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Through The Lens Of The Four Loves: The Idea Of Love In The Screwtape Letters, Paulette Sauders May 2014

Through The Lens Of The Four Loves: The Idea Of Love In The Screwtape Letters, Paulette Sauders

Inklings Forever

It is my contention that when C.S. Lewis wrote his non-fiction book The Four Loves and published it in 1960, he had not been thinking about love in all of its manifestations for just a short time before it was written. All of the fictional works he wrote over the years, beginning in at least 1938, reflect his definitions and descriptions of the various kinds of love and their perversions that he systematically desctibes so well in The Four Loves. He does this in his fiction through his various characters and their actions.

In Out of the Silent Planet ...


Cartographer Of The Divine: C.S. Lewis As Doctor Ecclesiae, Donald T. Williams May 2014

Cartographer Of The Divine: C.S. Lewis As Doctor Ecclesiae, Donald T. Williams

Inklings Forever

No abstract provided.


Lisa Tetzner's Translation Of C.S. Lewis's The Lion, The Witch And The Wardrobe, Betsy Susan Morgan May 2014

Lisa Tetzner's Translation Of C.S. Lewis's The Lion, The Witch And The Wardrobe, Betsy Susan Morgan

Inklings Forever

According to UNESCO's website, Index Translationum, C.S. Lewis's The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe has been translated 127 times. The first person to translate the novel was Lisa Tetzner and it is this translation, which has run through the most editions. This paper proposes to look at that translation in terms of accuracy and to examine the changes that were made in terms of purpose. Were they caused by differences between the languages or were they motivated by other concerns? This paper will be an abridgment of a master's thesis written for the Children's ...


A Brief History Of The New York C.S. Lewis Society, Robert Trexler May 2014

A Brief History Of The New York C.S. Lewis Society, Robert Trexler

Inklings Forever

The proposed presentation would describe the origins and development of the first C.S. Lewis Society, formed in New York City in 1969. Along with detailing the society's growth over a period of 45 years, the talk will recount highlights from many "Lewis Weekends" held beginning in 1977, and the prominent speakers we have been honored to invite, including Own Barfield, Walter Hooper, Christopher Derrick, Cardinal Avery Dulles, Paul Holmer, Peter Kreeft, William Griffin, Christopher Mitchell, Louis Markos, Michael Ward, Charlie Star, and Will Vaus (among others!). The talk will also mention changes in the Society's publication, The ...


Once A Queen Of Glome, Always A Queen Of Narnia: Orual And Susan's Denial Of The Divine And Redemption Through Grace, Kat Coffin May 2014

Once A Queen Of Glome, Always A Queen Of Narnia: Orual And Susan's Denial Of The Divine And Redemption Through Grace, Kat Coffin

Inklings Forever

Susan Pevensie is one of the most misunderstood characters in C.S. Lewis' classic series, The Chronicles of Narnia. Writers such as Neil Gaiman, J.K. Rowling, and Philip Pullman have declared the character's face as a reflection of Lewis' sexism and misogyny, further claiming that Susan's exclusion from the final book of the series was due to her penchant for lipstick and nylons. Feminist criticism has found Susan's treatment pointedly gendered, displaying Lewis' supposedly negative attitude towards traditional forms of femininity.

While "the problem of Susan" has garnered critical response, little thought has been given to ...


The Wizard In The Well: The Transmogrification Of The Mythical Merlin In C.S. Lewis's That Hideous Strength, Mark R. Hall May 2014

The Wizard In The Well: The Transmogrification Of The Mythical Merlin In C.S. Lewis's That Hideous Strength, Mark R. Hall

Inklings Forever

No abstract provided.


"The Fairy Way Of Writing": Spenser's The Faerie Queene And C.S. Lewis's "Habit Of Mind", Susan Wendling May 2014

"The Fairy Way Of Writing": Spenser's The Faerie Queene And C.S. Lewis's "Habit Of Mind", Susan Wendling

Inklings Forever

While readers of C.S. Lewis have commonly noted his early love for myths, fairy tales and epic poetry, the fullest impact of Edmund Spenser's 1590 classic The Faerie Queene on Lewis's "habit of mind," and his own writing has yet to be explored. Following the lead of Doris Myers, that "learning about Spenser leads us into Lewis's inner life," the essay first briefly reviews some of Lewis's responses. With his lifelong love of Spenser established, the essay then discusses two aspects of embodied in The Faerie Queene itself: 1) it's ancient neoplatonic worldview with ...


A Look At The Lewis Trilemma, Mark Taylor May 2014

A Look At The Lewis Trilemma, Mark Taylor

Inklings Forever

No abstract provided.


Full Issue 2014 (Volume Ix) May 2014

Full Issue 2014 (Volume Ix)

Inklings Forever

No abstract provided.


George Macdonald And J.R.R. Tolkien On Faerie And Fairy Stories, Paul E. Michelson May 2014

George Macdonald And J.R.R. Tolkien On Faerie And Fairy Stories, Paul E. Michelson

Inklings Forever

The paper discusses the ideas of George MacDonald and J.R.R. Tolkien on Faƫrie and Fairy Stories, based on an analysis of MacDonald's essay "The Fantastic Imagination," Tolkien's "On Fairy-Stories," Tolkien's correspondence, and Tolkien's unpublished introduction to MacDonald's The Golden Key.


What Lewis Never Wrote: Quotes Misattributed To The Oxford Professor Don, William O'Flaherty May 2014

What Lewis Never Wrote: Quotes Misattributed To The Oxford Professor Don, William O'Flaherty

Inklings Forever

Most people today rely on the Internet for quotations and their sources. While C.S. Lewis is frequently very quotable, there are many quotes attributed to him that he never wrote. This talk will present those quotes frequently falsely attributed to Lewis, provide proof that he never said them, and (where possible) show who wrote them. Examples are: "You don't have a soul. You are a Soul. You have a body," and "You are never too old to set another goal or dream a new dream." Additionally the talk will explore what these non-Lewis quotes say about a culture ...


C.S. Lewis' Warnings On Education, Zachary A. Rhone May 2014

C.S. Lewis' Warnings On Education, Zachary A. Rhone

Inklings Forever

The Lewis connoisseur is likely to recall his opinions on education, expressed in Surprised by Joy, "My First School," "Democratic Education," and, especially, "Screwtape Proposes a Toast." The surprise, however, is exactly how prophetic Jack was in his examination of education, its direction, and the reasons for its direction. My presentation will examine Lewis' view of education in lieu of the cultural shifts of the mid-to-late-twentieth century. Proposals to revise the British and American educational systems such as the Norwood Report of 1943, the Newsom Report in 1963, the Robbins Report of 1963, and even the No Child Left Behind ...


The Good Catastrophe: Tolkien On The Consolation Of The Happy Ending, John Stanifer May 2014

The Good Catastrophe: Tolkien On The Consolation Of The Happy Ending, John Stanifer

Inklings Forever

When describing the nature of fairy-stories, Tolkien famously coined the term "eucatastrophe" ("eu meaning "good") to express the effect of the "sudden joyous turn" that leads to the story's happy ending regardless of the dark events preceding it. Tolkien applies that word specifically to fairy-stories, but I would like to explore its meaning in relation to other genres and mediums that Tolkien was either unable or unwilling to consider. Classic literature and modern popular culture alike are ripe with the use of the "good" catastrophe, and this device is well-known by cultures from all parts of the globe. If ...


Lewis In The Dock (Part 2): A Brief Review Of The Secular Media's Coverage Of The 50th Anniversary Of C.S. Lewis's Death, Richard James May 2014

Lewis In The Dock (Part 2): A Brief Review Of The Secular Media's Coverage Of The 50th Anniversary Of C.S. Lewis's Death, Richard James

Inklings Forever

In 1999, I presented a paper here at this colloquium on the secular print media's response to the 1998 C.S. Lewis Centenary Celebration. In 2014, it seems only natural to do a similar paper on the secular media's coverage of the 50th anniversary of Lewis's death which also included the dedication in Poets' Corner in Westminster Abbey of a memorial stone in his honor. The number of articles again abound, even more than in 1998. This second paper will consider articles by syndicated literary, news and religious columnists from secular newspapers and periodicals; internet postings by ...


A Day In The Life Of A Hero: The Three Unities In C.S. Lewis's Neo-Classical Romance, Joe R. Christopher May 2014

A Day In The Life Of A Hero: The Three Unities In C.S. Lewis's Neo-Classical Romance, Joe R. Christopher

Inklings Forever

C.S. Lewis's "The Nameless Isle" is, if one ignores the first fifty-seven lines as an introduction, curiously shaped to meet the requirements of the Three Unities as the Renaissance and as Neo-classicism understood Aristotle's Poetics. Or at least two of them. The Unity of Place is obvious: all the action is set on the same isle. The Unity of Plot may be debatable since the dwarf has more to do with the resolution of the conflict than the hero does, but at least there is only one basic conflict. And, most impressive of the Three, all the ...


King Maker In The Mind Of The Maker, Mark Eckel May 2014

King Maker In The Mind Of The Maker, Mark Eckel

Inklings Forever

"The mind of the maker and the Mind of the Maker are formed on the same pattern, and all their works are made in their own image." Dorothy Sayers goes to great lengths to expose a Christian view of creativity. Seen from a First Testament perspective, Sayer's ideas conform closely to human kingship originally intended by God; the vestigates of the robes remain.

In this paper I will seek to intersect Sayer's views of The Creator, the creature, creation, and creativity with the biblical-cultural connections in Genesis 1. What does it mean to be made in God's ...


C.S. Lewis, Thomas Wolfe, And The Transatlantic Expression Of Sehnsucht, Jedidah Evans May 2014

C.S. Lewis, Thomas Wolfe, And The Transatlantic Expression Of Sehnsucht, Jedidah Evans

Inklings Forever

No abstract provided.


The Artistry Of C.S. Lewis: An Examination Of The Illustrations For Boxen And The Chronicles Of Narnia, Kathryne Hall May 2014

The Artistry Of C.S. Lewis: An Examination Of The Illustrations For Boxen And The Chronicles Of Narnia, Kathryne Hall

Inklings Forever

No abstract provided.


The Wars We Sing Of: Modern And Medieval Warfare In Tolkien's Middle-Earth, Alethea Gaarden May 2014

The Wars We Sing Of: Modern And Medieval Warfare In Tolkien's Middle-Earth, Alethea Gaarden

Inklings Forever

No abstract provided.


Maleeldil And Mutual Society: A Modern Woman's Defense Of Jane Studdock, Crystal Hurd May 2014

Maleeldil And Mutual Society: A Modern Woman's Defense Of Jane Studdock, Crystal Hurd

Inklings Forever

Over the past few decades, many scholars and casual readers have derided C.S. Lewis as a misogynist for the "expulsion" of Susan from Aslan's Country. However, closer examinations of Lewis's underlying philosophy and previous experiences with women lend us exceptional insight into his changing perspective as well as his portrayal of feminine characters. Written before his wildly popular The Chronicles of Narnia, Lewis's science fiction or Ransom trilogy provides a glimpse into his developing talents as a fiction writer but also provides crucial commentary on the gender issues plaguing the twentieth century. This paper will investigate ...


C.S. Lewis As Transformational Leader, Crystal Hurd May 2012

C.S. Lewis As Transformational Leader, Crystal Hurd

Inklings Forever

The term "leadership" usually evokes images of great warriors, politicians, or social figures that saturate the pages of a history textbook. However, these are pre-conceived notions of the term. Leaders are those who exercise influence, be they soldiers, politicians, or even artists such as writers and musicians. One such leader is author and apologist C.S. Lewis. Lewis spoke to his generation (and many subsequent ones) in his texts. Through Lewis, many have achieved a greater understanding of literature, spirituality, and human nature. His words have, in essence, transformed the minds of readers.

Transformational leadership is desired because it performs ...


Father Knows Best: The Narrator's Oral Performance As Paternal Protector In The Hobbit, Anderson Rearick Iii May 2012

Father Knows Best: The Narrator's Oral Performance As Paternal Protector In The Hobbit, Anderson Rearick Iii

Inklings Forever

In Tolkien lore, the narrator of The Hobbit is the only human connection to the world of Middle Earth. He is not, as some have suggested, a hobbit himself. In spite of his humanness, however, he apparently has a great amount of information about the time in the world "when there was less noise and more green." He is also a narrator with opinions. In fact it is clear that for the narrator the whole telling of The Hobbit is a teaching tool; however much adults may enjoy Bilbo's adventure, the teller is talking to children. Being a creation ...


The Pedagogical Value Of The Screwtape Letters For A New Generation, Brenton Dickieson May 2012

The Pedagogical Value Of The Screwtape Letters For A New Generation, Brenton Dickieson

Inklings Forever

C.S. Lewis' The Screwtape Letters launched a genre of demonic epistolary fiction. Intriguingly, we have seen Screwtape-style letters about psychotherapy, (anti-) creativity, pedagogy, and scientific research. Evidently, Screwtape continues to be relevant among contemporary writers, but is it relevant to students? From the results of a spiritual perspective survey and various teaching methods in a secular undergraduate class, and including the analysis of ninety-five student-created Screwtape letters of cultural critique, we see that the genre of demonic epistolary fiction gives space for creative cultural critique and the contentprovides inspiration for that critique -- even for generically spiritual, nonreligious, or ...


Full Issue 2012 (Volume Viii) May 2012

Full Issue 2012 (Volume Viii)

Inklings Forever

No abstract provided.


Whimsy And Wisdom: Fairyland As A Window To Reality In The Fiction Of Chesterton And Macdonald, Jessica D. Dooley May 2012

Whimsy And Wisdom: Fairyland As A Window To Reality In The Fiction Of Chesterton And Macdonald, Jessica D. Dooley

Inklings Forever

A comparison of how fairyland is employed in the fiction of G.K. Chesterton and George MacDonald, and the role fairyland plays in the personal development of their fictional characters, reveals parallels and important divergences between the two writers' philosophies. Their treatments of fairyland share the context of fixed moral standards that are clearly understood by fairyland's habitants and visitors, but disclose the authors' differing definitions of the relationship between personal responsibility and consequences. Fairyland, with its mysterious, imperative rules, and glorious generosity of rewards, provides a framework for explicating with startling clarity the dangerous immediacy of the consequences ...


"Take Away The Supernatural And What Remains Is The Unnatural": Power, Secularization, And G.K. Chesterton's Villains, J. Cameron Moore May 2012

"Take Away The Supernatural And What Remains Is The Unnatural": Power, Secularization, And G.K. Chesterton's Villains, J. Cameron Moore

Inklings Forever

Chesterton claims in Heretics that denial of the supernatural leads ultimately to the unnatural, and much of his work explores the consequences of suppressing or ignoring the fundamental religious dimensions of the human person. Indeed many of Chesterton's villains spurn religion altogether in their pursuit of social progress. In this paper, I examine the antagonists in The Ball and the Cross, Manalive, and The Flying Inn in light of their rejection of the supernatural.

In their attempts to recreate themselves and their societies, Chesterton's villains demonstrate a clear link between secularization, the loss of human freedom, and the ...


C.S. Lewis's Lost Arthurian Poem: A Conjectural Essay, Joe R. Christopher May 2012

C.S. Lewis's Lost Arthurian Poem: A Conjectural Essay, Joe R. Christopher

Inklings Forever

C.S. Lewis aficionados know his unfinished "Launcelot," collected in Narrative Poems; but fewer know that he wrote an Arthurian poem intended for his first book, Spirits in Bondage, which was rejected by his publisher. The manuscript has since been lost, but a few things can be known or reasonably conjectured about the poem. This paper will cover the following topics:

(1) Lewis's mention of the poem in his correspondence with Arthur Greeves,

(2) its title,

(3) its date of composition,

(4) its source (quoted),

(5) its probably application for Spirits in Bondage, and

(6) the loss of its ...


Gandalf And Merlin, Aragorn And Arthur: Tolkien's Transmogrification Of The Arthurian Tradition And Its Use As A Palimpsest For The Lord Of The Rings, Mark R. Hall May 2012

Gandalf And Merlin, Aragorn And Arthur: Tolkien's Transmogrification Of The Arthurian Tradition And Its Use As A Palimpsest For The Lord Of The Rings, Mark R. Hall

Inklings Forever

Certainly J.R.R. Tolkien was very much aware of the Arthurian tradition that existed during the medieval period and even earlier, especially as depicted by Thomas Mallory in Le Morte d'Arthur. The affinities of the characters of Aragorn and Gandalf with Arthur and Merlin are too obvious not to notice, yet transformed in such a way by Tolkien that they are infused with new meaning and purpose. It is this transmogrification that connects Tolkien's work with the past and provides the palimpsest for the world he creates in his epic adventure depicted in The Hobbit and The ...


Through The Lens Of The Four Loves: The Idea Of Love In Till We Have Faces, Paulette Sauders May 2012

Through The Lens Of The Four Loves: The Idea Of Love In Till We Have Faces, Paulette Sauders

Inklings Forever

It is my contention that when C.S. Lewis wrote his non-fiction book The Four Loves and published it in 1960, he had not been thinking about love in all of its manifestations for just a short time before it was written. All of the fictional works he wrote over the years, beginning in at least 1938, reflect his definitions and descriptions of the various kinds of love and their perversions that he systematically describes so well in The Four Loves. He does this in his fiction through his various characters and their actions.

Specifically, in Out of the Silent ...


A Speculative Meditation On Tolkien's Sources For The Character Gollum, Susan Wendling, Woody Wendling May 2012

A Speculative Meditation On Tolkien's Sources For The Character Gollum, Susan Wendling, Woody Wendling

Inklings Forever

In speaking of his sources for ents, Tolkien said they "are composed of philology, literature, and life." Was Gollum composed in the same way? Gollum got his start in Tolkien's writings as a creature in his poem "Glip." Gollum got his name from his "gurgling sound," the "horrible swallowing noise in his throat." From which literary sources did Tolkien arrive at the name Gollum? From the Old Norse word for gold, gollum? From the Jewish Golem (Psalm 139:16)? From the giant Goliath in the Old Testament? From Gorbo or Golithos, two characters in E.A. Wyke-Smith's book ...