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Philosophy

Selected Works

Eastern Illinois University

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Prayer And Subjective Well-Being: An Examination Of Six Different Types Of Prayer, Bramdon L. Whittington, Steven J. Scher Jan 2010

Prayer And Subjective Well-Being: An Examination Of Six Different Types Of Prayer, Bramdon L. Whittington, Steven J. Scher

Steven J. Scher

Participants (N = 430) were recruited online and completed a measure of six prayer types (adoration, confession, thanksgiving, supplication, reception, and obligatory prayer). Measures of subjective well-being (self-esteem, optimism, meaning in life, satisfaction with life) were also administered. Three forms of prayer (adoration, thanksgiving, reception) had consistently positive relations with well-being measures, whereas the other three forms of prayer had negative or null relations with the well-being measures. The prayer types having positive effects appear to be less ego-focused, and more focused on God, whereas the negative types have an opposite nature. These results highlight the role of psychological meaning as ...