Gray Matters Behind Bars, Howard Manly

Trotter Review

Forty years ago, the nation got tough on crime. It is now paying the price as the skyrocketing cost of incarcerating aging inmates is haunting state and federal prison budgets.


The Forgotten Children: The Educational Demographics Of An Austrian Diocese 1848-1852, Mathew Richard Boyeson Aug 2012

The Forgotten Children: The Educational Demographics Of An Austrian Diocese 1848-1852, Mathew Richard Boyeson

Graduate Masters Theses

Educational demographics of an Austrian diocese in Styria were examined between the years of 1848 and 1852, to show both the importance of the data and the possibility for further research. The data was examined in conjunction with the imperial education law that directed the Austrian educational system in the nineteenth century. Both the micro and macro elements of the paper were influenced by the strong Austrian Catholic tradition and were integrated heavily into the paper to help put the data in perspective. The limited amount of research on the topic restricted specific conclusions for the research, however there are ...


Spirituality As A Viable Resource In Responding To Racial Microaggressions: An Exploratory Study Of Black Males Who Attended A Community College, Lloyd Sheldon Johnson Jun 2012

Spirituality As A Viable Resource In Responding To Racial Microaggressions: An Exploratory Study Of Black Males Who Attended A Community College, Lloyd Sheldon Johnson

Graduate Doctoral Dissertations

Upon entering college, Black males must negotiate a system that assumes they are in need of academic remediation and are lacking in higher-order critical thinking skills (Washington, 1996; Brown II, 2002; Harper, 2012). The low enrollment levels of Black males in college and their disenchantment with their college experiences has increased the likelihood that they will not be in classrooms with a diverse student population and a climate where they could feel comfortable (NSSE, 2008; Harper, 2006A; Harper, 2012). Black males who have enrolled in college must shoulder the stresses that accompany perceptions and stereotypes on campus about who they ...


“Islamicizing” A Euro/American Curriculum, Mary Ball Howkins Jan 2011

“Islamicizing” A Euro/American Curriculum, Mary Ball Howkins

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

A curriculum revision task that seems compelling in 2011, ten years after 9/11/2001, is “Islamicizing” my part in an art history and General Education liberal arts curriculum. Standard art history survey texts include historical sections on Islamic visual traditions but decline to integrate new information on the ways in which medieval Islamic scholars contributed to the foundation of the 15th and 16th century Renaissances in Europe, or the ways in which global trade and cultural contact influenced the appearance of visual art of that time and region, and in later centuries. Recent re-evaluators of Islamic cultural contributions make ...


Applying Critical And Creative Thinking In Teaching Buddhism, Doan Van Thua Aug 2010

Applying Critical And Creative Thinking In Teaching Buddhism, Doan Van Thua

Critical and Creative Thinking Capstones Collection

This synthesis describes my journey preparing myself for teaching Buddhism in a way that moves beyond traditional approaches of transmitting information to students. I describe learning, teaching activities, tools, and methodologies using critical and creative thinking that can be applicable to Buddhist education. I describe some changes towards more interactive modes of teaching and progress in teaching I have made so far in my teaching Sunday school for children, in public teaching, and in giving instruction to Buddhist groups. Some further expectations and some defects in my teaching that need improvement are noted. A Buddhist is not a blind follower ...


Introduction: Debating Islamophobia, Ramón Grosfoguel, Gema Martín-Muñoz Jan 2010

Introduction: Debating Islamophobia, Ramón Grosfoguel, Gema Martín-Muñoz

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

This essay is an introduction by the co-organizers to the proceedings of the academic conference on “Debating Islamophobia” organized by Casa Árabe-IEAM, Spain, in collaboration with the Program of Comparative Ethnic Studies in the Department of Ethnic Studies, U.C. Berkeley, in May 2009, published in the Fall 2010 issue of Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge. In sum, the co-organizers, who also served as co-editors of this issue of the journal, expect the publication of this volume to be an academic contribution to the outlined questions regarding Islamophobia, a tool for social researchers and useful to overcome ...


Historiographic Narratives: The Discourse Strategies For Constructing Expellable “Moorish” Subjects, José María Perceval Jan 2010

Historiographic Narratives: The Discourse Strategies For Constructing Expellable “Moorish” Subjects, José María Perceval

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

On April 9, 1609, a decree was issued ruling that all descendents of Spanish Muslims, known as “Moriscos” or “new Moorish Christians,” were to be expelled. The final decision of 1609 was a political decision dictated by many political circumstances. The decision could have been avoided, taken at another time or postponed indefinitely. However, once expulsion had been decreed, royalty found the need to justify the measure before the public and did so to clarify two conflictive aspects: on the one hand, this was the first time that an officially baptised collective was expelled; and on the other, expulsion affected ...


Islamophobia And Sexism: Muslim Women In The Western Mass Media, Laura Navarro Jan 2010

Islamophobia And Sexism: Muslim Women In The Western Mass Media, Laura Navarro

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

This paper reflects on the role of mass media in the social reproduction of one form of racism: Islamophobia. Firstly, the article focus on the dominant representations of “Muslim women” in the western media in general and in Spanish media in particular, in order to highlight the specific characteristics of the image of the female Muslim “other” and, likewise, in order to analyse— from a gender perspective—the symbolic mechanisms legitimising certain Islamophobic thoughts and practices. To this end, the author gathers the results of many researches which prove how dominant representations transmitted in the hegemonic media discourse in Spain ...


Discrepancies Around The Use Of The Term “Islamophobia”, Javier Rosón Lorente Jan 2010

Discrepancies Around The Use Of The Term “Islamophobia”, Javier Rosón Lorente

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

In this article we shall deal with criticisms and/or discrepancies around use of the term Islamophobia, though not without making clear that from our standpoint the term was coined because there is a new reality which needs a name. This reality must be described and defined, for objectively the prejudice against Muslims has grown considerably and so quickly and exponentially that in recent years a new term had to be coined into the vocabulary, able to identify and act against a wide range of acts and attitudes which particularly oppose the Arab and/or Muslim communities residing in Europe ...


The Homelessness Of Muslimness: The Muslim Umma As A Diaspora, S. Sayyid Jan 2010

The Homelessness Of Muslimness: The Muslim Umma As A Diaspora, S. Sayyid

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

Islamophobia is a complex and contested concept that arises from the problematization of Muslim political agency. The hegemony of nationalist discourse and the institutionalization of the nation-state made it difficult to sustain legitimate political identities which did not have a national location and belonging. Political mobilizations which transcended the national form were considered to be problematic. This paper is an exploration of Muslim political identity. It argues that the idea that national citizenship is the only legitimate mechanism through which political expression can take place is no longer adequate. The weakening of the nation-state due to complex processes captured under ...


Fundamentally Danish?: The Muhammad Cartoon Crisis As Transitional Drama, Heiko Henkel Jan 2010

Fundamentally Danish?: The Muhammad Cartoon Crisis As Transitional Drama, Heiko Henkel

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

A closer look at the Muhammad cartoon crisis illuminates some of the key issues that were, and continue to be, at stake for the various actors in the public contestations over the legitimate place of Muslims (and the Islamic tradition) in Danish society. Using a conceptual framework developed by Axel Honneth, I suggest in this article that the cartoon crisis is part of an ongoing struggle for recognition in Denmark, through which the terms by which Muslims residing in Denmark are recognized as legitimate citizens/residents of Danish society are negotiated—and on which Muslims may recognize the demands of ...


Epistemic Islamophobia And Colonial Social Sciences, Ramón Grosfoguel Jan 2010

Epistemic Islamophobia And Colonial Social Sciences, Ramón Grosfoguel

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

This article explores how epistemic racism shapes contemporary discussions on Islamophobia. Epistemic Racism is an underestimated aspect of racism. The first part is a discussion about epistemic racism in the world-system. The second part is on the Western male hegemonic identity politics and the fundamentalist responses to it. The third part is on epistemic Islamophobia and the social sciences.


Islamophobia: A French Specificity In Europe?, Vincent Gessier Jan 2010

Islamophobia: A French Specificity In Europe?, Vincent Gessier

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

This paper argues that France is not more Islamophobic than other European countries. An ‘institutional Islamophobia’ or ‘State Islamophobia’ doesn’t really exist. However, the relation toward Islam is complex and determined by the “missionary mind” which persists by wishing to emancipate Muslims from their religion, perceived as an archaic, obscurantist and despotic phenomenon. French society specificity expresses itself in the tendency to ‘ideologize’ Islam. In front of the ‘danger’ of the political Islam (fundamentalism, radical Islam, Islamoterrorism…), French institutions would like to promote their own conception of a ‘regenerated Islam’ (comparable to the ‘regenerated Judaism’ during the Third Republic ...


Terror And The Politics Of Containment: Analysing The Discourse Of The ‘War On Terror’ And Its Workings Of Power, Farish A. Noor Jan 2010

Terror And The Politics Of Containment: Analysing The Discourse Of The ‘War On Terror’ And Its Workings Of Power, Farish A. Noor

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

Since 11 September 2001, the discourse of the ‘war on terror’ has become one of the most over-used and hegemonic discourses that has shaped domestic politics and international relations worldwide. This paper focuses on the workings of the discourse of ‘anti-terrorism’ and its linkages to power structures and the institutions that are supported by them. It will look at how the discourse of the ‘war on terror’ has been used by the governments of Southeast Asia and Western Europe in particular in relation to oppositional forces, both legal and extra-legal; and its wider implications on the development of democracy and ...


Unconscious Islamophobia, Gema Martín-Muñoz Jan 2010

Unconscious Islamophobia, Gema Martín-Muñoz

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

Our historical relationship with Islam has accumulated a whole series of negative perceptions dominated by prejudices and stereotypes. We have internalized a reductionist and monolithic image of “us” and of “them” (the two “cultures”). It is as if these were closed universes in which millions of human beings are designated as “Western” or “Muslims” and represent alien and even antagonistic cultures. This concept of “cultures” in relations between the Muslim world and “us” is a product of a Western construct in which “Islam” and therefore all individuals within Islam are fictitiously represented, labelled ideologically as a dominant global force, in ...


Religions: From Phobia To Understanding, Nasr Abu-Zayd Jan 2010

Religions: From Phobia To Understanding, Nasr Abu-Zayd

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

This lead article in the Fall 2010 issue of Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge celebrating him is one of the last published by the renowned scholar of Islam and Humanism, Professor Nasr Hamed Abu-Zayd, before his sudden passing in July 2010. In this paper, he argues that the challenge for Muslim thinkers nowadays is how to reconnect the fragmented Islamic culture of the past, which made the great Islamic civilization between the 9th and the 12th centuries, and contributed to the modern world’s values of freedom, equality and justice. It is not an impossible task to ...


“Engaged Buddhism In Retreat” Revisited: A Reply To Barbara Newell’S Response, Lisa Kemmerer Jun 2009

“Engaged Buddhism In Retreat” Revisited: A Reply To Barbara Newell’S Response, Lisa Kemmerer

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

This is a reply by Lisa Kemmerer to a response provided by Bhikshuni Chan Tung Nghiem (Barbara Newell) (titled "Peace in Oneself, Peace in the World: The Real Heart of Engaged Buddhism--A Response to Lisa Kemmerer," pp. 145-147) to Kemmerer's original commentary (titled "Engaged Buddhism in Retreat," pp. 135-143) published in the Summer 2008 issue of Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge (volume VI, issue 3). The journal issue was dedicated to the exploration of the engaged buddhism of Thich Nhat Hanh, the Vietnamese buddhist and Zen master.


On Jewish Particularity And Anti-Semitism: Notes From A Jewish Theology Of Liberation, Marc H. Ellis Mar 2009

On Jewish Particularity And Anti-Semitism: Notes From A Jewish Theology Of Liberation, Marc H. Ellis

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

Today Jewish life is being lived out within the context of unparalleled Jewish empowerment, with an assertive Jewish community with high status and political and economic power in the United States and a militarily successful and expanding state of Israel in the Middle East--though most Jews, as with any community, are living normal ordinary lives involved in making a living and raising families. The contested nature of Jewish life has seen three definitive groups vying for the right to define what Jewish fidelity is in the present. Roughly speaking the three groups are found in America and Israel, and can ...


“God Will Not Remain Silent”: Zionism, Messianism And Nationalism, Etienne Balibar Mar 2009

“God Will Not Remain Silent”: Zionism, Messianism And Nationalism, Etienne Balibar

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

The essay takes advantage of recent publications by Jacqueline Rose, Idith Zertal, and Amnon Raz-Krakotzkin, which with different methodologies address the same "psychopolitical" nexus of nationalism and messianism commanding the structure of Zionism, before and after the emergence of the State of Israel. It seeks to assess the uniqueness but also the typical character of the ideological process and the narrative constructions through which an experience of persecution and victimhood becomes transformed into a consciousness of legitimate domination. Following the reviewed authors, the essay also emphasizes the importance of the controversy between Gershom Scholem and Hannah Arendt whose works, in ...


Anti-Semitism And Islamophobia: The Formation Of A Secret, Ivan Davidson Kalmar Mar 2009

Anti-Semitism And Islamophobia: The Formation Of A Secret, Ivan Davidson Kalmar

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

Kalmar traces a sort of dialectic of demonization, a kind of a noxious ping-pong game, in the cultural history of representing Jews and Muslims in the West. The image of both had been united in a joint construction with roots in medieval Christianity, and which in the nineteenth century was racialized with the label "Semites." This joint image of Jew and Muslim (now more specifically, Arab) included in contradictory ways and at the same time a "prophetic" and a "demonic" aspect. However, by the late nineteenth century anti-Semites robbed it of its prophetic dimension, and reduced to the demonic. At ...


Dispensable And Bare Lives: Coloniality And The Hidden Political/Economic Agenda Of Modernity, Walter Mignolo Mar 2009

Dispensable And Bare Lives: Coloniality And The Hidden Political/Economic Agenda Of Modernity, Walter Mignolo

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

Walter Mignolo discusses how racial formations in colonialism and imperialism have to be understood in the context of the simultaneous transformation of Christianity and the emergence of the capitalist world economy. In his contribution he focuses on how Christian theology prepared the terrain for two complementary articulations of racism. One was founded on Christian epistemic privilege over the two major competing religions (Jews and Muslims), the other on a secularization of theological detachment culminating in the "purity of blood" that became the biological and natural marker (Indians, Blacks, Mestizos, Mulatos) of what used to be the marker of religious belief ...


Meditation As Teaching And Learning Tool: Theory, Practice, And Testimony, Wayne-Daniel Berard, Alexandria Hallam, Anne Geiwitz, Matthew R. Kerzner Jan 2009

Meditation As Teaching And Learning Tool: Theory, Practice, And Testimony, Wayne-Daniel Berard, Alexandria Hallam, Anne Geiwitz, Matthew R. Kerzner

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

This essay explores a pedagogical approach to teaching and learning based upon Eastern philosophy, particularly Zen, with specific attention to the writing process. Meditation, practiced in class, is central to this method. Together, students and teacher move from a Western, dualistic educational model in which teacher, learner and subject are separate and foreign to each other, to the East's emphasis upon the essential oneness of all things, including student, educator, and material. The essay details the theory underlying this approach, outlines specific classroom practices (particularly in the writing process), and offers testimony to the approach's effectiveness from two ...


Editor's Note: Thich Nhat Hanh's Sociological Imagination, Mohammad H. Tamdgidi Jun 2008

Editor's Note: Thich Nhat Hanh's Sociological Imagination, Mohammad H. Tamdgidi

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

This issue of Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge is dedicated to an exploration of Thich Nhat Hanh's Engaged Buddhist philosophy and spiritual theory and practice from a sociological and social scientific vantage point, in order to highlight the significance his teaching bears for the development not only of a self-reflective, but also a globally humanist, as well as environmentally concerned, sociological imagination. This issue is comprised of four parts that follow an opening keynote by the Interim Provost and Vice Chancellor for Academic Affairs at UMass Boston. In the first part several recent talks, letters, and ...


“Please Call Me By My True Names", Thich Nhat Hanh Jun 2008

“Please Call Me By My True Names", Thich Nhat Hanh

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

A short biography (courtesy of Parallax Press) of Thich Nhat Hanh, the Vietnamese Buddhist monk, poet, Zen master, and human rights activist, followed by his poem "Please Call Me by My True Names," written in 1978 and reprinted here by kind permission from Call Me By My True Names, by Thich Nhat Hanh, Parallax Press (Berkeley, CA, 1999). The poem was written following Thich Nhat Hanh's long meditation after reading a letter received from Vietnamese refugees telling the story of a fleeing twelve year old girl who drawned herself after being raped by a Thai pirate on a small ...


Spiritual Reflections On War And Peace: A Talk By Thich Nhat Hanh, Peace Forum, March 19, 2003, Thich Nhat Hanh Jun 2008

Spiritual Reflections On War And Peace: A Talk By Thich Nhat Hanh, Peace Forum, March 19, 2003, Thich Nhat Hanh

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

Peace is something that we can cultivate in our daily lives. It is possible to cultivate peace in every moment of our daily lives, while we walk, while we talk, while we sit. I know that peace is made of two elements. The first is understanding and the second is compassion. Cultivating peace means cultivating understanding and cultivating compassion. Every time we go back to ourselves we have the opportunity to do the work of cultivating peace. Every time I breathe in or I make a step I have an opportunity to go back to myself and become fully present ...