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Full-Text Articles in Religion

Paul Tillich And Zhāng Zài: Fellow Pilgrims Seeking New Peace In Trembling Worlds, Lauren F. Pfister Aug 2017

Paul Tillich And Zhāng Zài: Fellow Pilgrims Seeking New Peace In Trembling Worlds, Lauren F. Pfister

HKBU Staff Publication

No abstract provided.


Paul Tillich And Asian Religions, Keith Ka-Fu Chan, William Yau-Nang Ng Aug 2017

Paul Tillich And Asian Religions, Keith Ka-Fu Chan, William Yau-Nang Ng

HKBU Staff Publication

No abstract provided.


Pneumatological Sacramentality And Cosmic Humanity, Keith Ka-Fu Chan Aug 2017

Pneumatological Sacramentality And Cosmic Humanity, Keith Ka-Fu Chan

HKBU Staff Publication

No abstract provided.


Ubication: A Phenomenological Study About Making Spaces Sacred, Lauren F. Pfister Aug 2017

Ubication: A Phenomenological Study About Making Spaces Sacred, Lauren F. Pfister

HKBU Staff Publication

Within this paper a phenomenological method for describing sacred spaces/places is justified, characterized and illustrated. Recognizing that particular places within secularized and post-secular cultural contexts may lose and regain their religious status, I have referred to the process and this phenomenological method of “making spaced sacred” by means of the neologism in English, “ubication”. The presentation of this approach occurs here in seven sections. First of all, some basic interpretive questions about why and how humans recognize sacred spaces are addressed in reference to key words by Mircea Eliade (1907–1986) and the more recent anthropological work of Leslie ...


Christian Activism And Political Participation In Hong Kong’S Occupy Movement, Shun-Hing Chan Jun 2017

Christian Activism And Political Participation In Hong Kong’S Occupy Movement, Shun-Hing Chan

HKBU Staff Publication

This article examines the role of Christian activism in facilitating political participation in the Occupy Movement from March 2013 to September 2014. Using Doug McAdam, John McCarthy, and Mayer Zald’s integrated model of social movement theory, this article argues that the political opportunity for constitutional reform, the framing of civil disobedience for the Occupy Central with Love and Peace Movement, and the social mobilization efforts generated by two organizing committees of the movement, together with the support of a number of formal and informal Christian groups, partially accounted for Christians’ political participation and the emergence of collective action. The ...


Religious Competition And Creative Innovation Among Protestant Groups In Hong Kong’S Umbrella Movement, Shun Hing Chan Jan 2017

Religious Competition And Creative Innovation Among Protestant Groups In Hong Kong’S Umbrella Movement, Shun Hing Chan

Department of Religion and Philosophy Journal Articles

The Umbrella Movement in 2014 was an important event in the history of democratic movements in Hong Kong. Christians were an integral part of the Occupy Central with Love and Peace Movement and the subsequent Umbrella Movement. Using the model of religious competition and creative innovation, this paper examines the innovative practices employed by Protestant groups competing for Christian representation and the language of social justice in response to church leaders who disputed the movement. The refutations by the Protestant groups were also acts of opposition in reaction to the Chinese Government’s control of universal suffrage. The case of ...


An Indigenous Cim Medical Missionary And National Hero: Unveiling Complexities In The Story Of Dr. Kao Gin-Cheng, Lauren Pfister, Jihua Liu Jan 2017

An Indigenous Cim Medical Missionary And National Hero: Unveiling Complexities In The Story Of Dr. Kao Gin-Cheng, Lauren Pfister, Jihua Liu

HKBU Staff Publication

No abstract provided.


Kant’S Perspectival Solution To The Mind-Body Problem: Or, Why Eliminative Materialists Must Be Kantians, Stephen Richard Palmquist Jul 2016

Kant’S Perspectival Solution To The Mind-Body Problem: Or, Why Eliminative Materialists Must Be Kantians, Stephen Richard Palmquist

Department of Religion and Philosophy Journal Articles

Kant’s Critical philosophy solves Descartes’ mind-body problem, replacing the dualism of the “physical influx” theory he defended in his early career. Kant’s solution, like all Critical theories, is “perspectival,” acknowledging deep truth in both opposing extremes. Minds are not separate from bodies, but a manifestation of them, each viewed from a different perspective. Kant’s transcendental conditions of knowledge portray the mind not as creating the physical world, but as necessarily structuring our knowledge of objects with a set of unconscious assumptions; yet our pre-conscious (pre-mental) encounter with an assumed spatio-temporal, causal nexus is entirely physical. Hence, today ...


The Paradox Of Inwardness In Kant And Kierkegaard: Ronald Green's Legacy In The Philosophy Of Religion, Stephen R. Palmquist Jan 2016

The Paradox Of Inwardness In Kant And Kierkegaard: Ronald Green's Legacy In The Philosophy Of Religion, Stephen R. Palmquist

Department of Religion and Philosophy Journal Articles

Aside from bioethics, the main theme of Ronald Green's lifework has been an exploration of the relation between religion and morality, with special emphasis on the philosophies of Immanuel Kant and Søren Kierkegaard. This essay summarizes and assesses his work on this theme by examining, in turn, four of his relevant books. Religious Reason (1978) introduced a new method of comparative religion based on Kant's model of a rational religion. Religion and Moral Reason (1988) expanded on this project, clarifying that religious traditions cannot be reduced to their moral grounding. Kierkegaard and Kant: The Hidden Debt (1992) offered ...


Kantian Theocracy As A Non-Political Path To The Politics Of Peace = 引向和平政治的非政治路徑的康德神治觀, Stephen Palmquist Jan 2016

Kantian Theocracy As A Non-Political Path To The Politics Of Peace = 引向和平政治的非政治路徑的康德神治觀, Stephen Palmquist

Department of Religion and Philosophy Journal Articles

Kant is well known as one of the founding fathers of modern liberal democracy: his political theory reaches its climax in the ground-breaking work, Perpetual Peace (1795), which sets out the basic framework for a world federation of states united by a system of international law. What is less well known is that two years earlier, in his Religion within the Bounds of Bare Reason (1793/1794), Kant had postulated a very different, explicitly religious path to the politics of peace: he presents the idea of an "ethical community" as a necessary requirement for humanity to become "satisfactory to God ...


The Transcendental Priority Of Touch: Friendship As A Foundation For A Philosophy Of Touch, Stephen Richard Palmquist Jan 2016

The Transcendental Priority Of Touch: Friendship As A Foundation For A Philosophy Of Touch, Stephen Richard Palmquist

Department of Religion and Philosophy Journal Articles

As the boundary between the body and the external world, skin has a transcendental status not possessed by other organs. Considered in this way, touch is the most fundamental sense: sight, hearing, smell, and taste can all be regarded as forms of touch. Increasing sensitivity to touching leads modern societies to intensify sexual harassment laws. Anti-touch legislation is nothing new, as a review of relevant biblical texts demonstrates. Surprisingly, the Gospels’ portrayal of Jesus can serve as a model for modifying touching taboos: when employed responsibly, touch promotes moral/spiritual renewal. Correlating the five senses with five types of love ...


Varieties Of Statecraft And Warfare Ethics In Early China: An Overview, Ping Cheung Lo May 2015

Varieties Of Statecraft And Warfare Ethics In Early China: An Overview, Ping Cheung Lo

Department of Religion and Philosophy Book Chapters

No abstract provided.


Zheng (征) As Zheng (正)? A Daoist Challenge To Punitive Expeditions, Ellen Ying Zhang May 2015

Zheng (征) As Zheng (正)? A Daoist Challenge To Punitive Expeditions, Ellen Ying Zhang

HKBU Staff Publication

In ancient China, war was a major concern of all politico-philosophical schools, particularly during the Warring States Period (475-221 BCE). In pre-Qin (pre-221 BCE) philosophical writings of different schools traditionally known as “Masters literature,” we find numerous discussions related to warfare and its ethico-political implications, ranging from Laozi (or Lao Tzu, c. sixth century BCE) of the Daoist School (Daojia), Mozi (c. 468-376 BCE) of the Mohist School (Mojia), Confucius (or Kongzi, 551-479 BCE), Mencius (or Mengzi, c. 372-289 BCE), and Xunzi (or Hsün-tzu, c. 325-238 BCE) of the Confucian School (Rujia), to Hanfeizi (c. 280-233 BCE) of the Legalist ...


Is It Really Better To Give Than To Receive? (Not If Your Friends Know Where To Shop!) = آیا واقعاً بخشش(دادن) بهتر از گرفتن است؟, Stephen Richard Palmquist Jan 2015

Is It Really Better To Give Than To Receive? (Not If Your Friends Know Where To Shop!) = آیا واقعاً بخشش(دادن) بهتر از گرفتن است؟, Stephen Richard Palmquist

Department of Religion and Philosophy Journal Articles

The common saying, “it is better to give than to receive”, is so widespread that its truth is often merely assumed. But can this maxim withstand a careful analysis? The relevant concepts (“giving”, “receiving”, and “better”) can be interpreted in too many ways to discuss thoroughly in a single essay. Instead, this essay classifies the various ways of interpreting the distinction between giving and receiving, then explores in depth one of the options, based on a pivotal distinction between active and passive types of both giving and receiving. I defend the controversial claim that there is at least one important ...


What Is Kantian Gesinnung? On The Priority Of Volition Over Metaphysics And Psychology In Religion Within The Bounds Of Bare Reason, Stephen R. Palmquist Jan 2015

What Is Kantian Gesinnung? On The Priority Of Volition Over Metaphysics And Psychology In Religion Within The Bounds Of Bare Reason, Stephen R. Palmquist

Department of Religion and Philosophy Journal Articles

Kant’s enigmatic term Gesinnung baffles many readers of Religion within the Bounds of Bare Reason. This study clarifies the notion in Kant’s theories of both general moral decision-making and specifically religious conversion. It is argued that Kantian Gesinnung is volitional, referring to a person’s principle-based choice to live a certain way. More specifically, interpreted as principled ‘conviction’, Kantian Gesinnung is a religiously manifested, moral form of Überzeugung (‘convincing’). This is confirmed by a detailed analysis of the 169 occurrences of Gesinnung and cognate words in Religion. It contrasts with what is suggested by translating Gesinnung as ‘disposition ...


Twelve Basic Philosophical Concepts In Kant And The Compound Yijing, Stephen Richard Palmquist Jan 2015

Twelve Basic Philosophical Concepts In Kant And The Compound Yijing, Stephen Richard Palmquist

Department of Religion and Philosophy Journal Articles

This is the third in a series of articles that correlates Kant's architectonic with the Yijing's sixty-four hexagrams (gua 卦). Previous articles explained “architectonic” reasoning, introduced four levels of the “Compound Yijing,” consisting of 0 + 4 + 12 + (4 × 12 = 48) gua, and suggested correlating the fourth level's four sets of twelve to the four “faculties” in Kant's model of the university. This third paper examines the philosophy faculty, assessing whether the twelve proposed gua meaningfully correlate with twelve basic philosophical concepts that Kant introduces in his three Critiques. A key differenceemerges: Kant's architectonic method ...


Catholicism And Its Civic Engagement: Case Studies Of The Catholic Church In Hong Kong, Macau, Taipei, And Shanghai = 天主教及其公共参与: 港澳台沪天主教区的个案研究, Zhidong Hao, Shun Hing Seguire Chan, Wen-Ban Kuo, Yik Fai Tam, Ming Jing Apr 2014

Catholicism And Its Civic Engagement: Case Studies Of The Catholic Church In Hong Kong, Macau, Taipei, And Shanghai = 天主教及其公共参与: 港澳台沪天主教区的个案研究, Zhidong Hao, Shun Hing Seguire Chan, Wen-Ban Kuo, Yik Fai Tam, Ming Jing

HKBU Staff Publication

The levels of civic engagement in terms of social services and civic activism in the Catholic churches of Hong Kong, Macau, Taipei, and Shanghai are very different. While the former three churches have a higher level of social services, Shanghai does not. Hong Kong has a higher level of civic activism than the other three dioceses. This paper explains the similarities and differences among these cities by using an analytical model of political, cultural, and individual opportunity structures. Our findings and analysis are derived from a collaborative research project on the Catholic Church’s civic engagement in the four cities ...


Rethinking Reconstructionist Confucianism’S Rethinking, Lauren Frederick Pfister Jan 2014

Rethinking Reconstructionist Confucianism’S Rethinking, Lauren Frederick Pfister

Department of Religion and Philosophy Journal Articles

In this review of Fan Ruiping’s book, I am concerned first of all about how representative his account of Confucianism/Ruism is in relationship to the multiform traditions associated with that teaching through more than two thousand years of its existence. Fan emphasizes pre-imperial forms of Confucian traditions, but neglects many alternatives from later sources. Secondly, his account of “familism” lends itself to questions related to the problem of revenge that is associated with traditional Confucianism. This raises further ethical doubts about the effectiveness of his reconstructed Confucianism within contemporary Chinese society. Finally, his “familism” appears to focus on ...


On Human Rights And Freedom In Bioethics: A Philosophical Inquiry In Light Of Buddhism, Ellen Ying Zhang Jan 2014

On Human Rights And Freedom In Bioethics: A Philosophical Inquiry In Light Of Buddhism, Ellen Ying Zhang

HKBU Staff Publication

No abstract provided.


Sublating Reverence To Parents: A Kierkegaardian Interpretation Of The Sage-King Shun's Piety, Lauren Frederick Pfister Jan 2013

Sublating Reverence To Parents: A Kierkegaardian Interpretation Of The Sage-King Shun's Piety, Lauren Frederick Pfister

Department of Religion and Philosophy Journal Articles

In the Mengzi there is a hypothetical situation relating how the ancient sage king Shun 舜 would respond if his father had committed murder. This has recently become a source of debate among Chinese philosophers. Here we will apply arguments made by Johannes de silentio (Kierkegaard’s pseudonym) about the “teleological suspension of the ethical” related to the action of the biblical Abraham, and link them up to alternative interpretations the actions of Shun. This challenges the current and traditional interpretations of his actions, suggesting how this new approach can overcome ethical quandaries related to the Mengzian account of Shun ...


Introduction: Søren Kierkegaard And Chinese Philosophy, Lauren Frederick Pfister Jan 2013

Introduction: Søren Kierkegaard And Chinese Philosophy, Lauren Frederick Pfister

Department of Religion and Philosophy Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Mao Qiling's Critical Reflections On The Four Books, Lauren Frederick Pfister Jan 2013

Mao Qiling's Critical Reflections On The Four Books, Lauren Frederick Pfister

Department of Religion and Philosophy Journal Articles

After introducing some scholarship on the value of Mao Qiling’s (1623-1713) works, we present an account of canonization processes in order to understand the hermeneutic context of Mao’s battle with the Cheng-Zhu orthodoxy. His work is an attempt to decanonizing Zhu Xi’s Four Books, preferring instead an alternative relying on the Old Texts of the Taixue 《太學》/ Daxue 《大學》and Zhongyong 《中庸》. Mao argues against Zhu Xi’s textual changes and interpretations on a number of bases, producing a hermeneutics of suspicion against the Cheng-Zhu orthodoxy. Instead, Mao offers an alternative account of the sagely way, following ...


Post-Secularity Within Contemporary Chinese Philosophical Contexts, Lauren Frederick Pfister Jan 2012

Post-Secularity Within Contemporary Chinese Philosophical Contexts, Lauren Frederick Pfister

Department of Religion and Philosophy Journal Articles

Based on publications addressing post-secularity in international contexts, this article identifies four basic interpretive positions manifest within our post-secular age: resistant post-secular secularists, strategic post-secular secularists, engaged post-secular intellectuals, and engaged post-secular religious intellectuals. Subsequently, an article addressing governance and religious studies in mainland China published by Zhuo Xinping in 2010 is assessed, indicating how Zhuo serves as an engaged post-secular intellectual position, charging Chinese Marxist officials to adopt a strategic post-secular secularist position. Finally, it is shown how in a major volume on philosophical studies in China published in 2008 by Li Jingyuan a strategic post-secularist position is manifest.


The Kantian Grounding Of Einstein's Worldview: (Ii) Simultaneity, Synthetic Apriority And The Mystical, Stephen R. Palmquist Jan 2011

The Kantian Grounding Of Einstein's Worldview: (Ii) Simultaneity, Synthetic Apriority And The Mystical, Stephen R. Palmquist

Department of Religion and Philosophy Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Kant’S Ethics Of Grace: Perspectival Solutions To The Moral Difficulties With Divine Assistance, Stephen R. Palmquist Jan 2010

Kant’S Ethics Of Grace: Perspectival Solutions To The Moral Difficulties With Divine Assistance, Stephen R. Palmquist

Department of Religion and Philosophy Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


The Kantian Grounding Of Einstein’S Worldview: (I) The Early Influence Of Kant’S System Of Perspectives, Stephen R. Palmquist Jan 2010

The Kantian Grounding Of Einstein’S Worldview: (I) The Early Influence Of Kant’S System Of Perspectives, Stephen R. Palmquist

Department of Religion and Philosophy Journal Articles

Recent perspectival interpretations of Kant suggest a way of relating his epistemology to empirical science that makes it plausible to regard Einstein’s theory of relativity as having a Kantian grounding. This first of two articles exploring this topic focuses on how the foregoing hypothesis accounts for various resonances between Kant’s philosophy and Einstein’s science. The great attention young Einstein paid to Kant in his early intellectual development demonstrates the plausibility of this hypothesis, while certain features of Einstein’s cultural-political context account for his reluctance to acknowledge Kant’s influence, even though contemporary philosophers who regarded themselves ...


Kant’S Religious Argument For The Existence Of God: The Ultimate Dependence Of Human Destiny On Divine Assistance, Stephen R. Palmquist Jan 2009

Kant’S Religious Argument For The Existence Of God: The Ultimate Dependence Of Human Destiny On Divine Assistance, Stephen R. Palmquist

Department of Religion and Philosophy Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Toward A Christian Philosophy Of Work: A Theological And Religious Extension Of Hannah Arendt's Conceptual Framework, Stephen R. Palmquist Jan 2009

Toward A Christian Philosophy Of Work: A Theological And Religious Extension Of Hannah Arendt's Conceptual Framework, Stephen R. Palmquist

Department of Religion and Philosophy Journal Articles

Hannah Arendt distinguishes between labor (life-sustaining activity), work (creative activity) and action (activity directed toward maintaining human relationships). This paper extends Arendt’s framework to three corresponding forms of inactivity: incorporating leisure, play and rest into a balanced, sixfold framework provides a robust, philosophical theology of work as divine-human cooperation. The philosopher’s life of leisure suggests a synthesis of Adam Smith’s and Karl Marx’s contrasting views on labor. An overview of biblical perspectives highlights a similarly paradoxical role for play in “the work” of divine creativity. Finally, an attitude of religious “rest” empowers us to transcend alienating ...


Three Perspectives On Abraham’S Defense Against Kant’S Charge Of Immoral Conduct, Stephen R. Palmquist, Philip Mcpherson Rudisill Jan 2009

Three Perspectives On Abraham’S Defense Against Kant’S Charge Of Immoral Conduct, Stephen R. Palmquist, Philip Mcpherson Rudisill

Department of Religion and Philosophy Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Philosophical Explorations Of The Transformative Dimension In Chinese Culture, Lauren Frederick Pfister Jan 2008

Philosophical Explorations Of The Transformative Dimension In Chinese Culture, Lauren Frederick Pfister

Department of Religion and Philosophy Journal Articles

No abstract provided.