Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Religion Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 14 of 14

Full-Text Articles in Religion

The Modal Status Of Kant's Postulate Of God's Existence, Mathew Jonathan Snow Dec 2013

The Modal Status Of Kant's Postulate Of God's Existence, Mathew Jonathan Snow

Theses and Dissertations

Kant is traditionally read as arguing that moral agents are rationally required to postulate the actual existence of God, but contemporary commentators' reconstructions of the argument only seem sufficient to warrant postulating the merely possible existence of God. There have been three attempts to address this seeming lacuna between what the argument is supposed to justify and what it does justify. Allen Wood defends the traditional interpretation - that Kant postulated the actual existence of God. M Jamie Ferreira proposes a revisionary interpretation - that Kant postulated the possible existence of God. Finally, Paul Guyer simply criticizes Kant for postulating the actual ...


A Dialectical Engagement With Key Symbols Of Religiously Motivated Violence Through The Insights Of Bernard Lonergan, Dominic Arcamone Oct 2013

A Dialectical Engagement With Key Symbols Of Religiously Motivated Violence Through The Insights Of Bernard Lonergan, Dominic Arcamone

Theses

The aim of this thesis is to dialectically engage key symbols of religiously motivated violence through the insights of Bernard Lonergan. The scope of the thesis covers four symbols: cosmic war, martyrdom, demonisation and warrior empowerment. These symbols are employed by sociologists such as Mark Juergensmeyer and psychologists such as James Jones to argue the link between religion and violence. They have also been used by the RAND group, a non-profit think tank, through its National Security Division framing an understanding of terrorism through the metaphor of cosmic war. Each of these symbols when interpreted empirically connects warfare, religion and ...


Transcending Subjects: Hegel After Augustine, An Essay On Political Theology, Geoffrey J.D. Holsclaw Oct 2013

Transcending Subjects: Hegel After Augustine, An Essay On Political Theology, Geoffrey J.D. Holsclaw

Dissertations (2009 -)

From where do political reformers and radicals come who are willing and prepared to challenge the status quo? Where are people formed who are capable of initiating change within a political system? Some worry belief in transcendence closes off authentic political engagement and processes of transformation. Others think that a transcendent orientation is the only means to protect and promote a more free and just society. Some see a positive commitment to transcendence as inimical to democratic practices, while others see such a commitment as indispensible for such a project. These general issues concern transcendence, immanence, and subjectivity as they ...


Miracles And Militancy: The Evental Origins Of Religious Revolution, Timothy J. Isaacson Aug 2013

Miracles And Militancy: The Evental Origins Of Religious Revolution, Timothy J. Isaacson

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Utilizing the theoretical framework of philosopher Alain Badiou, this paper will examine the force and movement of religiously fueled, revolutionary politics. Badiou’s definition of event is read through the theological concept of miracle, put forward by jurist Carl Schmitt in order to elucidate the inauguration of new order. The theological concept of miracle radicalizes Alain Badiou’s definition of event by manner of divine authorization. While Schmitt uses miracle to explicate sovereign preservation of the State, and Badiou’s interest lies in its erosion, reading both thinkers through miracle, and through each other, conceptualizes the theo-political militant, authorized by ...


Humans And Nature: Finding Meaning Through Metaphysics, Justin Stone May 2013

Humans And Nature: Finding Meaning Through Metaphysics, Justin Stone

Master of Liberal Studies Theses

Before the 19th Century, natural philosophers explored the inner workings of nature and humanity using many different modes of thinking such as logic, mathematics, physics, and metaphysics. The incorporation of these varied concepts brought about a comprehensive understanding of nature and how humans relate to nature. Theories were devised from incorporeal ideas, data was gathered from the human senses, and concrete evidence was pursued to support philosophy. However, through the years from ancient times to modernity, natural philosophy slowly limited its use of revelation and metaphysics, restricting the quest for knowledge to the methodical gathering of empirical data. Science, as ...


By The Book: Spiritual Formation And Conduct Codes At Selected Christian Universities, Gerald A. Longjohn Jr. May 2013

By The Book: Spiritual Formation And Conduct Codes At Selected Christian Universities, Gerald A. Longjohn Jr.

Ed.D. Dissertations

This study investigated the integration of spiritually formative goals with student conduct codes at selected Christian universities. Utilizing a case study methodology, this study incorporated content analysis of university documents and focus group interviews with campus stakeholders to assess the formulation, revision, communication and enforcement of the campus policies. Qualitative data analysis software, NVivo, was used as a means of coding and tracking themes from a wide range of data sources. Campus results from the Student Satisfaction Inventory were incorporated as a means of triangulating the data. This study concluded that the participating universities were extensively integrating previously researched spiritually ...


A Critique Of The Free Will Defense, A Comprehensive Look At Alvin Plantinga’S Solution To The Problem Of Evil., Justin Ykema Apr 2013

A Critique Of The Free Will Defense, A Comprehensive Look At Alvin Plantinga’S Solution To The Problem Of Evil., Justin Ykema

Honors Theses and Capstones

No abstract provided.


Living With Differences: From Everyday Fundamentalisms To Invitational Communication, Lisa M. Watrous Jan 2013

Living With Differences: From Everyday Fundamentalisms To Invitational Communication, Lisa M. Watrous

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports - Open

This project examines fundamentalism understood as an everyday way of living poorly with difference. It demonstrates that the fundamentalist is not reducible to stereotypes of the terrorist, extremist, irrational madman, or religious zealot. All of these characterizations--common in mainstream media--depict the fundamentalist as them, and rarely, if ever, as us. Rather, this project understands fundamentalism in terms of fundamental interpretive constructs that constrain our ways of being-with others, skew our interpretive and responsive possibilities, distort our perceptions of difference, and affirm our poor treatment of others. Following Martin Heidegger's conception of the hermeneutic structure of existence, this dissertation calls ...


An Ecology Of Transformation: The Experience Of Nature And The Nature Of Experience In The Songs Of Shabkar, Jacob Whitney Dirnberger Jan 2013

An Ecology Of Transformation: The Experience Of Nature And The Nature Of Experience In The Songs Of Shabkar, Jacob Whitney Dirnberger

Religious Studies Graduate Theses & Dissertations

The songs of the 18-19th century Tibetan yogin Shabkar Tsogdruk Rangdrol provide us an excellent window with which to view the relationship, the ecology, between the ideal of a Buddhist retreatant and his solitary mountainous surroundings. At the heart of this paper is a close analysis of this relationship between yogin and retreat, but also between the inner and outer subject and object worlds of Shabkar himself. I argue that we would be mistaken to view this relationship in an overly Cartesian way, i.e. as an immutable, static subject gaining an objectifying transcendence over society and nature. Upon adopting ...


Unto The Least Of These: Animal Suffering And The Problem Of Evil, Beth Anne Seacord Jan 2013

Unto The Least Of These: Animal Suffering And The Problem Of Evil, Beth Anne Seacord

Philosophy Graduate Theses & Dissertations

In this dissertation I argue that animal pain and suffering pose a greater problem for God's goodness than has been generally acknowledged in the history of the discussion of the problem of evil. I take David Hume's abductive approach to the problem of evil as my model and compare two explanations for the evidence of animal suffering--the hypothesis of indifference and classical theism. I argue that theism is a poor fit with the total evidence--evidence that includes animal suffering. I argue that there are certain features of the world that are surprising on the hypothesis that a perfectly ...


Faith And Evidence: Why Faith Should Seek Understanding, Ashley Christine Taylor Jan 2013

Faith And Evidence: Why Faith Should Seek Understanding, Ashley Christine Taylor

Philosophy Graduate Theses & Dissertations

This project considers two views concerning the relation between faith and evidence. First, Lara Buchak proposes that faith requires one to cease looking for evidence in order to go ahead and act on one’'s faith. Second, Thomas Aquinas states that faith involves seeking evidence to better understand of one’'s faith. In first turning to analyze Buchak’'s account, I argue that Buchak’'s view is mistaken because it rules out that the faithful person seeks evidence to better understand his or her faith. In addition, I find that Buchak’'s view raises an important question regarding the relationship ...


Eschatology In A Secular Age: An Examination Of The Use Of Eschatology In The Philosophies Of Heidegger, Berdyaev And Blumenberg, John R. Lup, Jr. Jan 2013

Eschatology In A Secular Age: An Examination Of The Use Of Eschatology In The Philosophies Of Heidegger, Berdyaev And Blumenberg, John R. Lup, Jr.

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The topic of eschatology is generally confined to the field of theology. However, the subject has influenced many other fields, such as politics and history. This dissertation examines the question why eschatology remained a topic of discussion within twentieth century philosophy. Concepts associated with eschatology, such as the end of time and the hope of a utopian age to come, remained largely background assumptions among intellectuals in the modern age. Martin Heidegger, Nicolai Berdyaev, and Hans Blumenberg, however, explicitly addressed the subject in their philosophies. The impetus of this study is Heidegger's statement, "Being itself is inherently eschatological," which ...


Sense-Making Bodies: Feminist Materiality And Phenomenology In Constructive Body Theologies, Heike Peckruhn Jan 2013

Sense-Making Bodies: Feminist Materiality And Phenomenology In Constructive Body Theologies, Heike Peckruhn

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Constructive body theology provides an ethical commitment to and a set of analytical principles for understanding bodily experience. If we insist upon the theological value of embodied experience, how can we give an adequate account of it? Are feminist appeals to the senses useful in developing theological truth claims based in embodied experiences? Feminist theologies which explicitly seek to overcome body/mind dualisms often reinscribe them when they neglect to attend to perception as a critical element of bodily experience. Phenomenological analyses of perception (such as suggested by Merleau-Ponty) strengthen and refine our conception of embodiment. Grounding constructive theology in ...


Cornelius Aurelius: The Upcycling Humanist - A Study Of The Libellus De Patientia, Samantha James Jan 2013

Cornelius Aurelius: The Upcycling Humanist - A Study Of The Libellus De Patientia, Samantha James

Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)

Cornelius Aurelius’ Libellus de Patientia (MS Leiden, UB, Vulcanius 66 f.45r-f.57v. [1524]), in terms of the author’s reception of the Manipulus florum, reveals much about the development of Northern Humanism, in the context of late medieval scholasticism and the Reformation. By thoroughly examining Libellus de Patientia, this paper will discuss Aurelius’ use of numerous quotations derived from the Manipulus florum as evidence of how this text should be situated in terms of intellectual continuity vs. change during this turbulent period with regards to the intellectual context of medieval scholasticism and renaissance humanism.